WebDriverIO Tutorial: Handling Alerts and Overlay In Selenium

You’d hardly find a website these days without alerts and pop-ups! The alert boxes warn you whenever you perform a wrong action or to enter details to access a website. These alert boxes stop you from performing any other browser functions till the alert is resolved. This is why it becomes important that you handle them in your Selenium test automation scripts.

In this WebDriverIO tutorial on alert handling in Selenium, I’ll show you how to handle alerts and pop-ups as well as overlay modal in WebDriverIO. I will also cover the different types of alerts you will face during automation and what are the key points you need to follow for alert handling in Selenium using WebDriverIO.

Types Of Alerts In WebDriverIO

Alerts and pop-ups are pretty common in any website development, and while performing Selenium test automation you have to handle them as well. These alerts or rather javascript alerts, are pop up that takes your attention away from the current browser and forces you to read them. You won’t be able to perform any further browser action if you don’t know how to handle the alerts, this stands true for both manual and automation.

It is important to note that you can’t identify alerts using devtools or by XPath. Also, since they can’t be handled as a window, this is why it gets a bit tricky to handle them, but don’t worry, you’d find more about this in the latter section of this WebDriverIo tutorial.

There are three types of alerts that you’d need to handle in WebDriverIO.

  1. Alert pop up
  2. Confirmation Alert
  3. Prompt pop up

Alert Pop Ups

The alert pop up or alert() method displays an alert box with just a message and ‘OK’ button. This alert used to inform the user about some information. There is only one button ‘OK’ displayed with the text of information. Here, the user has only one option to press the OK button. Below is the example of alert pop up.

JavaScript Alerts

Confirmation Alert

The confirmation alert is the second type of alert with a message, where it gives the user the option to press OK or Cancel. Here is the example of a confirmation alert.

Confirmation Alert

Prompt Pop-Up

The prompt pop up is the last alert where this used to let the user give input for the website. Here, the user can give input and press the OK button or press Cancel to avoid giving input. Below is the example of the prompt pop up.

Apart from these in-built javascript alerts, there is also one more pop up which is known as modal. The main difference between an alert and modal is that alert can not go off without requested actions e.g, OK, or Cancel. In the modal, it is made using the < div > tag by giving special CSS code. This modal can go off by clicking somewhere other than the modal.

Overlay Modal

This modal is built using the client-side framework e.g bootstrap, ReactJS. A developer can be used to display some information, pop up, and form. There is no special

Here is an example of Overlay Modal:

Modal title

Now, that you are familiar with a different kind of alert and modal available in javascript. I’ll show you more about alert handling in Selenium in this WebDriverIO tutorial.

#tutorial #performance #selenium #selenium automation #selenium automated testing #automation selenium #webdriver io

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WebDriverIO Tutorial: Handling Alerts and Overlay In Selenium

WebDriverIO Tutorial: Handling Alerts and Overlay In Selenium

You’d hardly find a website these days without alerts and pop-ups! The alert boxes warn you whenever you perform a wrong action or to enter details to access a website. These alert boxes stop you from performing any other browser functions till the alert is resolved. This is why it becomes important that you handle them in your Selenium test automation scripts.

In this WebDriverIO tutorial on alert handling in Selenium, I’ll show you how to handle alerts and pop-ups as well as overlay modal in WebDriverIO. I will also cover the different types of alerts you will face during automation and what are the key points you need to follow for alert handling in Selenium using WebDriverIO.

Types Of Alerts In WebDriverIO

Alerts and pop-ups are pretty common in any website development, and while performing Selenium test automation you have to handle them as well. These alerts or rather javascript alerts, are pop up that takes your attention away from the current browser and forces you to read them. You won’t be able to perform any further browser action if you don’t know how to handle the alerts, this stands true for both manual and automation.

It is important to note that you can’t identify alerts using devtools or by XPath. Also, since they can’t be handled as a window, this is why it gets a bit tricky to handle them, but don’t worry, you’d find more about this in the latter section of this WebDriverIo tutorial.

There are three types of alerts that you’d need to handle in WebDriverIO.

  1. Alert pop up
  2. Confirmation Alert
  3. Prompt pop up

Alert Pop Ups

The alert pop up or alert() method displays an alert box with just a message and ‘OK’ button. This alert used to inform the user about some information. There is only one button ‘OK’ displayed with the text of information. Here, the user has only one option to press the OK button. Below is the example of alert pop up.

JavaScript Alerts

Confirmation Alert

The confirmation alert is the second type of alert with a message, where it gives the user the option to press OK or Cancel. Here is the example of a confirmation alert.

Confirmation Alert

Prompt Pop-Up

The prompt pop up is the last alert where this used to let the user give input for the website. Here, the user can give input and press the OK button or press Cancel to avoid giving input. Below is the example of the prompt pop up.

Apart from these in-built javascript alerts, there is also one more pop up which is known as modal. The main difference between an alert and modal is that alert can not go off without requested actions e.g, OK, or Cancel. In the modal, it is made using the < div > tag by giving special CSS code. This modal can go off by clicking somewhere other than the modal.

Overlay Modal

This modal is built using the client-side framework e.g bootstrap, ReactJS. A developer can be used to display some information, pop up, and form. There is no special

Here is an example of Overlay Modal:

Modal title

Now, that you are familiar with a different kind of alert and modal available in javascript. I’ll show you more about alert handling in Selenium in this WebDriverIO tutorial.

#tutorial #performance #selenium #selenium automation #selenium automated testing #automation selenium #webdriver io

Aurelie  Block

Aurelie Block

1596247260

WebdriverIO Tutorial With Examples For Selenium Testing

WebdriverIO is Javascript based test automation framework built over nodeJs. It is an open-source project developed for the automation testing community. WebdriverIO is extendible, compatible, feature-rich, and easy to install. This is considered a Next-gen test automation framework which supports both desktop browsers and mobile apps. Which makes WebDriverIO a favourable option for Selenium automation testing. It supports BDD and TDD test framework. The latest version of WebdriverIO is 5.X. In this WebDriverIO tutorial for Selenium automation testing, I am going to show you how to start writing your first Selenium script of WebdriverIO.

WebdriverIO Architecture

The first and foremost topic that you would learn in this WebdriverIO tutorial is going to be the WebdriverIO architecture. This is what happens when you run a WebDriverIO test script.

NodeJS: NodeJS is an open-source project which helps to run the Javascript runtime environment.

WebdriverIO: WebdriverIO built on top of NodeJS which communicates with NodeJS.

JavaScript: The script is written by the user with the help of the WebdriverIO library.

This flow gets executed when the user runs WebdriverIO test script:

JavaScript written by the user sends a request by WebdriverIO via nodeJS to the Services which is in the form of HTTP command using JSON Wire Protocol. Now, services forward the request to browsers to perform user actions.

#selenium #automation #selenium-webdriver #webdriverio #tutorial #javascript #selenium-grid

Amara  Legros

Amara Legros

1594454498

WebDriverIO Tutorial: Handling Alerts & Overlay Modals In Selenium

You’d hardly find a website these days without alerts and pop-ups! The alert boxes warn you whenever you perform a wrong action or to enter details to access a website. These alert boxes stop you from performing any other browser functions till the alert is resolved. This is why it becomes important that you handle them in your Selenium test automation scripts.

In this WebDriverIO tutorial on alert handling in Selenium, I’ll show you how to handle alerts & pop-ups as well as overlay modal in WebDriverIO. I will also cover the different types of alerts you will face during automation and what are the key points you need to follow for alert handling in Selenium using WebDriverIO.

#automation #selenium tutorial #webdriverio

Ilene  Jerde

Ilene Jerde

1596801420

Selenium Tool Suite - Components and Features

Selenium is an automation testing tool; it is primarily used to test websites and web applications; it is an open-source tool. With the help of Selenium, test cases can run directly in web browsers, just like a person operating the web browsers. It supports many web browsers such as Opera, Safari, Chrome, Firefox, IE, etc. There are several different sub tools to support different automation test approaches. In this article, we will learn about selenium tool suite, its components and features. So let’s start!!!

#selenium tutorials #selenium grid #selenium ide #selenium rc #selenium tool suite #selenium webdriver

Selina  O'Hara

Selina O'Hara

1591717927

Protractor Tutorial: Handling Timeouts With Selenium

This brings us to the conclusion of this Protractor tutorial on how to handle timeout in Protractor Selenium. Throughout this article, I explored how to handle timeout and explored different approaches for it. After implementing this in our test scripts you’ll realize that it makes Selenium test automation scripts more effective. This helps to perform automated browser testing of websites that have multiple asynchronous tasks and might take some time to render on the browser windows.

Moreover, adding a timeout to our web page allows components on our web page to have enough time to load. This makes Protractor one of the best frameworks to test timeout for Selenium test automation. Also, since we know that protractor is based on selenium and used primarily for automated browser testing, it inherits many of its properties. Finally, there are many other functionalities of the framework available which I’ll discuss in the future Protractor tutorial.

I’d love to hear your opinion on this article in the comment section down below. Also, feel free to share this article with your friends on LinkedIn, Twitter, or any other social media platform. That’s all for now. Happy Testing!!!

#automation #selenium protractor #selenium tutorial #selenium