How to Refactor Laravel Factories to Laravel 8 Class Model Factories

Laravel 8 introduced new class based model factories and if you have an existing project you can use the legacy factories package to keep using the old factories. I have tended to keep the factories as they were and continue development, but after working on a fresh Laravel 8 project and using the new class based syntax I decided to go back and update the factories in the older Laravel apps. This article explains how I went about refactoring the factories to classes.

In this scenario we have a Laravel app that allows you to create a post. The post has a title, content, author and is either published or not published.

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How to Refactor Laravel Factories to Laravel 8 Class Model Factories

Laravel 8 Form Class Not Found

In this small post we will solve laravel 8 form class not found error, many time we have received error like laravel 8 class ‘form’ not found

We have received this error message because of Laravel 8 version made changes in their library file , you can solve this issue by using “laravelcollective/html” package. laravelcollective/html package will provides you HTML and FORM class helper.

laravelcollective/html is provide html textbox, radio button, select box, checkbox and many more with laravel. They provide diffrents method to use those input fields we need to add this facade class ‘collective\html\formfacade’ if not added.

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Laravel 8 Tutorial for Beginners

Hello everyone! I just updated this tutorial for Laravel 8. In this tutorial, we’ll go through the basics of the Laravel framework by building a simple blogging system. Note that this tutorial is only for beginners who are interested in web development but don’t know where to start. Check it out if you are interested: Laravel Tutorial For Beginners

Laravel is a very powerful framework that follows the MVC structure. It is designed for web developers who need a simple, elegant yet powerful toolkit to build a fully-featured website.

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Laravel 8 New Features | Release Notes - Tuts Make

In this post, i will show you what’s new in laravel 8 version.

#What’s new in Laravel 8?

  • 1 - Change Path Of Default Models Directory
  • 2 - Removed Controllers Namespace Prefix
  • 3 - Enhancements on php artisan serve
  • 4 - Enhanced Rate Limiting
  • 5 - Enhanced on Route Caching
  • 6 - Update on Pagination Design
  • 8 - Dynamic Blade Componenets
  • 7 - Update Syntax for Closure Based Event Listeners
  • 8 - Queueable Model Event Listeners
  • 9 - Maintenance mode: secret access
  • 10 - Maintenance mode: pre-rendered page
  • 11 - Queued job batching
  • 12 - Queue backoff()
  • 13 - Laravel Factory

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Lawrence  Lesch

Lawrence Lesch


Superdom: Better and Simpler ES6 DOM Manipulation


You have dom. It has all the DOM virtually within it. Use that power:

// Fetch all the page links
let links = dom.a.href;

// Links open in a new tab = '_blank';

Only for modern browsers

Getting started

Simply use the CDN via

<script src=""></script>

Or use npm or bower:

npm|bower install superdom --save


It always returns an array with the matched elements. Get all the elements that match the selector:

// Simple element selector into an array
let allLinks = dom.a;

// Loop straight on the selection
dom.a.forEach(link => { ... });

// Combined selector
let importantLinks = dom['a.important'];

There are also some predetermined elements, such as id, class and attr:

// Select HTML Elements by id:
let main =;

// by class:
let buttons = dom.class.button;

// or by attribute:
let targeted =;
let targeted = dom.attr['target="_blank"'];


Use it as a function or a tagged template literal to generate DOM fragments:

// Not a typo; tagged template literals
let link = dom`<a href="">Google</a>`;

// It is the same as
let link = dom('<a href="">Google</a>');

Delete elements

Delete a piece of the DOM

// Delete all of the elements with the class .google
delete;   // Is this an ad-block rule?


You can easily manipulate attributes right from the dom node. There are some aliases that share the syntax of the attributes such as html and text (aliases for innerHTML and textContent). There are others that travel through the dom such as parent (alias for parentNode) and children. Finally, class behaves differently as explained below.

Get attributes

The fetching will always return an array with the element for each of the matched nodes (or undefined if not there):

// Retrieve all the urls from the page
let urls = dom.a.href;     // #attr-list
  // ['', '', ...]

// Get an array of the h2 contents (alias of innerHTML)
let h2s = dom.h2.html;     // #attr-alias
  // ['Level 2 header', 'Another level 2 header', ...]

// Get whether any of the attributes has the value "_blank"
let hasBlank =;    // #attr-value
  // true/false

You also use these:

  • html (alias of innerHTML): retrieve a list of the htmls
  • text (alias of textContent): retrieve a list of the htmls
  • parent (alias of parentNode): travel up one level
  • children: travel down one level

Set attributes

// Set target="_blank" to all links = '_blank';     // #attr-set
dom.class.tableofcontents.html = `
  <ul class="tableofcontents">
    ${ => `
        <a href="#${}">

Remove an attribute

To delete an attribute use the delete keyword:

// Remove all urls from the page
delete dom.a.href;

// Remove all ids


It provides an easy way to manipulate the classes.

Get classes

To retrieve whether a particular class is present or not:

// Get an array with true/false for a single class
let isTest = dom.a.class.test;     // #class-one

For a general method to retrieve all classes you can do:

// Get a list of the classes of each matched element
let arrays = dom.a.class;     // #class-arrays
  // [['important'], ['button', 'cta'], ...]

// If you want a plain list with all of the classes:
let flatten = dom.a.class._flat;     // #class-flat
  // ['important', 'button', 'cta', ...]

// And if you just want an string with space-separated classes:
let text = dom.a.class._text;     // #class-text
  // 'important button cta ...'

Add a class

// Add the class 'test' (different ways)
dom.a.class.test = true;    // #class-make-true
dom.a.class = 'test';       // #class-push

Remove a class

// Remove the class 'test'
dom.a.class.test = false;    // #class-make-false


Did we say it returns a simple array?

dom.a.forEach(link => link.innerHTML = 'I am a link');

But what an interesting array it is; indeed we are also proxy'ing it so you can manipulate its sub-elements straight from the selector:

// Replace all of the link's html with 'I am a link'
dom.a.html = 'I am a link';

Of course we might want to manipulate them dynamically depending on the current value. Just pass it a function:

// Append ' ^_^' to all of the links in the page
dom.a.html = html => html + ' ^_^';

// Same as this:
dom.a.forEach(link => link.innerHTML = link.innerHTML + ' ^_^');

Note: this won't work dom.a.html += ' ^_^'; for more than 1 match (for reasons)

Or get into genetics to manipulate the attributes: = '_blank';

// Only to external sites:
let isOwnPage = el => /^https?\:\/\/mypage\.com/.test(el.getAttribute('href')); = (prev, i, element) => isOwnPage(element) ? '' : '_blank';


You can also handle and trigger events:

// Handle click events for all <a> = e => ...;

// Trigger click event for all <a>;


We are using Jest as a Grunt task for testing. Install Jest and run in the terminal:

grunt watch

Download Details:

Author: franciscop
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#javascript #es6 #dom 

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Laravel 8 Tutorial For Beginners Step by Step

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