React has grown to such a point that it’s no longer used for just frontend web development anymore. It’s now used to develop:
React’s breadth has grown outside the web, and its depth within it has grown as well. There are innumerable frameworks/libraries created on top of React to enhance the developer experience and speed of development.
Now the whole community and projects around React are fondly known as the React ecosystem. Today, we are going to examine two of the famous React frameworks: Gatsby and Next.js.
Gatsby is a modern web framework built on top of React and GraphQL. The main focus of the framework is built-in performance: it creates blazing-fast websites by default. It creates a static build to make the website faster. That’s one of the reasons why Gatsby is often overlooked as yet another static site generator.
Even though Gatsby is built on top of React, it has an ecosystem of its own that includes plugins, themes, and starters. It is extendable by default. It is built as a static site in build time and hosted as simple HTML pages.
Gatsby’s quick–start tutorials are an excellent place to get started.
Next.js is another popular React framework. The idea of Next.js is to create server-rendered React applications with little to no configuration. Performance isn’t the main draw for Next.js; rather, it is improved developer experience and reduced hassle to create full-fledged, SSR-friendly web applications.
Next.js also supports static builds, but it’s not the primary focus. We will discuss the limitations when we go through the use cases. The Next.js Getting Started guide is an excellent place to start learning about Next.js.
Applications rendered on the server side are SEO-friendly by default. Server-side rendering (SSR) is faster because it doesn’t wait for the browser to load the JS to show content. SSR requires proper servers to send the response every time. In our case, Next.js is served using Node-based servers.
On the other hand, static sites are faster because they serve the static HTML and CSS from the server without any processing in runtime. Static sites will be cached through a CDN and served faster than dynamic websites. Static sites are SEO-friendly, too, if the site has only static content.
Even though they solve different problems, Gatsby and Next.js have a lot of similarities.
The learning curve for both frameworks isn’t very steep if you already know how to build React-based sites, and the developer experience comes first for both frameworks. We can set up and get things running very quickly, and adding more features on top of simple apps is also easy because both frameworks offer comprehensive docs. Both support hot reloading for a faster development experience as well.
Caching and performance are built in. We don’t need to worry about code splitting and optimizing the code; it works and by default they code-split based on each page route. Both frameworks have built-in routing to create new pages.
They perform smart page loading by prefetching the links for next pages asynchronously when you scroll through the page. The Lighthouse score for well-built Gatsby and Next.js sites will be outstanding.
Whether Gatsby or Next.js creates the faster web application depends on the use case. Instead of going through theoretical pros and cons, which you can find easily around the web, we’ll take a different approach and determine which framework will be the better choice based on the problem at hand.
I believe in horses for the courses. So we will choose the best option between Gatsby and Next.js for these use cases:
Here, the number of pages are predictable and don’t need to be rendered through the server all the time since the content will be static and the same for all users. Gatsby is tailor-made for such websites. You can create such static websites through Next.js as well using its newly introduced static export feature.
Even so, Gatsby will win here by a large margin because it offers support for plugins to get content from almost all CMSs, databases, REST APIs, and GraphQL. It also has plugins that support different data formats like JSON, Markdown, and MDX (Markdown with JSX). It has easy options to build and host the website anywhere.
It isolates the data and website so that even non-programmers can edit the content elsewhere, and it will still be compiled as the site in build time.
Next.js won’t handle anything related to your data. You’ll need to build your own way to fetch the data and show it as a website. You can build as a static site, but non-programmers on your team will require help from you to change or update content. It’s the big pain point any CMS solves, and Gatsby takes full advantage of that to connect to any CMS easily via plugin.
Gatsby is our winner to build faster, performant static websites. The developer experience is the key for making this conclusion:
Next.js is the ideal choice for such needs here because you need to show dynamic content to unique, logged-in users. We can’t compile static HTML for each user with Gatsby (although there is a workaround, as we will see later in the use case for hybrid websites). SSR will help to render the site based on authentication.
Since the content is created by a large number of users and gets incremented when new users join, it will be practically impossible to compile to a static site in build time. It’s much easier to show the relevant content in runtime.
For Gatsby, the major disadvantage for creating such websites is its building process and the time taken for the building process. Users often want to see their content in real time, not after a few minutes through a build process. And if the number of users is high, it might not be a few minutes; it could take up to a few hours.
Gatsby is working on optimizing this and already released initial support for faster builds in their commercial solution called Gatsby Cloud. But still — it may take a while until we get the complete, real-time incremental build feature, and we also don’t know whether Gatsby will choose to release that feature as part of their open-source offering anytime soon.
For websites with multiple users accessing and editing the content, it’s better to build using Next.js.
In such cases, build time-based frameworks won’t work well.
Here, SEO isn’t the key, but speed and fast response times for the user are key. For such websites, there is no clear winner between Gatsby and Next Js. We will see in the details below how both play out for developing such web applications.
So far, we’ve said Gatsby builds at build time and serves the static site. This is really only half-true. Why?
Even though Gatsby serves the static site, it also re-hydrates the React on the page on the client side. So you can create any client-side application using Gatsby, same as create-react-app (CRA). So why choose Gatsby instead of CRA?
Gatsby supports code splitting by default. With CRA, you’d need to do it yourself. CRA also doesn’t have a built-in mechanism to support multi-page web apps. It is possible ,but we need to do it manually. On the other hand, Gatsby supports multi-page applications.
Now, consider an example in which you have three different sets of users with three different UX designs for those users.
Gatsby’s multi-page nature easily helps you isolate and send those users to relevant pages after auth. In CRA, you need to handle it through your router. Gatsby has built-in routing support for client-side routes. CRA doesn’t come with its router implementation, but it’s not difficult to add one.
Prefetching of next links and assets is easy in Gatsby and makes the page load faster. Such a high level optimization is quite difficult to achieve in CRA on your own.
So, all in all, building a client-side rendered application is completely possible using Gatsby. So don’t ever think of Gatsby just as a static site generator — it does more than that. It’s a complete framework for building modern web applications.
Now let’s see how Next.js helps to build modern, dynamic web applications. Up to now, we know Next.js is capable of SSR, which is true, but that’s not all it does. It also re-hydrates React on the client side, so you can build a complete client-side React app on top of Next.js.
Most of the benefits are the same as Gatsby, but it has a few more advantages using its SSR. For example, you can render a static site and do all your logic on the client side, same as Gatsby apps or CRA. So technically, you don’t need to use the SSR capabilities of Next.js; you can build a complete, client-rendered SPA or multi-page application using Next.js.
The biggest advantage of Next.js is that it offers the best of both worlds. It has SSR capabilities along with client-side app capabilities. It supports code splitting based on pages and also allows dynamic importing to split code into chunks based on need.
The first paint of the UI with client-side apps is usually slow, and then the routing will be handled faster by browser. But with SSR, we can load to paint the UI faster than any client-side framework and then subsequent pages will be loaded through client-side routes.
This way, we can get the benefit of both the worlds in Next.js (i.e., both SSR and CSR).
So for dynamic web applications, both Gatsby and Next.js are equally capable. Next.js edges a bit in the first painting of UI.
My firsthand experience with Gatsby was awesome. In my day job, we have used Gatsby for our product, which is quite complex and which has three different sets of users. So far, we are very happy, and the developer experience for building the platform with an eight-member dev team was absolutely awesome. Their documentation is one excellent source to gain web development knowledge.
We have also used Next.js for simple dynamic websites (not the same scale as the Gatsby application). It was equally good but has its own learning curve for doing advanced stuff in its configuration. Luckily, their contributors and docs are pretty friendly.
Hybrid web apps are the last type in our example. We already covered briefly that Next.js offers the best of both worlds in that it renders the page UI using SSR and then hands off the data responsibility to the client-side React application. But when would we need both functionalities?
So inside a single application, it supports both SSR for visitors and CSR for logged-in users. The same is true for most large social networks and community-based websites.
For hybrid web apps that doesn’t require SEO, both Gatsby and Next.js are capable. But for applications that require SEO for publicly accessible dynamic content, then Next.js is the best option.
Now let’s check out a different use case for a hybrid web app and website in a single codebase.
You have a company website and a web app product. You want to build it with single codebase, not as two independent sites. In such situations, it’s much easier to handle both with Next.js and Gatsby, too. We can render the static pages for the company website and CSR for the web app product. The same way, we can utilize SSR for the website and a combination of SSR plus CSR for the web app.
Both Gatsby and Next.js are awesome frameworks. I would say both are winners, but it depends on your project requirements; choose the one that best suits the need. The biggest winners here are the developers. Their experience using both frameworks is absolute bliss.
I’d encourage you to check their docs for more information .Hope you enjoying reading the article, let me know what you think of both frameworks and your firsthand experience with them in the comment box. 🤗
In this video, we are going to implement Google Analytics to our Next JS application. Tracking page views of an application is very important.
Google analytics will allow us to track analytics information.
App link: https://video-reviews.vercel.app
You can find me on:
#next js #js #react js #react #next #google analytics
Some people might even argue that to find the difference between node js and react js is just like comparing a train to an airplane. Both of them work on an entirely different domain. The main reason why Node and React’s comparison is unfair is that Node.js is a framework to handle back-end, meaning it is developed to handle the server-side computations.
Meanwhile, React.js was developed to handle the User Interface and User Experience (UI/UX). Although glaringly present, the differences do not take anything away from the sheer power and the versatility that each of these frameworks brings into their respective domain. Another way to string together the main difference would be that neither Node.js or React.js are interchangeable at any stage of your web development project.
With that being said, there are individual minute differences that any developer should consider when working on their projects, such as the performance, the learning curve, the community of both the frameworks and microservices’ support. Listed below, you will find a comprehensive weighted comparison of node js vs. react js on the aforementioned grounds. But before we begin our comparison, we must first understand both Node.js and React.js intricately and discuss the various use cases of these technologies.
Read: Difference between NodeJS and Django
The need for a robust means to handle the backend, server-side development yielded the framework we know as Node.js. Node.js was developed by Google and is based out of their V8 engine present in their web browser, i.e., Google Chrome. Node.js is a lightweight framework mainly because of its event-driven nature and the fact that it does not block the I/O. Node.js really shines the brightest when used to host API’s, access the database for the website, and serve the HyperText Transfer Protocol.
Node.js enjoys a very diverse clientele, with major players like Netflix, Uber, and Trello, all making use of Node.js in their backend. The reason why each of these companies uses this framework is different. Netflix, the leading online content streaming service, has to conduct A/B testing; only then would they serve the 93 million active users of their streaming service. The lightweight nature of Node.js has allowed them to serve the content swiftly. They have both reduced their startup time by over 70% and improved their scalability by shifting to Node.js.
#node js #node js vs react js #react js
In this video, I wanted to touch upon the functionality of adding Chapters inside a Course. The idea was to not think much and start the development and pick up things as they come.
There are places where I get stuck and trying to find answers to it up doing what every developer does - Google and get help. I hope this will help you understand the flow and also how developers debug while doing development.
App url: https://video-reviews.vercel.app
Github code links below:
Next JS App: https://github.com/amitavroy/video-reviews
Laravel API: https://github.com/amitavdevzone/video-review-api
You can find me on:
#next js #api #react next js #next #frontend #development
Next js Tutorial For Beginners is the today’s topic. It is no secret that creating single-page applications can be immensely challenging these days. But with the help of some libraries, frameworks, and tools, it is effortless nowadays. React.js is the common frontend libraries among the Front-end developers. Its virtual dom theory makes React faster and gives us the better application performance. Now, one problem is that Single Page Applications are not at all SEO friendly because it is rendered on the Client side and not Server side . So when the Search Engine crawlers try to send a request, they cannot get our meta content or description and not even the main content. Search Engines do not care about how your app is architected or whatever ideology was used to adjust and fetch the right material. Their bots are not as smart as using your apps as a real user would. All they care about is that once they send their spiders to crawl and index your site, whatever the server provides on the first request is what gets indexed. In our case, all they get is our div tag with an id and bundled JS file, and we can not index our website correctly. So some how, we need a SSR to tackle this problem and in React js, Next.js is the perfect solution.
#js #react.js #next.js
According to Statista, Node.JS and Angular.JS are the best frameworks used by developers, with 51.4% and 25.1%, respectively.
Both these frameworks have unique features and advantages, which makes them preferred over the other frameworks.
Many enterprises use these frameworks without even understanding their uniqueness and the type of projects they are suited or made, which is why, today, I will compare some of the best features and advantages of these two frameworks.
So, let’s dive into and learn various things about Angular.JS vs Node.JS without any further delay.
AngularJS is a fundamental framework for robust web apps. It makes you use HTML as your template language and allows you to spread HTML’s syntax to clearly and succinctly express your application’s components.
AngularJS’s dependency injection & data binding eliminate much of the code you would otherwise have to write. And it all happens within the browser, making it a perfect partner with any server technology.
AngularJS is what HTML would have been having it been designed for applications. HTML is a great declarative language for static documents. It does not contain much in creating applications.
Let’s discuss some main features of Angular.JS and its advantages:
Data binding is probably the most impressive and helpful feature of AngularJS. It will save you from writing a considerable amount of repetitive code.
A typical web application can contain up to 80% of its codebase, dedicated to traversing, manipulating, and listening to the DOM. Data binding makes this code escape so you can concentrate more on your application. Think of your Model as the only source of truth for your application. Your model is where you go to read or update anything in your application.
Data binding directives provide a projection of your Model to the application’s view. This projection is perfect and occurs without any effort on your part.
Another great feature of AngularJS is the fact that it uses the HTML language to build UI. The HTML language is a general and declarative language with concise tags that are easy to understand.
Model View Controller (MVC)
MVC is a software design pattern for developing web applications. It is made up of:
Directives allow angular to provide additional functionality with the HTML language. Directives can also be used to “decorate” components with behavior and manipulate DOM attributes in interesting ways. The controller does not need to control the DOM directly, as this must be done through directives.
Directives are a separate part of the set of elements that can be used anywhere other than a web application. The directives provide developers with the element-rich HTML they need to strengthen their online presence.
If you are looking to hire a dedicated angular developer, you can hire an angular js development company.
Read More - https://www.valuecoders.com/blog/technology-and-apps/angular-js-vs-node-js-find-the-best-for-your-project/
#hire nodejs developer #node js development services #hire node js developer #hiring node js developers #hire node js developers #hire dedicated angular js developer