Do you want to learn how to use HTML and CSS to build a website?
You’ve arrived at the right place. In this guide, we’ll show you how to go from a blank screen to a fully functioning website that’s both optimized and attractive.
But first, what is the difference between HTML and CSS?
You might look up both words in Wikipedia, but the meanings aren’t particularly user-friendly. Let’s break it down a little:
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) specifies a web page’s configuration and content, like where items go, how they’re set out, and what’s on the page.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) governs how a web page and its elements are styled and displayed.
You can’t have one without the other because they work together to create the final web page, including its design and content.
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Demo Click Here: https://cutt.ly/2vFKuxe
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Install via pip:
$ pip install pytumblr
Install from source:
$ git clone https://github.com/tumblr/pytumblr.git $ cd pytumblr $ python setup.py install
pytumblr.TumblrRestClient is the object you'll make all of your calls to the Tumblr API through. Creating one is this easy:
client = pytumblr.TumblrRestClient( '<consumer_key>', '<consumer_secret>', '<oauth_token>', '<oauth_secret>', ) client.info() # Grabs the current user information
Two easy ways to get your credentials to are:
interactive_console.pytool (if you already have a consumer key & secret)
client.info() # get information about the authenticating user client.dashboard() # get the dashboard for the authenticating user client.likes() # get the likes for the authenticating user client.following() # get the blogs followed by the authenticating user client.follow('codingjester.tumblr.com') # follow a blog client.unfollow('codingjester.tumblr.com') # unfollow a blog client.like(id, reblogkey) # like a post client.unlike(id, reblogkey) # unlike a post
client.blog_info(blogName) # get information about a blog client.posts(blogName, **params) # get posts for a blog client.avatar(blogName) # get the avatar for a blog client.blog_likes(blogName) # get the likes on a blog client.followers(blogName) # get the followers of a blog client.blog_following(blogName) # get the publicly exposed blogs that [blogName] follows client.queue(blogName) # get the queue for a given blog client.submission(blogName) # get the submissions for a given blog
PyTumblr lets you create all of the various types that Tumblr supports. When using these types there are a few defaults that are able to be used with any post type.
The default supported types are described below.
We'll show examples throughout of these default examples while showcasing all the specific post types.
Creating a photo post
Creating a photo post supports a bunch of different options plus the described default options * caption - a string, the user supplied caption * link - a string, the "click-through" url for the photo * source - a string, the url for the photo you want to use (use this or the data parameter) * data - a list or string, a list of filepaths or a single file path for multipart file upload
#Creates a photo post using a source URL client.create_photo(blogName, state="published", tags=["testing", "ok"], source="https://68.media.tumblr.com/b965fbb2e501610a29d80ffb6fb3e1ad/tumblr_n55vdeTse11rn1906o1_500.jpg") #Creates a photo post using a local filepath client.create_photo(blogName, state="queue", tags=["testing", "ok"], tweet="Woah this is an incredible sweet post [URL]", data="/Users/johnb/path/to/my/image.jpg") #Creates a photoset post using several local filepaths client.create_photo(blogName, state="draft", tags=["jb is cool"], format="markdown", data=["/Users/johnb/path/to/my/image.jpg", "/Users/johnb/Pictures/kittens.jpg"], caption="## Mega sweet kittens")
Creating a text post
Creating a text post supports the same options as default and just a two other parameters * title - a string, the optional title for the post. Supports markdown or html * body - a string, the body of the of the post. Supports markdown or html
#Creating a text post client.create_text(blogName, state="published", slug="testing-text-posts", title="Testing", body="testing1 2 3 4")
Creating a quote post
Creating a quote post supports the same options as default and two other parameter * quote - a string, the full text of the qote. Supports markdown or html * source - a string, the cited source. HTML supported
#Creating a quote post client.create_quote(blogName, state="queue", quote="I am the Walrus", source="Ringo")
Creating a link post
#Create a link post client.create_link(blogName, title="I like to search things, you should too.", url="https://duckduckgo.com", description="Search is pretty cool when a duck does it.")
Creating a chat post
Creating a chat post supports the same options as default and two other parameters * title - a string, the title of the chat post * conversation - a string, the text of the conversation/chat, with diablog labels (no html)
#Create a chat post chat = """John: Testing can be fun! Renee: Testing is tedious and so are you. John: Aw. """ client.create_chat(blogName, title="Renee just doesn't understand.", conversation=chat, tags=["renee", "testing"])
Creating an audio post
Creating an audio post allows for all default options and a has 3 other parameters. The only thing to keep in mind while dealing with audio posts is to make sure that you use the external_url parameter or data. You cannot use both at the same time. * caption - a string, the caption for your post * external_url - a string, the url of the site that hosts the audio file * data - a string, the filepath of the audio file you want to upload to Tumblr
#Creating an audio file client.create_audio(blogName, caption="Rock out.", data="/Users/johnb/Music/my/new/sweet/album.mp3") #lets use soundcloud! client.create_audio(blogName, caption="Mega rock out.", external_url="https://soundcloud.com/skrillex/sets/recess")
Creating a video post
Creating a video post allows for all default options and has three other options. Like the other post types, it has some restrictions. You cannot use the embed and data parameters at the same time. * caption - a string, the caption for your post * embed - a string, the HTML embed code for the video * data - a string, the path of the file you want to upload
#Creating an upload from YouTube client.create_video(blogName, caption="Jon Snow. Mega ridiculous sword.", embed="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=40pUYLacrj4") #Creating a video post from local file client.create_video(blogName, caption="testing", data="/Users/johnb/testing/ok/blah.mov")
Editing a post
Updating a post requires you knowing what type a post you're updating. You'll be able to supply to the post any of the options given above for updates.
client.edit_post(blogName, id=post_id, type="text", title="Updated") client.edit_post(blogName, id=post_id, type="photo", data="/Users/johnb/mega/awesome.jpg")
Reblogging a Post
Reblogging a post just requires knowing the post id and the reblog key, which is supplied in the JSON of any post object.
client.reblog(blogName, id=125356, reblog_key="reblog_key")
Deleting a post
Deleting just requires that you own the post and have the post id
client.delete_post(blogName, 123456) # Deletes your post :(
A note on tags: When passing tags, as params, please pass them as a list (not a comma-separated string):
client.create_text(blogName, tags=['hello', 'world'], ...)
Getting notes for a post
In order to get the notes for a post, you need to have the post id and the blog that it is on.
data = client.notes(blogName, id='123456')
The results include a timestamp you can use to make future calls.
data = client.notes(blogName, id='123456', before_timestamp=data["_links"]["next"]["query_params"]["before_timestamp"])
# get posts with a given tag client.tagged(tag, **params)
This client comes with a nice interactive console to run you through the OAuth process, grab your tokens (and store them for future use).
pyyaml installed to run it, but then it's just:
$ python interactive-console.py
and away you go! Tokens are stored in
~/.tumblr and are also shared by other Tumblr API clients like the Ruby client.
The tests (and coverage reports) are run with nose, like this:
python setup.py test