eric stuart

1612882885

Harry Styles Shirts (Limited Merchdanise) – Harry Styles Merch

Buy Adore You T Shirt from Harry Styles Merch with worldwide free shipping. We have the best quality Harry Styles Merchandise for you and your loved ones!

#shirt #phone #case #hoodie #hat

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

Harry Styles Shirts (Limited Merchdanise) – Harry Styles Merch

John Smith

1643367602

Is this official Harry Styles merch? If not, then I wouldn't want to spend my money on it. It is better to make something like this yourself, and not just buy a copy.

Charlie Flint

1643370698

Clothing with non-standard prints is popular in streetwear and hip-hop culture. You can purchase them at your favorite clothing stores, but they are also available online, which is the best option for you as a private person. You can view website for more info. From streetwear to pop culture, these custom printed clothes will give you a fun yet stylish look.

eric stuart

1612882885

Harry Styles Shirts (Limited Merchdanise) – Harry Styles Merch

Buy Adore You T Shirt from Harry Styles Merch with worldwide free shipping. We have the best quality Harry Styles Merchandise for you and your loved ones!

#shirt #phone #case #hoodie #hat

Art Style Transfer using Neural Networks

Introduction

Art Style Transfer consists in the transformation of an image into a similar one that seems to have been painted by an artist.

If we are Vincent van Gogh fans, and we love German Shepherds, we may like to get a picture of our favorite dog painted in van Gogh’s Starry Night fashion.

german shepherd

Image by author

van gogh starry night

Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh, Public Domain

The resulting picture can be something like this:

german shepherd with a starry night style

Image by author

Instead, if we like Katsushika Hokusai’s Great Wave off Kanagawa, we may obtain a picture like this one:

the great wave

The Great wave of Kanagawa by Katsushika Hokusai, Public Domain

german shepherd with the great wave style

Image by author

And something like the following picture, if we prefer Wassily Kandinsky’s Composition 7:

wassily kandinsky composition 7

Compositions 7 by Wassily Kandinsky, Public Domain

german shepherd with composition 7 style

Image by author

These image transformations are possible thanks to advances in computing processing power that allowed the usage of more complex neural networks.

The Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), composed of a series of layers of convolutional matrix operations, are ideal for image analysis and object identification. They employ a similar concept to graphic filters and detectors used in applications like Gimp or Photoshop, but in a much powerful and complex way.

A basic example of a matrix operation is performed by an edge detector. It takes a small picture sample of NxN pixels (5x5 in the following example), multiplies it’s values by a predefined NxN convolution matrix and obtains a value that indicates if an edge is present in that portion of the image. Repeating this procedure for all the NxN portions of the image, we can generate a new image where we have detected the borders of the objects present in there.

condor photo plus edge detector equals condor borders

Image by author

The two main features of CNNs are:

  • The numeric values of the convolutional matrices are not predefined to find specific image features like edges. Those values are automatically generated during the optimization processes, so they will be able to detect more complex features than borders.
  • They have a layered structure, so the first layers will detect simple image features (edges, color blocks, etc.) and the latest layers will use the information from the previous ones to detect complex objects like people, animals, cars, etc.

This is the typical structure of a Convolutional Neural Network:

Image for post

Image by Aphex34 / CC BY-SA 4.0

Thanks to papers like “Visualizing and Understanding Convolutional Networks”[1] by Matthew D. Zeiler, Rob Fergus and “Feature Visualization”[12] by Chris Olah, Alexander Mordvintsev, Ludwig Schubert, we can visually understand what features are detected by the different CNN layers:

Image for post

Image by Matthew D. Zeiler et al. “Visualizing and Understanding Convolutional Networks”[1], usage authorized

The first layers detect the most basic features of the image like edges.

Image for post
Image by Matthew D. Zeiler et al. “Visualizing and Understanding Convolutional Networks”[1], usage authorized

The next layers combine the information of the previous layer to detect more complex features like textures.

Image for post

Image by Matthew D. Zeiler et al. “Visualizing and Understanding Convolutional Networks”[1], usage authorized

Following layers, continue to use the previous information to detect features like repetitive patterns.

Image for post

Image by Matthew D. Zeiler et al. “Visualizing and Understanding Convolutional Networks”[1], usage authorized

The latest network layers are able to detect complex features like object parts.

Image for post

Image by Matthew D. Zeiler et al. “Visualizing and Understanding Convolutional Networks”[1], usage authorized

The final layers are capable of classifying complete objects present in the image.

The possibility of detecting complex image features is the key enabler to perform complex transformations to those features, but still perceiving the same content in the image.

#style-transfer-online #artificial-intelligence #neural-style-transfer #art-style-transfer #neural networks

August  Larson

August Larson

1624998060

How to style your Dataframe with Python

How to highlight, format or colour your data frame with Python

I love Excel conditional formatting, it is a simple and elegant way to highlight the key takeaways in your table. Can we do the same in the pandas data frame? Absolutely!

In this article, we are going to learn how to format the data frame in:

  • Colour the numbers based on conditions
  • Highlight Min/Max/Null
  • Bar Chart in a data frame
  • Heatmap

#data #python #programming #how to style your dataframe with python #style your dataframe #dataframe

Agnes  Sauer

Agnes Sauer

1598035200

Slow and Arbitrary Style Transfer

Introduction

Style transfer is the technique of combining two images, a content image and a **_style _**image, such that the **_generated _**image displays the properties of both its constituents. The goal is to generate an image that is similar in style (e.g., color combinations, brush strokes) to the style image and exhibits structural resemblance (e.g., edges, shapes) to the content image.

In this post, we describe an optimization-based approach proposed by Gatys et al. in their seminal work, “Image Style Transfer Using Convolutional Neural Networks”. But, let us first look at some of the building blocks that lead to the ultimate solution.

Image for post

Fig 1. Demonstration, Image taken from “[R2] Perceptual Losses for Real-Time Style Transfer and Super-Resolution”

What are CNNs learning?

At the outset, you can imagine low-level features as features visible in a **zoomed-in**image. In contrast, **high-level**features can be best viewed when the image is zoomed-out. Now, how does a computer know how to distinguish between these details of an image? CNNs, to the rescue.

Learned filters of pre-trained convolutional neural networks are excellent general-purpose image feature extractors. Different layers of a CNN extract the features at different scales. The hidden unit in shallow layers, which sees only a relatively small part of the input image, extracts **low-level**features like edges, colors, and simple textures. Deeper layers, however, with a wider receptive field tend to extract **high-level**features such as shapes, patterns, intricate textures, and even objects.

So, how can we leverage these feature extractors for style transfer?

#neural-style-transfer #digital-art #style-transfer #deep-learning #convolutional-network #deep learning

Oleta  Becker

Oleta Becker

1601442120

Fast and Less Restricted Style Transfer

Introduction

A pastiche is an artistic work that imitates the style of another one. Style transfer can be defined as finding a pastiche image **_p _**whose content is similar to that of a content image **_c _**but whose style is similar to that of a style image s.

Background

If you are familiar with optimization-based style transfer and feed-forward style transfer networks, feel free to skip this section.

The neural style transfer algorithm proposes the following definitions:

  1. Content Similarity: two images are similar in content if their high-level features as extracted by a trained classifier are close in Euclidean distance
  2. Style Similarity: two images are similar in style if their low-level features as extracted by a trained classifier share the same statistics.

#digital-art #deep-learning #neural-style-transfer #style-transfer #machine-learning