Difference between Machine Learning and Deep Learning

Difference between Machine Learning and Deep Learning

**What is Machine Learning and Deep Learning?** Machine Learning is the sub-topic of Artificial Intelligence. Machine Learning is the tool that makes the system to understand, learn and improve from previous examples, without any special...

What is Machine Learning and Deep Learning?
Machine Learning is the sub-topic of Artificial Intelligence. Machine Learning is the tool that makes the system to understand, learn and improve from previous examples, without any special programs.

The main aim of Machine Learning is to make computers learn, automatically. So far, machine learning is the best tool to study, understand and recognize the format in data.

Deep Learning is the sub-topic of Machine Learning. It is a software that copy, the neural network in a brain. It is named as Deep Learning, as it uses deep neural networks. Any system uses various layers, for learning through data. The number of layers represents, the depth of the model.

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Differences between Machine Learning and Deep Learning?
Feature Engineering:

Feature Engineering is the process, in which the subject knowledge is kept into the creation of feature extraction. This decreases the difficulty of the data and creates formats, that are more visible for learning the working of algorithms. This process is taking more time and requires expertise.
In Machine Learning, Many features that represent the data are to be recognized, by an Expert and the coding is done manually according, to the data type and domain.
In Deep Learning, there is no need to recognize, the best feature that represents data. Deep Learning algorithms learn greater features, from data. So this reduces the work of developing a new feature extractor, for each problem.

Data Dependencies:

Performance of both the algorithm changes, depending on the size of the data. Machine Learning performs well, on small and medium-size data.
Deep Learning, performs well on Big size data. Because the DL algorithm requires, large size data for understanding it perfectly.

Interpretability:

Interpretability is the biggest reason, for which everyone thinks many times before using deep learning algorithms.
In Deep Learning, it's very difficult to understand the algorithms.
For instance, if you use a deep learning algorithm to score essays automatically. It performs very well in giving scores, almost like a human. But, there is a problem. It is very difficult to understand, why it has given a particular score. So, it's very hard to understand the results.
In Machine Learning, some algorithms are easy to understand and some are difficult. Machine learning algorithms like decision trees, make us understand why it selects, what it selects. So, it is easy to understand the reason behind it.

Hardware Dependencies

Machine Learning depends on Low-end machines. Deep Learning depends on High-end machines, where GPUs are required. Deep learning algorithms perform, a huge amount of matrix multiplication functions.

The approach in Problem Solving:

While solving a problem, In Machine Learning, we divide the problem into different parts and solve them separately, and merge them to get the final result.
For instance, in an object identification task. If you use a Machine learning algorithm, it divides the task into two parts, object detection, and object recognition.
In object identification, with the help of a grabcut algorithm slides through the image, and then identify all possible objects. In object recognition, with the help of recognition algorithms like SVM with HOG, we recognize the relevant objects.
Deep Learning solves the problem, by using end to end approach. For the object identification task, it would give the image and location with the object name.

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Execution Time:
Deep learning takes more time to train, sometimes up to weeks as there are many parameters, in the Deep Learning algorithm. Training so many parameters in Deep learning, takes more time. Machine Learning takes less time usually, a few minutes to hours.
Almost two weeks of time is taken for training completely from basics, by State of art deep learning ResNet. Whereas by machine learning, training time is very less.
When it comes to Testing time, a Deep learning algorithm takes less time. whereas, in some of the machine learning algorithms like k-nearest neighbors, test time raises with the increase in data size.
Based on the requirement, we have to select which algorithm to use.
This article gives the major differences, between Machine Learning and Deep Learning. Follow my articles to get more updates on Machine Learning and Deep Learning.

What is Machine Learning?

What is Machine Learning?

**What is Machine Learning?** Machine Learning is a subset of artificial intelligence that focuses primarily on machine learning based on your experience and making predictions based on your experience. It allows computers or machines to make...

What is Machine Learning?
Machine Learning is a subset of artificial intelligence that focuses primarily on machine learning based on your experience and making predictions based on your experience. It allows computers or machines to make decisions based on data instead of explicitly programming them. To perform a certain task. These programs or algorithms are designed to learn and improve over time when exposed to new data.

How machine learning works
Supervised algorithms require a data scientist or a data analyst with machine learning skills to provide the desired input and output, and provide comments on the accuracy of the predictions during algorithm training. Data scientists determine what variables or characteristics the model should analyze and use to develop predictions. When the training is completed, the algorithm will apply what has been learned to the new data. Unsupervised algorithms do not need to be trained with the desired outcome data. Instead, they use an iterative approach called deep learning to review the data and reach conclusions.

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unsupervised learning algorithms, conjointly known as neural networks, are used for a lot of advanced process tasks than supervised learning systems, as well as image recognition, speech to text and linguistic communication generation. These neural networks work by combining several samples of coaching information and mechanically distinctive delicate correlations between many variables. Once trained, the algorithmic rule will use its association info to interpret new information. These algorithms solely became viable within the era of huge information, since they need giant amounts of coaching information.

Machine Learning Techniques

Supervised learning
Supervised learning algorithms are trained victimization tagged examples, like Associate in Nursing input wherever the specified output is thought. For example, a device may have data points labeled “F” (failed) or “R” (executed). The learning formula receives a collection of inputs together with the corresponding correct outputs, and therefore the formula learns, by comparison, its actual output with the proper outputs to search out errors.

Then modify the model accordingly. Through methods such as classification, regression, prediction, and gradient augmentation, supervised learning uses standards to predict tag values in additional, unlabeled data. Supervised learning is commonly used in applications where historical data predict probable future events. For example, you can anticipate when credit card transactions are likely to be fraudulent or which insurance clients may file a claim.

Unsupervised Learning
Unsupervised learning finds hidden patterns or intrinsic structures in the data. It is used to extract inferences from data sets that consist of input data without unanswered responses. Clustering is the most common unsupervised learning technique. It is used for exploratory data analysis to find hidden patterns or clusters in the data.

Applications for cluster analysis embody factor sequence analysis, marketing research and beholding, for instance, if a mobile phone company desires to optimize the locations wherever they build cell towers, they’ll use machine learning to estimate the number of teams of individuals United Nations agency rely on their towers. A phone will solely consult with one tower at a time, that the team uses bunch algorithms to style the most effective location of itinerant towers to optimize signal reception for its client teams or groups. Common clustering algorithms include k-means and k-fears, hierarchical clustering, Gaussian mixing models, hidden Markov models, self-organized maps, FC media clustering, and subtractive clustering.

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Semi-Supervised Learning
It is a hybrid approach (combining supervised and unsupervised learning) with some labeled and other unlabeled data. For example, Google Photos automatically detects the same person in several photos of a vacation trip (grouping). You only need to name the person once (supervised), and the brand name is attached to that person in all the photos.

Reinforcement machine learning algorithms
The automatic reinforcement learning algorithm is a learning method that interacts with your environment, producing actions and discovering errors or rewards. Trial and error research and delayed reward are the most relevant characteristics of reinforcement learning. This method allows machines and software agents to automatically determine the optimal behavior within a specific context to maximize their performance. Simple reward feedback is required so that the agent knows which action is the best; this is known as the booster signal

Application of Machine learning
Augmentation

Machine learning, which helps humans in their daily tasks, personally or commercially, without having complete control of production. This machine learning is used in different ways, such as Virtual Assistant, data analysis and software solutions. The main user is to reduce errors due to human prejudices.

Automation
Machine learning, which works completely autonomously in any field without the need for human intervention. For example, robots that perform the essential steps of the process in factories.

Finance Industry
Machine learning is growing in popularity in the financial sector. Banks are mainly using ML to find patterns within the data, but also to prevent fraud.

Government organization
The government uses ML to manage public safety and public services. Take the example of China with massive facial recognition. The government uses artificial intelligence to avoid the jaywalker.

Healthcare industry
Healthcare was one of the first industries to use machine learning with image detection.

Marketing
The extensive use of AI is in marketing thanks to abundant access to data. Before the era of mass data, researchers developed advanced mathematical tools, such as Bayesian analysis, to estimate the value of a client. With the data boom, the marketing department relies on AI to optimize customer relationships and the marketing campaign.

Building Machine Learning models in Python with TensorFlow 2.0

Building Machine Learning models in Python with TensorFlow 2.0

In this TensorFlow 2.0 tutorial, you’ll understanding of how you can get started building machine learning models in Python with TensorFlow 2.0 as well as the other exciting available features!

Learn about the updates being made to TensorFlow in its 2.0 version. We’ll give an overview of what’s available in the new version as well as do a deep dive into an example using its central high-level API, Keras. You’ll walk away with a better understanding of how you can get started building machine learning models in Python with TensorFlow 2.0 as well as the other exciting available features!

Deep Learning vs Machine Learning: Which is the Best Choice for AI?

Deep Learning vs Machine Learning: Which is the Best Choice for AI?

Deep Learning vs. Machine Learning: You'll learn how the two concepts compare and how they fit into the broader category of Artificial Intelligence. During this demo we will also describes how deep learning can be applied to real-world scenarios such as fraud detection, voice and facial recognition, sentiment analytics, and time series forecasting.

This episode helps you compare deep learning vs. machine learning. You'll learn how the two concepts compare and how they fit into the broader category of artificial intelligence. During this demo we will also describes how deep learning can be applied to real-world scenarios such as fraud detection, voice and facial recognition, sentiment analytics, and time series forecasting.