Dvir Shabi


Python For Finance Cryptocurrency Analysis

In this article I will analyze the cryptocurrencies (Litecoin, Ether, & Bitcoin) using the Python programming language. These three currencies are some of the most popular cryptocurrencies in circulation today.

The first thing that I like to do before writing a single line of code is to put in a description in comments of what the code does. This way I can look back on my code and know exactly what it does.

#Description: This is a python program for cryptocurrency analysis

Import the libraries.

#Import the libraries
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

Load the data. Since I am using Google Colab , I need to use Googles library to upload the data.

# Load the data
from google.colab
import filesuploaded = files.upload()

Store the data into dataframes. This data contains a years worth of data from (3/22/2019) to (3/21/2019) for Bitcoin, Ether, and Litecoin.

df_btc = pd.read_csv('BTC_USD_2019-03-22_2020-03-21-CoinDesk.csv')
df_eth = pd.read_csv('ETH_USD_2019-03-22_2020-03-21-CoinDesk.csv')
df_ltc = pd.read_csv('LTC_USD_2019-03-22_2020-03-21-CoinDesk.csv')

Print the first 5 rows for all three dataframes.

# Print the data for BTC

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# Print the data for ETH

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# Print the data for LTC

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Create a new datframe that holds the closing price of all 3 cryptocurrencies.

df = pd.DataFrame({'BTC': df_btc['Closing Price (USD)'],
'ETH': df_eth['Closing Price (USD)'],
'LTC': df_ltc['Closing Price (USD)']

Show the new dataframe.


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Get some statistics on the data.


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Visualize and graph the cryptocurrencies closing price.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
my_crypto = df
plt.figure(figsize = (12.2, 4.5))
for c in my_crypto.columns.values:
   plt.plot(my_crypto[c], label = c)
plt.title('Cryptocurrency Graph')plt.xlabel('Days')
plt.ylabel(' Crypto Price ($)')
plt.legend(my_crypto.columns.values, loc= 'upper left')

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The graph above doesn’t truly give us any information on the other two cryptocurrencies (LTC & ETH). So let’s put the data on the same scale and then graph the data.

#Scale the data
#the min-max scaler method scales the dataset so that all the input features lie between 0 and 100 inclusive
from sklearn import preprocessing
min_max_scaler = preprocessing.MinMaxScaler(feature_range=(0, 100))
scaled = min_max_scaler.fit_transform(df)

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Convert the scaled data to a dataframe.

df_scale = pd.DataFrame(scaled, columns = df.columns)

Visualize and graph the scaled data.

#Visualize the scaled data
my_crypto = df_scale
plt.figure(figsize=(12.4, 4.5))
for c in my_crypto.columns.values:
   plt.plot(my_crypto[c], label=c)
plt.title('Cryptocurrency Scaled Graph')
plt.ylabel('Crypto Scaled Price ($)')
plt.legend(my_crypto.columns.values, loc = 'upper left')

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That graph looks better. Now I can see that these currencies seem to have a correlation meaning when one asset drops the others drop and when one asset rises the other assets rise. We will check that later.

For now let’s get and show the daily simple return.

DSR = df.pct_change(1)

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Visualize and graph the daily simple returns.

plt.figure(figsize=(12, 4.5))
for c in DSR.columns.values:
   plt.plot(DSR.index, DSR[c], label = c, lw = 2, alpha = .7)
plt.title('Daily Simple Returns')
plt.ylabel('Percentage (in decimal form')
plt.legend(DSR.columns.values, loc= 'upper right')

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Litecoin has some extreme dips in the graph. Let’s take a look at the assets / cryptocurrencies volatility.

print('The cryptocurrency volatility:')

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The most volatile cryptocurrency is LTC and the least volatile or risky cryptocurrency out of the three is BTC. Show the mean or average daily simple return.


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So on average I can expect about .2053% return on BTC. Also I noticed that BTC has the highest return and LTC has the lowest return. I did not expect this seeing as how LTC has a higher risk / volatility.

Let’s get the correlation matrix to determine if a change in one variable can result in a change in another.


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Immediately I see that their is a high positive correlation between all three cryptocurrencies. The highest correlation seems to be between ETH and LTC. The currency with the highest correlation to BTC is ETH.

I want to graph this to make it more appealing to the eyes, so I will create a heat map for the correlation matrix.

import seaborn as sns
plt.subplots(figsize= (11,11))
sns.heatmap(DSR.corr(), annot= True, fmt= '.2%')

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Time to get and show the daily cumulative simple returns.

DCSR = (DSR+1).cumprod()

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Hmm…. Let’s visualize this and see the growth of a $1 investment in these currencies.

plt.figure(figsize=(12.2, 4.5))
for c in DCSR.columns.values:
  plt.plot(DCSR.index, DCSR[c], lw=2, label= c)
plt.title('Daily Cumulative Simple Return')
plt.ylabel('Growth of $1 investment')
plt.legend(DCSR.columns.values, loc = 'upper left', fontsize = 10)

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Okay looks like if I had invested a dollar in all three assets and sold on day 100, my investment would have grown to about $2 for LTC, about $2.20 for ETH, and over $3.50 for BTC.

Also if I had invested a dollar in all three assets and sold on the last day (day 365), then it looks like I would have lost money in LTC and ETH, however I still would be up in my investment for BTC.

That’s it, we are done creating this program !

Originally published by randerson112358 at medium.com

#Python #Cryptocurrency

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Python For Finance Cryptocurrency Analysis
Ray  Patel

Ray Patel


Lambda, Map, Filter functions in python

Welcome to my Blog, In this article, we will learn python lambda function, Map function, and filter function.

Lambda function in python: Lambda is a one line anonymous function and lambda takes any number of arguments but can only have one expression and python lambda syntax is

Syntax: x = lambda arguments : expression

Now i will show you some python lambda function examples:

#python #anonymous function python #filter function in python #lambda #lambda python 3 #map python #python filter #python filter lambda #python lambda #python lambda examples #python map

Shardul Bhatt

Shardul Bhatt


Why use Python for Software Development

No programming language is pretty much as diverse as Python. It enables building cutting edge applications effortlessly. Developers are as yet investigating the full capability of end-to-end Python development services in various areas. 

By areas, we mean FinTech, HealthTech, InsureTech, Cybersecurity, and that's just the beginning. These are New Economy areas, and Python has the ability to serve every one of them. The vast majority of them require massive computational abilities. Python's code is dynamic and powerful - equipped for taking care of the heavy traffic and substantial algorithmic capacities. 

Programming advancement is multidimensional today. Endeavor programming requires an intelligent application with AI and ML capacities. Shopper based applications require information examination to convey a superior client experience. Netflix, Trello, and Amazon are genuine instances of such applications. Python assists with building them effortlessly. 

5 Reasons to Utilize Python for Programming Web Apps 

Python can do such numerous things that developers can't discover enough reasons to admire it. Python application development isn't restricted to web and enterprise applications. It is exceptionally adaptable and superb for a wide range of uses.

Robust frameworks 

Python is known for its tools and frameworks. There's a structure for everything. Django is helpful for building web applications, venture applications, logical applications, and mathematical processing. Flask is another web improvement framework with no conditions. 

Web2Py, CherryPy, and Falcon offer incredible capabilities to customize Python development services. A large portion of them are open-source frameworks that allow quick turn of events. 

Simple to read and compose 

Python has an improved sentence structure - one that is like the English language. New engineers for Python can undoubtedly understand where they stand in the development process. The simplicity of composing allows quick application building. 

The motivation behind building Python, as said by its maker Guido Van Rossum, was to empower even beginner engineers to comprehend the programming language. The simple coding likewise permits developers to roll out speedy improvements without getting confused by pointless subtleties. 

Utilized by the best 

Alright - Python isn't simply one more programming language. It should have something, which is the reason the business giants use it. Furthermore, that too for different purposes. Developers at Google use Python to assemble framework organization systems, parallel information pusher, code audit, testing and QA, and substantially more. Netflix utilizes Python web development services for its recommendation algorithm and media player. 

Massive community support 

Python has a steadily developing community that offers enormous help. From amateurs to specialists, there's everybody. There are a lot of instructional exercises, documentation, and guides accessible for Python web development solutions. 

Today, numerous universities start with Python, adding to the quantity of individuals in the community. Frequently, Python designers team up on various tasks and help each other with algorithmic, utilitarian, and application critical thinking. 

Progressive applications 

Python is the greatest supporter of data science, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence at any enterprise software development company. Its utilization cases in cutting edge applications are the most compelling motivation for its prosperity. Python is the second most well known tool after R for data analytics.

The simplicity of getting sorted out, overseeing, and visualizing information through unique libraries makes it ideal for data based applications. TensorFlow for neural networks and OpenCV for computer vision are two of Python's most well known use cases for Machine learning applications.


Thinking about the advances in programming and innovation, Python is a YES for an assorted scope of utilizations. Game development, web application development services, GUI advancement, ML and AI improvement, Enterprise and customer applications - every one of them uses Python to its full potential. 

The disadvantages of Python web improvement arrangements are regularly disregarded by developers and organizations because of the advantages it gives. They focus on quality over speed and performance over blunders. That is the reason it's a good idea to utilize Python for building the applications of the future.

#python development services #python development company #python app development #python development #python in web development #python software development

Art  Lind

Art Lind


Python Tricks Every Developer Should Know

Python is awesome, it’s one of the easiest languages with simple and intuitive syntax but wait, have you ever thought that there might ways to write your python code simpler?

In this tutorial, you’re going to learn a variety of Python tricks that you can use to write your Python code in a more readable and efficient way like a pro.

Let’s get started

Swapping value in Python

Instead of creating a temporary variable to hold the value of the one while swapping, you can do this instead

>>> FirstName = "kalebu"
>>> LastName = "Jordan"
>>> FirstName, LastName = LastName, FirstName 
>>> print(FirstName, LastName)
('Jordan', 'kalebu')

#python #python-programming #python3 #python-tutorials #learn-python #python-tips #python-skills #python-development

Art  Lind

Art Lind


How to Remove all Duplicate Files on your Drive via Python

Today you’re going to learn how to use Python programming in a way that can ultimately save a lot of space on your drive by removing all the duplicates.


In many situations you may find yourself having duplicates files on your disk and but when it comes to tracking and checking them manually it can tedious.

Heres a solution

Instead of tracking throughout your disk to see if there is a duplicate, you can automate the process using coding, by writing a program to recursively track through the disk and remove all the found duplicates and that’s what this article is about.

But How do we do it?

If we were to read the whole file and then compare it to the rest of the files recursively through the given directory it will take a very long time, then how do we do it?

The answer is hashing, with hashing can generate a given string of letters and numbers which act as the identity of a given file and if we find any other file with the same identity we gonna delete it.

There’s a variety of hashing algorithms out there such as

  • md5
  • sha1
  • sha224, sha256, sha384 and sha512

#python-programming #python-tutorials #learn-python #python-project #python3 #python #python-skills #python-tips

How To Compare Tesla and Ford Company By Using Magic Methods in Python

Magic Methods are the special methods which gives us the ability to access built in syntactical features such as ‘<’, ‘>’, ‘==’, ‘+’ etc…

You must have worked with such methods without knowing them to be as magic methods. Magic methods can be identified with their names which start with __ and ends with __ like init, call, str etc. These methods are also called Dunder Methods, because of their name starting and ending with Double Underscore (Dunder).

Now there are a number of such special methods, which you might have come across too, in Python. We will just be taking an example of a few of them to understand how they work and how we can use them.

1. init

class AnyClass:
    def __init__():
        print("Init called on its own")
obj = AnyClass()

The first example is _init, _and as the name suggests, it is used for initializing objects. Init method is called on its own, ie. whenever an object is created for the class, the init method is called on its own.

The output of the above code will be given below. Note how we did not call the init method and it got invoked as we created an object for class AnyClass.

Init called on its own

2. add

Let’s move to some other example, add gives us the ability to access the built in syntax feature of the character +. Let’s see how,

class AnyClass:
    def __init__(self, var):
        self.some_var = var
    def __add__(self, other_obj):
        print("Calling the add method")
        return self.some_var + other_obj.some_var
obj1 = AnyClass(5)
obj2 = AnyClass(6)
obj1 + obj2

#python3 #python #python-programming #python-web-development #python-tutorials #python-top-story #python-tips #learn-python