What is Midas Dollar Share (MDS) | What is Midas Dollar Share token | What is MDS token

From Q4 2020 we’ve taken strategic steps to refine our approach and direction going forward, continuing our relentless focus on DeFi. Stepping into 2021 with a stronger management board, we are thrilled to start a new year with lots of confidence and excitement.

Today, we’d like to announce the launch of Midas Dollar (MDO), an algorithmic stablecoin running on Binance Smart Chain. Midas Dollar is an innovative solution that can adjust its supply deterministically to move the price of the token in the direction of a target price to bring programmability and interoperability to DeFi. One of the biggest issues of all current algorithmic stablecoins right now is utility. We are glad that MDO has use-cases right away.

Inspired by Basis and its predecessors (Empty Set Dollar and bDollar), Midas Dollar is a multi-token protocol that consists of three tokens: MDO (the algorithmic stablecoin), Midas Dollar Shares (or MDS, which holders can claim MDO inflation when the network expands), and Midas Dollar Bonds (or MDB, which can be purchased at 1:1 rate when the network is in contraction and can be redeemed with premium for MDO the network returns to its inflationary state, above the $1 peg).

Midas Dollar Protocol

  • When MDO trades below the $1 target price

When MDO price is below the target price of $1, token holders can purchase Midas Dollar Bonds (MDB) by burning MDO to reduce the circulating supply with a 1:1 ratio, and Bonds will be burnt when users redeem MDO with a premium bonus.

In case of redemption, an amount of MDO will be minted according to the TWAP at the beginning of the epoch (for example, if the MDO price is $1.1 then one Bond burnt will get back 1.1 MDO). Important to note is that Bonds have no expiry after purchase.

  • When MDO trades above the $1 target price

When MDO price is above the 1$ peg, the token supply will have to expand to push it back down to 1$ and the contract will allow the redemption of the MDB.

When the price of MDO continues trading above the $1 target price after bond redemption, the contract mints an appropriate amount of new MDO. This will be distributed to the Boardroom Stakers.

This three token system creates incentives through seigniorage, always pushing MDO towards its peg. MDS is used to redistribute the seigniorage from inflating the asset, while MDB is used to establish a price floor while MDO is in its deflationary state.

️Unique algorithm of MDO

  • (Boardroom) Epoch duration: 8 hours during expansion and 6 hours during contraction — the protocol reacts faster to stabilize MDO price to peg as compared to other protocols with longer epoch durations
  • Epoch Expansion: Capped at 6% if there are bonds to be redeemed, 4% if treasury is sufficiently full to meet bond redemption
  • MDB tokens do not expire and this greatly reduces the risk for bond buyers
  • Price feed oracle for TWAP is based on the average of 2 liquidity pool pairs (i.e. MDO/BUSD and MDO/BNB) which makes it more difficult to manipulate
  • The protocol keeps 75% of the expanded MDO supply for MDS boardroom stakers for each epoch expansion, 25% toward Midas DAO Fund. During debt phase, 50% of minted MDO will be sent to the treasury for MDS holders to participate in bond redemption
  • No discount for bond purchase, but premium bonus for bond redemptions if users were to wait for MDO to increase even more than the 1 $BUSD peg
  • Stronger DAO Fund to stablize price better
  • Riding on Midas.eco’s various resources and ecosystem pillars, MDO will find its ever growing utilities right after launch, which is its great advantage over other algorithmic stablecoins.

Midas DAO Fund

This is a fund established to support MDO ecosystem:

  • Rewards to all contributors & participants
  • Marketing, events and partnerships to grow MDO
  • If the protocol in expansion, DAO Fund sells a part of MDO to BUSD and/or BNB, we set the ratio currently as 50% MDO 25% BUSD, 25% WBNB.
  • If the protocol in contraction, DAO Fund buys back MDO with a percentage of reserved BUSD and BNB, with the current ratio is 80% MDO, 10% BUSD, 10% BNB.

Midas Vault

Midas Vault is a yield aggregator that maximizes the income potential of your assets from the Binance Smart Chain ecosystem in just one step.

Midas Vault automatically optimizes and executes the optimal investment strategies for users to achieve maximum yield.

Part of the vault’s profit shall be distributed to MDS owners.

More details will be announced soon.

MiDEX

The common problem of AMM DEXes currently is their sub-optimal use of funds. Most assets are mainly reserved for liquidity pools, without earning meaningful returns. This is just like a bank having all of its assets lying idle without earning any interest.

Midas team has been working on an AMM DEX that aims to solve this problem. This DEX will reserve a sufficient portion of liquidity for swapping needs of all users. The remaining shall be allocated to Midas Vault to generate yield from optimal investment strategies on the Binance Smart Chain DeFi ecosystem.

MiDEX shall use MDS as the governance token.

More details on MiDEX shall be announced soon.

Midas Dollar token distribution

  • Initial supply: 100,000 MDO
  • Distribution period: 10 days
  • First 24h (teaser mode): 1,000 MDO
  • Day 2 — Day 10: 90,000 MDO (10,000/day)
  • Airdrop: 9,000 MDO (BNB, BUSD, BDO, bCash) hodlers can claim MDO by connecting your wallet at https://midasdollar.fi/claim

The airdrop is organized on a first come — first serve basis, until the whole 9,000 MDO is fully distributed. Each wallet can claim a maximum of 2 MDO.

Reward rate for Bank pools from Day 1

  • BUSD: 2x
  • USDT: 2x
  • BDO: 2x
  • LINK: 1x
  • DOT: 1x
  • bCash— 2x will be open from this block  https://bscscan.com/block/countdown/4720000
  • VALUE-B 1x will be added from Day 2
  • Pancakeswap LPs MDO/BNB — 64x will be added from Day 2
  • Pancakeswap LPs MDO/bCash— 16x will be added from Day 3

Block countdown:  https://bscscan.com/block/countdown/4702800 ( Mon Feb 08 2021 22:00:00 SGT)

Midas Dollar Shares distribution

MDS has a maximum total supply of 21,000 tokens.

  • 1,750 MDS are allocated to Midas DAO Fund
  • 1,750 MDS are allocated to the team.

Both are vested linearly over 12 months.

The remaining 17,500 MDS are allocated for incentivizing Liquidity Providers, as follows:

  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/BUSD: 6x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDS/BUSD: 3x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/USDT: 3x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/BDO: 1x

Duration: 12 months

Participate in Midas Dollar farming

To participate in the protocol, visit the Banks dashboard here, and select your preferred pool.

Participate in the Boardroom

Boardroom opens 5 days after the launch: 13/02/2021.

Final Note

Midas Dollar is the latest product of the Midas Protocol ecosystem as we are strong supporters of algorithmic stablecoins in particular and DeFi in general. However, MDO is an experiment, and participants should take great caution and learn more about the seigniorage concept and supply expansion and contraction mechanism to avoid any potential loss.

Looking for more information…

WebsiteExplorerSource CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Social Channel 3Message BoardCoinmarketcap

Would you like to MDS right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

*Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money *

BinanceBittrexPoloniexBitfinexHuobi

Thank for visiting and reading this article! I’m highly appreciate your actions! Please share if you liked it!

#blockchain #bitcoin #midas dollar share #mds

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

What is Midas Dollar Share (MDS) | What is Midas Dollar Share token | What is MDS token

What is Midas Dollar Share (MDS) | What is Midas Dollar Share token | What is MDS token

From Q4 2020 we’ve taken strategic steps to refine our approach and direction going forward, continuing our relentless focus on DeFi. Stepping into 2021 with a stronger management board, we are thrilled to start a new year with lots of confidence and excitement.

Today, we’d like to announce the launch of Midas Dollar (MDO), an algorithmic stablecoin running on Binance Smart Chain. Midas Dollar is an innovative solution that can adjust its supply deterministically to move the price of the token in the direction of a target price to bring programmability and interoperability to DeFi. One of the biggest issues of all current algorithmic stablecoins right now is utility. We are glad that MDO has use-cases right away.

Inspired by Basis and its predecessors (Empty Set Dollar and bDollar), Midas Dollar is a multi-token protocol that consists of three tokens: MDO (the algorithmic stablecoin), Midas Dollar Shares (or MDS, which holders can claim MDO inflation when the network expands), and Midas Dollar Bonds (or MDB, which can be purchased at 1:1 rate when the network is in contraction and can be redeemed with premium for MDO the network returns to its inflationary state, above the $1 peg).

Midas Dollar Protocol

  • When MDO trades below the $1 target price

When MDO price is below the target price of $1, token holders can purchase Midas Dollar Bonds (MDB) by burning MDO to reduce the circulating supply with a 1:1 ratio, and Bonds will be burnt when users redeem MDO with a premium bonus.

In case of redemption, an amount of MDO will be minted according to the TWAP at the beginning of the epoch (for example, if the MDO price is $1.1 then one Bond burnt will get back 1.1 MDO). Important to note is that Bonds have no expiry after purchase.

  • When MDO trades above the $1 target price

When MDO price is above the 1$ peg, the token supply will have to expand to push it back down to 1$ and the contract will allow the redemption of the MDB.

When the price of MDO continues trading above the $1 target price after bond redemption, the contract mints an appropriate amount of new MDO. This will be distributed to the Boardroom Stakers.

This three token system creates incentives through seigniorage, always pushing MDO towards its peg. MDS is used to redistribute the seigniorage from inflating the asset, while MDB is used to establish a price floor while MDO is in its deflationary state.

️Unique algorithm of MDO

  • (Boardroom) Epoch duration: 8 hours during expansion and 6 hours during contraction — the protocol reacts faster to stabilize MDO price to peg as compared to other protocols with longer epoch durations
  • Epoch Expansion: Capped at 6% if there are bonds to be redeemed, 4% if treasury is sufficiently full to meet bond redemption
  • MDB tokens do not expire and this greatly reduces the risk for bond buyers
  • Price feed oracle for TWAP is based on the average of 2 liquidity pool pairs (i.e. MDO/BUSD and MDO/BNB) which makes it more difficult to manipulate
  • The protocol keeps 75% of the expanded MDO supply for MDS boardroom stakers for each epoch expansion, 25% toward Midas DAO Fund. During debt phase, 50% of minted MDO will be sent to the treasury for MDS holders to participate in bond redemption
  • No discount for bond purchase, but premium bonus for bond redemptions if users were to wait for MDO to increase even more than the 1 $BUSD peg
  • Stronger DAO Fund to stablize price better
  • Riding on Midas.eco’s various resources and ecosystem pillars, MDO will find its ever growing utilities right after launch, which is its great advantage over other algorithmic stablecoins.

Midas DAO Fund

This is a fund established to support MDO ecosystem:

  • Rewards to all contributors & participants
  • Marketing, events and partnerships to grow MDO
  • If the protocol in expansion, DAO Fund sells a part of MDO to BUSD and/or BNB, we set the ratio currently as 50% MDO 25% BUSD, 25% WBNB.
  • If the protocol in contraction, DAO Fund buys back MDO with a percentage of reserved BUSD and BNB, with the current ratio is 80% MDO, 10% BUSD, 10% BNB.

Midas Vault

Midas Vault is a yield aggregator that maximizes the income potential of your assets from the Binance Smart Chain ecosystem in just one step.

Midas Vault automatically optimizes and executes the optimal investment strategies for users to achieve maximum yield.

Part of the vault’s profit shall be distributed to MDS owners.

More details will be announced soon.

MiDEX

The common problem of AMM DEXes currently is their sub-optimal use of funds. Most assets are mainly reserved for liquidity pools, without earning meaningful returns. This is just like a bank having all of its assets lying idle without earning any interest.

Midas team has been working on an AMM DEX that aims to solve this problem. This DEX will reserve a sufficient portion of liquidity for swapping needs of all users. The remaining shall be allocated to Midas Vault to generate yield from optimal investment strategies on the Binance Smart Chain DeFi ecosystem.

MiDEX shall use MDS as the governance token.

More details on MiDEX shall be announced soon.

Midas Dollar token distribution

  • Initial supply: 100,000 MDO
  • Distribution period: 10 days
  • First 24h (teaser mode): 1,000 MDO
  • Day 2 — Day 10: 90,000 MDO (10,000/day)
  • Airdrop: 9,000 MDO (BNB, BUSD, BDO, bCash) hodlers can claim MDO by connecting your wallet at https://midasdollar.fi/claim

The airdrop is organized on a first come — first serve basis, until the whole 9,000 MDO is fully distributed. Each wallet can claim a maximum of 2 MDO.

Reward rate for Bank pools from Day 1

  • BUSD: 2x
  • USDT: 2x
  • BDO: 2x
  • LINK: 1x
  • DOT: 1x
  • bCash— 2x will be open from this block  https://bscscan.com/block/countdown/4720000
  • VALUE-B 1x will be added from Day 2
  • Pancakeswap LPs MDO/BNB — 64x will be added from Day 2
  • Pancakeswap LPs MDO/bCash— 16x will be added from Day 3

Block countdown:  https://bscscan.com/block/countdown/4702800 ( Mon Feb 08 2021 22:00:00 SGT)

Midas Dollar Shares distribution

MDS has a maximum total supply of 21,000 tokens.

  • 1,750 MDS are allocated to Midas DAO Fund
  • 1,750 MDS are allocated to the team.

Both are vested linearly over 12 months.

The remaining 17,500 MDS are allocated for incentivizing Liquidity Providers, as follows:

  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/BUSD: 6x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDS/BUSD: 3x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/USDT: 3x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/BDO: 1x

Duration: 12 months

Participate in Midas Dollar farming

To participate in the protocol, visit the Banks dashboard here, and select your preferred pool.

Participate in the Boardroom

Boardroom opens 5 days after the launch: 13/02/2021.

Final Note

Midas Dollar is the latest product of the Midas Protocol ecosystem as we are strong supporters of algorithmic stablecoins in particular and DeFi in general. However, MDO is an experiment, and participants should take great caution and learn more about the seigniorage concept and supply expansion and contraction mechanism to avoid any potential loss.

Looking for more information…

WebsiteExplorerSource CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Social Channel 3Message BoardCoinmarketcap

Would you like to MDS right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

*Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money *

BinanceBittrexPoloniexBitfinexHuobi

Thank for visiting and reading this article! I’m highly appreciate your actions! Please share if you liked it!

#blockchain #bitcoin #midas dollar share #mds

Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1658068560

WordsCounted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

Gem Version 

RubyDoc documentation.

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.


Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: Abitdodgy
Source Code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted 
License: MIT license

#ruby #nlp 

Words Counted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor.

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

 

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: abitdodgy
Source code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted
License: MIT license

#ruby  #ruby-on-rails 

What is Midas Dollar (MDO) | What is Midas Dollar token | What is MDO token

From Q4 2020 we’ve taken strategic steps to refine our approach and direction going forward, continuing our relentless focus on DeFi. Stepping into 2021 with a stronger management board, we are thrilled to start a new year with lots of confidence and excitement.

Today, we’d like to announce the launch of Midas Dollar (MDO), an algorithmic stablecoin running on Binance Smart Chain. Midas Dollar is an innovative solution that can adjust its supply deterministically to move the price of the token in the direction of a target price to bring programmability and interoperability to DeFi. One of the biggest issues of all current algorithmic stablecoins right now is utility. We are glad that MDO has use-cases right away.

Inspired by Basis and its predecessors (Empty Set Dollar and bDollar), Midas Dollar is a multi-token protocol that consists of three tokens: MDO (the algorithmic stablecoin), Midas Dollar Shares (or MDS, which holders can claim MDO inflation when the network expands), and Midas Dollar Bonds (or MDB, which can be purchased at 1:1 rate when the network is in contraction and can be redeemed with premium for MDO the network returns to its inflationary state, above the $1 peg).

Midas Dollar Protocol

  • When MDO trades below the $1 target price

When MDO price is below the target price of $1, token holders can purchase Midas Dollar Bonds (MDB) by burning MDO to reduce the circulating supply with a 1:1 ratio, and Bonds will be burnt when users redeem MDO with a premium bonus.

In case of redemption, an amount of MDO will be minted according to the TWAP at the beginning of the epoch (for example, if the MDO price is $1.1 then one Bond burnt will get back 1.1 MDO). Important to note is that Bonds have no expiry after purchase.

  • When MDO trades above the $1 target price

When MDO price is above the 1$ peg, the token supply will have to expand to push it back down to 1$ and the contract will allow the redemption of the MDB.

When the price of MDO continues trading above the $1 target price after bond redemption, the contract mints an appropriate amount of new MDO. This will be distributed to the Boardroom Stakers.

This three token system creates incentives through seigniorage, always pushing MDO towards its peg. MDS is used to redistribute the seigniorage from inflating the asset, while MDB is used to establish a price floor while MDO is in its deflationary state.

️Unique algorithm of MDO

  • (Boardroom) Epoch duration: 8 hours during expansion and 6 hours during contraction — the protocol reacts faster to stabilize MDO price to peg as compared to other protocols with longer epoch durations
  • Epoch Expansion: Capped at 6% if there are bonds to be redeemed, 4% if treasury is sufficiently full to meet bond redemption
  • MDB tokens do not expire and this greatly reduces the risk for bond buyers
  • Price feed oracle for TWAP is based on the average of 2 liquidity pool pairs (i.e. MDO/BUSD and MDO/BNB) which makes it more difficult to manipulate
  • The protocol keeps 75% of the expanded MDO supply for MDS boardroom stakers for each epoch expansion, 25% toward Midas DAO Fund. During debt phase, 50% of minted MDO will be sent to the treasury for MDS holders to participate in bond redemption
  • No discount for bond purchase, but premium bonus for bond redemptions if users were to wait for MDO to increase even more than the 1 $BUSD peg
  • Stronger DAO Fund to stablize price better
  • Riding on Midas.eco’s various resources and ecosystem pillars, MDO will find its ever growing utilities right after launch, which is its great advantage over other algorithmic stablecoins.

Midas DAO Fund

This is a fund established to support MDO ecosystem:

  • Rewards to all contributors & participants
  • Marketing, events and partnerships to grow MDO
  • If the protocol in expansion, DAO Fund sells a part of MDO to BUSD and/or BNB, we set the ratio currently as 50% MDO 25% BUSD, 25% WBNB.
  • If the protocol in contraction, DAO Fund buys back MDO with a percentage of reserved BUSD and BNB, with the current ratio is 80% MDO, 10% BUSD, 10% BNB.

Midas Vault

Midas Vault is a yield aggregator that maximizes the income potential of your assets from the Binance Smart Chain ecosystem in just one step.

Midas Vault automatically optimizes and executes the optimal investment strategies for users to achieve maximum yield.

Part of the vault’s profit shall be distributed to MDS owners.

More details will be announced soon.

MiDEX

The common problem of AMM DEXes currently is their sub-optimal use of funds. Most assets are mainly reserved for liquidity pools, without earning meaningful returns. This is just like a bank having all of its assets lying idle without earning any interest.

Midas team has been working on an AMM DEX that aims to solve this problem. This DEX will reserve a sufficient portion of liquidity for swapping needs of all users. The remaining shall be allocated to Midas Vault to generate yield from optimal investment strategies on the Binance Smart Chain DeFi ecosystem.

MiDEX shall use MDS as the governance token.

More details on MiDEX shall be announced soon.

Midas Dollar token distribution

  • Initial supply: 100,000 MDO
  • Distribution period: 10 days
  • First 24h (teaser mode): 1,000 MDO
  • Day 2 — Day 10: 90,000 MDO (10,000/day)
  • Airdrop: 9,000 MDO (BNB, BUSD, BDO, bCash) hodlers can claim MDO by connecting your wallet at https://midasdollar.fi/claim

The airdrop is organized on a first come — first serve basis, until the whole 9,000 MDO is fully distributed. Each wallet can claim a maximum of 2 MDO.

Reward rate for Bank pools from Day 1

  • BUSD: 2x
  • USDT: 2x
  • BDO: 2x
  • LINK: 1x
  • DOT: 1x
  • bCash— 2x will be open from this block  https://bscscan.com/block/countdown/4720000
  • VALUE-B 1x will be added from Day 2
  • Pancakeswap LPs MDO/BNB — 64x will be added from Day 2
  • Pancakeswap LPs MDO/bCash— 16x will be added from Day 3

Block countdown:  https://bscscan.com/block/countdown/4702800 ( Mon Feb 08 2021 22:00:00 SGT)

Midas Dollar Shares distribution

MDS has a maximum total supply of 21,000 tokens.

  • 1,750 MDS are allocated to Midas DAO Fund
  • 1,750 MDS are allocated to the team.

Both are vested linearly over 12 months.

The remaining 17,500 MDS are allocated for incentivizing Liquidity Providers, as follows:

  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/BUSD: 6x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDS/BUSD: 3x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/USDT: 3x
  • PancakeSwap LPs MDO/BDO: 1x

Duration: 12 months

Participate in Midas Dollar farming

To participate in the protocol, visit the Banks dashboard here, and select your preferred pool.

Participate in the Boardroom

Boardroom opens 5 days after the launch: 13/02/2021.

Final Note

Midas Dollar is the latest product of the Midas Protocol ecosystem as we are strong supporters of algorithmic stablecoins in particular and DeFi in general. However, MDO is an experiment, and participants should take great caution and learn more about the seigniorage concept and supply expansion and contraction mechanism to avoid any potential loss.

Looking for more information…

WebsiteExplorerSource CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Social Channel 3Message BoardCoinmarketcap

Would you like to earn MDO right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

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Read more ☞ What is Midas Dollar Share (MDS) | What is Midas Dollar Share token | What is MDS token

#blockchain #bitcoin #crypto #midas dollar #mdo

aaron silva

aaron silva

1622197808

SafeMoon Clone | Create A DeFi Token Like SafeMoon | DeFi token like SafeMoon

SafeMoon is a decentralized finance (DeFi) token. This token consists of RFI tokenomics and auto-liquidity generating protocol. A DeFi token like SafeMoon has reached the mainstream standards under the Binance Smart Chain. Its success and popularity have been immense, thus, making the majority of the business firms adopt this style of cryptocurrency as an alternative.

A DeFi token like SafeMoon is almost similar to the other crypto-token, but the only difference being that it charges a 10% transaction fee from the users who sell their tokens, in which 5% of the fee is distributed to the remaining SafeMoon owners. This feature rewards the owners for holding onto their tokens.

Read More @ https://bit.ly/3oFbJoJ

#create a defi token like safemoon #defi token like safemoon #safemoon token #safemoon token clone #defi token