Michael Bryan

Michael Bryan

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Tutorial Laravel 6 with Docker and Docker-Compose

Following this tutorial you’ll learn:

Docker is a container tool that allows developers and organizations to build, run and deploy applications using containers.

Containers are standalone images that allow developers to package applications with their dependencies. They share the kernel and resources of the system where they are running and they provide isolated environments for applications.

Docker makes use of <a href="https://morioh.com/p/544a7cbf0be5" target="_blank">Dockerfile</a> files to define and describe the parts and dependencies used by an application and also commands to run in order to install the dependences and start the application.

Installing Docker

start by installing Docker for your type of operating system by following one of these official guides:

Docker-Compose

The official documentation describes docker-compose as:

A tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications. With Compose, you use a YAML file to configure your application’s services. Then, with a single command, you create and start all the services from your configuration. To learn more about all the features of Compose, see the list of features.
Using docker-compose involves three easy steps:

  1. First, you need to define/describe your app environment with a ```Dockerfile``` so you can reproduce it anywhere.
    
  2. Second, you need to create ```docker-compose.yml``` file and define the services required for running your application so you can run them in multi containers.
    
  3. Finally you just need to run ```docker-compose up``` and Compose will start all the services for your application
    

Creating a Laravel 6 Project

Let’s create a Laravel 6 project and then see how we can dockerize it using Docker.

We have different ways to create Laravel projects: Using Composer (PHP package manager), cloning from GitHub or downloading using cURL.

Using Composer

If you have Composer installed on your system then you can simply use the following command to create a Laravel project:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laravelproject

Using GitHub Repository

Alternatively if you don’t want to install Composer in your system, you can also clone Laravel from GitHub using:

git clone https://github.com/laravel/laravel.git laravelproject

Installing the Project Dependencies

Now, let’s install the project’s dependencies. If you have Composer installed, simply run the following command from within your project’s root folder:

composer install 

If you don’t have Composer installed on your system. You can also use Docker with the official composer image to install dependencies by running the following command from the project’s root folder:

docker run --rm -v $(pwd):/app composer/composer install

The --rm switch tells Docker to automatically clean up and remove the container after doing the task and exiting.

This is what the docs says about that:

By default a container’s file system persists even after the container exits. This makes debugging a lot easier (since you can inspect the final state) and you retain all your data by default. But if you are running short-term foreground processes, these container file systems can really pile up. If instead you’d like Docker to automatically clean up the container and remove the file system when the container exits, you can add the <em>--rm</em> flag:
The command: -v $(pwd):/app instructs Docker to mount the current directory on the host system retrieved using $(pwd) to /app in the container . What app? Simply because the composer tool in the container will look for a composer.json file in this folder.

After finishing the installation, either way, you’ll find a vendor folder with all dependencies inside your Laravel project.

Creating a Dockerfile

Now, after installing Docker and Docker-compose and creating the laravel project let’s create a Dockerfile to define our environmenet. Create a new Dockerfile file in the application directory and start by adding the first command:

FROM php:7.2.2-fpm

This tells Docker to download and use the php:7.2.2-fpm image.

Next add:

RUN apt-get update -y && apt-get install -y libmcrypt-dev openssl
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo mcrypt mbstring

This run apt-get to install the dependencies and extensions required by Laravel.

If you want to install Composer you can also add this command:

RUN apt-get -y curl
RUN curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

Now, add:

WORKDIR /app
COPY . /app

This tells Docker to set the working directory in the container to /app and copy the files (Laravel project) in our current folder (in our system host) to the /app folder in the container.

If you didn’t install the dependencies using the previous methods you can install them using:

RUN composer install

Now, let’s run the artisan serve command using the CMD command:

CMD php artisan serve --host=0.0.0.0 --port=8000

This will serve the Laravel project from the port 8000.

Finally, you need to expose the port 8000 from the container using:

EXPOSE 8000

This is the complete Dockerfile:

FROM php:7.2.2-fpm
RUN apt-get update -y && apt-get install -y libmcrypt-dev openssl
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo mcrypt mbstring
RUN curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo mcrypt mbstring
WORKDIR /app
COPY . /app
RUN composer install

CMD php artisan serve --host=0.0.0.0 --port=8000
EXPOSE 8000

Building the Docker Image

After creating the Dockerfile, you are ready to create the actual Docker image. From your terminal, navigate to the root folder of your project and run:

docker build -t my-laravel-image .

Using the -t switch we can specify the tag/name of the Docker image. For the dot means the current folder will be used as the context for the image to be built. Remember the COPY command in the Dockerfile? its source folder is this folder so we can copy the files from our project to the container file-system.

Running the Docker Image Using Docker

After building the Docker image (my-laravel-image) you can now run it using:

docker run -p 8000:8000 my-laravel-image

You can now access your application from your browser at <a href="http://localhost:8000/" target="_blank">http://localhost:8000</a>.

Running the Docker Image Using Docker-compose

Docker-compose is more useful to build multi containers for the same application but it can also used to run a single Docker image. So first, create a docker-compose.yml file in the root folder of your project and add the following content:

web:
    image: my-laravel-image
    ports:
        - 8000:8000
    volumes:
        - ./:/app

We are defining a volume using ./:/var/www which simply mount our current directory ./ in the host system to /app in the container. This will allow you to work on the source code in your project’s folder and changes will be reflected in the container file-system (in our case /app) without executing any other commands.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we’ve seen how to use Docker to create a development environment with Laravel 6. We’ve seen how to use both Docker and docker-compose to run our Laravel 6 application in an isolated container.

=========================

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#laravel #docker #php #web-development #devops

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Buddha Community

Tutorial Laravel 6 with Docker and Docker-Compose

Using your Dockerfile sample and running docker build, I got the following errors;

Step 3/10 : RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo mcrypt mbstring

 —> Running in 89033a5f9e72

error: /usr/src/php/ext/mcrypt does not exist

usage: /usr/local/bin/docker-php-ext-install [-jN] ext-name [ext-name …]

  ie: /usr/local/bin/docker-php-ext-install gd mysqli

    /usr/local/bin/docker-php-ext-install pdo pdo_mysql

    /usr/local/bin/docker-php-ext-install -j5 gd mbstring mysqli pdo pdo_mysql shmop

if custom ./configure arguments are necessary, see docker-php-ext-configure

Possible values for ext-name:

bcmath bz2 calendar ctype curl dba dom enchant exif fileinfo filter ftp gd gettext gmp hash iconv imap interbase intl json ldap mbstring mysqli oci8 odbc opcache pcntl pdo pdo_dblib pdo_firebird pdo_mysql pdo_oci pdo_odbc pdo_pgsql pdo_sqlite pgsql phar posix pspell readline recode reflection session shmop simplexml snmp soap sockets sodium spl standard sysvmsg sysvsem sysvshm tidy tokenizer wddx xml xmlreader xmlrpc xmlwriter xsl zend_test zip

Some of the above modules are already compiled into PHP; please check

the output of “php -i” to see which modules are already loaded.

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Laravel is a very powerful framework that follows the MVC structure. It is designed for web developers who need a simple, elegant yet powerful toolkit to build a fully-featured website.

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Insert Update Delete module is primary requirement for each project,you will understand how to use route, controller, blade files, model and migration for crud operation in laravel 6.

We just need to follow below step and you will get basic CRUD using controller, model, route, bootstrap 4 and blade. If you follow below step then definatly you will get proper output.

Read More : Laravel 6 CRUD Tutorial with Example

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Laravel image upload example tutorial. Here, i will show you how to upload image in laravel 7/6 with preview and validation.

Before store image into db and folder, you can validate uploaded image by using laravel validation rules. as well as you can show preview of uploaded image in laravel.

Image Upload In Laravel 7/6 with Validation

Image upload in laravel 7/6 with preview and validation. And storage image into folder and MySQL database by using the below steps:

Install Laravel Fresh App
Setup Database Details
Generate Image Migration & Model
Create Image Upload Route
Create Image Controller
Create Image Upload and Preview Blade View
Start Development Server

https://www.tutsmake.com/laravel-7-6-image-upload-with-preview-validation-tutorial/

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Laravel Google Bar Charts Example Tutorial

Hi Guys,

In this tutorial.I will learn you how to use dynamic char bar using google charts in laravel.you can easy and simply use dynamic chart in laravel.

Google has provide us different type of Google chart. So, in this post we are going to create dynamic bar chart by using Google Chart API in Laravel application.

I will just create a simple employee model and a employee controller to create this laravel google charts example. Then i will fetch employee data from database and finally set in google bar chart function.

Link :- https://www.nicesnippets.com/blog/laravel-google-bar-charts-example-tutorial

#laravel #laravel tutorial #laravel tutorial for beginner #learn laravel #learn laravel for free