Git

Git

Git is a version-control system for tracking changes in computer files and coordinating work on those files among multiple people.
Madyson  Reilly

Madyson Reilly

1604109000

Best Practices for Using Git

Git has become ubiquitous as the preferred version control system (VCS) used by developers. Using Git adds immense value especially for engineering teams where several developers work together since it becomes critical to have a system of integrating everyone’s code reliably.

But with every powerful tool, especially one that involves collaboration with others, it is better to establish conventions to follow lest we shoot ourselves in the foot.

At DeepSource, we’ve put together some guiding principles for our own team that make working with a VCS like Git easier. Here are 5 simple rules you can follow:

1. Make Clean, Single-Purpose Commits

Oftentimes programmers working on something get sidetracked into doing too many things when working on one particular thing — like when you are trying to fix one particular bug and you spot another one, and you can’t resist the urge to fix that as well. And another one. Soon, it snowballs and you end up with so many changes all going together in one commit.

This is problematic, and it is better to keep commits as small and focused as possible for many reasons, including:

  • It makes it easier for other people in the team to look at your change, making code reviews more efficient.
  • If the commit has to be rolled back completely, it’s far easier to do so.
  • It’s straightforward to track these changes with your ticketing system.

Additionally, it helps you mentally parse changes you’ve made using git log.

#open source #git #git basics #git tools #git best practices #git tutorials #git commit

Best Practices for Using Git

7 Best Practices in GIT for Your Code Quality

There is no doubt that Git plays a significant role in software development. It allows developers to work on the same code base at the same time. Still, developers struggle for code quality. Why? They fail to follow git best practices. In this post, I will explain seven core best practices of Git and a Bonus Section.

1. Atomic Commit

Committing something to Git means that you have changed your code and want to save these changes as a new trusted version.

Version control systems will not limit you in how you commit your code.

  • You can commit 1000 changes in one single commit.
  • Commit all the dll and other dependencies
  • Or you can check in broken code to your repository.

But is it good? Not quite.

Because you are compromising code quality, and it will take more time to review codeSo overall, team productivity will be reduced. The best practice is to make an atomic commit.

When you do an atomic commit, you’re committing only one change. It might be across multiple files, but it’s one single change.

2. Clarity About What You Can (& Can’t) Commit

Many developers make some changes, then commit, then push. And I have seen many repositories with unwanted files like dll, pdf, etc.

You can ask two questions to yourself, before check-in your code into the repository

  1. Are you suppose to check-in all these files?
  2. Are they part of your source code?

You can simply use the .gitignore file to avoid unwanted files in the repository. If you are working on more then one repo, it’s easy to use a global .gitignore file (without adding or pushing). And .gitignore file adds clarity and helps you to keep your code clean. What you can commit, and it will automatically ignore the unwanted files like autogenerated files like .dll and .class, etc.

#git basics #git command #git ignore #git best practices #git tutorial for beginners #git tutorials

7 Best Practices in GIT for Your Code Quality
Loma  Baumbach

Loma Baumbach

1601157360

Mirroring Git Changes From One Server to Another Server

Introduction

Hello all, nowadays most of the development teams using GIT version control, some of you may have a requirement of mirroring your team’s git changes from one server to another Git server. This article will help you to achieve the Git mirroring between one server to another server.

Business Case

I got one assignment wherein there will be 2 Git Servers, development will happen in one Git server and the changes should be synchronized to another Git server at regular intervals. But in my case, the complexity is both the servers are in different restricted network. So I have done the small experiment and it worked. And I am sharing the steps to you all in this article.

The Experiment Performed Using Below 2 GIT Servers

Main GIT Server: Let’s take our main git server is located in our office and can be accessed only in-office network.

**Mirror GIT Server: **The mirror server is located at the vendor/client-side, which can be accessible in a normal internet connection but not with our office network. Since the office proxy will block the outside URL’s.

#devops #git #git and github #git best practices #git cloning #git server

Mirroring Git Changes From One Server to Another Server
Rupert  Beatty

Rupert Beatty

1617875220

Git Commands You Can Use To Dig Through Your Git History

In this short article, we’ll be exploring some quick  git commands that can help us in digging through our repositories’ history of commits. We’ll look at

  1. git log
  2. git shortlog
  3. git show
  4. git rev-list

#git #git-log #git-commands #git-history #aws

Git Commands You Can Use To Dig Through Your Git History

Git Rebase Tutorial and Comparison with Git Merge

There are many ways of working with git, if they’re clean, and don’t do damages, probably most of them are good.

But same as space vs. tab, in the IT world is a war between fans of rebase, and fans of git merge.

There are tons of arguments about:

-Which way is better?

-Which one is cleaner?

-Which is more comfortable?

-Which one gives a cleaner git graph?

-Why it’s important, and which one is more dangerous?

#quick help #tutorials #git #git branch #git commit #git interactive rebase

Git Rebase Tutorial and Comparison with Git Merge
Monty  Boehm

Monty Boehm

1620615985

Top 35 Git Commands With Examples

Git commands are essential, and they help to manage your source code effectively. In this guide, you will learn Git commands from Beginners to Advanced level.

If you are a new or experienced developer, you have to use source control. And good chances are you are using Git to manage your source code.

And to use Git to its full potential, you need to know Git commands. Here you will learn the most helpful Git commands that will take you from one level to another.

To make this Git commands guide more helpful, I have divided the guide into three different sections: Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced Git commands.

This is an epic guide. And to make it more useful, I have added a Bonus section where you can download  51+ Git commands and a few more downloads to boost your productivity in Git.

Basic Git Commands

In this section, you will learn the essential Git commands. These basic Git commands are the foundation to learn more advanced commands.

Here are the nine useful Git commands.

1. git config

2. git version

3. git init

4. git clone

5. git add

6. git commit

7. git status

8. git branch

9. git checkout

10. git remote

11. git push

13. git fetch

14. git pull

15. git stash

16. git log

17. git shortlog

18. git show

19. git rm

20. git merge

21. git rebase

22. git bisect

23. git cherry-pick

24. git archive

26. git blame

27. git tag

28. git verify-commit

29. git verify-tag

30. git diff

31. git citool

32. git mv

33. git clean

34. git help

35. git whatchanged

#git #git commands #git commits #git tutorial

Top 35 Git Commands With Examples
Myriam  Rogahn

Myriam Rogahn

1593435300

Basic Git Commands you need to Master

In this part you will get familiar with some basic Git commands. At the end of this blog you will be able to perform certain task like

  • Set up a folder as a Git repository
  • Perform basic Git operations on your Git repository

These are those commands you must conquer

Basic Git Commands

  • At any location on your computer, create a folder named git-test.
  • Open this git-test folder in your favorite editor.
  • Add a file named index.html to this folder, and add the following HTML code to this file:
<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>
<head></head>
<body>
<h1>Sab Batade Aapko</h1>
</body>
</html>

Initializing the folder as a Git repository

  • Go to the git-test folder in your cmd window/terminal and type the following command at the prompt to initialize the folder as a Git repository:
git init

this command will make a file named .git

#github #git #basic-git-commands #git-commands #git-status

Basic Git Commands you need to Master

GitHub for Data Scientists: Part1

This is the first part of a follow-along series on GitHub collaboration. With this article, I aim to explain how two or more people can collaborate, version control and proofread their codes on GitHub for Data Science projects.

We will be covering specific topics like:

  1. Getting started on GitHub: Collaborate on GitHub like Pro: Part1
  2. **Branching: **Collaborate on GitHub like Pro: Part2
  3. **Commit: **Collaborate on GitHub like Pro: Commit

In these articles, we will have two people collaborating on GitHub. Let’s give them two pseudonyms, Sofi and Alec.

Tasks Planned

Since this is not an article on data cleaning, we will just focus on writing a few functions to see how collaboration and version controlling works. We will be working with a used cars dataset. You can download the dataset from here.

Sofi and Alec: are working on a data cleaning project named “autos“. Sofi takes the initiative of gathering data, creating required .py, .ipynb  files for the project.

Exploratory data analysis (EDA) was carried out on the dataset. Please refer to this article for the EDA. Based on EDA report tasks are planned for the project. We will only look at 3 tasks in this article.

Sofi creates a project folder (…/autos) with two files, auto.csv and autos_analysis.ipynb.

Version Control Systems (VCS)

In software engineeringversion control (also known as revision controlsource control, or source code management) is a class of systems responsible for managing changes to computer programs, documents, large web sites, or other collections of information. Version control is a component of software configuration management.

There are many version control systems out there. Often they are divided into two groups: “centralized” and “distributed”.

Centralized version control systems (CVCS)

CVCS are based on the idea that there is a single “central” copy of your project somewhere (probably on a server), and programmers will “commit” their changes to this central copy. The most popular CVCS is Subversion.

#git-pull #git-clone #git-commands #git-push #git-branch

GitHub for Data Scientists: Part1

Git Merge: A Git Workflow explained 

What is Git Merge?

Merge is a command used in Git to move the changes in branch to another. Usually, the new features are developed in the dev branch and merged into the master branch after finishing the development. All the changes in the dev branch is added to the master branch on the merge. but the dev branch will be unaffected.

— merge pic —

How to do a Git Merge

Let’s do a Git Merge step by step to understand how it works. Except the merging part, many steps from cloning the repo to publishing the changes will be the same as in Git Rebase Tutorial because we are trying to do the same thing in a different way.

Step 1: Fork and clone the desired repo

Let’s reuse our rebase-demo repository for this. Go to https://github.com/kdanW/rebase-workflow-demo and click the button ‘Fork’ in the top right-hand corner. Now go to your forked repo, click ‘Clone or Download’ button and copy the link shown.

Image for post

Now go to a directory of your preference and type the following command on the terminal to download the repo into your local PC.

git clone https://github.com/<YOUR_USERNAME>/rebase-workflow-demo

#git-merge #git-workflow #github #merge #git

Git Merge: A Git Workflow explained 

Do You Know the Difference Between Git Merge and Git Rebase

In this article we’ll be discussing git merge and git rebasecommands and when we should use them.

git rebasedoes the same job as a git mergethat is merging the changes from one branch to another branch. The difference is that they do it very differently.

Consider you are working on one of the features of an application in the featurebranch and the git commit history has the following structure.


             ---- c5 ---- c6 ---- c7 (feature)
           /        
          /       
c1 ---- c2 ------ c3 ---- c4 (master)


How to merge the master branch to the feature branch using git merge?

  1. git checkout feature
  2. git merge master

The above merge process will create a new merge commit in the feature branch which will have a history of both branches.

#programming #software-development #git #git-merge #git-rebase

Do You Know the Difference Between Git Merge and Git Rebase

Making a Git Push using Git Bash

Making a Git Push using Git Bash

#git #git bash #git push

Making a Git Push using Git Bash
Bongani  Ngema

Bongani Ngema

1624449600

Understanding Git and Git Basic Workflow

Git is a valuable tool for the ones who are in the software industry, and it is the most popular version control system in the world and used by 90% of the industry. It is no doubt a very important skill to have on your resume when starting your career in the industry. In the following article, we will understand what is Git and its basic workflow.

What is Git?

Git is the most popular version control system in the world and used by the majority of the IT industry. A version control system records changes made in the files over time and can store those changes in a repository.

Through a repository, Programmer can monitor their project code and modify them accordingly using a repository . We can also revert to any version of the files if we have made a mistake in the process. Without version control system the developers will store multiple versions of the files they are working on if any changes are made and the job will become exhausting if multiple developers are working on the same project. With Git we can track our work history and collaborate easily on the project.

This simple concept of recording changes throughout the development cycle has proven efficient and has opened consequential applications.

Why use Git?

Git is valuable for multiple reasons. It is a distributed version control system which means every developer working on the project has access to the codebase of the files including its complete history. Git is free and open-source which means it can be used by anyone without any charges. It is also easy to understand and extremely scalable.

What is Git Workflow?

Git workflow also referred to sometimes as Gitflow is a branched based development procedure that helps the team of developers for continuous deployment of the project. Git workflow is an ideal choice for projects with schedule release cycle and for DevOps project. But since Git workflow is simple and efficient it is suitable for any projects with different scales and practices.

Understanding Git Workflow

For beginners to understand the process of basic Git Workflow we will need to know three things.

  1. Project directory

  2. Staging area

  3. Repository

#github #scala #git #git-flow #git-work-flow

Understanding Git and Git Basic Workflow
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1617382740

Branching Out and Deleting Branches

It is good practice to create git branches to code on before merging it back into the master branch but did you know that you should also consider deleting those old branches?

I was cleaning up my code when it crossed my mind on whether it’s ok to reuse a git branch after merging it in with the master.

In my quest for a clear answer it turned out that I needed a better understanding of some key concepts like: Git, commits, branches and so on.

What Is Git?

It’s a version control system for source code management where each copy or repo of the code has the full history of commits and changes.

Basically, you can work on multiple versions of a project each with their own branch. Imagine several branches running parallel to each other.

Branches running parallel

#git #git-merge #coding #git-commands #git-branch

Branching Out and Deleting Branches

30+ Tools List for GitOps

GitOps—which takes automation facets of the DevOps methodology—is an approach that aims to streamline infrastructure management and cloud operations with software development and deployment. While many consider GitOps a replacement for DevOps, it is not—the approach simply concentrates on the means of automating one facet of the DevOps methodology.

Specifically, GitOps uses Git pull requests to automate infrastructure provisioning and software deployment, all for the purpose of making CI/CD a more efficient process.

GitOps uses Git as a single source of truth for both application development and cloud infrastructure; declarative statements are used for streamlining configuration and deployment.

GitOps unifies a number of key tasks such as deployment, management, and monitoring of cloud clusters (specifically containers running in the cloud) and allows for developers to have more control over their application deployment pipeline. Since Git works for Infrastructure as Code (IaC) as well as application development, it is an ideal repository of truth for the approach.

Benefits of GitOps

GitOps offers some key advantages to those who employ the approach, starting with the more refined CI/CD pipeline itself. The approach fully leverages the benefits of cloud-native applications and scalable cloud infrastructure without the usual complications. Other benefits include:

  • Higher reliability, made possible by Git’s native features. You can roll-back deployments and use Git’s tracking mechanism to revert to any version of the app should new codes cause errors. This results in a more robust cloud infrastructure too.
  • Improved stability, particularly when it comes to managing Kubernetes clusters. Everything is traceable and changes in cluster configuration can also be reverted if needed. An audit log is automatically created with Git as the source of truth.
  • Better productivity, allowing developers to focus more on the quality of their codes rather than the pipeline itself. Everything is fully automated once new codes are committed to Git, plus there are additional automation tools to utilize.
  • Maximum consistency, especially with the entire process being managed using the same approach from end to end. GitOps simplifies everything from apps, Kubernetes add-ons, and the Kubernetes infrastructure as a whole.

Many perspectives believe that GitOps offers the best of both worlds, combining continuous delivery with cloud-native advantages and IaC. GitOps best practices also make the end-to-end pipeline standardized, and you can integrate the approach with any existing pipeline without making big changes. You just need the right tools for the job.

#git #gitops #git basics #git tools #git best practices

30+ Tools List for GitOps

The Perfect Git Flow

This is one of the million articles you will read about a git flow. Still, I wouldn’t be a software engineer unless I told the world why the git flow I use is better than all the others, and why everyone should use it.

🧑‍💻 Every seasoned and novice developer knows of git and its purpose on Earth. But most people learn the ABCs, aka commit, push, and pull and work with it. When a merge conflict or rebase issue surfaces, they frantically start googling, hoping their local changes aren’t lost. I know this is because I was that person when I started using git. Following is the Feature Branch Workflow explained, simple and straightforward for teams to follow to collaborate on projects.

Quick recap:

📁 Git is a version control system that allows users to manage versions of documents and file systems over time, making it easier to rollback, track changes, and collaborate. VSC’s will enable us to avoid sending folders of code to teammates and naming folders “Final,” “FinalFinal” “FinalFinalFinal,” “OKTHISISFINAL,” “OKTHISISFINAL1.1.”

Refresher on the ABC commands:

💻 Let’s start with the initial step that you made changes on your local machine. Now we would like to tell git that we made changes and that it should start caring about those files and tracking them.

Step 1

Image for post

git add .

Image for post

Changes in Local

git add includes files to the staging area. Even though this doesn’t push anything to the origin repository, it tells git which files to track. We can either use a . to add all the updated files to the staging area or add individual files by name. Now our changes are in the standing area, but we still need to commit the changes to record them.

#git #git-workflow #github #git-rebase #rebase

The Perfect Git Flow