Zachary Palmer

Zachary Palmer


Creating a Modal Dialog in Angular 8 with TypeScript

There are plenty of plugins and libraries out there that include modal windows, in the past I used them myself when I needed to add a modal to a new project. The main issue I have with 3rd party plugins is that they usually contain a lot of features I don’t need which adds unnecessary bloat to my Angular app, so a while ago I took some time to implement a custom modal window to see how difficult it would be and also to remove the magic & mystery I had in my mind about exactly how modals work.

When I finished I was pleasantly surprised at the relatively small amount of code required to implement a custom modal window, most of the modal ‘magic’ is done with a handful of CSS styles (see modal.component.less) while Angular / TypeScript is just used for showing and hiding the modal windows.

Running the Angular 8 Modal Dialog Locally

  1. Install NodeJS and NPM from
  2. Download or clone the project source code from
  3. Install all required npm packages by running npm install from the command line in the project root folder (where the package.json is located).
  4. Start the application by running npm start from the command line in the project root folder.

NOTE: You can also run the app directly using the Angular CLI command ng serve --open. To do this first install the Angular CLI globally on your system with the command npm install -g @angular/cli.

Adding Custom Modals to Your Angular 8 App

To add modals to your Angular 8 application you’ll need to copy the /src/app/_modal folder and contents from the example project, the folder contains the modal module and associated files, including:

  • modal.model.less - LESS/CSS styles for displaying modal dialogs, this is where the modal “magic” happens.
  • modal.component.html - modal component template that contains the wrapper html for displaying modal dialogs.
  • modal.component.ts - modal component with the logic for displaying modal dialogs.
  • modal.module.ts - modal module that encapsulates the modal component so it can be imported by the app module.
  • modal.service.ts - modal service that can be used by any angular component to open and close modal dialogs.
  • index.ts - barrel file that re-exports the modal module and service so they can be imported using only the folder path instead of the full path to each file, and also enables importing from multiple files with a single import.

Import the Modal Module into your App Module

To make the modal component available to your Angular 8 application you need to add the ModalModule to the imports array of your App Module (app.module.ts). See the app module from the example app below, the modal module is imported on line 5 and added to the imports array of the app module on line 16.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

import { ModalModule } from './_modal';
import { appRoutingModule } from './app.routing';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { HomeComponent } from './home';
import { TestPageComponent } from './test-page';

    imports: [
    declarations: [
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]

export class AppModule { }

Add the tag to pages where you want to display modals

To add a modal dialog to any page simply add the tag along with the content for the modal. You can put any content you like inside the element. You can also update the modal LESS/CSS if you want to change the styles of the modals, e.g to make them smaller or add CSS animation transitions.

IMPORTANT: A unique id is required for each modal on a page, it can be any string e.g. 'custom-modal-1'. The id string is used by the modal service to keep track of each active modal in the angular app, so the service knows which modal to open/close based on the id passed to the and modalService.close() methods e.g.'custom-modal-1').

Here is the home component template from the example app (/src/app/home/home.component.html) that contains two modals, each is opened by a button click, and the first modal contains an input text field that allows you to edit the bodyText displayed in the template.

    # Home


    Open Modal 1
    Open Modal 2

    # A Custom Modal!

Home page text: 


    # A Tall Custom Modal!


Opening & Closing Angular 8 Modal Dialogs

To open a modal call the method with the id of the modal you want to open, e.g.'custom-modal-1'). To close a modal call the modalService.close() method with the id of the modal you want to close, e.g. modalService.close('custom-modal-1').

By default modals are closed on background click, to disable this remove the chunk of code in the modal component (/src/app/_modal/modal.component.ts) located directly below the comment // close modal on background click.

Here is the home component from the example app (/src/app/home/home.component.ts), it contains methods for opening and closing modals (openModal() and closeModal()) that call the corresponding methods of the modal service.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';

import { ModalService } from '../_modal';

@Component({ templateUrl: 'home.component.html' })
export class HomeComponent implements OnInit {
    bodyText: string;

    constructor(private modalService: ModalService) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.bodyText = 'This text can be updated in modal 1';

    openModal(id: string) {;

    closeModal(id: string) {

Breakdown of the Angular 8 Custom Modal Code

Below is a breakdown of the pieces of code used to implement custom modal dialogs in Angular 8 & TypeScript, you don’t need to know the details of how it all works to use the modals in your project, it’s only if you’re interested in the nuts and bolts or if you want to modify the underlying code or behaviour.

LESS/CSS Styles for Angular 8 Modal Dialogs

These are the styles applied to the custom modal dialogs in this example, they could also be used in non-angular projects as it’s just pure LESS/CSS.

I prefixed the modal element and classes with jw- to prevent conflicts with 3rd party css libraries such as Bootstrap.

jw-modal {
    /* modals are hidden by default */
    display: none;

    .jw-modal {
        /* modal container fixed across whole screen */
        position: fixed;
        top: 0;
        right: 0;
        bottom: 0;
        left: 0;

        /* z-index must be higher than .jw-modal-background */
        z-index: 1000;
        /* enables scrolling for tall modals */
        overflow: auto;

        .jw-modal-body {
            padding: 20px;
            background: #fff;

            /* margin exposes part of the modal background */
            margin: 40px;

    .jw-modal-background {
        /* modal background fixed across whole screen */
        position: fixed;
        top: 0;
        right: 0;
        bottom: 0;
        left: 0;

        /* semi-transparent black  */
        background-color: #000;
        opacity: 0.75;
        /* z-index must be below .jw-modal and above everything else  */
        z-index: 900;

body.jw-modal-open {
    /* body overflow is hidden to hide main scrollbar when modal window is open */
    overflow: hidden;

Angular 8 Modal Service

The Angular 8 modal service manages the communication that’s required between page components and modal components. It maintains a list of available modals on the page and exposes methods for interacting with those modals.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

@Injectable({ providedIn: 'root' })
export class ModalService {
    private modals: any[] = [];

    add(modal: any) {
        // add modal to array of active modals

    remove(id: string) {
        // remove modal from array of active modals
        this.modals = this.modals.filter(x => !== id);

    open(id: string) {
        // open modal specified by id
        const modal = this.modals.find(x => === id);;

    close(id: string) {
        // close modal specified by id
        const modal = this.modals.find(x => === id);

Angular 8 Modal Component

The custom modal component is used to add modal windows anywhere in your angular application by using the `` tag. Each modal instance adds itself to the modal service when it loads by calling modalService.add(this) from the ngOnInit Angular lifecycle method, and removes itself from the modal service when it is destroyed by calling modalService.remove( from the ngOnDestroy Angular lifecycle method.

import { Component, ViewEncapsulation, ElementRef, Input, OnInit, OnDestroy } from '@angular/core';

import { ModalService } from './modal.service';

    selector: 'jw-modal', 
    templateUrl: 'modal.component.html', 
    styleUrls: ['modal.component.less'],
    encapsulation: ViewEncapsulation.None
export class ModalComponent implements OnInit, OnDestroy {
    @Input() id: string;
    private element: any;

    constructor(private modalService: ModalService, private el: ElementRef) {
        this.element = el.nativeElement;

    ngOnInit(): void {
        // ensure id attribute exists
        if (! {
            console.error('modal must have an id');

        // move element to bottom of page (just before ) so it can be displayed above everything else

        // close modal on background click
        this.element.addEventListener('click', el => {
            if ( === 'jw-modal') {

        // add self (this modal instance) to the modal service so it's accessible from controllers

    // remove self from modal service when component is destroyed
    ngOnDestroy(): void {

    // open modal
    open(): void { = 'block';

    // close modal
    close(): void { = 'none';

Angular 8 Modal Component Template

The modal component template contains just a couple of wrapper divs for the modal content and a div for the modal background. The element is replaced by Angular with the contents you set inside the element, this is called Angular content projection.



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#angular #typescript #web-development

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Creating a Modal Dialog in Angular 8 with TypeScript
Easter  Deckow

Easter Deckow


PyTumblr: A Python Tumblr API v2 Client



Install via pip:

$ pip install pytumblr

Install from source:

$ git clone
$ cd pytumblr
$ python install


Create a client

A pytumblr.TumblrRestClient is the object you'll make all of your calls to the Tumblr API through. Creating one is this easy:

client = pytumblr.TumblrRestClient(
) # Grabs the current user information

Two easy ways to get your credentials to are:

  1. The built-in tool (if you already have a consumer key & secret)
  2. The Tumblr API console at
  3. Get sample login code at

Supported Methods

User Methods # get information about the authenticating user
client.dashboard() # get the dashboard for the authenticating user
client.likes() # get the likes for the authenticating user
client.following() # get the blogs followed by the authenticating user

client.follow('') # follow a blog
client.unfollow('') # unfollow a blog, reblogkey) # like a post
client.unlike(id, reblogkey) # unlike a post

Blog Methods

client.blog_info(blogName) # get information about a blog
client.posts(blogName, **params) # get posts for a blog
client.avatar(blogName) # get the avatar for a blog
client.blog_likes(blogName) # get the likes on a blog
client.followers(blogName) # get the followers of a blog
client.blog_following(blogName) # get the publicly exposed blogs that [blogName] follows
client.queue(blogName) # get the queue for a given blog
client.submission(blogName) # get the submissions for a given blog

Post Methods

Creating posts

PyTumblr lets you create all of the various types that Tumblr supports. When using these types there are a few defaults that are able to be used with any post type.

The default supported types are described below.

  • state - a string, the state of the post. Supported types are published, draft, queue, private
  • tags - a list, a list of strings that you want tagged on the post. eg: ["testing", "magic", "1"]
  • tweet - a string, the string of the customized tweet you want. eg: "Man I love my mega awesome post!"
  • date - a string, the customized GMT that you want
  • format - a string, the format that your post is in. Support types are html or markdown
  • slug - a string, the slug for the url of the post you want

We'll show examples throughout of these default examples while showcasing all the specific post types.

Creating a photo post

Creating a photo post supports a bunch of different options plus the described default options * caption - a string, the user supplied caption * link - a string, the "click-through" url for the photo * source - a string, the url for the photo you want to use (use this or the data parameter) * data - a list or string, a list of filepaths or a single file path for multipart file upload

#Creates a photo post using a source URL
client.create_photo(blogName, state="published", tags=["testing", "ok"],

#Creates a photo post using a local filepath
client.create_photo(blogName, state="queue", tags=["testing", "ok"],
                    tweet="Woah this is an incredible sweet post [URL]",

#Creates a photoset post using several local filepaths
client.create_photo(blogName, state="draft", tags=["jb is cool"], format="markdown",
                    data=["/Users/johnb/path/to/my/image.jpg", "/Users/johnb/Pictures/kittens.jpg"],
                    caption="## Mega sweet kittens")

Creating a text post

Creating a text post supports the same options as default and just a two other parameters * title - a string, the optional title for the post. Supports markdown or html * body - a string, the body of the of the post. Supports markdown or html

#Creating a text post
client.create_text(blogName, state="published", slug="testing-text-posts", title="Testing", body="testing1 2 3 4")

Creating a quote post

Creating a quote post supports the same options as default and two other parameter * quote - a string, the full text of the qote. Supports markdown or html * source - a string, the cited source. HTML supported

#Creating a quote post
client.create_quote(blogName, state="queue", quote="I am the Walrus", source="Ringo")

Creating a link post

  • title - a string, the title of post that you want. Supports HTML entities.
  • url - a string, the url that you want to create a link post for.
  • description - a string, the desciption of the link that you have
#Create a link post
client.create_link(blogName, title="I like to search things, you should too.", url="",
                   description="Search is pretty cool when a duck does it.")

Creating a chat post

Creating a chat post supports the same options as default and two other parameters * title - a string, the title of the chat post * conversation - a string, the text of the conversation/chat, with diablog labels (no html)

#Create a chat post
chat = """John: Testing can be fun!
Renee: Testing is tedious and so are you.
John: Aw.
client.create_chat(blogName, title="Renee just doesn't understand.", conversation=chat, tags=["renee", "testing"])

Creating an audio post

Creating an audio post allows for all default options and a has 3 other parameters. The only thing to keep in mind while dealing with audio posts is to make sure that you use the external_url parameter or data. You cannot use both at the same time. * caption - a string, the caption for your post * external_url - a string, the url of the site that hosts the audio file * data - a string, the filepath of the audio file you want to upload to Tumblr

#Creating an audio file
client.create_audio(blogName, caption="Rock out.", data="/Users/johnb/Music/my/new/sweet/album.mp3")

#lets use soundcloud!
client.create_audio(blogName, caption="Mega rock out.", external_url="")

Creating a video post

Creating a video post allows for all default options and has three other options. Like the other post types, it has some restrictions. You cannot use the embed and data parameters at the same time. * caption - a string, the caption for your post * embed - a string, the HTML embed code for the video * data - a string, the path of the file you want to upload

#Creating an upload from YouTube
client.create_video(blogName, caption="Jon Snow. Mega ridiculous sword.",

#Creating a video post from local file
client.create_video(blogName, caption="testing", data="/Users/johnb/testing/ok/")

Editing a post

Updating a post requires you knowing what type a post you're updating. You'll be able to supply to the post any of the options given above for updates.

client.edit_post(blogName, id=post_id, type="text", title="Updated")
client.edit_post(blogName, id=post_id, type="photo", data="/Users/johnb/mega/awesome.jpg")

Reblogging a Post

Reblogging a post just requires knowing the post id and the reblog key, which is supplied in the JSON of any post object.

client.reblog(blogName, id=125356, reblog_key="reblog_key")

Deleting a post

Deleting just requires that you own the post and have the post id

client.delete_post(blogName, 123456) # Deletes your post :(

A note on tags: When passing tags, as params, please pass them as a list (not a comma-separated string):

client.create_text(blogName, tags=['hello', 'world'], ...)

Getting notes for a post

In order to get the notes for a post, you need to have the post id and the blog that it is on.

data = client.notes(blogName, id='123456')

The results include a timestamp you can use to make future calls.

data = client.notes(blogName, id='123456', before_timestamp=data["_links"]["next"]["query_params"]["before_timestamp"])

Tagged Methods

# get posts with a given tag
client.tagged(tag, **params)

Using the interactive console

This client comes with a nice interactive console to run you through the OAuth process, grab your tokens (and store them for future use).

You'll need pyyaml installed to run it, but then it's just:

$ python

and away you go! Tokens are stored in ~/.tumblr and are also shared by other Tumblr API clients like the Ruby client.

Running tests

The tests (and coverage reports) are run with nose, like this:

python test

Author: tumblr
Source Code:
License: Apache-2.0 license

#python #api 

Clara  Gutmann

Clara Gutmann


Angular 8 Updates And Summary of New Features

Angular 8 Updates And Summary of New Features is today’s topic. Angular 8 arrives with an impressive list of changes and improvements including the much-anticipated Ivy compiler as an opt-in feature. You can check out  Angular 7 features and updates if you have not seen yet. In this blog, we have written some articles about  Angular 7 Crud,  Angular 7 Routing,  Angular ngClass,  Angular ngFor.

Angular 8 Updates And Summary

See the following updates.

TypeScript 3.4

Angular 8.0 is now supported TypeScript 3.4, and even requires it, so you will need to upgrade.

You can look at what  TypeScript 3.3 and  TypeScript 3.4 brings on the table on official Microsoft blog.

#angular #typescript #angular 7 crud #angular 7 routing #angular 8

Raja Tamil

Raja Tamil


Make Pop-Up Modal Window In Vanilla JavaScript [2022]

Make Pop-Up Modal Window In Vanilla JavaScript

Learn how to create a simple responsive pop-up modal window using Vanilla JavaScript along with HTML and CSS with a bit of Flexbox.

Create A Button That Opens Pop Up Modal Window

Declare a <button> HTML element with an id open-modal.

<button id="open-modal">Open Modal Window</button>

The goal is when a user presses this button, the pop-up modal window will open.

Style the button using CSS Flexbox and centre it on the screen.

* {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
    box-sizing: border-box;

body {
    height: 100vh;
    display: flex;
    align-items: center;
    justify-content: center;

button {
    padding: 10px;
    font-size: 1.1em;
    background: #32bacf;
    color: white;
    border: none;
    border-radius: 10px;
    border: 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
    cursor: pointer;

button:hover {
    background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.7);

Create Pop-Up Modal Overlay

Normally, pop-up modal windows have overlays with a transparent darker background that covers the entire browser screen.

Define a div with an id model-overlay which will cover the entire screen.

<div id="modal-overlay">

Then, make it to full screen using height:100vh CSS property.

Bring it in front of the button by using position:absolute with a transparent background colour.

#modal-overlay {
    width: 100%;
    height: 100vh;
    position: absolute;
    background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.7);

I just added the border to see the boundaries of the modal-overlay element.

Center Pop-Up Modal Window To The Modal Overlay

Create a div with an id modal inside the modal-overlay element, which will be an actually pop-up modal window that user interacts with.

<div id="modal-overlay">
  <div id="modal">

Add CSS style to make it visible on the screen.

Adding width:100% and max-width:650px will make sure the width of the pop-up modal window won’t exceed when the browser width is more than 650px.

If the browser width is less than 650px, the pop-up modal window will stretch the width to fill the screen which is normally for mobile viewports.

#modal-overlay #modal {
    max-width: 650px;
    width: 100%;
    background: white;
    height: 400px;

Centre the pop-up modal window to the screen using Flexbox.

To do that, just add the three lines of Flexbox code to the modal-overlay which are

  • display:flex → Convert an HTML element to Flexbox
  • align-items:center → centre the pop-up modal window vertically to the viewport
  • justify-content:center → centre the pop-up modal window horizontally to the viewport
#modal-overlay {
   display: flex;
   align-items: center;
   justify-content: center;

Open Up Pop-Up Modal Window On Button Click

Now we have the basic pop-up modal window designed using CSS.

Make it visible when a user presses the open modal button.

To do that,

First, hide the modal overlay by default by changing its display property from flex to none.

#modal-overlay {
   display: none; // Changed from flex to none
   align-items: center;
   justify-content: center;

Create a DOM reference to the open-modal button as well as the modal-overlay elements.

const openModalButton = document.getElementById("open-modal");
const modalWindowOverlay = document.getElementById("modal-overlay");

Attach a click event to the openModalButton with the callback arrow function showModalWindow.

const showModalWindow = () => { = 'flex';

openModalButton.addEventListener("click", showModalWindow);

Set the display property of the modalWindowOverlay to flex inside showModalWindow() function which will open up the modal window.

As you can see, there is no way we can close/hide the pop-up modalwindow after its became visible on the screen.

Let’s fix it!

Close/Hide Pop-Up Modal Window On Button Click

Typically, there will be a close button on the top or bottom right side of the pop-up modal window.

Let’s add a close button on the bottom left side of the modal window.

Define header, content and footer HTML elements inside the pop-up modal window.

<div id="modal">

    <div class="modal-header">
        <h2>Modal Pop Up Window</h2>

    <div class="modal-content">
        <p>Modal Content</p>
    <div class="modal-footer">
        <button id="close-modal">Close</button>


Generally, you’ll have two buttons on the footer of the pop-up modal window, which may be save and close.

Let’s push the buttons to the bottom using Flexbox.

Turn the display property of the pop-up modal window to flex and set the flex direction to column.

Continue Reading…

#JavaScript #programming #webdev #softauthor 

Christa  Stehr

Christa Stehr


Install Angular - Angular Environment Setup Process

Angular is a TypeScript based framework that works in synchronization with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. To work with angular, domain knowledge of these 3 is required.

  1. Installing Node.js and npm
  2. Installing Angular CLI
  3. Creating workspace
  4. Deploying your First App

In this article, you will get to know about the Angular Environment setup process. After reading this article, you will be able to install, setup, create, and launch your own application in Angular. So let’s start!!!

Angular environment setup

Install Angular in Easy Steps

For Installing Angular on your Machine, there are 2 prerequisites:

  • Node.js
  • npm Package Manager

First you need to have Node.js installed as Angular require current, active LTS or maintenance LTS version of Node.js

Download and Install Node.js version suitable for your machine’s operating system.

Npm Package Manager

Angular, Angular CLI and Angular applications are dependent on npm packages. By installing Node.js, you have automatically installed the npm Package manager which will be the base for installing angular in your system. To check the presence of npm client and Angular version check of npm client, run this command:

  1. npm -v

Installing Angular CLI

  • Open Terminal/Command Prompt
  • To install Angular CLI, run the below command:
  1. npm install -g @angular/cli

installing angular CLI

· After executing the command, Angular CLI will get installed within some time. You can check it using the following command

  1. ng --version

Workspace Creation

Now as your Angular CLI is installed, you need to create a workspace to work upon your application. Methods for it are:

  • Using CLI
  • Using Visual Studio Code
1. Using CLI

To create a workspace:

  • Navigate to the desired directory where you want to create your workspace using cd command in the Terminal/Command prompt
  • Then in the directory write this command on your terminal and provide the name of the app which you want to create. In my case I have mentioned DataFlair:
  1. Ng new YourAppName

create angular workspace

  • After running this command, it will prompt you to select from various options about the CSS and other functionalities.

angular CSS options

  • To leave everything to default, simply press the Enter or the Return key.

angular setup

#angular tutorials #angular cli install #angular environment setup #angular version check #download angular #install angular #install angular cli

Clara  Gutmann

Clara Gutmann


Angular 8 CRUD Example | Angular 8 Tutorial For Beginners

Angular 8 CRUD is a basic operation to learn Angular from scratch. We will learn how to build a small web application that inserts, read data, update and delete data from the database. You will learn how to create a MEAN Stack web application. In this Angular 8 Tutorial Example, you will learn a new framework by building a crud application.

New features of Angular 8

You check out the new features in brief on my  Angular 8 New Features post.

I have designed this Angular 8 CRUD Tutorial, especially for newcomers, and it will help you to up and running with the latest version of Angular, which is right now 8.

#angular #angular 8 #angular 8 crud