Git has become ubiquitous as the preferred version control system (VCS) used by developers. Using Git adds immense value especially for engineering teams where several developers work together since it becomes critical to have a system of integrating everyone’s code reliably.
But with every powerful tool, especially one that involves collaboration with others, it is better to establish conventions to follow lest we shoot ourselves in the foot.
At DeepSource, we’ve put together some guiding principles for our own team that make working with a VCS like Git easier. Here are 5 simple rules you can follow:
Oftentimes programmers working on something get sidetracked into doing too many things when working on one particular thing — like when you are trying to fix one particular bug and you spot another one, and you can’t resist the urge to fix that as well. And another one. Soon, it snowballs and you end up with so many changes all going together in one commit.
This is problematic, and it is better to keep commits as small and focused as possible for many reasons, including:
Additionally, it helps you mentally parse changes you’ve made using
#open source #git #git basics #git tools #git best practices #git tutorials #git commit
There is no doubt that Git plays a significant role in software development. It allows developers to work on the same code base at the same time. Still, developers struggle for code quality. Why? They fail to follow git best practices. In this post, I will explain seven core best practices of Git and a Bonus Section.
Committing something to Git means that you have changed your code and want to save these changes as a new trusted version.
Version control systems will not limit you in how you commit your code.
But is it good? Not quite.
When you do an atomic commit, you’re committing only one change. It might be across multiple files, but it’s one single change.
Many developers make some changes, then commit, then push. And I have seen many repositories with unwanted files like dll, pdf, etc.
You can ask two questions to yourself, before check-in your code into the repository
You can simply use the .gitignore file to avoid unwanted files in the repository. If you are working on more then one repo, it’s easy to use a global .gitignore file (without adding or pushing). And .gitignore file adds clarity and helps you to keep your code clean. What you can commit, and it will automatically ignore the unwanted files like autogenerated files like .dll and .class, etc.
#git basics #git command #git ignore #git best practices #git tutorial for beginners #git tutorials
Hello all, nowadays most of the development teams using GIT version control, some of you may have a requirement of mirroring your team’s git changes from one server to another Git server. This article will help you to achieve the Git mirroring between one server to another server.
I got one assignment wherein there will be 2 Git Servers, development will happen in one Git server and the changes should be synchronized to another Git server at regular intervals. But in my case, the complexity is both the servers are in different restricted network. So I have done the small experiment and it worked. And I am sharing the steps to you all in this article.
Main GIT Server: Let’s take our main git server is located in our office and can be accessed only in-office network.
**Mirror GIT Server: **The mirror server is located at the vendor/client-side, which can be accessible in a normal internet connection but not with our office network. Since the office proxy will block the outside URL’s.
#devops #git #git and github #git best practices #git cloning #git server
In this short article, we’ll be exploring some quick git commands that can help us in digging through our repositories’ history of commits. We’ll look at
#git #git-log #git-commands #git-history #aws
There are many ways of working with git, if they’re clean, and don’t do damages, probably most of them are good.
But same as space vs. tab, in the IT world is a war between fans of rebase, and fans of git merge.
There are tons of arguments about:
-Which way is better?
-Which one is cleaner?
-Which is more comfortable?
-Which one gives a cleaner git graph?
-Why it’s important, and which one is more dangerous?
#quick help #tutorials #git #git branch #git commit #git interactive rebase
If you are a new or experienced developer, you have to use source control. And good chances are you are using Git to manage your source code.
And to use Git to its full potential, you need to know Git commands. Here you will learn the most helpful Git commands that will take you from one level to another.
To make this Git commands guide more helpful, I have divided the guide into three different sections: Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced Git commands.
This is an epic guide. And to make it more useful, I have added a Bonus section where you can download 51+ Git commands and a few more downloads to boost your productivity in Git.
In this section, you will learn the essential Git commands. These basic Git commands are the foundation to learn more advanced commands.
Here are the nine useful Git commands.
#git #git commands #git commits #git tutorial
In this part you will get familiar with some basic Git commands. At the end of this blog you will be able to perform certain task like
These are those commands you must conquer
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head></head> <body> <h1>Sab Batade Aapko</h1> </body> </html>
Initializing the folder as a Git repository
this command will make a file named .git
#github #git #basic-git-commands #git-commands #git-status
This is the first part of a follow-along series on GitHub collaboration. With this article, I aim to explain how two or more people can collaborate, version control and proofread their codes on GitHub for Data Science projects.
We will be covering specific topics like:
In these articles, we will have two people collaborating on GitHub. Let’s give them two pseudonyms, Sofi and Alec.
Since this is not an article on data cleaning, we will just focus on writing a few functions to see how collaboration and version controlling works. We will be working with a used cars dataset. You can download the dataset from here.
Sofi and Alec: are working on a data cleaning project named “autos“. Sofi takes the initiative of gathering data, creating required .py, .ipynb files for the project.
Exploratory data analysis (EDA) was carried out on the dataset. Please refer to this article for the EDA. Based on EDA report tasks are planned for the project. We will only look at 3 tasks in this article.
Sofi creates a project folder (…/autos) with two files, auto.csv and autos_analysis.ipynb.
In software engineering, version control (also known as revision control, source control, or source code management) is a class of systems responsible for managing changes to computer programs, documents, large web sites, or other collections of information. Version control is a component of software configuration management.
There are many version control systems out there. Often they are divided into two groups: “centralized” and “distributed”.
CVCS are based on the idea that there is a single “central” copy of your project somewhere (probably on a server), and programmers will “commit” their changes to this central copy. The most popular CVCS is Subversion.
#git-pull #git-clone #git-commands #git-push #git-branch
Merge is a command used in Git to move the changes in branch to another. Usually, the new features are developed in the dev branch and merged into the master branch after finishing the development. All the changes in the dev branch is added to the master branch on the merge. but the dev branch will be unaffected.
— merge pic —
Let’s do a Git Merge step by step to understand how it works. Except the merging part, many steps from cloning the repo to publishing the changes will be the same as in Git Rebase Tutorial because we are trying to do the same thing in a different way.
Step 1: Fork and clone the desired repo
Let’s reuse our rebase-demo repository for this. Go to https://github.com/kdanW/rebase-workflow-demo and click the button ‘Fork’ in the top right-hand corner. Now go to your forked repo, click ‘Clone or Download’ button and copy the link shown.
Now go to a directory of your preference and type the following command on the terminal to download the repo into your local PC.
git clone https://github.com/<YOUR_USERNAME>/rebase-workflow-demo
#git-merge #git-workflow #github #merge #git
In this article we’ll be discussing git merge and git rebasecommands and when we should use them.
git rebasedoes the same job as a git mergethat is merging the changes from one branch to another branch. The difference is that they do it very differently.
Consider you are working on one of the features of an application in the featurebranch and the git commit history has the following structure.
---- c5 ---- c6 ---- c7 (feature) / / c1 ---- c2 ------ c3 ---- c4 (master)
The above merge process will create a new merge commit in the feature branch which will have a history of both branches.
#programming #software-development #git #git-merge #git-rebase
Making a Git Push using Git Bash
#git #git bash #git push
Git is a valuable tool for the ones who are in the software industry, and it is the most popular version control system in the world and used by 90% of the industry. It is no doubt a very important skill to have on your resume when starting your career in the industry. In the following article, we will understand what is Git and its basic workflow.
Git is the most popular version control system in the world and used by the majority of the IT industry. A version control system records changes made in the files over time and can store those changes in a repository.
Through a repository, Programmer can monitor their project code and modify them accordingly using a repository . We can also revert to any version of the files if we have made a mistake in the process. Without version control system the developers will store multiple versions of the files they are working on if any changes are made and the job will become exhausting if multiple developers are working on the same project. With Git we can track our work history and collaborate easily on the project.
This simple concept of recording changes throughout the development cycle has proven efficient and has opened consequential applications.
Git is valuable for multiple reasons. It is a distributed version control system which means every developer working on the project has access to the codebase of the files including its complete history. Git is free and open-source which means it can be used by anyone without any charges. It is also easy to understand and extremely scalable.
Git workflow also referred to sometimes as Gitflow is a branched based development procedure that helps the team of developers for continuous deployment of the project. Git workflow is an ideal choice for projects with schedule release cycle and for DevOps project. But since Git workflow is simple and efficient it is suitable for any projects with different scales and practices.
For beginners to understand the process of basic Git Workflow we will need to know three things.
#github #scala #git #git-flow #git-work-flow
It is good practice to create git branches to code on before merging it back into the master branch but did you know that you should also consider deleting those old branches?
I was cleaning up my code when it crossed my mind on whether it’s ok to reuse a git branch after merging it in with the master.
In my quest for a clear answer it turned out that I needed a better understanding of some key concepts like: Git, commits, branches and so on.
It’s a version control system for source code management where each copy or repo of the code has the full history of commits and changes.
Basically, you can work on multiple versions of a project each with their own branch. Imagine several branches running parallel to each other.
Branches running parallel
#git #git-merge #coding #git-commands #git-branch
GitOps—which takes automation facets of the DevOps methodology—is an approach that aims to streamline infrastructure management and cloud operations with software development and deployment. While many consider GitOps a replacement for DevOps, it is not—the approach simply concentrates on the means of automating one facet of the DevOps methodology.
Specifically, GitOps uses Git pull requests to automate infrastructure provisioning and software deployment, all for the purpose of making CI/CD a more efficient process.
GitOps uses Git as a single source of truth for both application development and cloud infrastructure; declarative statements are used for streamlining configuration and deployment.
GitOps unifies a number of key tasks such as deployment, management, and monitoring of cloud clusters (specifically containers running in the cloud) and allows for developers to have more control over their application deployment pipeline. Since Git works for Infrastructure as Code (IaC) as well as application development, it is an ideal repository of truth for the approach.
GitOps offers some key advantages to those who employ the approach, starting with the more refined CI/CD pipeline itself. The approach fully leverages the benefits of cloud-native applications and scalable cloud infrastructure without the usual complications. Other benefits include:
Many perspectives believe that GitOps offers the best of both worlds, combining continuous delivery with cloud-native advantages and IaC. GitOps best practices also make the end-to-end pipeline standardized, and you can integrate the approach with any existing pipeline without making big changes. You just need the right tools for the job.
#git #gitops #git basics #git tools #git best practices
This is one of the million articles you will read about a git flow. Still, I wouldn’t be a software engineer unless I told the world why the git flow I use is better than all the others, and why everyone should use it.
🧑💻 Every seasoned and novice developer knows of git and its purpose on Earth. But most people learn the ABCs, aka commit, push, and pull and work with it. When a merge conflict or rebase issue surfaces, they frantically start googling, hoping their local changes aren’t lost. I know this is because I was that person when I started using git. Following is the Feature Branch Workflow explained, simple and straightforward for teams to follow to collaborate on projects.
📁 Git is a version control system that allows users to manage versions of documents and file systems over time, making it easier to rollback, track changes, and collaborate. VSC’s will enable us to avoid sending folders of code to teammates and naming folders “Final,” “FinalFinal” “FinalFinalFinal,” “OKTHISISFINAL,” “OKTHISISFINAL1.1.”
💻 Let’s start with the initial step that you made changes on your local machine. Now we would like to tell git that we made changes and that it should start caring about those files and tracking them.
git add .
Changes in Local
git add includes files to the staging area. Even though this doesn’t push anything to the origin repository, it tells git which files to track. We can either use a . to add all the updated files to the staging area or add individual files by name. Now our changes are in the standing area, but we still need to commit the changes to record them.
#git #git-workflow #github #git-rebase #rebase