Introduction to Python Hex() Function for Beginners

Introduction to Python Hex() Function for Beginners

Python hex() function is used to convert any integer number ( in base 10) to the corresponding hexadecimal number. Notably, the given input should be in base 10. Python hex function is one of the built-in functions in Python3, which is used to convert an integer number into its corresponding hexadecimal form.

Python hex() function is used to convert any integer number ( in base 10) to the corresponding hexadecimal number. Notably, the given input should be in base 10. Python hex function is one of the built-in functions in Python3, which is used to convert an integer number into its corresponding hexadecimal form.

##Python Hex Example
The hex() function converts the integer to the corresponding hexadecimal number in string form and returns it.

The input integer argument can be in any base such as binary, octal, etc. Python will take care of converting them to hexadecimal format.

Syntax

hex(number)

number: It is an integer that will be converted into hexadecimal value.
This function converts the number into the hexadecimal form, and then it returns that hexadecimal number in a string format.

Please note that the return value always starts with ‘0x’ (without quotes), which proves that the number is in hexadecimal format.

# app.py

print("Enter the number: ")

# taking input from user
num = int(input())

# converting the number into hexadecimal form
h1 = hex(num)

# Printing hexadecimal form
print("The ", num, " in hexadecimal is: ", h1)

# Converting float number to hexadecimal form
print("\nEnter a float number")
num2 = float(input())

# converting into hexadecimal form
# for float we have to use float.hex() here
h2 = float.hex(num2)

# printing result
print("The ", num2, " in hexadecimal is: ", h2)

In the above example, we used the Python input() function to take the input from the user.

See the output.

Enter the number:
541
The  541  in hexadecimal is:  0x21d
    
Enter a float number
123.54
The  123.54  in hexadecimal is:  0x1.ee28f5c28f5c3p+6

Python hex() without 0x

See the following program.

# app.py

print("Enter the number: ")

# taking input from user
num = int(input())

# converting the number into hexadecimal form
h1 = hex(num)

# Printing hexadecimal form
# we have used string slicing here
print("The ", num, " in hexadecimal is: ", h1[2:])

# Converting float number to hexadecimal form
print("\nEnter a float number")
num2 = float(input())

# converting into hexadecimal form
h2 = float.hex(num2)

# printing result
print("The ", num2, " in hexadecimal is: ", h2[2:])

See the output.

Enter the number:
541
The  541  in hexadecimal is:  21d

Enter a float number
123.65
The  123.65  in hexadecimal is:  1.ee9999999999ap+6

On the above program, we have used string slicing to print the result without ‘0x’.

We have started our index from position 2 to the last of the string, i.e., h1[2:]; this means the string will print characters from position 2 to the last of the string.

Hexadecimal representation of float in Python

See the following program.

# app.py

numberEL = 11.21
print(numberEL, 'in hex =', float.hex(numberEL))

numberK = 19.21
print(numberK, 'in hex =', float.hex(numberK))

See the output.

➜  pyt python3 app.py
11.21 in hex = 0x1.66b851eb851ecp+3
19.21 in hex = 0x1.335c28f5c28f6p+4
➜  pyt

Python hex() with object

See the following code.

# app.py

class AI:
    id = 0

    def __index__(self):
        print('__index__() function called')
        return self.rank


stockfish = AI()
stockfish.rank = 2900

print(hex(stockfish))

In the above example, we have used the index() method so that we can use it with hex() function.

See the output.

➜  pyt python3 app.py
__index__() function called
0xb54
➜  pyt

How to convert hex string to int in Python

Without the 0x prefix, you need to specify the base explicitly. Otherwise, it won’t work.

See the following code.

# app.py

data = int("0xa", 16)
print(data)

With the 0x prefix, Python can distinguish hex and decimal automatically.

You must specify 0 as the base to invoke this prefix-guessing behavior, omitting the second parameter means to assume base-10.)
If you want to convert the string to an int, pass the string to int along with a base you are converting from. Both strings will suffice for conversion in this way.

# app.py

hexStrA = "0xffff"
hexStrB = "ffff"

print(int(hexStrA, 16))
print(int(hexStrB, 16))

See the output.

➜  pyt python3 app.py
65535
65535
➜  pyt

In the all above examples, we have used Python int() method.

Thanks for reading !

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