Graphs Data Structure: Breadth First Search

A week ago we learned about graph data structure. Today we will talk about how we can work with graphs. We will try to find distances between two nodes in a graph. This is one of the main uses of graphs and it’s called graph traversal. There are two main graph algorithms Breadth First Search (BFS) and Depth First Search (DFS) and today we will talk about BFS.

This is how our graph looks like:

Image for post

Breadth First Search

In our example we will work with an adjacency matrix. This is how matrix represents graph above:

Image for post

We will start with an input node, then visit all its neighbors which is one edge away. And then visit all their neighbors. Point is to determine how close the node is to the root node.

Function which we will write in a moment will return an object with key value pairs where key will represent node and value how far this node is from the root.

First we will loop over the adjacency matrix (2D array), create as many key value pairs as many nodes we have on the graph. Initially we will assign distance to the infinity which represents lack of connection between the nodes.

#graph #data-structures #breadth-first-search #javascript #algorithms #algorithms

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Graphs Data Structure: Breadth First Search
Siphiwe  Nair

Siphiwe Nair

1620466520

Your Data Architecture: Simple Best Practices for Your Data Strategy

If you accumulate data on which you base your decision-making as an organization, you should probably think about your data architecture and possible best practices.

If you accumulate data on which you base your decision-making as an organization, you most probably need to think about your data architecture and consider possible best practices. Gaining a competitive edge, remaining customer-centric to the greatest extent possible, and streamlining processes to get on-the-button outcomes can all be traced back to an organization’s capacity to build a future-ready data architecture.

In what follows, we offer a short overview of the overarching capabilities of data architecture. These include user-centricity, elasticity, robustness, and the capacity to ensure the seamless flow of data at all times. Added to these are automation enablement, plus security and data governance considerations. These points from our checklist for what we perceive to be an anticipatory analytics ecosystem.

#big data #data science #big data analytics #data analysis #data architecture #data transformation #data platform #data strategy #cloud data platform #data acquisition

Graphs Data Structure: Breadth First Search

A week ago we learned about graph data structure. Today we will talk about how we can work with graphs. We will try to find distances between two nodes in a graph. This is one of the main uses of graphs and it’s called graph traversal. There are two main graph algorithms Breadth First Search (BFS) and Depth First Search (DFS) and today we will talk about BFS.

This is how our graph looks like:

Image for post

Breadth First Search

In our example we will work with an adjacency matrix. This is how matrix represents graph above:

Image for post

We will start with an input node, then visit all its neighbors which is one edge away. And then visit all their neighbors. Point is to determine how close the node is to the root node.

Function which we will write in a moment will return an object with key value pairs where key will represent node and value how far this node is from the root.

First we will loop over the adjacency matrix (2D array), create as many key value pairs as many nodes we have on the graph. Initially we will assign distance to the infinity which represents lack of connection between the nodes.

#graph #data-structures #breadth-first-search #javascript #algorithms #algorithms

Tamale  Moses

Tamale Moses

1626268740

Depth First Search (DFS) in Data Structure

Depth First Search (DFS) in Data Structure

In the last article, we learned about graphs in data structures. Graphs are one of the efficient ways that are used to model daily life problems and find an optimal solution. In this article, we will learn about traversing techniques for the graph and their implementation

Depth First Search

DFS is a recursive traversal algorithm for searching all the vertices of a graph or tree data structure. It starts from the first node of graph G and then goes to further vertices until the goal vertex is reached.

  • DFS uses stack as its backend data structure
  • edges that lead to an unvisited node are called discovery edges while the edges that lead to an already visited node are called block edges.

DFS procedure

DFS implementation categorizes the vertices in the graphs into two categories:

  • Visited
  • Not visited

The major objective is to visit each node and keep marking them as “visited” without making any cycle.

Steps for DFS algorithms:

1. Start by pushing starting vertex of the graph into the stack

2. Pop the top item of the stack and add it to the visited list

3. Create the adjacency list for that vertex. Add the non-visited nodes in the list to the top of the stack

4. Keep repeating steps 2 and 3 until the stack is empty

Depth First Search Algorithm

  • Step 1: STATUS = 1 for each node in Graph G
  • Step 2: Push the starting node A in the stack. set its STATUS = 2
  • Step 3: Repeat Steps 4 and 5 until STACK is empty
  • Step 4: Pop the top node N from the stack. Process it and set its STATUS = 3
  • Step 5: Push all the neighbors of N with STATUS =1 into the stack and set their STATUS = 2
  • [END OF LOOP]
  • Step 6: stop

#data structure tutorials #applications of depth first search #depth first search #data structure

Gerhard  Brink

Gerhard Brink

1620629020

Getting Started With Data Lakes

Frameworks for Efficient Enterprise Analytics

The opportunities big data offers also come with very real challenges that many organizations are facing today. Often, it’s finding the most cost-effective, scalable way to store and process boundless volumes of data in multiple formats that come from a growing number of sources. Then organizations need the analytical capabilities and flexibility to turn this data into insights that can meet their specific business objectives.

This Refcard dives into how a data lake helps tackle these challenges at both ends — from its enhanced architecture that’s designed for efficient data ingestion, storage, and management to its advanced analytics functionality and performance flexibility. You’ll also explore key benefits and common use cases.

Introduction

As technology continues to evolve with new data sources, such as IoT sensors and social media churning out large volumes of data, there has never been a better time to discuss the possibilities and challenges of managing such data for varying analytical insights. In this Refcard, we dig deep into how data lakes solve the problem of storing and processing enormous amounts of data. While doing so, we also explore the benefits of data lakes, their use cases, and how they differ from data warehouses (DWHs).


This is a preview of the Getting Started With Data Lakes Refcard. To read the entire Refcard, please download the PDF from the link above.

#big data #data analytics #data analysis #business analytics #data warehouse #data storage #data lake #data lake architecture #data lake governance #data lake management

Cyrus  Kreiger

Cyrus Kreiger

1617959340

4 Tips To Become A Successful Entry-Level Data Analyst

Companies across every industry rely on big data to make strategic decisions about their business, which is why data analyst roles are constantly in demand. Even as we transition to more automated data collection systems, data analysts remain a crucial piece in the data puzzle. Not only do they build the systems that extract and organize data, but they also make sense of it –– identifying patterns, trends, and formulating actionable insights.

If you think that an entry-level data analyst role might be right for you, you might be wondering what to focus on in the first 90 days on the job. What skills should you have going in and what should you focus on developing in order to advance in this career path?

Let’s take a look at the most important things you need to know.

#data #data-analytics #data-science #data-analysis #big-data-analytics #data-privacy #data-structures #good-company