A Comprehensive Guide to Deal with XPath in Selenium

A Comprehensive Guide to Deal with XPath in Selenium

XPath is one of the most preferable locators provided by Selenium. XPath is a standard strategy supported by Selenium to locate web elements. It provides the path expression to navigate through elements and attributes in an XML document. XPath is defined as an XML path that helps to query the XML documents.

XPath is one of the most preferable locators provided by Selenium. XPath is a standard strategy supported by Selenium to locate web elements. It provides the path expression to navigate through elements and attributes in an XML document. XPath is defined as an XML path that helps to query the XML documents.

Selenium has always been the first choice for automation developers to automate their web applications. Locating dynamic web elements has historically been dolorous for automation testers, which brings the scope of XPath into the picture.

XPath is one of the most preferable locators provided by Selenium. Locators are Selenium commands used to locate a GUI web element present in the web page Document Object Model (DOM) structure. Below are few locators supported by Selenium to locate web elements:

  • ID
  • XPath
  • Name
  • Class Name
  • CSS Selector
  • Linktext
  • Partial Linktext
  • Tag Name
  • DOM Locator

Though ID and CSS locators are said to be the best and fast locators. However, it is sometimes difficult to locate a web element even with ID, Name, and CSS; in such case, different methods of XPath in selenium play a vital role in locating the dynamic element.

In this article, we would be more focusing on how to deal with dynamic XPath’s. Dynamic XPath is also known as Custom XPath. Before moving ahead, let’s have a quick look at the definition of XPath and the different types of XPath in selenium.

What is XPath in Selenium?

XPath is a standard strategy supported by Selenium to locate web elements. It provides the path expression to navigate through elements and attributes in an XML document. XPath is defined as an XML path that helps to query the XML documents.

General syntax of XPath: //Tagname[@AttibuteName = ‘value’]

The above syntax defines four components:

  1. Double forward-slash (//): Denote the current node.
  2. Tagname: Defines the tag name for the element to be located.
  3. AttributeName: Defines an attribute of the tag defined at the starting of the XPath.
  4. Value: Represents the value of an attribute defined.


selenium testing programming developer

Bootstrap 5 Complete Course with Examples

Bootstrap 5 Tutorial - Bootstrap 5 Crash Course for Beginners

Nest.JS Tutorial for Beginners

Hello Vue 3: A First Look at Vue 3 and the Composition API

Building a simple Applications with Vue 3

Deno Crash Course: Explore Deno and Create a full REST API with Deno

How to Build a Real-time Chat App with Deno and WebSockets

Convert HTML to Markdown Online

HTML entity encoder decoder Online

Learn How To Write & Test Case In Selenium | Test Cases In Software Testing

This Edureka Live Session on "Learn How To Write & Test Case In Selenium" will give you in-depth knowledge on how to write a Test Case in Selenium.

How long does it take to develop/build an app?

This article covers A-Z about the mobile and web app development process and answers your question on how long does it take to develop/build an app.

Developer Career Path: To Become a Team Lead or Stay a Developer?

For a developer, becoming a team leader can be a trap or open up opportunities for creating software. Two years ago, when I was a developer, ... by Oleg Sklyarov, Fullstack Developer at Skyeng company

RPA vs Selenium | Test Automation vs RPA | Selenium Training

Selenium vs RPA will give you a proper comparison between the automation testing tool selenium and the business process automation technology (RPA).

Where To Learn Test Programming — July 2020 Edition

What do you do when you have lots of free time on your hands? Why not learn test programming strategies and approaches?