Cloud explorer web client

Does anyone knows a javascript based open sources cloud explorer. I look for something more for the UI. I want to use it as a base to integrate capabilities for managing multiple accounts and communicate between them. Adding audio,photo, video player etc.

Does anyone knows a javascript based open sources cloud explorer. I look for something more for the UI. I want to use it as a base to integrate capabilities for managing multiple accounts and communicate between them. Adding audio,photo, video player etc.

Thank' s in advance!

What is JavaScript – All You Need To Know About JavaScript

What is JavaScript – All You Need To Know About JavaScript

In this article on what is JavaScript, we will learn the basic concepts of JavaScript.

After decades of improvement, JavaScript has become one of the most popular programming languages of all time. It all started in the year 1995 when Brendan Eich created JavaScript in a span of 10 days. Since then, it has seen multiple versions, updates and has grown to the next level.

Here’s a list of topics that I’ll be covering in this blog:

  1. What is JavaScript
  2. What can JavaScript do?
  3. JavaScript Frameworks
  4. The Big Picture: HTML, CSS & JavaScript
  5. Benefits of JavaScript
  6. Fundamentals of JavaScript
    VariablesConstantsData TypesObjectsArraysFunctionsConditional statementsLoopsSwitch case
What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a high level, interpreted, programming language used to make web pages more interactive.

Have you ever thought that your website is missing something? Maybe it’s not engaging enough or it’s not as creative as you want it to be. JavaScript is that missing piece which can be used to enhance web pages, applications, etc to provide a more user-friendly experience.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is the language of the web, it is used to make the web look alive by adding motion to it. To be more precise, it’s a programming language that let’s you implement complex and beautiful things/design on web pages. When you notice a web page doing more than just sit there and gawk at you, you can bet that the web page is using JavaScript.

Feature of JavaScript

Scripting language and not Java: In fact, JavaScript has nothing to do with Java. Then why is it called “Java” Script? When JavaScript was first released it was called Mocha, it was later renamed to LiveScript and then to JavaScript when Netscape (founded JavaScript) and Sun did a license agreement. Object-based scripting language which supports polymorphism, encapsulation and to some extent inheritance as well.**Interpreted language: **It doesn’t have to be compiled like Java and C which require a compiler.JavaScript runs in a browser: You can run it on Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, etc. JavaScript can execute not only in the browser but also on the server and any device which has a JavaScript Engine.

What is JavaScript – Stackoverflow stats

Currently, we have 100s of programming languages and every day new languages are being created. Among these are few powerful languages that bring about big changes in the market and JavaScript is one of them.

JavaScript has always been on the list of popular programming languages. According to StackOverflow, for the 6th year in a row, JavaScript has remained the most popular and commonly used programming language.

What can JavaScript do?

JavaScript is mainly known for creating beautiful web pages & applications. An example of this is Google Maps. If you want to explore a specific map, all you have to do is click and drag with the mouse. And what sort of language could do that? You guessed it! It’s JavaScript.JavaScript can also be used in smart watches. An example of this is the popular smartwatch maker called Pebble. Pebble has created Pebble.js which is a small JavaScript Framework that allows a developer to create an application for the Pebble line of watches in JavaScript.

What is JavaScript – Applications of JavaScript
Most popular websites like Google, Facebook, Netflix, Amazon, etc make use of JavaScript to build their websites.Among things like mobile applications, digital art, web servers and server applications, JavaScript is also used to make Games. A lot of developers are building small-scale games and apps using JavaScript.## JavaScript Frameworks

One major reason for the popularity of JavaScript is the JavaScript Frameworks. Here’s a brief introduction of the most trending JavaScript frameworks :

  1. AngularJS is Google’s web development framework which provides a set of modern development and design features for rapid application development.

  2. ReactJS is another top JavaScript framework mainly maintained by Facebook and it’s behind the User Interface of Facebook and Instagram, showing off its efficiency in maintaining such high traffic applications.

What is JavaScript – JavaScript Frameworks

  1. MeteorJS is mainly used for providing back-end development. Using JavaScript on the back-end to save time and build expertise is one of the major ideas behind Meteor.

  2. jQuery can be used when you want to extend your website and make it more interactive. Companies like Google, WordPress and IBM rely on jQuery.

The Big Picture: HTML, CSS & JavaScript

Anyone familiar with JavaScript knows that it has something to do with HTML and CSS. But what is the relationship between these three? Let me explain this with an analogy.

What is JavaScript – HTML, CSS and JavaScript

Think of HTML (HyperText Markup Language) as the skeleton of the web. It is used for displaying the web.

On the other hand, CSS is like our clothes. We put on fashionable clothes to look better. Similarly, the web is quite stylish as well. It uses CSS which stands for Cascading Style Sheets for styling purpose.

Then there is JavaScript which puts life into a web page. Just like how kids move around using the skateboard, the web also motions with the help of JavaScript.

Benefits of JavaScript

There has to be a reason why so many developers love working on JavaScript. Well, there are several benefits of using JavaScript for developing web applications, here’s a few benefits:

It’s easy to learn and simple to implement. It is a weak-type programming language unlike the strong-type programming languages like Java and C++, which have strict rules for coding.

It’s all about being fast in today’s world and since JavaScript is mainly a client-side programming language, it is very fast because any code can run immediately instead of having to contact the server and wait for an answer.

Rich set of frameworks like AngularJS, ReactJS are used to build web applications and perform different tasks.

**Builds interactive websites: **We all get attracted to beautifully designed websites and JavaScript is the reason behind such attractive websites and applications.

JavaScript is an interpreted language that does not require a compiler because the web interprets JavaScript. All you need is a browser like Google Chrome or Internet Explorer and you can do all sorts of stuff in the browser.

JavaScript is platform independent and it is supported by all major browsers like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, etc.

JavaScript Fundamentals

In this What is JavaScript blog, we’ll cover the following basic fundamentals of JavaScript
VariablesConstantsData TypesObjectsArraysFunctionsConditional statementsLoopsSwitch case## Variables

Variable is a name given to a memory location which acts as a container for storing data temporarily. They are nothing but reserved memory locations to store values.

What is JavaScript – Variables

To declare a variable in JavaScript use the ‘let’ keyword. For example:

let age;

In the above example, I’ve declared a variable ‘age’ by using the ‘let’ keyword and then I’ve stored a value (22) in it. So here a memory location is assigned to the ‘age’ variable and it contains a value i.e. ’22’.


Constants are fixed values that don’t change during execution time.

To declare a constant in JavaScript use the ‘const’ keyword. For example:

const mybirthday;
mybirthday='3rd August'; 

Data types

You can assign different types of values to a variable such as a number or a string. In JavaScript, there are two categories of data types :

What is JavaScript – Data Types


An object is a standalone entity with properties and types and it is a lot like an object in real life. For example, consider a girl, whose name is Emily, age is 22 and eye-color is brown. In this example the object is the girl and her name, age and eye-color are her properties.

What is JavaScript – Objects example

Objects are variables too, but they contain many values, so instead of declaring different variables for each property, you can declare an object which stores all these properties.

To declare an object in JavaScript use the ‘let’ keyword and make sure to use curly brackets in such a way that all property-value pairs are defined within the curly brackets. For example:

let girl= {
name: 'Emily',
age: 22,
eyeColour: 'Brown'

In the above example, I’ve declared an object called ‘girl’ and it has 3 properties (name, age, eye colour) with values (Emily, 22, Brown).


An array is a data structure that contains a list of elements which store multiple values in a single variable.

For example, let’s consider a scenario where you went shopping to buy art supplies. The list of items you bought can be put into an array.

What is JavaScript – Arrays example

To declare an array in JavaScript use the ‘let’ keyword with square brackets and all the array elements must be enclosed within them. For example:

let shopping=[];

In the above example I’ve declared an array called ‘shopping’ and I’ve added four elements in it.

Also, array elements are numbered from zero. For example this is how you access the first array element:



A function is a block of organised, reusable code that is used to perform single, related action.

Let’s create a function that calculates the product of two numbers.

To declare a function in JavaScript use the ‘function’ keyword. For example:

function product(a, b) {
return a*b;

In the above example, I’ve declared a function called ‘product’ and I’ve passed 2 parameters to this function, ‘a’ and ‘b’ which are variables whose product is returned by this function. Now, in order to call a function and pass a value to these parameters you’ll have to follow the below syntax:


In the above code snippet I’m calling the product function with a set of values (8 & 2). These are values of the variables ‘a’ and ‘b’ and they’re called as arguments to the function.

Conditional statements – if

Conditional statement is a set of rules performed if a certain condition is met. The ‘if’ statement is used to execute a block of code, only if the condition specified holds true.

What is JavaScript – if flowchart

To declare an if statement in JavaScript use the ‘if’ keyword. The syntax is:

if(condition) {

Now let’s look at an example:

let numbers=[1,2,1,2,3,2,3,1];
if(numbers[0]==numbers[2]) {

In the above example I’ve defined an array of numbers and then I’ve defined an if block. Within this block is a condition and a statement. The condition is ‘(numbers[0]==numbers[2])’ and the statement is ‘console.log(‘Correct!’)’. If the condition is met, only then the statement will be executed.

Conditional statements- Else if

Else statement is used to execute a block of code if the same condition is false.

What is JavaScript – Else-if flowchart

The syntax is:

if(condition) {
statement a;
else (condition) {
statement b;

Now let’s look at an example:

let numbers=[1,2,1,2,3,2,3,1];
if(numbers[0]==numbers[4] {
else {
console.log("Wrong, please try again");

In the above example, I’ve defined an if block as well as an else block. So if the conditions within the if block holds false then the else block gets executed. Try this for yourself and see what you get!

**Loops **

Loops are used to repeat a specific block until some end condition is met. There are three categories of loops in JavaScript :

  1. while loop
  2. do while loop
  3. for loop
While loop

While the condition is true, the code within the loop is executed.

What is JavaScript – while loop flowchart

The syntax is:

while(condition) {
loop code;

Now let’s look at an example:

let i=0;
while(i < 5) {
console.log("The number is " +i);

In the above example, I’ve defined a while loop wherein I’ve set a condition. As long as the condition holds true, the while loop is executed. Try this for yourself and see what you get!

Do while loop

This loop will first execute the code, then check the condition and while the condition holds true, execute repeatedly.

What is JavaScript – Do while loop flowchart

Refer the syntax to better understand it:

do {
loop code;
} while(condition);

This loop executes the code block once before checking if the condition is true, then it will repeat the loop as long as the condition holds true.

Now let’s look at an example:

do {
console.log("The number is " +i);
while(i > 5);

The above code is similar to the while loop code except, the code block within the do loop is first executed and only then the condition within the while loop is checked. If the condition holds true then the do loop is executed again.

For loop

The for loop repeatedly executes the loop code while a given condition is TRUE. It tests the condition before executing the loop body.

What is JavaScript – for loop flowchart

The syntax is:

for(begin; condition; step) {
loop code;

In the above syntax:

  • begin statement is executed one time before the execution of the loop code
  • condition defines the condition for executing the loop code
  • step statement is executed every time after the code block has been executed

For example:

for (i=0;i<5;i++) {
console.log("The number is " +i);

In the above example, I’ve defined a for loop within which I’ve defined the begin, condition and step statements. The begin statement is that ‘i=0’. After executing the begin statement the code within the for loop is executed one time. Next, the condition is checked, if ‘i<5’ then, the code within the loop is executed. After this, the last step statement (i++) is executed. Try this and see what you get!

Switch Case

The switch statement is used to perform different actions based on different conditions.

What is JavaScript – Switch case flowchart

Let’s look at the syntax for switch case:

switch(expression) {
case 1:
code block 1
case 2:
code block 2
code block 3

How does it work?

  • Switch expression gets evaluated once
  • Value of the expression is compared with the values of each case
  • If there is a match, the associated block of code is executed

Let’s try this with an example:

let games='football';
switch(games) {
case "throwball":
console.log("I dislike throwball!");
case "football":
console.log("I love football!");
case "cricket":
console.log("I'm a huge cricket fan!");
console.log("I like other games");

In the above example the switch expression is ‘games’ and the value of games is ‘football’. The value of ‘games’ is compared with the value of each case. In this example it is compared to ‘throwball’, ‘cricket’ and ‘football’. The value of ‘games’ matches with the case ‘football’, therefore the code within the ‘football’ case is executed. Try this for yourself and see what you get!

With this, we come to the end of this blog. I hope you found this blog informative and I hope you have a basic understanding of JavaScript. In my next blog on JavaScript I’ll be covering in-depth concepts, so stay tuned.

Also, check out our video on JavaScript Fundamentals if you want to get started as soon as possible and don’t forget to leave a comment if you have any doubt and also, let us know whether you’d want us to create more content on JavaScript. We are listening!

Build Progressive Web Apps using JavaScript with Cloudflare Workers

Build Progressive Web Apps using JavaScript with Cloudflare Workers

In this post, you'll learn how to build Progressive Web Apps on Cloudflare’s network around the globe with one JavaScript bundle that runs both in the browser and on Cloudflare Workers with no modification and no separate bundling for client and server. And when registered as a Service Worker, the same JavaScript bundle will turn your page into a Progressive Web App that doesn’t even make network requests.

Let me tell you the story of how I learned that you can build Progressive Web Apps on Cloudflare’s network around the globe with one JavaScript bundle that runs both in the browser and on Cloudflare Workers with no modification and no separate bundling for client and server. And when registered as a Service Worker, the same JavaScript bundle will turn your page into a Progressive Web App that doesn’t even make network requests. Here's how that works...

A (possibly apocryphal) Story

I recently met up with some old friends in London who told me they were starting a new business. They did what every coder would do... they quickly hacked something together, bought a domain, and registered the GitHub org and thus Buzzwords was born.

The idea was simple: you could feed the name of your application into a machine learning model and it would generate the configuration files for your deployment for various container orchestrators. They achieved this by going through millions of deployment configurations and training a linear regression model by gamifying quantum computing because blockchain, or something (I told you this story was apocryphal).

I was intrigued, to say the least, but I was playing it cool. One of the co-founders broke the silence, "So, does any of these sound like something you'd like to work on?" I struggled with it for tens of seconds. You see I only recently started this new job at Cloudflare, and I actually like my job and the people I work with. So I said, "Hell yeah, man, let's change the world one container at a time". One of them said, "Well, since we really can’t pay you right now, and we don't seem to be able to set aside enough time to build our website, would you mind helping us out with that on a trial basis, like an interview?" I enthusiastically accepted.

So while the Buzzwords crew were busy producing HYPE, I set off to build their website. As any business starting up, discover-ability is paramount to them, so Buzzwords definitely needs to be optimized for search engines so they can generate organic traffic from keywords like "machine learning", "YAML", "containers" and "blockchain".

When parsing dynamic pages, crawlers need to do more work, there is an inherent penalty for using fancy frameworks compared to plain old HTML.

Don’t take my word for it, as Google cautions;

Currently, it's difficult to process JavaScript and not all search engine crawlers are able to process it successfully or immediately. In the future, we hope that this problem can be fixed, but in the meantime, we recommend dynamic rendering as a workaround solution to this problem.

Yet, the Buzzwords folks still wanted something fancy I told them about this new thing called React hooks. I slammed a La Croix and put together the 2018 equivalent of Hello, World! which is still Hello, World! but with an 👋 at the end.

import React from "react";
import ReactDOMServer from "react-dom/server";

class HelloMessage extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <div>Hello, {} 👋</div>;

async function handleRequest(event) {
  return new Response(ReactDOMServer.renderToString(<HelloMessage name="World" />), {
    headers: {
      "Content-Type": "text/html"

self.addEventListener("fetch", event => {

Other than setting up Webpack to bundle your code, this is pretty much all you need to get started with React and Cloudflare Workers. But Hello, World! is hardly a startup website. Thankfully, since all startup websites look exactly the same it's really not that hard to build one. First, I mapped the paths to pages:

let routes = {
  "/": <Home />,
  "/hype": <Hype />,
  "/careers": <Careers />

Instead of rendering any old component, I just used the URL's pathname, available both in the browser and the edge, to pick the correct component.

const header = `<!DOCTYPE html> <!-- ... -->`;
const footer = `</html> <!-- ... -->`;
async function handleRequest(event) {
     const u = new URL(event.request.url);
    let body = ReactDOMServer.renderToString(React.cloneElement(routes[u.pathname], {name:"World"} ));
    return new Response(header + body + footer, {
        headers: {
            "Content-Type": "text/html"

But what good is it to use React when you just render HTML and nothing is interactive anymore? Unfortunately, we can’t use React.render to make it interactive again, thankfully React.hydrate allows us to continue rendering applications where they left off at the server, instead of re-rendering everything from scratch.

Going back to Hello, World! if we don't give it the same state, it will not print anything after Hello. So, all I had to do was add these three lines.

if (typeof navigator !== "undefined") {
	const app = document.querySelector("#app");
	ReactDOM.hydrate(React.cloneElement(routes[location.pathname], {name:"World"} ), app);

One of the co-founders was very quick to pick up on the fact that I was using the same routes table for both rendering and hydrating. "That's because I used the same exact bundle" I explained, "because Cloudflare Workers use the same Web APIs that are available in the browser. There is no need to compile different versions of the same logic and split things into server.js and client.js. fetch is fetch and that's that. No polyfills." I added from my high horse.

They still felt that this wasn’t buzzwordy enough. So I asked them if they've heard of Progressive Web Apps, they stared back with a blank look on their face, I proceeded to explain.

"It's the name given to a set of standard web technologies, which helps you build native-feeling applications using Service Workers, JavaScript and WASM"

"Oh cool! So it's like an Electron app!" one of the co-founders grunted.

"NO! STOP TRYING TO MAKE EVERYTHING BUZZWORDY!" I whispered before I proceeded to explain PWAs are. Progressive Web Apps once installed, gives extra functionality to your app that make it act and feel like a native application. For instance, PWAs can receive notifications, work offline and do work in the background without blocking UI changes. The underlying technology is supported by Microsoft, Google, Apple, Samsung, Mozilla and Cloudflare. Not only that but, any PWA you build on Workers can be submitted to Microsoft's App Store and then installed on a Windows desktop, or added to your phone’s home screen, or a Chrome desktop, and it will then run as a standalone app. I copy and pasted a code snippet from the Google Web Fundamentals Blog to register a Service Worker. (Great thing about sharing APIs is sharing documentation too!)

if (typeof navigator !== "undefined") { // if (pid != 0)
  window.addEventListener("load", function() {
    const app = document.querySelector("#app");
    ReactDOM.hydrate(React.cloneElement(routes[location.pathname], {name:"World"}), app);
    if ("serviceWorker" in navigator) {
        function(registration) {
          // Registration was successful
            "ServiceWorker registration successful with scope: ",
        function(err) {
          // registration failed :(
          console.log("ServiceWorker registration failed: ", err);

Thus the same code that hijacks fetches on Cloudflare Workers will do so on browsers too using the same exact ReactDOMServer.renderToString function to render the page offline.

async function handleRequest(event) {
  const u = new URL(event.request.url);
  if (u.pathname in routes) {
    let rendered = ReactDOMServer.renderToString(React.cloneElement(routes[u.pathname],{name:"World"}));
    return new Response(header + rendered + footer, {
      headers: {
        "Content-Type": "text/html"
  return  fetch(event.request);

Then I pulled up the network tab and reloaded the page:

I continued to explain: every request except for the request is repeated. That's because a Service Worker basically acts as a proxy, grabbing requests preventing the browser default load behaviour, allowing you to define how a request should be fetched. Since the first thing we have done was to add a call back for the fetch event (both on Cloudflare Workers, and Service Workers) it will call that function for each fetch event. “But wait there's more!”, I should have exclaimed, but I didn't. But they knew what was up, they could tell by how intensely I was staring at the code.

As my pièce de résistance I searched for Cloudflare Workers Cache, and copy and pasted some more code. Which made the handleRequest function look like this:

async function handleRequest(event) {
  const u = new URL(event.request.url);
  if (u.pathname in routes) {
    let rendered = ReactDOMServer.renderToString(React.cloneElement(routes[u.pathname],{name:"World"}));
    return new Response(header + rendered + footer, {
      headers: {
        "Content-Type": "text/html"
  let cache = await"buzz");
  let response = await cache.match(event.request);
  if (!response) {
    response = await fetch(event.request);
    event.waitUntil(cache.put(event.request, response.clone()));
  return response;

This code works both on Cloudflare Workers and for Service Workers. If the page requested is not available on the Worker, it will check the cache, if it's not available in the cache, it will fetch it from the origin, making not only the code but also the behaviours truly isomorphic.

I pulled up the network tab again, reloaded the page and showed them all the repeated requests had now disappeared. I then turned off the WiFi and hit reload to show that the application was in fact still working offline.

Folks, this is not HYPE, this is more, using this technique you can build applications that run exactly the same on the server, as they do in the browser. If the browser has support, it will work offline and will not cost you a single dime more when it’s online, if the browser doesn’t support it, or even if JavaScript is disabled, it will still render. And you can take the same application and submit them to Microsoft's App Store, install them as standalone applications on your Android phone or Chromebook. All without having to write a single line more than you would have to build a web page.

All the code from this blog post is available on the Cloudflare GitHub.

If you just want to use React to do static page rendering on Cloudflare Workers you can clone and do cd workers && yarn install && yarn preview to get your page rendering on instantly

If you want the full Progressive Web App experience you can clone and set up terraform variables to upload your Worker script to both Cloudflare and a storage bucket to start building your application in a couple of minutes.

Please let us know if you build on this, we'd love to know what you do with it.

Learn JavaScript in 60 Minutes | JavaScript Crash Course | JavaScript Tutorial |

This video on "JavaScript" will help you learn JavaScript basics and fundamental concepts in 60 minutes. This will provide you in-depth knowledge about the JavaScript fundamentals that will help you write your own code in JavaScript and build a website. This JavaScript tutorial covers following topics..


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