Top test automation trends 2020 are hyper-automation, IoT, autonomous test automation, DevTestOps, multi-experience & crowdsourced testing, AI, ML, etc.
Testing has not evolved at the same pace as Development. Development is fast-paced so should be Testing. This is possible using Scriptless Test Automation.
Today applications are feature-rich, complex and undergo frequent changes.
In Agile/DevOps, the release cycles are short. Hence, Development needs to speed up. Development teams use Agile/DevOps methodologies to cope with the changing application requirements.
Today, developers use frameworks that involve less or no coding to match the DevOps speed.
Importance of Test Automation in Agile and DevOps
Development is fast-paced, so should be Testing.
Testing has not evolved at the same pace as Development. Even today, testers use age-old testing methods and tools to test complex applications.
Testing teams need to adopt automated test processes to keep up with the DevOps/CD advancements. As compared to Manual Testing, Automation Testing is best suited for changing application needs, to improve test effectiveness and coverage. But setting up the Test Automation ecosystem with the essential elements to automate isn’t easy.
Why the Scriptless Test Automation Approach
The scriptless/less coding approach can speed up the process of software development and allow more participation in test automation and maximize the reusability of code with reduced maintenance.
The biggest challenges in Automation Testing is the initial time spent on test script development. As Development teams do, it is wise to adopt a script-less framework for automation that makes test automation appear less complex.
Scriptless automation allows stakeholders to participate in quality improvement and requires less/no technical expertise.
This approach towards automation reduces time and effort required to automate and ensure higher levels of maintainability and ease of updating changing requirements.
Automation Testing tools have evolved in recent times to fit into the Agile/DevOps process to release quality software faster.
Challenges in existing Automation Testing tools
There has been a retreat from Automation Testing, however, and the main reason would be the need for programming knowledge. In fact, test automation requires a deep technical understanding to design and maintain the test automation framework and test scripts.
Automation Testers write super complex test scripts for each test case and need to have a deep technical understanding of the underlying framework, application functionalities, have programming knowledge, etc. It may take several lines of code to test a small feature of an application.
Depending on the application type, Automation Testing requires expertise in multiple languages and technologies and a sudden shift towards Automation Testing can be a bit overwhelming for functional testers.
Also, Automation Testing requires that the technical experts continuously monitor and maintain automated tests, unlike Scriptless Test Automation.
Because of all these reasons, test automation becomes complex and unaffordable with an increased ROI time, especially, for small businesses.
Benefits of Scriptless Automation
With Scriptless Automation, only the underlying complexity of the test scripts is hidden from the users and doesn’t mean that test scripts are being erased off.
Today, with Scriptless Automation, the time required to test an application can be shortened to match the pace of Agile development to continuously deliver software that will make the testing process easier and manageable.
Scriptless Test Automation can also reduce the testing cycle while maintaining test quality. This approach is well suited to continuously release quality software.
Through Scriptless Automation, a lot of ramp-up time and effort can be saved and requires a short or no learning curve.
Hence it’s time to shift gears towards scriptless automation testing to address the fast-paced delivery requirements.
While maintaining simplicity, the right automated testing tools offer all the flexibility and scalability required for enterprise-class automation without compromising on quality. Hence, selecting the right automation testing tool becomes critical for test automation success.
A few important points of Scriptless Automation include:
Selecting the right Scriptless Automation Testing tool
Record and Playback tools are among the first picks in adopting Scriptless Automation. It may seem easy and compelling at first, but the system generated scripts are hard to understand and are difficult to maintain. Also, they demand a lot of rework.
The main challenges with legacy test automation are building a robust and maintainable automation framework and managing the objects and identifiers.
Automated tests need to be reusable and maintainable and should not be resistant to changes in the application UI and should ensure that the automated tests do not break.
A lot of the times, test scripts are developed only once the application is built and stabilized. Due to this, a lack of early feedback becomes a downside affecting the cost of quality.
The test automation tool needs to address this.
While we adopt Scriptless Automation testing, the test automation tools should ensure simplicity and allow everyone to participate in test automation with the flexibility that enterprise-class test automation tools provide.
Testing isn’t just for testers. Your entire team from developers and product managers to marketers and designers can take part in Automation Testing and, that is essential too. But, why is it important to involve SMEs and QA Analysts in the process of automated testing?
Test Automation needs to be extended to enable continuous testing along with the Shift Left approach to meet the modern delivery standards of today.
Scriptless test automation is, therefore, an ideal solution to shift left suited for Agile development.
Scriptless test automation can start at an early stage and is an ideal choice for CD/DevOps practices. Stakeholders and Functional Testers can also participate in the test automation process now, letting testers to ensure a better user experience.
For manual testing in [Azure DevOps](https://onlineitguru.com/devops-with-azure-training.html "**Azure DevOps**"), first, we need to create test plans and test suites for tracking manual testing for any events. **How to create Test Plans for...
For manual testing in Azure DevOps, first, we need to create test plans and test suites for tracking manual testing for any events.
How to create Test Plans for Manual Testing?
In Manual Testing, first, create test plans. Follow the below steps to create Test Plans.
In Azure DevOps Server, open your project and click Azure Test Plans or the Test hub in Azure DevOps Server. If you have a test plan, then select the Test plans to visit the page that has all test plans.
Select New Test Plan in the test plane page, to make a test plan for your present event.
In the New Test Plan, type the test plan name. Check the region path and repetition is set in the correct way. Then select Create.
How to add requirement-based test suite and select backlog items for manual testing:
Now attach test suites for pending items that have to be tested manually to perform manual testing in Azure with DevOps.
For adding a suite to a test plan, choose + new menu and select a type of test suite. We can use requirement-based suites to collect our test cases collectively.
By this, we can track the testing condition of a backlog item. Every test case that we add to a requirement-based test suite is connected to the backlog item, automatically.
Under ‘Create requirement-based suites’, we can add one or more paragraphs to separate our work objects, by using a repetitive path for the event. Run the query to see the related pending items.
Under the work items lists given by the query, choose the backlog items we want to test in this event. Select ‘Create suites’ for making a requirement-based suite, for everyone.
How to Create Manual Test Cases for Manual Testing?
Wehave to create Manual Testing cases to verify whether every result, is according to the users’ requirements. Arrange your test cases by attaching them to test plans and test suites. Then select the testers that we need to run the tests in Azure DevOps online training.
Follow the below steps to create test cases in Azure with DevOps:
After creating a test plan and requirement based test suites. Choose a requirement based test suite.
On the Right side of the window, select New Test case.
Select the Click or type here to attach a step link, and add test steps along with the explanation of the action needed for testing, and the expected outputs so that anyone from the team can run the test.
If we want, we can also add any attachments to any step.
Repeat the process until you finished adding all the steps for the test. Now, your test case is created which you can run.
How to Run Manual Tests?
We can run our manual tests and save the outcomes for every test step, with Microsoft Test Runner. If you identify a problem while manual testing, create a bug using Test Runner.
Follow the below steps to run tests in Azure with DevOps for web apps.
After creating the manual tests, in the test suite, choose a test and run it.
Begin the app which you want to test. It is not necessary to run your app on the same computer, as Test Runner. We have to use Test Runner simply to save failed or passed tests while manually running the test.
Mark every test step as passed or failed depending on the expected outcomes. When a test step fails, we can type a comment explaining the reason for its failure.
Create a bug, so that we can able to explain what has failed. The steps and our comments will be added to the bug automatically, and the test case will be connected to the bug.
We can see any bugs that we have specified while our test session.
Save the outputs and close the test runner, after running all tests. All test outputs will be saved in Azure DevOps.
See the status of testing for your test suite. You can see the new output for every test.
Open a test and select the test case in a related work part. To see the bugs filed by the tester, use the child links in the related work area of that work product.
In this article, I have shared how to do manual testing in Azure with DevOps. Follow my articles, to get more updates on Azure DevOps online training India.
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