Allyson Ray

Allyson Ray

1632141257

Draw In The Benefits Of Sports By Using Sports NFT Crypto

The sports sector has been the most entertaining and dominant sector for a very long time. Its entrance to the digital world has increased the attendees for the digital world by many folds. This is extremely possible due to the implementation of sports NFT crypto. This has allowed the crypto audience to have a unique experience and enjoy seamless trading.


 

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

Draw In The Benefits Of Sports By Using Sports NFT Crypto

Greg Bjorg

1657733560

I believe that the advantage of one better over another is always that one has a reliable source of information for betting, and the other relies on his luck.

Chloe  Butler

Chloe Butler

1667425440

Pdf2gerb: Perl Script Converts PDF Files to Gerber format

pdf2gerb

Perl script converts PDF files to Gerber format

Pdf2Gerb generates Gerber 274X photoplotting and Excellon drill files from PDFs of a PCB. Up to three PDFs are used: the top copper layer, the bottom copper layer (for 2-sided PCBs), and an optional silk screen layer. The PDFs can be created directly from any PDF drawing software, or a PDF print driver can be used to capture the Print output if the drawing software does not directly support output to PDF.

The general workflow is as follows:

  1. Design the PCB using your favorite CAD or drawing software.
  2. Print the top and bottom copper and top silk screen layers to a PDF file.
  3. Run Pdf2Gerb on the PDFs to create Gerber and Excellon files.
  4. Use a Gerber viewer to double-check the output against the original PCB design.
  5. Make adjustments as needed.
  6. Submit the files to a PCB manufacturer.

Please note that Pdf2Gerb does NOT perform DRC (Design Rule Checks), as these will vary according to individual PCB manufacturer conventions and capabilities. Also note that Pdf2Gerb is not perfect, so the output files must always be checked before submitting them. As of version 1.6, Pdf2Gerb supports most PCB elements, such as round and square pads, round holes, traces, SMD pads, ground planes, no-fill areas, and panelization. However, because it interprets the graphical output of a Print function, there are limitations in what it can recognize (or there may be bugs).

See docs/Pdf2Gerb.pdf for install/setup, config, usage, and other info.


pdf2gerb_cfg.pm

#Pdf2Gerb config settings:
#Put this file in same folder/directory as pdf2gerb.pl itself (global settings),
#or copy to another folder/directory with PDFs if you want PCB-specific settings.
#There is only one user of this file, so we don't need a custom package or namespace.
#NOTE: all constants defined in here will be added to main namespace.
#package pdf2gerb_cfg;

use strict; #trap undef vars (easier debug)
use warnings; #other useful info (easier debug)


##############################################################################################
#configurable settings:
#change values here instead of in main pfg2gerb.pl file

use constant WANT_COLORS => ($^O !~ m/Win/); #ANSI colors no worky on Windows? this must be set < first DebugPrint() call

#just a little warning; set realistic expectations:
#DebugPrint("${\(CYAN)}Pdf2Gerb.pl ${\(VERSION)}, $^O O/S\n${\(YELLOW)}${\(BOLD)}${\(ITALIC)}This is EXPERIMENTAL software.  \nGerber files MAY CONTAIN ERRORS.  Please CHECK them before fabrication!${\(RESET)}", 0); #if WANT_DEBUG

use constant METRIC => FALSE; #set to TRUE for metric units (only affect final numbers in output files, not internal arithmetic)
use constant APERTURE_LIMIT => 0; #34; #max #apertures to use; generate warnings if too many apertures are used (0 to not check)
use constant DRILL_FMT => '2.4'; #'2.3'; #'2.4' is the default for PCB fab; change to '2.3' for CNC

use constant WANT_DEBUG => 0; #10; #level of debug wanted; higher == more, lower == less, 0 == none
use constant GERBER_DEBUG => 0; #level of debug to include in Gerber file; DON'T USE FOR FABRICATION
use constant WANT_STREAMS => FALSE; #TRUE; #save decompressed streams to files (for debug)
use constant WANT_ALLINPUT => FALSE; #TRUE; #save entire input stream (for debug ONLY)

#DebugPrint(sprintf("${\(CYAN)}DEBUG: stdout %d, gerber %d, want streams? %d, all input? %d, O/S: $^O, Perl: $]${\(RESET)}\n", WANT_DEBUG, GERBER_DEBUG, WANT_STREAMS, WANT_ALLINPUT), 1);
#DebugPrint(sprintf("max int = %d, min int = %d\n", MAXINT, MININT), 1); 

#define standard trace and pad sizes to reduce scaling or PDF rendering errors:
#This avoids weird aperture settings and replaces them with more standardized values.
#(I'm not sure how photoplotters handle strange sizes).
#Fewer choices here gives more accurate mapping in the final Gerber files.
#units are in inches
use constant TOOL_SIZES => #add more as desired
(
#round or square pads (> 0) and drills (< 0):
    .010, -.001,  #tiny pads for SMD; dummy drill size (too small for practical use, but needed so StandardTool will use this entry)
    .031, -.014,  #used for vias
    .041, -.020,  #smallest non-filled plated hole
    .051, -.025,
    .056, -.029,  #useful for IC pins
    .070, -.033,
    .075, -.040,  #heavier leads
#    .090, -.043,  #NOTE: 600 dpi is not high enough resolution to reliably distinguish between .043" and .046", so choose 1 of the 2 here
    .100, -.046,
    .115, -.052,
    .130, -.061,
    .140, -.067,
    .150, -.079,
    .175, -.088,
    .190, -.093,
    .200, -.100,
    .220, -.110,
    .160, -.125,  #useful for mounting holes
#some additional pad sizes without holes (repeat a previous hole size if you just want the pad size):
    .090, -.040,  #want a .090 pad option, but use dummy hole size
    .065, -.040, #.065 x .065 rect pad
    .035, -.040, #.035 x .065 rect pad
#traces:
    .001,  #too thin for real traces; use only for board outlines
    .006,  #minimum real trace width; mainly used for text
    .008,  #mainly used for mid-sized text, not traces
    .010,  #minimum recommended trace width for low-current signals
    .012,
    .015,  #moderate low-voltage current
    .020,  #heavier trace for power, ground (even if a lighter one is adequate)
    .025,
    .030,  #heavy-current traces; be careful with these ones!
    .040,
    .050,
    .060,
    .080,
    .100,
    .120,
);
#Areas larger than the values below will be filled with parallel lines:
#This cuts down on the number of aperture sizes used.
#Set to 0 to always use an aperture or drill, regardless of size.
use constant { MAX_APERTURE => max((TOOL_SIZES)) + .004, MAX_DRILL => -min((TOOL_SIZES)) + .004 }; #max aperture and drill sizes (plus a little tolerance)
#DebugPrint(sprintf("using %d standard tool sizes: %s, max aper %.3f, max drill %.3f\n", scalar((TOOL_SIZES)), join(", ", (TOOL_SIZES)), MAX_APERTURE, MAX_DRILL), 1);

#NOTE: Compare the PDF to the original CAD file to check the accuracy of the PDF rendering and parsing!
#for example, the CAD software I used generated the following circles for holes:
#CAD hole size:   parsed PDF diameter:      error:
#  .014                .016                +.002
#  .020                .02267              +.00267
#  .025                .026                +.001
#  .029                .03167              +.00267
#  .033                .036                +.003
#  .040                .04267              +.00267
#This was usually ~ .002" - .003" too big compared to the hole as displayed in the CAD software.
#To compensate for PDF rendering errors (either during CAD Print function or PDF parsing logic), adjust the values below as needed.
#units are pixels; for example, a value of 2.4 at 600 dpi = .0004 inch, 2 at 600 dpi = .0033"
use constant
{
    HOLE_ADJUST => -0.004 * 600, #-2.6, #holes seemed to be slightly oversized (by .002" - .004"), so shrink them a little
    RNDPAD_ADJUST => -0.003 * 600, #-2, #-2.4, #round pads seemed to be slightly oversized, so shrink them a little
    SQRPAD_ADJUST => +0.001 * 600, #+.5, #square pads are sometimes too small by .00067, so bump them up a little
    RECTPAD_ADJUST => 0, #(pixels) rectangular pads seem to be okay? (not tested much)
    TRACE_ADJUST => 0, #(pixels) traces seemed to be okay?
    REDUCE_TOLERANCE => .001, #(inches) allow this much variation when reducing circles and rects
};

#Also, my CAD's Print function or the PDF print driver I used was a little off for circles, so define some additional adjustment values here:
#Values are added to X/Y coordinates; units are pixels; for example, a value of 1 at 600 dpi would be ~= .002 inch
use constant
{
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MINX => 0,
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MINY => -0.001 * 600, #-1, #circles were a little too high, so nudge them a little lower
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MAXX => +0.001 * 600, #+1, #circles were a little too far to the left, so nudge them a little to the right
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MAXY => 0,
    SUBST_CIRCLE_CLIPRECT => FALSE, #generate circle and substitute for clip rects (to compensate for the way some CAD software draws circles)
    WANT_CLIPRECT => TRUE, #FALSE, #AI doesn't need clip rect at all? should be on normally?
    RECT_COMPLETION => FALSE, #TRUE, #fill in 4th side of rect when 3 sides found
};

#allow .012 clearance around pads for solder mask:
#This value effectively adjusts pad sizes in the TOOL_SIZES list above (only for solder mask layers).
use constant SOLDER_MARGIN => +.012; #units are inches

#line join/cap styles:
use constant
{
    CAP_NONE => 0, #butt (none); line is exact length
    CAP_ROUND => 1, #round cap/join; line overhangs by a semi-circle at either end
    CAP_SQUARE => 2, #square cap/join; line overhangs by a half square on either end
    CAP_OVERRIDE => FALSE, #cap style overrides drawing logic
};
    
#number of elements in each shape type:
use constant
{
    RECT_SHAPELEN => 6, #x0, y0, x1, y1, count, "rect" (start, end corners)
    LINE_SHAPELEN => 6, #x0, y0, x1, y1, count, "line" (line seg)
    CURVE_SHAPELEN => 10, #xstart, ystart, x0, y0, x1, y1, xend, yend, count, "curve" (bezier 2 points)
    CIRCLE_SHAPELEN => 5, #x, y, 5, count, "circle" (center + radius)
};
#const my %SHAPELEN =
#Readonly my %SHAPELEN =>
our %SHAPELEN =
(
    rect => RECT_SHAPELEN,
    line => LINE_SHAPELEN,
    curve => CURVE_SHAPELEN,
    circle => CIRCLE_SHAPELEN,
);

#panelization:
#This will repeat the entire body the number of times indicated along the X or Y axes (files grow accordingly).
#Display elements that overhang PCB boundary can be squashed or left as-is (typically text or other silk screen markings).
#Set "overhangs" TRUE to allow overhangs, FALSE to truncate them.
#xpad and ypad allow margins to be added around outer edge of panelized PCB.
use constant PANELIZE => {'x' => 1, 'y' => 1, 'xpad' => 0, 'ypad' => 0, 'overhangs' => TRUE}; #number of times to repeat in X and Y directions

# Set this to 1 if you need TurboCAD support.
#$turboCAD = FALSE; #is this still needed as an option?

#CIRCAD pad generation uses an appropriate aperture, then moves it (stroke) "a little" - we use this to find pads and distinguish them from PCB holes. 
use constant PAD_STROKE => 0.3; #0.0005 * 600; #units are pixels
#convert very short traces to pads or holes:
use constant TRACE_MINLEN => .001; #units are inches
#use constant ALWAYS_XY => TRUE; #FALSE; #force XY even if X or Y doesn't change; NOTE: needs to be TRUE for all pads to show in FlatCAM and ViewPlot
use constant REMOVE_POLARITY => FALSE; #TRUE; #set to remove subtractive (negative) polarity; NOTE: must be FALSE for ground planes

#PDF uses "points", each point = 1/72 inch
#combined with a PDF scale factor of .12, this gives 600 dpi resolution (1/72 * .12 = 600 dpi)
use constant INCHES_PER_POINT => 1/72; #0.0138888889; #multiply point-size by this to get inches

# The precision used when computing a bezier curve. Higher numbers are more precise but slower (and generate larger files).
#$bezierPrecision = 100;
use constant BEZIER_PRECISION => 36; #100; #use const; reduced for faster rendering (mainly used for silk screen and thermal pads)

# Ground planes and silk screen or larger copper rectangles or circles are filled line-by-line using this resolution.
use constant FILL_WIDTH => .01; #fill at most 0.01 inch at a time

# The max number of characters to read into memory
use constant MAX_BYTES => 10 * M; #bumped up to 10 MB, use const

use constant DUP_DRILL1 => TRUE; #FALSE; #kludge: ViewPlot doesn't load drill files that are too small so duplicate first tool

my $runtime = time(); #Time::HiRes::gettimeofday(); #measure my execution time

print STDERR "Loaded config settings from '${\(__FILE__)}'.\n";
1; #last value must be truthful to indicate successful load


#############################################################################################
#junk/experiment:

#use Package::Constants;
#use Exporter qw(import); #https://perldoc.perl.org/Exporter.html

#my $caller = "pdf2gerb::";

#sub cfg
#{
#    my $proto = shift;
#    my $class = ref($proto) || $proto;
#    my $settings =
#    {
#        $WANT_DEBUG => 990, #10; #level of debug wanted; higher == more, lower == less, 0 == none
#    };
#    bless($settings, $class);
#    return $settings;
#}

#use constant HELLO => "hi there2"; #"main::HELLO" => "hi there";
#use constant GOODBYE => 14; #"main::GOODBYE" => 12;

#print STDERR "read cfg file\n";

#our @EXPORT_OK = Package::Constants->list(__PACKAGE__); #https://www.perlmonks.org/?node_id=1072691; NOTE: "_OK" skips short/common names

#print STDERR scalar(@EXPORT_OK) . " consts exported:\n";
#foreach(@EXPORT_OK) { print STDERR "$_\n"; }
#my $val = main::thing("xyz");
#print STDERR "caller gave me $val\n";
#foreach my $arg (@ARGV) { print STDERR "arg $arg\n"; }

Download Details:

Author: swannman
Source Code: https://github.com/swannman/pdf2gerb

License: GPL-3.0 license

#perl 

samir G

1627843083

Start Your Gaming Action with peerless NFT Game Development Services

NFTs are becoming more popular in the gaming sector as the demand for unique in-game development increases. Professional NFT Game Development Services deliver a thrilling experience with crypto collectibles. As a professional NFT development company, TokyoTechie is the backbone behind various NFT projects. For more details visit us at TokyoTechie - https://bit.ly/3yglPQG

 

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NFT Marketplace Software Development Services 2021

NFT marketplace development

The NFT marketplace development is the current scenerio or trendsetter in the digital world. The value of Non Fungible Tokens (NFTs) has not dropped and is still significant and stable in the marketplace. The masssive increase in NFT token value has gained lot of users attraction to adopt this marketplace platform for its efficient features. It’s perfect and best time for investors to consider this blockchain based investment platform since the crypto market for NFT marketplaces is trending in recent times.

An Opensea and rarible similar platform with all technical features and functionalities is developed and given by professional experts. Connect with a leading blockchain company to raise the business standards and compete with others in the marketplace.

Development steps of NFT Marketplace Platform like OpenSea

NFT Marketplace like OpenSea are highly considered to be best for buy, sell and trade across the world in recent times. This OpenSea Clone Script offers a lot of unique digital items for users to trade and benefit from it.

  • The crypto users are attracted to this marketplace since they can tokenize their art, games, and real-world assets to Non Fungible Tokens (NFTs) and get more income in less time.
  • The main reason to select a marketplace like OpenSea is that it acts easily and quickly in transactions with less time and has more crypto value in the trade market.
  • The NFT marketplace platform like OpenSea provides different digital collectibles like domain names, art, games, etc.
  • An NFT marketplace like OpenSea always permits anyone to buy/sell NFTs.
  • The built quality of this marketplace platform is highly scalable , flexible and comes customizable according to crypto users requirements.
  • Opensea clone enables a multi-wallet payment gateway for the purchase of different NFTs & crypto digital tokens.

Creation of NFT Marketplace like Rarible

NFT Marketplace like Rarible are highly considered to be best NFT marketplace across the world in recent times. This OpenSea Clone Script offers a lot of unique digital items for users to trade and advantage from it. The NFT marketplace platform like Rarible has legal compliance in their whole functioning process and attractive crypto user interface (UI) to attract users towards this NFT marketplace platform.
NFT marketplace platform offers comprehensive service to buyers & sellers for developing this NFT marketplace well known worldwide.

An NFT marketplace platform like Rarible provides high-level security, fast transactions , immutability and fewer crypto transaction fees.
The creation of a marketplace platform or website like Rarible built using the latest blockchain technology stack software & highly skilled professional expert’s assistance.

The NFT marketplace website like Rarible is then tested under certain stages and made ready to start or launch for investors to skyrocket their desired business.
Investment towards a marketplace like Rarible has highly potential in cryptocurrency trading and a lot to provide cryptocurrency users since the token value is high volume for competing with others in the crypto based market.

Why BlockchainAppsdeveloper For NFT Marketplace Development?

BlockchainAppsDeveloper is the top leading NFT Marketplace Development Company, We offer ready-to-launch or start NFT Marketplace Development Services that help to build your own NFT Marketplace like Rarible, Opensea, Ghost market, etc.

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Aylin Hazel

Aylin Hazel

1648115675

Germany: 44% Will Invest in #Crypto and Join ‘The Future of Finance’

Germany was the first country to recognize #Bitcoins as “units of value” and that they could be classified as a “financial instrument.”

Legal regulation for the decentralized industry in Germany is ongoing. Now, 16% of the German population 18 to 60 are #crypto investors.

These people who own #cryptocurrencies or have traded cryptocurrencies in the past six months.

41% of these #crypto investors intend to increase the share of their investments in #crypto in the next six months. Another 13% of Germans are #crypto-curious.

They intend to invest in #cryptocurrencies too. Yet, only 23% of the #crypto-curious said they are highly likely to invest, with the rest remaining hesitant.

Mike Alreend

Mike Alreend

1625464053

How to create and sell NFT crypto art?

You’ve probably heard of NFTs. You figure that, despite the controversy surrounding them, you might be able to profit from them. But, what is NFT crypto? How do you create and sell an NFT? We’ll guide you through the process.

How are NFTs made?****

Are you willing to take a chance? Then keep reading to learn how to navigate an NFT platform in practical terms.

You’ll need some cryptocurrency to get started****

The first thing to understand is that you will have to pay a platform to ‘mint’ (i.e. create) an NFT. Most platforms need payment in Ethereum, a blockchain currency similar to Bitcoin.
Ethereum is measured in ETH, and its value swings a lot like Bitcoin’s.

To purchase Ethereum, you must first establish a “digital wallet” and then connect it to your preferred NFT platform.

Make a digital wallet****

Click the blue ‘Download’ button in the top-right corner of the digital wallet website.
Following that, you’ll be prompted to confirm that you want to ‘create a new wallet and seed phrase.’ It’s not critical to understanding what a “seed phrase” is, but it’s essentially a collection of words that contains blockchain data.

Say yes to that.

Add money to your wallet****

It’s time to put some ETH in your wallet now that you’ve got one. This is fairly straightforward: click the ‘Buy’ button, then choose ‘Buy ETH using Wyre’ from the drop-down menu. After that, you’ll be brought to a site where you may purchase ETH using Apple Pay or a debit card. (Note: if you don’t want to spend any money right now, you may skip this step; it simply takes a bit more effort.)

Connect your wallet to the NFT platform****

Now that you have some ETH in your wallet, it’s time to spend some of it on the NFT platform.
Click on ‘Connect wallet’ on the NFT platform. Your wallet provider is requested on the next screen.
A popup window displays, asking if you want to link your wallet to the NFT platform. Accept the terms of service and confirm you’re above the age of 13 by clicking on ‘Next’, then 'Connect.

Upload your file****

Hooray! You’re all set to make your NFT. To begin, go to Rarible.com and click the blue ‘Create’ icon in the upper right corner. Then you have the choice of making a one-of-a-kind piece or selling the same item numerous times. In this case, we’ll go with ‘Single.’
Now you may upload the digital file you want to convert to an NFT.

Set up an auction****

You must pick how you want to sell your NFT artwork in the following section of the form. Here you have three choices.

The term “fixed pricing” refers to the ability to set a price and sell it to someone immediately (similar to eBay’s “Buy it now” feature). People can make bids until you accept one in an ‘Unlimited Auction.’ Finally, a ‘timed auction’ is an auction that takes place just for a certain period.

The hard aspect now is deciding on minimum pricing. If it’s too low, the exorbitant costs will eat into your earnings, perhaps leaving you in the red. As a result, we’ve fixed our price at 1 ETH and given individuals seven days to submit their bids.
The option to ‘Unlock once bought’ is next on the form. This allows you to offer a full, high-resolution version of your art and/or other content to your final customer via a secret web page or download link.

The most perplexing choice on the form is ‘Choose Collection,’ which is essentially a highly technical inquiry regarding how the blockchain is set up.

**

Pay the fee **

When you click ‘Create Item,’ you’ll be prompted to link your wallet to pay the listing cost. Don’t worry if you don’t have enough money in your wallet; you won’t have to start again. Simply click the wallet symbol in the top-right corner of the page to begin adding funds straight to the NFT platform.

**

Wrapping up**

And that’s it. It’s as simple as that. NFT crypto is raging day by day. Choosing NFT courses right now would be a great choice to get started with the journey of top NFT tokens.

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