Bongani  Ngema

Bongani Ngema


Packtpub-crawler: Download Your Daily Free Packt Publishing eBook


This crawler automates the following step:

  • access to private account
  • claim the daily free eBook and weekly Newsletter
  • parse title, description and useful information
  • download favorite format .pdf .epub .mobi
  • download source code and book cover
  • upload files to Google Drive, OneDrive or via scp
  • store data on Firebase
  • notify via Gmail, IFTTT, Join or Pushover (on success and errors)
  • schedule daily job on Heroku or with Docker

Default command

# upload pdf to googledrive, store data and notify via email
python script/ -c config/prod.cfg -u googledrive -s firebase -n gmail

Other options

# download all format
python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --all

# download only one format: pdf|epub|mobi
python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --type pdf

# download also additional material: source code (if exists) and book cover
python script/ --config config/prod.cfg -t pdf --extras
# equivalent (default is pdf)
python script/ -c config/prod.cfg -e

# download and then upload to Google Drive (given the download url anyone can download it)
python script/ -c config/prod.cfg -t epub --upload googledrive
python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --all --extras --upload googledrive

# download and then upload to OneDrive (given the download url anyone can download it)
python script/ -c config/prod.cfg -t epub --upload onedrive
python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --all --extras --upload onedrive

# download and notify: gmail|ifttt|join|pushover
python script/ -c config/prod.cfg --notify gmail

# only claim book (no downloads):
python script/ -c config/prod.cfg --notify gmail --claimOnly

Basic setup

Before you start you should

  • Verify that your currently installed version of Python is 2.x with python --version
  • Clone the repository git clone
  • Install all the dependencies pip install -r requirements.txt (see also virtualenv)
  • Create a config file cp config/prod_example.cfg config/prod.cfg
  • Change your Packtpub credentials in the config file

Now you should be able to claim and download your first eBook

python script/ --config config/prod.cfg

Google Drive

From the documentation, Google Drive API requires OAuth2.0 for authentication, so to upload files you should:

  • Go to Google APIs Console and create a new Google Drive project named PacktpubDrive
  • On API manager > Overview menu
    • Enable Google Drive API
  • On API manager > Credentials menu
    • In OAuth consent screen tab set PacktpubDrive as the product name shown to users
    • In Credentials tab create credentials of type OAuth client ID and choose Application type Other named PacktpubDriveCredentials
  • Click Download JSON and save the file config/client_secrets.json
  • Change your Google Drive credentials in the config file

Now you should be able to upload your eBook to Google Drive

python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --upload googledrive

Only the first time you will be prompted to login in a browser which has javascript enabled (no text-based browser) to generate config/auth_token.json. You should also copy and paste in the config the FOLDER_ID, otherwise every time a new folder with the same name will be created.


Documentation: OAuth, Quickstart, example and permissions


From the documentation, OneDrive API requires OAuth2.0 for authentication, so to upload files you should:

  • Go to the Microsoft Application Registration Portal.
  • When prompted, sign in with your Microsoft account credentials.
  • Find My applications and click Add an app.
  • Enter PacktpubDrive as the app's name and click Create application.
  • Scroll to the bottom of the page and check the Live SDK support box.
  • Change your OneDrive credentials in the config file
    • Copy your Application Id into the config file to onedrive.client_id
    • Click Generate New Password and copy the password shown into the config file to onedrive.client_secret
    • Click Add Platform and select Web
    • Enter http://localhost:8080/ as the Redirect URL
    • Click Save at the bottom of the page

Now you should be able to upload your eBook to OneDrive

python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --upload onedrive

Only the first time you will be prompted to login in a browser which has javascript enabled (no text-based browser) to generate config/session.onedrive.pickle.


Documentation: Registration, Python API


To upload your eBook via scp on a remote server update the configs


Now you should be able to upload your eBook

python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --upload scp


  • the destination folder scp.path on the remote server must exists in advance
  • the option --upload scp is incompatible with --store and --notify


Create a new Firebase project, copy the database secret from your settings

and update the configs


Now you should be able to store your eBook details on Firebase

python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --upload googledrive --store firebase

Gmail notification

To send a notification via email using Gmail you should:


Now you should be able to notify your accounts

python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --notify gmail

IFTTT notification

  • Get an account on IFTTT
  • Go to your Maker settings and activate the channel
  • Create a new applet using the Maker service with the trigger "Receive a web request" and the event name "packtpub-crawler"
  • Change your IFTTT key in the config file

Now you should be able to trigger the applet

python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --notify ifttt

Value mappings:

  • value1: title
  • value2: description
  • value3: landing page URL

Join notification

  • Get the Join Chrome extension and/or App
  • You can find your device ids here
  • (Optional) You can use multiple devices or groups (group.all,,, group.windows10,, group.tablet, group.pc) separated by comma
  • Change your Join credentials in the config file

Now you should be able to trigger the event

python script/ --config config/prod.cfg --notify join

Pushover notification



Create a new branch

git checkout -b heroku-scheduler

Update the .gitignore and commit your changes

# remove config/prod.cfg config/client_secrets.json config/auth_token.json # add dev/ config/dev.cfg config/prod_example.cfg

Create, config and deploy the scheduler

heroku login # create a new app heroku create APP_NAME --region eu # or if you already have an existing app heroku git:remote -a APP_NAME # deploy your app git push -u heroku heroku-scheduler:master heroku ps:scale clock=1 # useful commands heroku ps heroku logs --ps clock.1 heroku logs --tail heroku run bash

Update script/ with your own preferences.

More info about Heroku Scheduler, Clock Processes, Add-on and APScheduler


Build your image

docker build -t niqdev/packtpub-crawler:2.4.0 .

Run manually

docker run \
  --rm \
  --name my-packtpub-crawler \
  niqdev/packtpub-crawler:2.4.0 \
  python script/ --config config/prod.cfg

Run scheduled crawler in background

docker run \
  --detach \
  --name my-packtpub-crawler \

# useful commands
docker exec -i -t my-packtpub-crawler bash
docker logs -f my-packtpub-crawler

Alternatively you can pull from Docker Hub this fork

docker pull kuchy/packtpub-crawler

Cron job

Add this to your crontab to run the job daily at 9 AM:

crontab -e

00 09 * * * cd PATH_TO_PROJECT/packtpub-crawler && /usr/bin/python script/ --config config/prod.cfg >> /tmp/packtpub.log 2>&1

Systemd service

Create two files in /etc/systemd/system:

  1. packtpub-crawler.service
Description=run packtpub-crawler

ExecStart=/usr/bin/python2.7 PATH_TO_PROJECT/packtpub-crawler/script/ -c config/prod.cfg

  1. packtpub-crawler.timer
Description=Runs packtpub-crawler every day at 7

OnCalendar=*-*-* 07:00:00


Enable the script with sudo systemctl enable packtpub_crawler.timer. You can test the service with sudo systemctl start packtpub_crawler.timer and see the output with sudo journalctl -u packtpub_crawler.service -f.


The script downloads also the free ebooks from the weekly packtpub newsletter. The URL is generated by a Google Apps Script which parses all the mails. You can get the code here, if you want to see the actual script, please clone the spreadsheet and go to Tools > Script editor....

To use your own source, modify in the config


The URL should point to a file containing only the URL (no semicolons, HTML, JSON, etc).

You can also clone the spreadsheet to use your own Gmail account. Subscribe to the newsletter (on the bottom of the page) and create a filter to tag your mails accordingly.


  • ImportError: No module named paramiko

Install paramiko with sudo -H pip install paramiko --ignore-installed

  • Failed building wheel for cryptography

Install missing dependencies as described here


# install pip + setuptools
curl | python -

# upgrade pip
pip install -U pip

# install virtualenv globally 
sudo pip install virtualenv

# create virtualenv
virtualenv env

# activate virtualenv
source env/bin/activate

# verify virtualenv
which python
python --version

# deactivate virtualenv

Development (only for spidering)

Run a simple static server with

node dev/server.js

and test the crawler with

python script/ --dev --config config/dev.cfg --all


This project is just a Proof of Concept and not intended for any illegal usage. I'm not responsible for any damage or abuse, use it at your own risk.

Download FREE eBook every day from

Download Details:

Author: Niqdev
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#firebase #heroku #docker #onedrive #googledrive 

Packtpub-crawler: Download Your Daily Free Packt Publishing eBook
Karim  Abdel

Karim Abdel


Top 10 Microsoft OneDrive Tips & Tricks

In this step-by-step tutorial, learn the top 10 best Microsoft OneDrive tips & tricks. For example, backup your camera photos and videos, scan documents in high quality, set expiring share links, get increased security with the personal vault, access version history, and many more.

⌚ Timestamps
0:00​ Introduction
0:14​ What is OneDrive & plans
1:26​ Phone camera upload / backup
3:34​ Scan documents
5:07​ Share & collaborate
7:28​ Expire share link
7:55​ Password protected share link
8:32​ Personal vault
9:51​ Version history
10:44​ Keep file on device & OneDrive
11:28​ Embed files on web sites
13:00​ Restore OneDrive


#onedrive #microsoft

Top 10 Microsoft OneDrive Tips & Tricks
Brain  Crist

Brain Crist


Microsoft Kills 18 Azure Accounts Tied to Nation-State Attacks

Microsoft has suspended 18 Azure Active Directory applications that were being leveraged for command-and-control (C2) infrastructure by what it says is a Chinese nation-state actor.

While Microsoft services like Azure Active Directory (AD) – its cloud-based identity and access management service – are popular among enterprises, cybercriminals are also swooping in on these services to enhance the weaponization of their malware payload, attempt to gain command and control all the way to the server, and obfuscate detection. One such threat group recently spotted leveraging these cloud services and open source tools is what Microsoft calls Gadolinium, a Chinese nation-state activity group that has been compromising targets for nearly a decade.

After compromising victim devices, Gadolinium was setting up AD accounts to receive commands from and send stolen data to its C2 server. But beyond that, the threat group has also stored stolen data in Microsoft’s file hosting service and synchronization service, OneDrive; launched attacks using the open source PowershellEmpire toolkit and used GitHub to host commands.

“Gadolinium has been experimenting with using cloud services to deliver their attacks to increase both operation speed and scale for years,” said Ben Koehl and Joe Hannon, with Microsoft’s Threat Intelligence Center, in a report posted Thursday.

Evolved Attacks

Gadolinium is also known as APT40, which researchers like FireEye have assessed with “moderate confidence” is a state sponsored espionage actor attributed to China. While previously Gadolinium has targeted worldwide maritime and health industries, Microsoft said recently it has observed newly expanded targeting for the threat group to include the Asia Pacific region and other targets in higher education and regional government organizations.

In mid-April 2020 the threat actors were detected sending spear-phishing emails with malicious attachments, with lures relating to the COVID-19 pandemic. When opened, the attached PowerPoint file (20200423-sitrep-92-covid-19.ppt), would drop a file, doc1.dotm, which then has two payloads that run in succession.

These include a payload that turns off a type check (DisableActivitySurrogateSelectorTypeCheck), while the second loads an embedded .Net binary that downloads a .Png image file.

“The .png is actually PowerShell which downloads and uploads fake png files using the Microsoft Graph API to$($ID)_1.png:/content where $ID is the ID of the malware,” said researchers.

Behind the scenes, these attacks relied on a bundle of Microsoft services and open source tooling – which Microsoft said has been a steady trend in recent years for several nation-state activity groups migrating to open source tooling.

#cloud security #hacks #web security #apt40 #azure #azure active directory #chinese state sponsored hacker #cloud attack #covid-19 pandemic #gadolinium #github #hacker #microsoft #onedrive #open source #powershell #powershell empire toolkit #spear phishing attack

Microsoft Kills 18 Azure Accounts Tied to Nation-State Attacks

Transfer Files from Microsoft OneDrive to Google Cloud Storage

OneDrive to Google Cloud Storage

Transfer files from Microsoft OneDrive to Google Cloud Storage.


People who wants to transfer files from Microsoft OneDrive to Google Cloud Storage

The Need

OneDrive gives free storage for a limited time, for example if you buy a new Samsung phone, OneDrive will give you additional 100GB free storage for 2 years. And Samsung Gallery backups your Camera photos to OneDrive. For 2 years, everything is awesome with that 100 GB free storage. But when the free storage expires, you are left with only 15 GB storage, Samsung Gallery and Microsoft bombards you with the alerts to upgrade your account.

You are left with 3 choices:

  • upgrade your account,
  • delete your files,
  • transfer your files to another storage option

I wanted to transfer my files to Google Cloud Storage, because it is cheap and accessible for archival needs.

How to Configure

You should provide necessary data as environment variables. You can provide environment variables in a .env file.

  • Copy .env.example to .env
  • Fill the variables in .env

Explainations of Environment Variables


Access token to be able to access OneDrive API. You can get it by following:

  • visit Graph Explorer,
  • Sign in to your Microsoft Account from left side,
  • There will be a tab called Access Token , click that tab, your access token will appear.

Simply copy that token and past it to .env file as ONE_DRIVE_ACCESS_TOKEN variable.


Name of the Google Cloud Storage bucket. Make sure that there is a bucket of that name, if not, go to Google Cloud Console and create a bucket of that name.


Id of your OneDrive drive. You can get it by following:

  • go to Graph Explorer and sign in,
  • request,
  • your drive id will appear in response as

Relative path of folder that has your files. For example if you want to transfer files which are located in OneDrive->Personal Files->Photos->Exciting Day, then you should provide ONE_DRIVE_FOLDER_RELATIVE_PATH=Personal Files/Photos/Exciting Day as environment variable.

Authenticate with Google Cloud

If you run the script in a Compute Engine which is located in the same project with the bucket, you won’t need to authenticate. But if you are outside of the Google Cloud, you should visit and follow the instructions to authenticate with Google Cloud.

How to Run

  • npm run build
  • npm run start

#cloud #onedrive #web-development #developer

Transfer Files from Microsoft OneDrive to Google Cloud Storage