Python Programming Language is one of the most favourite languages of recent times. One of the reason for that is the awesome open-source modules, which are available to use and make Python a Powerhouse. In this video, I have covered 10 such awesome Python Modules which you MUST learn/try in 2020. So go watch it…
#pythonprogramming #python #pythonmodules #pythonlibraries #learnpython
March 25, 2021 Deepak@321 0 Comments
Welcome to my blog, In this article, we will learn the top 20 most useful python modules or packages and these modules every Python developer should know.
Hello everybody and welcome back so in this article I’m going to be sharing with you 20 Python modules you need to know. Now I’ve split these python modules into four different categories to make little bit easier for us and the categories are:
Near the end of the article, I also share my personal favorite Python module so make sure you stay tuned to see what that is also make sure to share with me in the comments down below your favorite Python module.
#python #packages or libraries #python 20 modules #python 20 most usefull modules #python intersting modules #top 20 python libraries #top 20 python modules #top 20 python packages
February 15, 2022 marked a significant milestone in Atlassian’s Server EOL (End Of Life) roadmap. This was not the final step. We still have two major milestones ahead of us: end of new app sales in Feb 2023, and end of support in Feb 2024. In simpler words, businesses still have enough time to migrate their Jira Server to one of the two available products – Atlassian Cloud or Atlassian DC. But the clock is ticking.
If we were to go by Atlassian numbers, 95% of their new customers choose cloud.
“About 80% of Fortune 500 companies have an Atlassian Cloud license. More than 90% of new customers choose cloud first.” – Daniel Scott, Product Marketing Director, Tempo
So that’s settled, right? We are migrating from Server to Cloud? And what about the solution fewer people talk about yet many users rely on – Jira DC?
Both are viable options and your choice will depend greatly on the needs of your business, your available resources, and operational processes.
Let’s start by taking a look at the functionality offered by Atlassian Cloud and Atlassian DC.
|Feature||Atlassian Cloud||Atlassian Data Center|
|Product Plans||Multiple plans||One plan|
|Billing||Monthly and annual||Annual only|
|Pricing model||Per user or tiered||Tiered only|
|Support||Varying support levels depending on your plan: Enterprise support coverage is equivalent to Atlassian’s Data Center Premier Support offering||Varying support levels depending on the package: Priority Support or Premier Support (purchased separately)|
|Total Cost of Ownership||TCO includes your subscription fee, plus product administration time||TCO includes your subscription fee and product administration time, plus: costs related to infrastructure provisioning or IaaS fees (for example, AWS costs) planned downtime time and resources needed for software upgrades|
|Data encryption services|
|Data residency services|
|Audit logging||Organization-level audit logging available via Atlassian Access (Jira Software, Confluence) |
Product-level audit logs (Jira Software, Confluence)
|Advanced audit logging|
|Device security||Mobile device management support (Jira Software, Confluence, Jira Service Management)|
Mobile application management (currently on the roadmap)
|Mobile device management support (Jira Software, Confluence, Jira Service Management)|
|Data Storage limits||2 GB (Free)|
250 GB (Standard)
Unlimited storage (Premium and Enterprise)
|Performance||Continuous performance updates to improve load times, search responsiveness, and attachments|
Cloud infrastructure hosted in six geographic regions to reduce latency
|Rate limitingCDN supports Smart mirrors and mirror farms (Bitbucket)|
|Backup and data disaster recovery||Jira leverages multiple geographically diverse data centers, has a comprehensive backup program, and gains assurance by regularly testing their disaster recovery and business continuity plans. |
Backups are generated daily and retained for 30 days to allow for point-in-time data restoration
|Containerization and orchestration||Docker images|
Kubernetes support (on the roadmap for now)
|Change management and upgrades||Atlassian automatically handles software and security upgrades for you Sandbox instance to test changes (Premium and Enterprise) |
Release track options for Premium and Enterprise (Jira Software, Jira Service Management, Confluence)
|Direct access to the database||No direct access to change the database structure, file system, or other server infrastructure|
Extensive REST APIs for programmatic data access
|Direct database access|
|Insights and reporting||Organization and admin insights to track adoption of Atlassian products, and evaluate the security of your organization.||Data Pipeline for advanced insightsConfluence analytics|
When talking about pros and cons, there’s always a chance that a competitive advantage for some is a dealbreaker for others. That’s why I decided to talk about pros and cons in matching pairs.
Pro: Scalability is one of the primary reasons businesses are choosing Jira Cloud. DC is technically also scalable, but you’ll need to scale on your own whereas the cloud version allows for the infrastructure to scale with your business.
Con: Despite the cloud’s ability to grow with your business, there is still a user limit of 35k users. In addition to that, the costs will grow alongside your needs. New users, licenses, storage, and computing power – all come at an additional cost. So, when your organization reaches a certain size, migrating to Jira DC becomes more cost-efficient.
Pro: Jira takes care of maintenance and support for you.
Con: Your business can suffer from unpredicted downtime. And there are certain security risks.
Pro: Extra bells and whistles:
Con: Most of these features are locked behind a paywall and are only available to either Premium and Enterprise or only Enterprise licenses (either fully or through addition of functionality. For example, Release tracks are only available to Enterprise customers.) In addition, the costs will grow as you scale the offering to fit your growing needs.
I’ll be taking the same approach to talking about the pros and cons as I did when writing about Atlassian Cloud. Pros and cons are paired.
Pro: Hosting your own system means you can scale horizontally and vertically through additional hardware. Extension of your systems is seamless, and there is no downtime (if you do everything correctly). Lastly, you don’t have to worry about the user limit – there is none.
Con: While having more control over your systems is great, it implies a dedicated staff of engineers, additional expenses on software licensing, hardware, and physical space. Moreover, seamless extension and 0% downtime are entirely on you.
Pro: Atlassian has updated the DC offering with native bundled applications such as Advanced Roadmaps, team calendars and analytics for confluence, insight asset management, and insight discovery in Jira Service Management DC.
Con: Atlassian has updated their pricing to reflect these changes. And you are still getting fewer “bells and whistles” than Jira Cloud users (as we can see from the feature comparison).
Pro: You are technically safer as the system is supported on your hardware by your specialists. Any and all Jira server issues, poor updates, and downtime are simply not your concern.
Con: Atlassian offers excellent security options: data encryption in transit and rest, to mobile app management, to audit offerings and API token controls. In their absence, your team company has to dedicate additional resources to security.
Pro: Additional benefits from Atlassian, such as the Priority Support bundle (all DC subscriptions have this option), and the Data center loyalty discount (more on that in the pricing section.)
Talking about pricing of SaaS products is always a challenge as there are always multiple tiers and various pay-as-you go features. Barebones Jira Cloud, for instance, is completely free of charge, yet there are a series of serious limitations.
Standard Jira Cloud will cost you an average of $7.50 per user per month while premium cranks that price up to $14.50. The Enterprise plan is billed annually and the cost is determined on a case-by-case basis. You can see the full comparison of Jira Cloud plans here. And you can use this online calculator to learn the cost of ownership in your particular case.
|50 Users||Standard (Monthly/Annually)||Premium (Monthly/Annually)|
|Jira Software||$387.50 / $3,900||$762.50 / $7,650|
|Jira Work Management||$250 / $2,500|
|Jira Service Management||$866.25 / $8,650||$2,138.25 / $21,500|
|Confluence||$287.50 / $2,900||$550 / $5,500|
|100 Users||Standard (Monthly/Annually)||Premium (Monthly/Annually)|
|Jira Software||$775 / $7,750||$1,525 / $15,250|
|Jira Work Management||$500 / $5,000|
|Jira Service Management||$1,653.75 / $16,550||$4,185.75 / $42,000|
|Confluence||$575 / $5,750||$1,100 / $11,000|
|500 Users||Standard (Monthly/Annually)||Premium (Monthly/Annually)|
|Jira Software||$3,140 / $31,500||$5,107.50 / $51,000|
|Jira Work Management||$1,850 / $18,500|
|Jira Service Management||$4,541.25 / $45,400||$11,693.25 / $117,000|
|Confluence||$2,060 / $20,500||$3,780 / $37,800|
Please note that these prices were calculated without any apps included.
Jira Data Center starts at $42,000 per year and the plan includes up to 500 users. If you are a new client and are not eligible for any discounts*, here’s a chart that should give you an idea as to the cost of ownership of Jira DC. You can find more information regarding your specific case here.
|Users||Commercial Annual Plan||Academic Annual Plan|
|1-500||USD 42,000||USD 21,000|
|501-1000||USD 72,000||USD 36,000|
|1001-2000||USD 120,000||USD 60,000|
|Confluence for Data Center|
|1-500||USD 27,000||USD 13,500|
|501-1000||USD 48,000||USD 24,000|
|1001-2000||USD 84,000||USD 42,000|
|Bitbucket for Data Center|
|1-25||USD 2,300||USD 1,150|
|26-50||USD 4,200||USD 2,100|
|51-100||USD 7,600||USD 3,800|
|Jira Service Management for Data Center|
|1-50||USD 17,200||USD 8,600|
|51-100||USD 28,600||USD 14,300|
|101-250||USD 51,500||USD 25,750|
Originally, there were several migration methods: Jira Cloud Migration Assistant, Jira Cloud Site Import, and there was an option to migrate via CSV export (though Jira actively discourages you from using this method). However, Jira’s team has focused their efforts on improving the Migration Assistant and have chosen to discontinue Cloud Site Import support.
Thanks to the broadened functionality of the assistant, it is now the only go-to method for migration with just one exception. If you are migrating over 1000 users and you absolutely need to migrate advanced roadmaps – you’ll need to rely on Site Import. At least for now, as Jira is actively working on implementing this feature in their assistant.
Here’s a quick comparison of the options and their limitations.
|Cloud Migration Assistant||App migration|
Existing data on a Cloud Site is not overwritten
You choose the projects, users, and groups you want to migrate
Jira Service Management customer account migration
Better UI to guide you through the migration
Potential migration errors are displayed in advance
Migration can be done in phases reducing the downtime
Pre- and post-migration reports
|You must be on a supported self-managed version of Jira|
|Site Export||Can migrate Advanced Roadmaps||App data is not migrated|
Migration overrides existing data on the Cloud site
Separate user importUsers from external directories are not migrated
No choice of data you want or don’t want migrated
There’s a need to split attachments into up to 5GB chunks
Higher risks of downtime due to the “all or nothing” approach
You must be on a supported self-managed version of Jira
Pro tip: If you have a large base of users (above 2000), migrate them before you migrate projects and spaces. This way, you will not disrupt the workflow as users are still working on Server and the latter migration of data will take less time.
Now that we have settled on one particular offering based on available pricing models as well as the pros and the cons that matter the most to your organization, let’s talk about the “how”.
How does one migrate from Jira Server to Jira Cloud?
Jira’s Cloud Migration Assistant is a handy tool. It will automatically review your data for common errors. But it is incapable of doing all of the work for you. That’s why we – and Atlassian for that matter – recommend creating a pre-migration checklist.
Smart Checklist will help you craft an actionable, context-rich checklist directly inside a Jira ticket. This way, none of the tasks will be missed, lost, or abandoned.
Below is an example of how your migration checklist will look like in Jira.
Feel free to copy the code and paste it into your Smart Checklist editor and you’ll have the checklist at the ready.
# Create a user migration plan #must > Please keep in mind that Jira Cloud Migration Assistant migrates all users and groups as well as users and groups related to selected projects - Sync your user base - Verify synchronization - External users sync verification - Active external directory verification ## Check your Jira Server version #must - Verify via user interface or Support Zip Product Version Verification > Jira Migration Assistant will not work unless Jira is running on a supported version ## Fix any duplicate email addresses #must - Verify using SQL > Duplicate email addresses are not supported by Jira Cloud and therefore can't be migrated with the Jira Cloud Migration Assistant. To avoid errors, you should find and fix any duplicate email addresses before migration. If user information is managed in an LDAP Server, you will need to update emails there and sync with Jira before the migration. If user information is managed locally, you can fix them through the Jira Server or Data Center user interface. ## Make sure you have the necessary permissions #must - System Admin global permissions on the Server instance - Exists in the target Cloud site - Site Administrator Permission in the cloud ## Check for conflicts with group names #must - Make sure that the groups in your Cloud Site don't have the same names as groups in Server > Unless you are actively trying to merge them - Delete or update add-on users so not to cause migration issues - Verify via SQL ## Update firewall allowance rules #must - None of the domains should be blocked by firewall or proxy ## Find a way to migrate apps #must - Contact app vendors ## Check public access settings #must - Projects - Filters - Filters - Boards - Dashboards ## Review server setup #mst - at least 4gb Heap Allocation - Open Files limit review - Verify via support zip ## Check Server timezone #must for merging Cloud sites - Switch to UTC is using any other timezone > Add a system flag to the Jira Server instance -Duser.timezone=UTC as outlined in this article about updating documentation to include timezone details. ## Fix any duplicate shared configuration ## Storage limits ## Prepare the server instance - Check data status - All fields have value and are not null -Any archived projects you wish to migrate are activated ## Prepare your cloud site - Same Jira products enabled - Same language - User migration strategy ## Data backup - Backup Jira Server site - Backup Cloud site ## Run a test migration - Done ## Notify Jira support - Get in touch with Jira migration support
On the one hand, having all of your Jira products on a server may seem like a backup in and of itself. On the other hand, there are data migration best practices we should follow even if it’s just a precaution. No one has ever felt sorry for their data being too safe.
In addition, there are certain types of migration errors that can be resolved much faster with having a backup at hand.
Jira Cloud Migration Assistant is a free add-on Atlassian recommends using when migrating to the cloud. It accesses and evaluates your apps and helps migrate multiple projects.
Overall, the migration assistant offers a more stable and reliable migration experience. It automatically checks for certain errors. It makes sure all users have unique and valid emails, and makes sure that none of the project names and keys conflict with one another.
This is a step-by-step guide for importing your Jira Server data backup file into Jira Cloud.
Before we can proceed with the migration process, please make sure you meet the following prerequisites:
Once you are certain you are ready to migrate your Jira Server to Jira Data Center, you can proceed with an installation that’s much simpler than one would expect.
That’s it. You are all set. Well, unless your organization has specific needs such as continuous uptime, performance under heavy loads, and scalability, in which case you will need to set up a server cluster. You can find out more about setting up server clusters in this guide.
Module: It is a simple Python file that contains collections of functions and global variables and has a “.py” extension file. It’s an executable file and we have something called a “Package” in Python to organize all these modules.
Package: It is a simple directory which has collections of modules, i.e., a package is a directory of Python modules containing an additional init.py file. It is the init.py which maintains the distinction between a package and a directory that contains a bunch of Python scripts. A Package simply is a namespace. A package can also contain sub-packages.
When we import a module or a package, Python creates a corresponding object which is always of type module . This means that the dissimilarity is just at the file system level between module and package.
#technology #python #what's the difference between a python module and a python package? #python package #python module
No programming language is pretty much as diverse as Python. It enables building cutting edge applications effortlessly. Developers are as yet investigating the full capability of end-to-end Python development services in various areas.
By areas, we mean FinTech, HealthTech, InsureTech, Cybersecurity, and that's just the beginning. These are New Economy areas, and Python has the ability to serve every one of them. The vast majority of them require massive computational abilities. Python's code is dynamic and powerful - equipped for taking care of the heavy traffic and substantial algorithmic capacities.
Programming advancement is multidimensional today. Endeavor programming requires an intelligent application with AI and ML capacities. Shopper based applications require information examination to convey a superior client experience. Netflix, Trello, and Amazon are genuine instances of such applications. Python assists with building them effortlessly.
Python can do such numerous things that developers can't discover enough reasons to admire it. Python application development isn't restricted to web and enterprise applications. It is exceptionally adaptable and superb for a wide range of uses.
Python is known for its tools and frameworks. There's a structure for everything. Django is helpful for building web applications, venture applications, logical applications, and mathematical processing. Flask is another web improvement framework with no conditions.
Web2Py, CherryPy, and Falcon offer incredible capabilities to customize Python development services. A large portion of them are open-source frameworks that allow quick turn of events.
Simple to read and compose
Python has an improved sentence structure - one that is like the English language. New engineers for Python can undoubtedly understand where they stand in the development process. The simplicity of composing allows quick application building.
The motivation behind building Python, as said by its maker Guido Van Rossum, was to empower even beginner engineers to comprehend the programming language. The simple coding likewise permits developers to roll out speedy improvements without getting confused by pointless subtleties.
Utilized by the best
Alright - Python isn't simply one more programming language. It should have something, which is the reason the business giants use it. Furthermore, that too for different purposes. Developers at Google use Python to assemble framework organization systems, parallel information pusher, code audit, testing and QA, and substantially more. Netflix utilizes Python web development services for its recommendation algorithm and media player.
Massive community support
Python has a steadily developing community that offers enormous help. From amateurs to specialists, there's everybody. There are a lot of instructional exercises, documentation, and guides accessible for Python web development solutions.
Today, numerous universities start with Python, adding to the quantity of individuals in the community. Frequently, Python designers team up on various tasks and help each other with algorithmic, utilitarian, and application critical thinking.
Python is the greatest supporter of data science, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence at any enterprise software development company. Its utilization cases in cutting edge applications are the most compelling motivation for its prosperity. Python is the second most well known tool after R for data analytics.
The simplicity of getting sorted out, overseeing, and visualizing information through unique libraries makes it ideal for data based applications. TensorFlow for neural networks and OpenCV for computer vision are two of Python's most well known use cases for Machine learning applications.
Thinking about the advances in programming and innovation, Python is a YES for an assorted scope of utilizations. Game development, web application development services, GUI advancement, ML and AI improvement, Enterprise and customer applications - every one of them uses Python to its full potential.
The disadvantages of Python web improvement arrangements are regularly disregarded by developers and organizations because of the advantages it gives. They focus on quality over speed and performance over blunders. That is the reason it's a good idea to utilize Python for building the applications of the future.
#python development services #python development company #python app development #python development #python in web development #python software development
Multiple vulnerabilities in the Citrix Application Delivery Controller (ADC) and Gateway would allow code injection, information disclosure and denial of service, the networking vendor announced Tuesday. Four of the bugs are exploitable by an unauthenticated, remote attacker.
The Citrix products (formerly known as NetScaler ADC and Gateway) are used for application-aware traffic management and secure remote access, respectively, and are installed in at least 80,000 companies in 158 countries, according to a December assessment from Positive Technologies.
Other flaws announced Tuesday also affect Citrix SD-WAN WANOP appliances, models 4000-WO, 4100-WO, 5000-WO and 5100-WO.
Attacks on the management interface of the products could result in system compromise by an unauthenticated user on the management network; or system compromise through cross-site scripting (XSS). Attackers could also create a download link for the device which, if downloaded and then executed by an unauthenticated user on the management network, could result in the compromise of a local computer.
“Customers who have configured their systems in accordance with Citrix recommendations [i.e., to have this interface separated from the network and protected by a firewall] have significantly reduced their risk from attacks to the management interface,” according to the vendor.
Threat actors could also mount attacks on Virtual IPs (VIPs). VIPs, among other things, are used to provide users with a unique IP address for communicating with network resources for applications that do not allow multiple connections or users from the same IP address.
The VIP attacks include denial of service against either the Gateway or Authentication virtual servers by an unauthenticated user; or remote port scanning of the internal network by an authenticated Citrix Gateway user.
“Attackers can only discern whether a TLS connection is possible with the port and cannot communicate further with the end devices,” according to the critical Citrix advisory. “Customers who have not enabled either the Gateway or Authentication virtual servers are not at risk from attacks that are applicable to those servers. Other virtual servers e.g. load balancing and content switching virtual servers are not affected by these issues.”
A final vulnerability has been found in Citrix Gateway Plug-in for Linux that would allow a local logged-on user of a Linux system with that plug-in installed to elevate their privileges to an administrator account on that computer, the company said.
#vulnerabilities #adc #citrix #code injection #critical advisory #cve-2020-8187 #cve-2020-8190 #cve-2020-8191 #cve-2020-8193 #cve-2020-8194 #cve-2020-8195 #cve-2020-8196 #cve-2020-8197 #cve-2020-8198 #cve-2020-8199 #denial of service #gateway #information disclosure #patches #security advisory #security bugs