What is Plutos Network (PLUT) | What is Plutos Network token | What is PLUT token

In this article, we’ll discuss information about the Plutos Network project and PLUT token

What is Plutos Network?

Plutos Network is a cross-chain synthetic issuance & derivative trading platform which introduces mining incentives and Staking rewards to users. By integrating Blockchains such as Polkadot, BSC and Solana, enabling on-chain and cross-chain liquidity and trading, Plutos Network is to offer users synthetic issuance and trading services for a wide range of synthetic products which are sustainable, profitable and disruptive to the traditional derivative market.

What can Plutos offer?

With Plutos, all users can have access to synthetic assets from both traditional financial market and the crypto market. By enabling cross-chain and on-chain functionalities, Plutos will be able to deliver keynote features such as scalability, high interoperability, low cost of transactions, offering the perfect solution for current DeFi derivative market to difficulties and limitations such as high gas fee, low transaction speed, vulnerability of hacking such as flash loan etc.

What are the key product components of Plutos?

Plutos Staking

Users can earn rewards by Staking derivative assets on Plutos Network. The Staking service will be first built on Ethereum, and then migrate to Polkadot after the sub-parachain, OCW components are ready for deployment. The Staking service will soon be available on other leading Blockchains such as BSC and Solana.

Plutos Market

Your One-stop platform for issuing and trading crypto derivatives. By applying AMM mechanism and enabling cross-chain wrapping function to build chain-bridges between mainstream assets of Blockchains including Ethereum, Polkadot, BSC and Solana, Plutos Market will be the marketplace when users can trade cross-chain derivatives with low cost, fast transaction and high security. In Plutos Market, users can trade derivatives such as contracts, options, swaps etc.

Plutos Pool

Through PLUT Staking and minting, integrating liquidity from leading DEXes such as Uniswap, 1inch, Balancer, PancakeSwap etc, Plutos Pool can offer infinite liquidity for users with the best trading experience and passive income. With Plutos Pool, slippage and will very much improved thanks to the liquidity integration and cross-chain liquidity pools. There will be no need for Liquidity Provider on Plutos Network. Users will only need to stake PLUT and mint assets such as pUSD to convert one asset to another or open long or short positions of leveraged contracts underlying various assets without any restriction.

What’s the cross-chain technical framework?

The workflow of derivative issuance and trading on Plutos Network include several key components: Plutos Market for synthetic issuance and trading marketplace, Plutos Multi-chain Asset Collateral Pool for aggregating all assets on Plutos Network, Integration with leading liquidity and swap protocols including Uniswap, 1inch, Pancake and more for infinite liquidity.

Plutos Market is a synthetic/derivative DEX without an order book. The dApp provides both leveraged and un-leveraged products. Users are able to converting one PLUT to another without worrying about how deep the liquidity nor slippage because the debt pool smart contract is backed by the staked collateral which plays the role of liquidity provider. Users are also able to be benefited by taking short or long positions with leverage.

How do Staking and Minting work at Plutos?

Plutos Pool is a pool created in the process of PLUT holders staking PLUT and minting assets including pUSD, pBTC, pETH etc. The pool acts as a liquidity provider, acting as the counter-party when trading pUSD to pBTC, for example. Therefore, it can be said that the liquidity is infinite. In other words, there is no worry for users over the lack of liquidity or slippage existing in traditional financial markets.

However, if all users only have pBTC and the BTC price rises by 50%, the total debt also increases by 50%. In this case, the collateral pool, the staking pool has the opposite position, pBTC sell (or inverse piBTC), so the buy/sell ratio plays an important role in the overall collateral ratio of the system. Plutos Network will increase the stability of the system by reducing the risk of various methods such as position hedge in the on/off chain for the position imbalance of the system.

Product variety can be maximized by virtue of the Pool design:

Under such framework, the use cases are expanded largely, including but not limited to the following:

Natural hedging.

The borrower does not need to bear risks of foreign exchange rates. For Bitcoin miners in Europe, their costs and fixed asset investment are denominated in euros, so the US dollar stable currency is very tasteless for them. Now, European miners can hedge against foreign exchange risks by collateralizing Bitcoin or Ethereum and lending EUX. This also applies to traders who settle profits in euros.

Short/long positions.

Multi-currency stablecoins provide convenience for traders to invest in the foreign exchange market. For example, when a trader is bearish on the U.S. dollar and bullish on the euro, he can lend the U.S. dollar and exchange it for the euro.

Low-friction global carry trading.

For depositors in the euro zone with negative interest rates, although the liquidity mining benefits of USD stablecoins are attractive, the frictional costs of carrying out carry trades are still high. The transaction party needs to first convert the euro into USDC or USDT, which will bring additional transaction costs and foreign exchange risks. The EUX currency pair will effectively reduce friction costs and provide convenience for Euro holders to participate in liquidity mining and use other DeFi protocols.

The global interest rate market.

Since market supply and demand is a dynamic adjustment process, the interest rates of USX and EUX will also change accordingly, thus creating an active global interest rate market.

The global foreign exchange market.

As the demand for multi-currency stablecoins increases, liquid currency pairs (scale, trading currency pairs) will gradually increase, and eventually a multi-currency global foreign exchange market will be formed.

How and Where to Buy Plutos Network (PLUT)?

You will have to first buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), Binance (BNB)…

We will use Binance Exchange here as it is one of the largest crypto exchanges that accept fiat deposits.

Binance is a popular cryptocurrency exchange which was started in China but then moved their headquarters to the crypto-friendly Island of Malta in the EU. Binance is popular for its crypto to crypto exchange services. Binance exploded onto the scene in the mania of 2017 and has since gone on to become the top crypto exchange in the world.

Once you finished the KYC process. You will be asked to add a payment method. Here you can either choose to provide a credit/debit card or use a bank transfer, and buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), Binance (BNB)…

SIGN UP ON BINANCE

Step by Step Guide : What is Binance | How to Create an account on Binance (Updated 2021)

Next step - Transfer your cryptos to an Altcoin Exchange

Since PLUT is an altcoin we need to transfer our coins to an exchange that PLUT can be traded. Below is a list of exchanges that offers to trade PLUT in various market pairs, head to their websites and register for an account.

Once finished you will then need to make a BTC/ETH/USDT/BNB deposit to the exchange from Binance depending on the available market pairs. After the deposit is confirmed you may then purchase … from the exchange: …

The top exchange for trading in PLUT token is currently 

There are a few popular crypto exchanges where they have decent daily trading volumes and a huge user base. This will ensure you will be able to sell your coins at any time and the fees will usually be lower. It is suggested that you also register on these exchanges since once PLUT gets listed there it will attract a large amount of trading volumes from the users there, that means you will be having some great trading opportunities!

Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money

https://www.binance.com
 ☞ https://www.bittrex.com
 ☞ https://www.poloniex.com
 ☞ https://www.bitfinex.com
 ☞ https://www.huobi.com

Find more information PLUT

WebsiteSource CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Social Channel 3Message Board

🔺DISCLAIMER: The Information in the post isn’t financial advice, is intended FOR GENERAL INFORMATION PURPOSES ONLY. Trading Cryptocurrency is VERY risky. Make sure you understand these risks and that you are responsible for what you do with your money.

🔥 If you’re a beginner. I believe the article below will be useful to you

⭐ ⭐ ⭐ What You Should Know Before Investing in Cryptocurrency - For Beginner ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

I hope this post will help you. Don’t forget to leave a like, comment and sharing it with others. Thank you!

#blockchain #plut #plutos network

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

What is Plutos Network (PLUT) | What is Plutos Network token | What is PLUT token

What is Plutos Network (PLUT) | What is Plutos Network token | What is PLUT token

In this article, we’ll discuss information about the Plutos Network project and PLUT token

What is Plutos Network?

Plutos Network is a cross-chain synthetic issuance & derivative trading platform which introduces mining incentives and Staking rewards to users. By integrating Blockchains such as Polkadot, BSC and Solana, enabling on-chain and cross-chain liquidity and trading, Plutos Network is to offer users synthetic issuance and trading services for a wide range of synthetic products which are sustainable, profitable and disruptive to the traditional derivative market.

What can Plutos offer?

With Plutos, all users can have access to synthetic assets from both traditional financial market and the crypto market. By enabling cross-chain and on-chain functionalities, Plutos will be able to deliver keynote features such as scalability, high interoperability, low cost of transactions, offering the perfect solution for current DeFi derivative market to difficulties and limitations such as high gas fee, low transaction speed, vulnerability of hacking such as flash loan etc.

What are the key product components of Plutos?

Plutos Staking

Users can earn rewards by Staking derivative assets on Plutos Network. The Staking service will be first built on Ethereum, and then migrate to Polkadot after the sub-parachain, OCW components are ready for deployment. The Staking service will soon be available on other leading Blockchains such as BSC and Solana.

Plutos Market

Your One-stop platform for issuing and trading crypto derivatives. By applying AMM mechanism and enabling cross-chain wrapping function to build chain-bridges between mainstream assets of Blockchains including Ethereum, Polkadot, BSC and Solana, Plutos Market will be the marketplace when users can trade cross-chain derivatives with low cost, fast transaction and high security. In Plutos Market, users can trade derivatives such as contracts, options, swaps etc.

Plutos Pool

Through PLUT Staking and minting, integrating liquidity from leading DEXes such as Uniswap, 1inch, Balancer, PancakeSwap etc, Plutos Pool can offer infinite liquidity for users with the best trading experience and passive income. With Plutos Pool, slippage and will very much improved thanks to the liquidity integration and cross-chain liquidity pools. There will be no need for Liquidity Provider on Plutos Network. Users will only need to stake PLUT and mint assets such as pUSD to convert one asset to another or open long or short positions of leveraged contracts underlying various assets without any restriction.

What’s the cross-chain technical framework?

The workflow of derivative issuance and trading on Plutos Network include several key components: Plutos Market for synthetic issuance and trading marketplace, Plutos Multi-chain Asset Collateral Pool for aggregating all assets on Plutos Network, Integration with leading liquidity and swap protocols including Uniswap, 1inch, Pancake and more for infinite liquidity.

Plutos Market is a synthetic/derivative DEX without an order book. The dApp provides both leveraged and un-leveraged products. Users are able to converting one PLUT to another without worrying about how deep the liquidity nor slippage because the debt pool smart contract is backed by the staked collateral which plays the role of liquidity provider. Users are also able to be benefited by taking short or long positions with leverage.

How do Staking and Minting work at Plutos?

Plutos Pool is a pool created in the process of PLUT holders staking PLUT and minting assets including pUSD, pBTC, pETH etc. The pool acts as a liquidity provider, acting as the counter-party when trading pUSD to pBTC, for example. Therefore, it can be said that the liquidity is infinite. In other words, there is no worry for users over the lack of liquidity or slippage existing in traditional financial markets.

However, if all users only have pBTC and the BTC price rises by 50%, the total debt also increases by 50%. In this case, the collateral pool, the staking pool has the opposite position, pBTC sell (or inverse piBTC), so the buy/sell ratio plays an important role in the overall collateral ratio of the system. Plutos Network will increase the stability of the system by reducing the risk of various methods such as position hedge in the on/off chain for the position imbalance of the system.

Product variety can be maximized by virtue of the Pool design:

Under such framework, the use cases are expanded largely, including but not limited to the following:

Natural hedging.

The borrower does not need to bear risks of foreign exchange rates. For Bitcoin miners in Europe, their costs and fixed asset investment are denominated in euros, so the US dollar stable currency is very tasteless for them. Now, European miners can hedge against foreign exchange risks by collateralizing Bitcoin or Ethereum and lending EUX. This also applies to traders who settle profits in euros.

Short/long positions.

Multi-currency stablecoins provide convenience for traders to invest in the foreign exchange market. For example, when a trader is bearish on the U.S. dollar and bullish on the euro, he can lend the U.S. dollar and exchange it for the euro.

Low-friction global carry trading.

For depositors in the euro zone with negative interest rates, although the liquidity mining benefits of USD stablecoins are attractive, the frictional costs of carrying out carry trades are still high. The transaction party needs to first convert the euro into USDC or USDT, which will bring additional transaction costs and foreign exchange risks. The EUX currency pair will effectively reduce friction costs and provide convenience for Euro holders to participate in liquidity mining and use other DeFi protocols.

The global interest rate market.

Since market supply and demand is a dynamic adjustment process, the interest rates of USX and EUX will also change accordingly, thus creating an active global interest rate market.

The global foreign exchange market.

As the demand for multi-currency stablecoins increases, liquid currency pairs (scale, trading currency pairs) will gradually increase, and eventually a multi-currency global foreign exchange market will be formed.

How and Where to Buy Plutos Network (PLUT)?

You will have to first buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), Binance (BNB)…

We will use Binance Exchange here as it is one of the largest crypto exchanges that accept fiat deposits.

Binance is a popular cryptocurrency exchange which was started in China but then moved their headquarters to the crypto-friendly Island of Malta in the EU. Binance is popular for its crypto to crypto exchange services. Binance exploded onto the scene in the mania of 2017 and has since gone on to become the top crypto exchange in the world.

Once you finished the KYC process. You will be asked to add a payment method. Here you can either choose to provide a credit/debit card or use a bank transfer, and buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), Binance (BNB)…

SIGN UP ON BINANCE

Step by Step Guide : What is Binance | How to Create an account on Binance (Updated 2021)

Next step - Transfer your cryptos to an Altcoin Exchange

Since PLUT is an altcoin we need to transfer our coins to an exchange that PLUT can be traded. Below is a list of exchanges that offers to trade PLUT in various market pairs, head to their websites and register for an account.

Once finished you will then need to make a BTC/ETH/USDT/BNB deposit to the exchange from Binance depending on the available market pairs. After the deposit is confirmed you may then purchase … from the exchange: …

The top exchange for trading in PLUT token is currently 

There are a few popular crypto exchanges where they have decent daily trading volumes and a huge user base. This will ensure you will be able to sell your coins at any time and the fees will usually be lower. It is suggested that you also register on these exchanges since once PLUT gets listed there it will attract a large amount of trading volumes from the users there, that means you will be having some great trading opportunities!

Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money

https://www.binance.com
 ☞ https://www.bittrex.com
 ☞ https://www.poloniex.com
 ☞ https://www.bitfinex.com
 ☞ https://www.huobi.com

Find more information PLUT

WebsiteSource CodeSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Social Channel 3Message Board

🔺DISCLAIMER: The Information in the post isn’t financial advice, is intended FOR GENERAL INFORMATION PURPOSES ONLY. Trading Cryptocurrency is VERY risky. Make sure you understand these risks and that you are responsible for what you do with your money.

🔥 If you’re a beginner. I believe the article below will be useful to you

⭐ ⭐ ⭐ What You Should Know Before Investing in Cryptocurrency - For Beginner ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

I hope this post will help you. Don’t forget to leave a like, comment and sharing it with others. Thank you!

#blockchain #plut #plutos network

What is Pluto (PLUT) | What is PLUT token

PLUTO (hereinafter referred to as PLUTO) is a secure and productive chain to support cryptocurrency market users which is the very basis of the whole blockchain industry. Pluto Chain is developing ‘Coin Surf’, a comprehensive cryptocurrency investment platform and ‘PlutoNode’, an all-in-one node rewarding program for everyday users.

the definition of Pluto in crypto currency market

crypto currency has higher market liquidity than traditional investments because of immature investors, market manipulation by whales. Pluto is built to solve these problems by providing transparency through blockchain technology in crypto currency market.

chain image description

FUNCTION

Pluto supports

make the right investment

Pluto is designed to be applied to both dynamic and static investments and is used in all areas of investment, with three main functions.

chain image description

Trading support CryptoManager

and intelligent investment platform Coinsurf

CryptoManager is a trading tool used by approximately 800 traders in one month of distribution, and Coinsurf is a mirror trading platform based on CryptoManager.

chain image description

Token Economy

  • info graphic
  • info graphic

Would you like to earn many tokens and cryptocurrencies right now! ☞ CLICK HERE

Looking for more information…

Website
Explorer
Social Channel
Message Board
Coinmarketcap

Create an Account and Trade Cryptocurrency NOW

Binance
Bittrex
Poloniex

Thank for visiting and reading this article! I’m highly appreciate your actions! Please share if you liked it!

#blockchain #bitcoin #crypto #pluto #plut

Words Counted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor.

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

 

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: abitdodgy
Source code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted
License: MIT license

#ruby  #ruby-on-rails 

Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1658068560

WordsCounted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

Gem Version 

RubyDoc documentation.

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.


Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: Abitdodgy
Source Code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted 
License: MIT license

#ruby #nlp 

Lisa joly

Lisa joly

1624658400

PAID NETWORK Review, Is it worth Investing in? Token Sale Coming Soon !!

Hey guys, in this video I review PAID NETWORK. This is a DeFi project that aims to solve complex legal process using decentralised protocols and DeFi products for 2021.

PAID Network is an ecosystem DAPP that leverages blockchain technology to deliver DeFi powered SMART Agreements to make business exponentially more efficient. We allow users to create their own policy, to ensure they Get PAID.

📺 The video in this post was made by Crypto expat
The origin of the article: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZIU5javfL90
🔺 DISCLAIMER: The article is for information sharing. The content of this video is solely the opinions of the speaker who is not a licensed financial advisor or registered investment advisor. Not investment advice or legal advice.
Cryptocurrency trading is VERY risky. Make sure you understand these risks and that you are responsible for what you do with your money
🔥 If you’re a beginner. I believe the article below will be useful to you ☞ What You Should Know Before Investing in Cryptocurrency - For Beginner
⭐ ⭐ ⭐The project is of interest to the community. Join to Get free ‘GEEK coin’ (GEEKCASH coin)!
☞ **-----CLICK HERE-----**⭐ ⭐ ⭐
Thanks for visiting and watching! Please don’t forget to leave a like, comment and share!

#bitcoin #blockchain #paid network #paid network review #token sale #paid network review, is it worth investing in? token sale coming soon !!