The Ultimate Guide to JSON in Go

The Ultimate Guide to JSON in Go

The Ultimate Guide to JSON in Go. Being a language built for the web, Go offers feature-rich support for working with JSON data. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is an unbelievably popular. Building a JSON API in golang is simple, you don’t even need a framework to get access to convenient high-level HTTP support.

Being a language built for the web, Go offers feature-rich support for working with JSON data.  JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is an unbelievably popular data interchange format whose syntax resembles simple JavaScript objects. It’s one of the most common ways for web applications to communicate.

Encoding and decoding with struct tags

Go takes a unique approach for working with JSON data. The best way to think about JSON data in Go is as an encoded struct. When you encode and decode a struct to JSON, the key of the JSON object will be the name of the struct field unless you give the field an explicit JSON  tag.

type User struct {
     FirstName string `json:"first_name"` // key will be "first_name"
     BirthYear int `json:"birth_year"` // key will be "birth_year"
     Email string // key will be "Email"
 }

Example marshal JSON from struct (encode)

The encoding/json package exposes a json.Marshal function that allows us to create the JSON encoding of any type, assuming that type has an encoder implemented. The good news is, all the default types have an encoder, and you’ll usually be working with structs filled with default-type fields.

func Marshal(v interface{}) ([]byte, error)

As you can see, Marshal() takes a value as input, and returns the encoded JSON as a slice of bytes on success, or an error if something went wrong.

dat, _ := json.Marshal(User{
    FirstName: "Lane",
    BirthYear: 1990,
    Email:     "[email protected]",
})
fmt.Println(string(dat))

// prints:
// {"first_name":"Lane","birth_year":1990,"Email":"[email protected]"}

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