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Amazon Encryption Questions

One of Amazon's most commonly asked coding interview questions according to LeetCode.

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Amazon Encryption Questions

Top 130 Android Interview Questions - Crack Technical Interview Now!

Android Interview Questions and Answers from Beginner to Advanced level

DataFlair is committed to provide you all the resources to make you an android professional. We started with android tutorials along with practicals, then we published Real-time android projects along with source code. Now, we come up with frequently asked android interview questions, which will help you in showing expertise in your next interview.

android interview questions

Android Interview Questions – Get ready for your next interview

Android – one of the hottest technologies, which is having a bright future. Get ready to crack your next interview with the following android interview questions. These interview questions start with basic and cover deep concepts along with advanced topics.

Android Interview Questions for Freshers

1. What is Android?

Android is an open-source mobile operating system that is based on the modified versions of Linux kernel. Though it was mainly designed for smartphones, now it is being used for Tablets, Televisions, Smartwatches, and other Android wearables.

2. Who is the inventor of Android Technology?

The inventors of Android Technology are- Andry Rubin, Nick Sears, and Rich Miner.

3. What is the latest version of Android?

The latest version of Android is Android 10.0, known as Android Q. The upcoming major Android release is Android 11, which is the 18th version of Android. [Note: Keep checking the versions, it is as of June 2020.]

4. How many Android versions can you recall right now?

Till now, there are 17 versions of Android, which have their names in alphabetical order. The 18th version of Android is also going to come later this year. The versions of Android are here:

  • Android 1.0 – Its release is 23 September 2008.
  • Android 1.1 – Its release date is 9 February 2009.
  • Android 1.5 – Its name is Cupcake, Released on 27 April 2009.
  • Android 1.6 – Its name is Donut, Released on 15 September 2009.
  • Android 2.0 – Its name is Eclair, Released on 26 October 2009
  • Android 2.2 – Its name is Froyo, Released on 20 May 2010.
  • Android 2.3 – Its name is Gingerbread, Released on 06 December 2010.
  • Android 3.0 – Its name is Honeycomb, Released on 22 February 2011.
  • Android 4.0 – Its name is Ice Cream Sandwich, Released on 18 October 2011.
  • Android 4.1 – Its name is Jelly Bean, Released on 9 July 2012.
  • Android 4.4 – Its name is KitKat, Released on 31 October 2013.
  • Android 5.0 – Its name is Lollipop, Released on 12 November 2014.
  • Android 6.0 – Its name is Marshmallow, Released on 5 October 2015.
  • Android 7.0 – Its name is Nougat, Released on 22 August 2016.
  • Android 8.0 – Its name is Oreo, Released on 21 August 2017.
  • Android 9.0 – Its name is Pie, Released on 6 August 2018.
  • Android 10.0 – Its name is Android Q, Released on 3 September 2019.
  • Android 11.0 – As of now, it is Android 11.

5. Explain the Android Architecture with its components.

This is a popular android developer interview question

Android Architecture consists of 5 components that are-

a. Linux Kernel: It is the foundation of the Android Architecture that resides at the lowest level. It provides the level of abstraction for hardware devices and upper layer components. Linux Kernel also provides various important hardware drivers that act as software interfaces for hardwares like camera, bluetooth, etc.

b. Native Libraries: These are the libraries for Android that are written in C/C++. These libraries are useful to build many core services like ART and HAL. It provides support for core features.

c. Android Runtime: It is an Android Runtime Environment. Android Operating System uses it during the execution of the app. It performs the translation of the application bytecode into the native instructions. The runtime environment of the device then executes these native instructions.

d. Application Framework: Application Framework provides many java classes and interfaces for app development. And it also provides various high-level services. This complete Application framework makes use of Java.

e. Applications: This is the topmost layer of Android Architecture. It provides applications for the end-user, so they can use the android device and compute the tasks.

6. What are the services that the Application framework provides?

The Android application framework has the following key services-

a. Activity Manager: It uses testing and debugging methods.

b. Content provider: It provides the data from application to other layers.

c. Resource Manager: This provides users access to resources.

d. Notification Manager: This gives notification to the users regarding actions taking place in the background.

e. View System: It is the base class for widgets, and it is also responsible for event handling.

7. What are the important features of Linux Kernel?

The important features of the Linux Kernel are as follows:

a. Power Management: Linux Kernel does power management to enhance and improve the battery life of the device.

b. Memory Management: It is useful for the maximum utilization of the available memory of the device.

c. Device Management: It includes managing all the hardware device drivers. It maximizes the utilization of the available resources.

d. Security: It ensures that no application has any such permission that it affects any other application in order to maintain security.

e. Multi-tasking: Multi-tasking provides the users the ease of doing multiple tasks at the same time.

8. What are the building blocks of an Android Application?

This is a popular android interview question for freshers.

The main components of any Android application are- Activity, Services, Content Provider, and Broadcast Receiver. You can understand them as follows:

a. Activity- It is a class that acts as the entry point representing a single screen to the user. It is like a window to show the user interface.

b. Services- Services are the longest-running component that runs in the background.

c. Content Provider- The content provider is an essential component that allows apps to share data between themselves.

d. Broadcast receivers- Broadcast receiver is another most crucial application component. It helps the apps to receive and respond to broadcast messages from the system or some other application.

9. What are the important components of Android Application?

The Components of Android application are listed below:

  1. Widgets
  2. Intents
  3. Views
  4. Notification
  5. Fragments
  6. Layout XML files
  7. Resources

10. What are the widgets?

Widgets are the variations of Broadcast receivers. They are an important part of home screen customization. They often display some data and also allow users to perform actions on them. Mostly they display the app icon on the screen.

11. Can you name some types of widgets?

Mentioned below are the types of widgets-

a. Informative Widgets: These widgets show some important information. Like, the clock widget or a weather widget.

b. Collective Widgets: They are the collection of some types of elements. For example, a music widget that lets us change, skip, or forward the song.

c. Control Widgets: These widgets help us control the actions within the application through it. Like an email widget that helps check the recent mails.

d. Hybrid Widgets: Hybrid widgets are those that consist of at least two or more types of widgets.

12. What are Intents?

Intents are an important part of Android Applications. They enable communication between components of the same application as well as separate applications. The Intent signals the Android system about a certain event that has occurred.

13. Explain the types of intents briefly?

Intent is of three types that are-

a. Implicit Intents: Implicit intents are those in which there is no description of the component name but only the action.

b. Explicit Intents: In explicit intents, the target component is present by declaring the name of the component.

c. Pending Intents: These are those intents that act as a shield over the Intent objects. It covers the intent objects and grants permission to the external app components to access them.

14. What is a View?

A view is an important building block that helps in designing the user interface of the application. It can be a rectangular box or a circular shape, for example, Text View, Edit Text, Buttons, etc. Views occupy a certain area of the screen, and it is also responsible for event handling. A view is the superclass of all the graphical user interface components.

15. What do you understand by View Group?

It is the subclass of the ViewClass. It gives an invisible container to hold layouts or views. You can understand view groups as special views that are capable of holding other views, that are Child View.

16. What do you understand about Shared Preferences?

It is a simple mechanism for data storage in Android. In this, there is no need to create files, and using APIs, it stores the data in XML files. It stores the data in the pair of key-values. SharedPreferences class lets the user save the values and retrieve them when required. Using SharedPreferences we can save primitive data like- boolean, float, integer, string and long.

17. What is a Notification?

A notification is just like a message that shows up outside the Application UI to provide reminders to the users. They remind the user about a message received, or some other timely information from the app.

18. Give names of Notification types.

There are three types of notifications namely-

a. Toast Notification- This notification is the one that fades away sometime after it pops up.

b. Status Notification- This notification stays till the user takes some action on it.

c. Dialog Notification- This notification is the result of an Active Activity.

19. What are fragments?

A fragment is a part of the complete user interface. These are present in Activity, and an activity can have one or more fragments at the same time. We can reuse a fragment in multiple activities as well.

20. What are the types of fragments?

There are three types of fragments that are: Single Fragment, List Fragment, Fragment Transactions.

  1. Single Transactions can only show a single view for the user.
  2. List Fragments have a special list view feature that provides a list from which the user can select one.
  3. Fragment Transactions are helpful for the transition between one fragment to the other.

Frequently asked Android Interview Questions and Answers

21. What are Layout XML files?

Layout XML files contain the structure for the user interface of the application. The XML file also contains various different layouts and views, and they also specify various GUI components that are there in Activity or fragments.

22. What are Resources in Android Application?

The resources in Android Apps defines images, texts, strings, colors, etc. Everything in resources directory is referenced in the source code of the app so that we can use them.

23. Can you develop Android Apps with languages other than Java? If so, name some.

Yes, there are many languages that we can work with, for the development of Android Applications. To name some, I would say Java, Python, C, C++, Kotlin, C#, Corona/LUA.

24. What are the states of the Activity Lifecycle?

Activity lifecycle has the following four stages-

a. Running State: As soon as the activity starts, it is the first state.

b. Paused State: When some other activity starts without closing the previous one, the running activity turns into the Paused state.

c. Resume State: When the activity opens again after being in pause state, it comes into the Resume State.

d. Stopped State: When the user closes the application or stops using it, the activity goes to the Stopped state.

25. What are some methods of Activity?

The methods of Activity are as follows:

  • onCreate()
  • onStart()
  • onPause()
  • onRestart()
  • onResume()
  • onStop()
  • onDestroy()

26. How can you launch an activity in Android?

We launch an activity using Intents. For this we need to use intent as follows:

  1. ntent intent_name= new Intent(this, Activity_name.class);
  2. startActivity(intent_name);

27. What is the service lifecycle?

There are two states of a service that are-

a. Started State: This is when the service starts its execution. A Services come in start state only through the startService() method.

b. Bounded State: A service is in the bounded state when it calls the method bindService().

28. What are some methods of Services?

The methods of service are as follows-

  • onStartCommand()
  • onBind()
  • onCreate()
  • onUnbind()
  • onDestroy()
  • onRebind()

29. What are the types of Broadcast?

Broadcasts are of two types that are-

a. Ordered Broadcast: Ordered broadcasts are Synchronous and work in a proper order. It decides the order by using the priority assigned to the broadcasts.

b. Normal Broadcast: These are asynchronous and unordered. They are more efficient as they run unorderly and all at once. But, they lack full utilization of the results.

30. What are useful impotent folders in Android?

The impotent folders in an Android application are-

  1. build.xml- It is responsible for the build of Android applications.
  2. bin/ – The bin folder works as a staging area to wrap the files packages into the APK.
  3. src/ – The src is a folder where all the source files of the project are present.
  4. res/ – The res is the resource folder that stores values of the resources that are used in the application. These resources can be colors, styles, strings, dimensions, etc.
  5. assets/ – It provides a facility to include files like text, XML, fonts, music, and video in the Android application.

31. What are the important files for Android Application when working on Android Studio?

This is an important android studio interview question

There are following three files that we need to work on for an application to work-

a. The AndroidManifest.xml file: It has all the information about the application.

b. The MainActivity.java file: It is the app file that actually gets converted to the dalvik executable and runs the application. It is written in java.

c. The Activity_main.xml file: It is the layout file that is available in the res/layout directory. It is another mostly used file while developing the application.

32. Which database do you use for Android Application development?

The database that we use for Android Applications is SQLite. It is because SQLite is lightweight and specially developed for Android Apps. SQLite works the same way as SQL using the same commands.

33. Tell us some features of Android OS.

The best features of Android include-

  1. Multi-tasking
  2. Support for a great range of languages
  3. Support for split-screen
  4. High connectivity with 5G support
  5. Motion Control

34. Why did you learn Android development?

Learning Android Studio is a good idea because of the following-

  1. It has a low application development cost.
  2. It is an open-source platform.
  3. It has multi-platform support as well as Multi-carrier support.
  4. It is open for customizations.
  5. Android is a largely used operating system throughout the world.

35. What are the different ways of storage supported in Android?

The various storage ways supported in Android are as follows:

  1. Shared Preference
  2. Internal Storage
  3. External Storage
  4. SQLite Databases
  5. Network Connection

36. What are layouts?

Layout is nothing but arrangements of elements on the device screen. These elements can be images, tests, videos, anything. They basically define the structure of the Android user interface to make it user friendly.

37. How many layout types are there?

The type of layouts used in Android Apps are as follows:

  1. Linear Layout
  2. Relative Layout
  3. Constraint Layout
  4. Table Layout
  5. Frame Layout
  6. Absolute Layout
  7. Scrollview layout

38. What is an APK?

An APK stands for Android Package that is a file format of Android Applications. Android OS uses this package for the distribution and installation of the Android Application.

39. What is an Android Manifest file?

The manifest file describes all the essential information about the project application for build tools, Android operating system, and google play. This file is a must for every Android project that we develop, and it is present in the root of the project source set.

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Marcus Anthony

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Amazon Pay Clone, Amazon Pay Clone Script, Recharge & Wallet App Solution

Mobile wallet applications have become the new trend in today’s world. Apps like Amazon Pay, Paytm, PayPal are some of the leading apps that are owned and used by millions. Be it paying bills, recharging, or money transactions, everything has turned easier because of these apps. There were days when people used to travel for hours to do these tasks have been totally transformed. Moreover, consumers can use these e-wallet apps while paying in a store, either for shopping or while eating out. Thus, as far as mobile wallets are concerned, they are a convenient way for handling all the tasks involving finance.

As an aspiring entrepreneur, if you wish to succeed in your business, without second thoughts, go for Amazon Pay clone app development. Let’s narrow down your thinking processes for a quicker stride forward by analyzing the types of apps first.

Types of e-wallet apps you could develop:

Retail application: An app like Amazon is considered the retail app because it has a mobile wallet in it. It has all the basic functionalities, which helps users to redeem coupons and reward points. All the payment modes are accessible through the app, including net banking.

Dedicated app: The app allows P2P money transactions by storing a variety of cards. You could also make international money transfers using this app. Example: PayPal, Apple Pay, and Amazon Pay.

PoS payments: The PoS payment wallet apps are found at the stores. It is exclusively used by the users to make contactless payments without having to stand in a long queue.

Wrapping up,
Choose the best type of e-wallet app you want to develop and join forces with our Appdupe. Grab the cutting-edge Amazon Pay Clone script and launch an app in a week!

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dia adalyn

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Empower your e-commerce business by building an app like Amazon

We at Appdupe incorporate the app with the latest techniques to meet the customer market trend. The app is enriched with the highly-advanced and innovative features that help you deliver the best Amazon clone script that helps turn your e-commerce business ideas into reality. We offer a top-notch Amazon clone app development and a ready-made clone application perfect for any business sector. Every feature in it is set to expand your business, which can also be altered with your brand name. By developing an app like Amazon, you can easily reach your customer anytime anywhere that eventually helps increase the business revenue.

Read More, https://www.appdupe.com/amazon-clone

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nancy martin

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Activate Amazon Prime || Amazon Activate MyTv || Amazon.com mytv

Amazon Activate MyTv:- Amazon Prime provides a variety of benefits for its customers. Amazon Prime videos is one of many outstanding features. You can browse through thousands of movies and find the best shows with the help of this feature. However, you may not feel comfortable watching a movie on your phone. Amazon was aware of this discomfort. Amazon designed its prime video service so that smart TVs can be used seamlessly. The sad truth is, many prime subscribers don’t know this. They might ask: How can I sign in to Amazon Prime on my TV?" You are likely reading this post because you don’t know how to activate Amazon Prime on your Android and Apple TV. This post is for those who are in this situation. Let me assure you, Amazon.com/mytv is straightforward. But, first, let me answer some important questions to help you get the full picture.

Read More:- https://www.customerservicephonedirectory.com/amazon/amazon-my-tv/

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dia adalyn

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Breeze In To The Ecommerce Market With Amazon Clone

In this digital era, you can see many online shopping platforms that provide an interface of electronics, fashion, toys, groceries, and much more. All the platforms that you see now are soaring high because of the ease they offer users while shopping. Gone are the days where people had to travel to one place and shop products from one store to another until they got satisfied with the product and the price. Now, online shopping or ecommerce marketplaces are resembling an all-in-all solution.

From having a unique and user-friendly platform that lets them shop easily to providing a reliable product delivery service, they attract users to shop more and entrepreneurs to earn more. Now looking at the enhancements that these platforms are bringing around the globe, our Appdupe has also come up with an Amazon clone script.

What is an Amazon Clone script?
As an app development company that has been drenched with the ins and outs of it, we know how strenuous app development can be if started from scratch. That is why we offer the entrepreneurs an alternative app like Amazon. The script is readily integrable, customizable, where the entrepreneurs won’t have to go through the process of coding, and neither do they have to rent a developers team. All the features, functionalities can be integrated, and the app can be launched in just a few days.

It is human nature to doubt the quality of any service or product if it is ready-made. But here, you won’t have to fret over the quality, as our team is experienced in ecommerce app development and has always offered the best apps to people, turning them into successful entrepreneurs.

Blue-chip features of the Amazon Clone script
Here, we are providing you with a peek into the features that come along with the solution. Let’s see them.

UI/UX design: The app solution comes with a charming user design interface that gives an interface of online shopping.The design is so effective that the user can see an actual product view to purchase the product.

Product catalog: With our solution’s immersive product catalog feature, the user can find the product details easily.

Simple login/signup: Our solution is concerned with keeping the shopping experience smooth. So it offers an easy login and signup process that lets the user start shopping immediately.

Advanced search and filter: Using this feature, users can easily find the product in the app’s search panel and filter the product through different choices like low to high, high to low, popularity, relevance, etc.

Inventory management: Users can keep track of their records like data, transactions and effortlessly manage their accounts. They can also cancel and track the orders with the inventory process help.

Multiple payment gateways: Users can pay for the products delivered effortlessly, as the script can be integrated with various payment gateways, where they can pay using credit, debit, UPI, cash on the delivery, and net-banking.

Notifications: To keep the engagement alive and help you to retain the users, the app contains this feature to send information like order status, OTP-based SMS, and push notifications for discounts or special offers.

According to Statista, the ecommerce sector is expected to hit a revenue of $4.5 trillion by 2021. So, why not join in the development process as soon as you can? Moreover, people nowadays prefer the ecommerce to conventional shopping because of reasons like:

  • A wide variety of choices
  • Convenience
  • No travel and hour-long queues
  • Easy to return service
  • Secure service
  • Better products and best deals

Conclusion:
Make the merry way into the ecommerce market with an Amazon clone, as there are numerous chances now for you to reach a zenith.

Originally Published, https://thisweekinlibraries.com/breeze-in-to-the-ecommerce-market-with-amazon-clone/

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