Beth  Cooper

Beth Cooper


Easy Activity Tracking for Models, Similar to Github's Public Activity


public_activity provides easy activity tracking for your ActiveRecord, Mongoid 3 and MongoMapper models in Rails 3 and 4.

Simply put: it can record what happens in your application and gives you the ability to present those recorded activities to users - in a similar way to how GitHub does it.

!! WARNING: README for unreleased version below. !!

You probably don't want to read the docs for this unreleased version 2.0.

For the stable 1.5.X readme see:


Here is a simple example showing what this gem is about:

Example usage



Ryan Bates made a great screencast describing how to integrate Public Activity.


A great step-by-step guide on implementing activity feeds using public_activity by Ilya Bodrov.

Online demo

You can see an actual application using this gem here:

The source code of the demo is hosted here:


Gem installation

You can install public_activity as you would any other gem:

gem install public_activity

or in your Gemfile:

gem 'public_activity'

Database setup

By default public_activity uses Active Record. If you want to use Mongoid or MongoMapper as your backend, create an initializer file in your Rails application with the corresponding code inside:

For Mongoid:

# config/initializers/public_activity.rb
PublicActivity.configure do |config|
  config.orm = :mongoid

For MongoMapper:

# config/initializers/public_activity.rb
PublicActivity.configure do |config|
  config.orm = :mongo_mapper

(ActiveRecord only) Create migration for activities and migrate the database (in your Rails project):

rails g public_activity:migration
rake db:migrate

Model configuration

Include PublicActivity::Model and add tracked to the model you want to keep track of:

For ActiveRecord:

class Article < ActiveRecord::Base
  include PublicActivity::Model

For Mongoid:

class Article
  include Mongoid::Document
  include PublicActivity::Model

For MongoMapper:

class Article
  include MongoMapper::Document
  include PublicActivity::Model

And now, by default create/update/destroy activities are recorded in activities table. This is all you need to start recording activities for basic CRUD actions.

Optional: If you don't need #tracked but still want the comfort of #create_activity, you can include only the lightweight Common module instead of Model.

Custom activities

You can trigger custom activities by setting all your required parameters and triggering create_activity on the tracked model, like this:

@article.create_activity key: 'article.commented_on', owner: current_user

See this entry for more details.

Displaying activities

To display them you simply query the PublicActivity::Activity model:

# notifications_controller.rb
def index
  @activities = PublicActivity::Activity.all

And in your views:

<%= render_activities(@activities) %>

Note: render_activities is an alias for render_activity and does the same.


You can also pass options to both activity#render and #render_activity methods, which are passed deeper to the internally used render_partial method. A useful example would be to render activities wrapped in layout, which shares common elements of an activity, like a timestamp, owner's avatar etc:

<%= render_activities(@activities, layout: :activity) %>

The activity will be wrapped with the app/views/layouts/_activity.html.erb layout, in the above example.

Important: please note that layouts for activities are also partials. Hence the _ prefix.


Sometimes, it's desirable to pass additional local variables to partials. It can be done this way:

<%= render_activity(@activity, locals: {friends: current_user.friends}) %>

Note: Before 1.4.0, one could pass variables directly to the options hash for #render_activity and access it from activity parameters. This functionality is retained in 1.4.0 and later, but the :locals method is preferred, since it prevents bugs from shadowing variables from activity parameters in the database.

Activity views

public_activity looks for views in app/views/public_activity.

For example, if you have an activity with :key set to "activity.user.changed_avatar", the gem will look for a partial in app/views/public_activity/user/_changed_avatar.html.(|erb|haml|slim|something_else).

Hint: the "activity." prefix in :key is completely optional and kept for backwards compatibility, you can skip it in new projects.

If you would like to fallback to a partial, you can utilize the fallback parameter to specify the path of a partial to use when one is missing:

<%= render_activity(@activity, fallback: 'default') %>

When used in this manner, if a partial with the specified :key cannot be located it will use the partial defined in the fallback instead. In the example above this would resolve to public_activity/_default.html.(|erb|haml|slim|something_else).

If a view file does not exist then ActionView::MisingTemplate will be raised. If you wish to fallback to the old behaviour and use an i18n based translation in this situation you can specify a :fallback parameter of text to fallback to this mechanism like such:

<%= render_activity(@activity, fallback: :text) %>


Translations are used by the #text method, to which you can pass additional options in form of a hash. #render method uses translations when view templates have not been provided. You can render pure i18n strings by passing {display: :i18n} to #render_activity or #render.

Translations should be put in your locale .yml files. To render pure strings from I18n Example structure:

    create: 'Article has been created'
    update: 'Someone has edited the article'
    destroy: 'Some user removed an article!'

This structure is valid for activities with keys "activity.article.create" or "article.create". As mentioned before, "activity." part of the key is optional.


For RSpec you can first disable public_activity and add require helper methods in the rails_helper.rb with:

require 'public_activity/testing'

PublicActivity.enabled = false

In your specs you can then blockwise decide whether to turn public_activity on or off.

# file_spec.rb
PublicActivity.with_tracking do
  # your test code goes here

PublicActivity.without_tracking do
  # your test code goes here


For more documentation go here

Common examples

Set the Activity's owner to current_user by default

You can set up a default value for :owner by doing this:

  1. Include PublicActivity::StoreController in your ApplicationController like this:
class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
  include PublicActivity::StoreController
  1. Use Proc in :owner attribute for tracked class method in your desired model. For example:
class Article < ActiveRecord::Base
  tracked owner:{ |controller, model| controller.current_user }

Note: current_user applies to Devise, if you are using a different authentication gem or your own code, change the current_user to a method you use.

Disable tracking for a class or globally

If you need to disable tracking temporarily, for example in tests or db/seeds.rb then you can use PublicActivity.enabled= attribute like below:

# Disable p_a globally
PublicActivity.enabled = false

# Perform some operations that would normally be tracked by p_a:
Article.create(title: 'New article')

# Switch it back on
PublicActivity.enabled = true

You can also disable public_activity for a specific class:

# Disable p_a for Article class

# p_a will not do anything here:
@article = Article.create(title: 'New article')

# But will be enabled for other classes:
# (creation of the comment will be recorded if you are tracking the Comment class)
@article.comments.create(body: 'some comment!')

# Enable it again for Article:

Create custom activities

Besides standard, automatic activities created on CRUD actions on your model (deactivatable), you can post your own activities that can be triggered without modifying the tracked model. There are a few ways to do this, as PublicActivity gives three tiers of options to be set.

Instant options

Because every activity needs a key (otherwise: NoKeyProvided is raised), the shortest and minimal way to post an activity is:

@user.create_activity :mood_changed
# the key of the action will be user.mood_changed
@user.create_activity action: :mood_changed # this is exactly the same as above

Besides assigning your key (which is obvious from the code), it will take global options from User class (given in #tracked method during class definition) and overwrite them with instance options (set on @user by #activity method). You can read more about options and how PublicActivity inherits them for you here.

Note the action parameter builds the key like this: "#{model_name}.#{action}". You can read further on options for #create_activity here.

To provide more options, you can do:

@user.create_activity action: 'poke', parameters: {reason: 'bored'}, recipient: @friend, owner: current_user

In this example, we have provided all the things we could for a standard Activity.

Use custom fields on Activity

Besides the few fields that every Activity has (key, owner, recipient, trackable, parameters), you can also set custom fields. This could be very beneficial, as parameters are a serialized hash, which cannot be queried easily from the database. That being said, use custom fields when you know that you will set them very often and search by them (don't forget database indexes :) ).

Set owner and recipient based on associations

class Comment < ActiveRecord::Base
  include PublicActivity::Model
  tracked owner: :commenter, recipient: :commentee

  belongs_to :commenter, :class_name => "User"
  belongs_to :commentee, :class_name => "User"

Resolve parameters from a Symbol or Proc

class Post < ActiveRecord::Base
  include PublicActivity::Model
  tracked only: [:update], parameters: :tracked_values
  def tracked_values
   {}.tap do |hash|
     hash[:tags] = tags if tags_changed?


Skip this step if you are using ActiveRecord in Rails 4 or Mongoid

The first step is similar in every ORM available (except mongoid):

PublicActivity::Activity.class_eval do
  attr_accessible :custom_field

place this code under config/initializers/public_activity.rb, you have to create it first.

To be able to assign to that field, we need to move it to the mass assignment sanitizer's whitelist.


If you're using ActiveRecord, you will also need to provide a migration to add the actual field to the Activity. Taken from our tests:

class AddCustomFieldToActivities < ActiveRecord::Migration
  def change
    change_table :activities do |t|
      t.string :custom_field

Assigning custom fields

Assigning is done by the same methods that you use for normal parameters: #tracked, #create_activity. You can just pass the name of your custom variable and assign its value. Even better, you can pass it to #tracked to tell us how to harvest your data for custom fields so we can do that for you.

class Article < ActiveRecord::Base
  include PublicActivity::Model
  tracked custom_field: proc {|controller, model| controller.some_helper }


If you need help with using public_activity please visit our discussion group and ask a question there:!forum/public-activity

Please do not ask general questions in the Github Issues.

Author: public-activity
Source code:
License: MIT license

#ruby  #ruby-on-rails 

Easy Activity Tracking for Models, Similar to Github's Public Activity
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Ransack: Object-based Searching


Ransack will help you easily add searching to your Rails application, without any additional dependencies.

There are advanced searching solutions around, like ElasticSearch or Algolia. Ransack will do the job for many Rails websites, without the need to run additional infrastructure or work in a different language. With Ransack you do it all with standard Ruby and ERB.

Ready to move beyond the basics? Use advanced features like i18n and extensive configuration options.

Ransack is supported for Rails 7.0, 6.x on Ruby 2.6.6 and later.


To install ransack and add it to your Gemfile, run

gem 'ransack'

Bleeding edge

If you would like to use the latest updates not yet published to RubyGems, use the main branch:

gem 'ransack', :github => 'activerecord-hackery/ransack', :branch => 'main'


There is extensive documentation on Ransack, which is a Docusaurus project and run as a GitHub Pages site.

Issues tracker

  • Before filing an issue, please read the Contributing Guide.
  • File an issue if a bug is caused by Ransack, is new (has not already been reported), and can be reproduced from the information you provide.
  • Please consider adding a branch with a failing spec describing the problem.
  • Contributions are welcome. :smiley:
  • Please do not use the issue tracker for personal support requests. Stack Overflow or GitHub Discussions is a better place for that where a wider community can help you!


To support the project:

  • Consider supporting us via Open Collective
  • Use Ransack in your apps, and let us know if you encounter anything that's broken or missing. A failing spec to demonstrate the issue is awesome. A pull request with passing tests is even better!
  • Before filing an issue or pull request, be sure to read and follow the Contributing Guide.
  • Please use Stack Overflow or GitHub Discussions for questions or discussion not directly related to bug reports, pull requests, or documentation improvements.
  • Spread the word on social media if Ransack's been useful to you. The more people who are using the project, the quicker we can find and fix bugs!


Ransack was created by Ernie Miller and is developed and maintained by:

Alumni Maintainers

Author: Activerecord-hackery
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#ruby #rails #search 

Ransack: Object-based Searching
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Kaminari: A Scope & Engine Based, Clean, Powerful, Customizable


A Scope & Engine based, clean, powerful, customizable and sophisticated paginator for modern web app frameworks and ORMs



Does not globally pollute Array, Hash, Object or AR::Base.

Easy to Use

Just bundle the gem, then your models are ready to be paginated. No configuration required. Don't have to define anything in your models or helpers.

Simple Scope-based API

Everything is method chainable with less "Hasheritis". You know, that's the modern Rails way. No special collection class or anything for the paginated values, instead using a general AR::Relation instance. So, of course you can chain any other conditions before or after the paginator scope.

Customizable Engine-based I18n-aware Helpers

As the whole pagination helper is basically just a collection of links and non-links, Kaminari renders each of them through its own partial template inside the Engine. So, you can easily modify their behaviour, style or whatever by overriding partial templates.

ORM & Template Engine Agnostic

Kaminari supports multiple ORMs (ActiveRecord, DataMapper, Mongoid, MongoMapper) multiple web frameworks (Rails, Sinatra, Grape), and multiple template engines (ERB, Haml, Slim).


The pagination helper outputs the HTML5 <nav> tag by default. Plus, the helper supports Rails unobtrusive Ajax.

Supported Versions

Ruby 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 3.0, 3.1, 3.2

Rails 4.1, 4.2, 5.0, 5.1, 5.2, 6.0, 6.1, 7.0, 7.1

Sinatra 1.4, 2.0

Haml 3+

Mongoid 3+

MongoMapper 0.9+

DataMapper 1.1.0+


To install kaminari on the default Rails stack, just put this line in your Gemfile:

gem 'kaminari'

Then bundle:

% bundle

If you're building non-Rails of non-ActiveRecord app and want the pagination feature on it, please take a look at Other Framework/Library Support section.

Query Basics

The page Scope

To fetch the 7th page of users (default per_page is 25)

Note: pagination starts at page 1, not at page 0 (page(0) will return the same results as page(1)).

Kaminari does not add an order to queries. To avoid surprises, you should generally include an order in paginated queries. For example:


You can get page numbers or page conditions by using below methods.

User.count                     #=> 1000       #=> 20       #=> 50      #=> 1         #=> 2         #=> 1       #=> true       #=> true   #=> true

The per Scope

To show a lot more users per each page (change the per value)


Note that the per scope is not directly defined on the models but is just a method defined on the page scope. This is absolutely reasonable because you will never actually use per without specifying the page number.

Keep in mind that per internally utilizes limit and so it will override any limit that was set previously. And if you want to get the size for all request records you can use total_count method:

User.count                     #=> 1000
a = User.limit(5); a.count     #=> 5         #=> 20  #=> 1000

The padding Scope

Occasionally you need to pad a number of records that is not a multiple of the page size.


Note that the padding scope also is not directly defined on the models.


If for some reason you need to unscope page and per methods you can call except(:limit, :offset)

users = User.order(:name).page(7).per(50)
unpaged_users = users.except(:limit, :offset) # unpaged_users will not use the kaminari scopes

Configuring Kaminari

General Configuration Options

You can configure the following default values by overriding these values using Kaminari.configure method.

default_per_page      # 25 by default
max_per_page          # nil by default
max_pages             # nil by default
window                # 4 by default
outer_window          # 0 by default
left                  # 0 by default
right                 # 0 by default
page_method_name      # :page by default
param_name            # :page by default
params_on_first_page  # false by default

There's a handy generator that generates the default configuration file into config/initializers directory. Run the following generator command, then edit the generated file.

% rails g kaminari:config

Changing page_method_name

You can change the method name page to bonzo or plant or whatever you like, in order to play nice with existing page method or association or scope or any other plugin that defines page method on your models.

Configuring Default per_page Value for Each Model by paginates_per

You can specify default per_page value per each model using the following declarative DSL.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  paginates_per 50

Configuring Max per_page Value for Each Model by max_paginates_per

You can specify max per_page value per each model using the following declarative DSL. If the variable that specified via per scope is more than this variable, max_paginates_per is used instead of it. Default value is nil, which means you are not imposing any max per_page value.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  max_paginates_per 100

Configuring max_pages Value for Each Model by max_pages

You can specify max_pages value per each model using the following declarative DSL. This value restricts the total number of pages that can be returned. Useful for setting limits on large collections.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  max_pages 100

Configuring params_on_first_page when using ransack_memory

If you are using the ransack_memory gem and experience problems navigating back to the previous or first page, set the params_on_first_page setting to true.


The Page Parameter Is in params[:page]

Typically, your controller code will look like this:

@users = User.order(:name).page params[:page]


The Same Old Helper Method

Just call the paginate helper:

<%= paginate @users %>

This will render several ?page=N pagination links surrounded by an HTML5 <nav> tag.


The paginate Helper Method

<%= paginate @users %>

This would output several pagination links such as « First ‹ Prev ... 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... Next › Last »

Specifying the "inner window" Size (4 by default)

<%= paginate @users, window: 2 %>

This would output something like ... 5 6 7 8 9 ... when 7 is the current page.

Specifying the "outer window" Size (0 by default)

<%= paginate @users, outer_window: 3 %>

This would output something like 1 2 3 ...(snip)... 18 19 20 while having 20 pages in total.

Outer Window Can Be Separately Specified by left, right (0 by default)

<%= paginate @users, left: 1, right: 3 %>

This would output something like 1 ...(snip)... 18 19 20 while having 20 pages in total.

Changing the Parameter Name (:param_name) for the Links

<%= paginate @users, param_name: :pagina %>

This would modify the query parameter name on each links.

Extra Parameters (:params) for the Links

<%= paginate @users, params: {controller: 'foo', action: 'bar', format: :turbo_stream} %>

This would modify each link's url_option. :controller and :action might be the keys in common.

Ajax Links (crazy simple, but works perfectly!)

<%= paginate @users, remote: true %>

This would add data-remote="true" to all the links inside.

Specifying an Alternative Views Directory (default is kaminari/)

<%= paginate @users, views_prefix: 'templates' %>

This would search for partials in app/views/templates/kaminari. This option makes it easier to do things like A/B testing pagination templates/themes, using new/old templates at the same time as well as better integration with other gems such as cells.

The link_to_next_page and link_to_previous_page (aliased to link_to_prev_page) Helper Methods

<%= link_to_next_page @items, 'Next Page' %>

This simply renders a link to the next page. This would be helpful for creating a Twitter-like pagination feature.

The helper methods support a params option to further specify the link. If format needs to be set, include it in the params hash.

<%= link_to_next_page @items, 'Next Page', params: {controller: 'foo', action: 'bar', format: :turbo_stream} %>

The page_entries_info Helper Method

<%= page_entries_info @posts %>

This renders a helpful message with numbers of displayed vs. total entries.

By default, the message will use the humanized class name of objects in collection: for instance, "project types" for ProjectType models. The namespace will be cut out and only the last name will be used. Override this with the :entry_name parameter:

<%= page_entries_info @posts, entry_name: 'item' %>
#=> Displaying items 6 - 10 of 26 in total

The rel_next_prev_link_tags Helper Method

<%= rel_next_prev_link_tags @users %>

This renders the rel next and prev link tags for the head.

The path_to_next_page Helper Method

<%= path_to_next_page @users %>

This returns the server relative path to the next page.

The path_to_prev_page Helper Method

<%= path_to_prev_page @users %>

This returns the server relative path to the previous page.

I18n and Labels

The default labels for 'first', 'last', 'previous', '...' and 'next' are stored in the I18n yaml inside the engine, and rendered through I18n API. You can switch the label value per I18n.locale for your internationalized application. Keys and the default values are the following. You can override them by adding to a YAML file in your Rails.root/config/locales directory.

      first: "&laquo; First"
      last: "Last &raquo;"
      previous: "&lsaquo; Prev"
      next: "Next &rsaquo;"
      truncate: "&hellip;"
          zero: "No %{entry_name} found"
          one: "Displaying <b>1</b> %{entry_name}"
          other: "Displaying <b>all %{count}</b> %{entry_name}"
        display_entries: "Displaying %{entry_name} <b>%{first}&nbsp;-&nbsp;%{last}</b> of <b>%{total}</b> in total"

If you use non-English localization see i18n rules for changing one_page:display_entries block.

Customizing the Pagination Helper

Kaminari includes a handy template generator.

To Edit Your Paginator

Run the generator first,

% rails g kaminari:views default

then edit the partials in your app's app/views/kaminari/ directory.

For Haml/Slim Users

You can use the html2haml gem or the html2slim gem to convert erb templates. The kaminari gem will automatically pick up haml/slim templates if you place them in app/views/kaminari/.

Multiple Templates

In case you need different templates for your paginator (for example public and admin), you can pass --views-prefix directory like this:

% rails g kaminari:views default --views-prefix admin

that will generate partials in app/views/admin/kaminari/ directory.


The generator has the ability to fetch several sample template themes from the external repository ( in addition to the bundled "default" one, which will help you creating a nice looking paginator.

% rails g kaminari:views THEME

To see the full list of available themes, take a look at the themes repository, or just hit the generator without specifying THEME argument.

% rails g kaminari:views

Multiple Themes

To utilize multiple themes from within a single application, create a directory within the app/views/kaminari/ and move your custom template files into that directory.

% rails g kaminari:views default (skip if you have existing kaminari views)
% cd app/views/kaminari
% mkdir my_custom_theme
% cp _*.html.* my_custom_theme/

Next, reference that directory when calling the paginate method:

<%= paginate @users, theme: 'my_custom_theme' %>

Customize away!

Note: if the theme isn't present or none is specified, kaminari will default back to the views included within the gem.

Paginating Without Issuing SELECT COUNT Query

Generally the paginator needs to know the total number of records to display the links, but sometimes we don't need the total number of records and just need the "previous page" and "next page" links. For such use case, Kaminari provides without_count mode that creates a paginatable collection without counting the number of all records. This may be helpful when you're dealing with a very large dataset because counting on a big table tends to become slow on RDBMS.

Just add .without_count to your paginated object:

In your view file, you can only use simple helpers like the following instead of the full-featured paginate helper:

<%= link_to_prev_page @users, 'Previous Page' %>
<%= link_to_next_page @users, 'Next Page' %>

Paginating a Generic Array object

Kaminari provides an Array wrapper class that adapts a generic Array object to the paginate view helper. However, the paginate helper doesn't automatically handle your Array object (this is intentional and by design). Kaminari::paginate_array method converts your Array object into a paginatable Array that accepts page method.

@paginatable_array = Kaminari.paginate_array(my_array_object).page(params[:page]).per(10)

You can specify the total_count value through options Hash. This would be helpful when handling an Array-ish object that has a different count value from actual count such as RSolr search result or when you need to generate a custom pagination. For example:

@paginatable_array = Kaminari.paginate_array([], total_count: 145).page(params[:page]).per(10)

or, in the case of using an external API to source the page of data:

page_size = 10
one_page = get_page_of_data params[:page], page_size
@paginatable_array = Kaminari.paginate_array(, total_count: one_page.total_count).page(params[:page]).per(page_size)

Creating Friendly URLs and Caching

Because of the page parameter and Rails routing, you can easily generate SEO and user-friendly URLs. For any resource you'd like to paginate, just add the following to your routes.rb:

resources :my_resources do
  get 'page/:page', action: :index, on: :collection

If you are using Rails 4 or later, you can simplify route definitions by using concern:

concern :paginatable do
  get '(page/:page)', action: :index, on: :collection, as: ''

resources :my_resources, concerns: :paginatable

This will create URLs like /my_resources/page/33 instead of /my_resources?page=33. This is now a friendly URL, but it also has other added benefits...

Because the page parameter is now a URL segment, we can leverage on Rails page caching!

NOTE: In this example, I've pointed the route to my :index action. You may have defined a custom pagination action in your controller - you should point action: :your_custom_action instead.

Other Framework/Library Support

The kaminari gem

Technically, the kaminari gem consists of 3 individual components:

kaminari-core: the core pagination logic
kaminari-activerecord: Active Record adapter
kaminari-actionview: Action View adapter

So, bundling gem 'kaminari' is equivalent to the following 2 lines (kaminari-core is referenced from the adapters):

gem 'kaminari-activerecord'
gem 'kaminari-actionview'

For Other ORM Users

If you want to use other supported ORMs instead of ActiveRecord, for example Mongoid, bundle its adapter instead of kaminari-activerecord.

gem 'kaminari-mongoid'
gem 'kaminari-actionview'

Kaminari currently provides adapters for the following ORMs:

For Other Web Framework Users

If you want to use other web frameworks instead of Rails + Action View, for example Sinatra, bundle its adapter instead of kaminari-actionview.

gem 'kaminari-activerecord'
gem 'kaminari-sinatra'

Kaminari currently provides adapters for the following web frameworks:

For More Information

Check out Kaminari recipes on the GitHub Wiki for more advanced tips and techniques.

Questions, Feedback

Feel free to message me on Github (amatsuda) or Twitter (@a_matsuda) ☇☇☇ :)

Contributing to Kaminari

Fork, fix, then send a pull request.

To run the test suite locally against all supported frameworks:

% bundle install
% rake test:all

To target the test suite against one framework:

% rake test:active_record_50

You can find a list of supported test tasks by running rake -T. You may also find it useful to run a specific test for a specific framework. To do so, you'll have to first make sure you have bundled everything for that configuration, then you can run the specific test:

% BUNDLE_GEMFILE='gemfiles/active_record_50.gemfile' bundle install
% BUNDLE_GEMFILE='gemfiles/active_record_50.gemfile' TEST=kaminari-core/test/requests/navigation_test.rb bundle exec rake test

Author: Kaminari
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#ruby #rails #pagination 

Kaminari: A Scope & Engine Based, Clean, Powerful, Customizable
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Arbre: An Object Oriented DOM Tree in Ruby

Arbre - HTML Views in Ruby

Arbre makes it easy to generate HTML directly in Ruby. This gem was extracted from Active Admin.  


The purpose of Arbre is to leave the view as ruby objects as long as possible. This allows OO Design to be used to implement the view layer.

Getting started

Need help?

Please use StackOverflow for help requests and how-to questions.

Please open GitHub issues for bugs and enhancements only, not general help requests. Please search previous issues (and Google and StackOverflow) before creating a new issue.

Want to support us?

Subscribe to Tidelift to support Arbre and get licensing assurances and timely security notifications.

Security contact information

Please use the Tidelift security contact to report a security vulnerability. Tidelift will coordinate the fix and disclosure.

Author: Activeadmin
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#ruby #rails 

Arbre: An Object Oriented DOM Tree in Ruby
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Activeadmin: The Administration Framework for Ruby on Rails Apps

Active Admin

Active Admin is a Ruby on Rails framework for creating elegant backends for website administration.    


  • Enable developers to quickly create good-looking administration interfaces.
  • Build a DSL for developers and an interface for businesses.
  • Ensure that developers can easily customize every nook and cranny.

Getting started

For enterprise

Active Admin for enterprise is available via the Tidelift subscription. Learn More.

Need help?

Please use StackOverflow for help requests and how-to questions.

Please open GitHub issues for bugs and enhancements only, not general help requests. Please search previous issues (and Google and StackOverflow) before creating a new issue.

Google Groups, IRC #activeadmin and Gitter are not actively monitored.

Want to contribute?

If you want to contribute through code or documentation, the Contributing guide is the best place to start. If you have questions, feel free to ask.

Want to support us?

If you want to support us financially, you can help fund the project through a Tidelift subscription. By buying a Tidelift subscription you make sure your whole dependency stack is properly maintained, while also getting a comprehensive view of outdated dependencies, new releases, security alerts, and licensing compatibility issues.

You can also support us with a weekly tip via Liberapay.

Finally, we have an Open Collective where you can become a backer or sponsor for the project, and also submit expenses to it.


We try not to reinvent the wheel, so Active Admin is built with other open source projects:

ArbreRuby -> HTML, just like that.
DevisePowerful, extensible user authentication
FormtasticA Rails form builder plugin with semantically rich and accessible markup
Inherited ResourcesSimplifies controllers with pre-built RESTful controller actions
KaminariElegant pagination for any sort of collection
RansackProvides a simple search API to query your data

Security contact information

Please use the Tidelift security contact to report a security vulnerability. Tidelift will coordinate the fix and disclosure.


Thanks to Greg Bell for creating and sharing this project with the open source community.

Thanks to all the people that ever contributed through code or other means such as bug reports, issue triaging, feature suggestions, code snippet tips, Slack discussions and so on.

Thanks to Tidelift and all our Tidelift subscribers.

Thanks to Open Collective and all our Open Collective contributors.

Author: Activeadmin
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#ruby #rails 

Activeadmin: The Administration Framework for Ruby on Rails Apps

A Rails template with standard defaults to deploy to Heroku

Suspenders is the base Rails application used at thoughtbot.


First install the suspenders gem:

gem install suspenders

Then run:

suspenders projectname

This will create a Rails app in projectname using the latest version of Rails.

Associated services


To see the latest and greatest gems, look at Suspenders' Gemfile, which will be appended to the default generated projectname/Gemfile.

It includes application gems like:

And development gems like:

  • Dotenv for loading environment variables
  • Pry Rails for interactively exploring objects
  • ByeBug for interactively debugging behavior
  • Bullet for help to kill N+1 queries and unused eager loading
  • Bundler Audit for scanning the Gemfile for insecure dependencies based on published CVEs
  • Web Console for better debugging via in-browser IRB consoles.

And testing gems like:

Other goodies

Suspenders also comes with:


Read the documentation on deploying to Heroku

You can optionally create Heroku staging and production apps:

suspenders app --heroku true


  • Creates a staging and production Heroku app
  • Sets them as staging and production Git remotes
  • Configures staging with HONEYBADGER_ENV environment variable set to staging
  • Creates a Heroku Pipeline for review apps
  • Schedules automated backups for 10AM UTC for both staging and production

You can optionally specify alternate Heroku flags:

suspenders app \
  --heroku true \
  --heroku-flags "--region eu --addons sendgrid,ssl"

See all possible Heroku flags:

heroku help create


This will initialize a new git repository for your Rails app. You can bypass this with the --skip-git option:

suspenders app --skip-git true


You can optionally create a GitHub repository for the suspended Rails app. It requires that you have Hub on your system:

brew install hub # macOS, for other systems see
suspenders app --github organization/project

This has the same effect as running:

hub create organization/project


Suspenders requires the latest version of Ruby.

Some gems included in Suspenders have native extensions. You should have GCC installed on your machine before generating an app with Suspenders.

Use OS X GCC Installer for Snow Leopard (OS X 10.6).

Use Command Line Tools for Xcode for Lion (OS X 10.7) or Mountain Lion (OS X 10.8).

We use Google Chromedriver for full-stack JavaScript integration testing. It requires Google Chrome or Chromium.

PostgreSQL needs to be installed and running for the db:create rake task.

Redis needs to be installed and running for Sidekiq


If you have problems, please create a GitHub Issue.



Thank you, contributors!


Suspenders is Copyright © 2008-2017 thoughtbot. It is free software, and may be redistributed under the terms specified in the LICENSE file.

About thoughtbo

thoughtbotthoughtbotSuspenders is maintained and funded by thoughtbot, inc. The names and logos for thoughtbot are trademarks of thoughtbot, inc.

We love open source software! See our other projects. We are available for hire.

Download Details:

Author: thoughtbot
Download Link: Download The Source Code
Official Website: 
License: MIT license

#rails #heroku 

A Rails template with standard defaults to deploy to Heroku

Instrumental: Ruby Agent for instrumental Application Monitoring

Instrumental Ruby Agent

Instrumental is a application monitoring platform built for developers who want a better understanding of their production software. Powerful tools, like the Instrumental Query Language, combined with an exploration-focused interface allow you to get real answers to complex questions, in real-time.

This agent supports custom metric monitoring for Ruby applications. It provides high-data reliability at high scale, without ever blocking your process or causing an exception.

Setup & Usage

Add the gem to your Gemfile.

gem 'instrumental_agent'

Visit and create an account, then initialize the agent with your project API token.

I ='PROJECT_API_TOKEN', :enabled => Rails.env.production?)

You'll probably want something like the above, only enabling the agent in production mode so you don't have development and production data writing to the same value. Or you can setup two projects, so that you can verify stats in one, and release them to production in another.

Now you can begin to use Instrumental to track your application.

I.gauge('load', 1.23)                # value at a point in time

I.increment('signups')               # increasing value, think "events"

I.time('query_time') do              # time a block of code
  post = Post.find(1)
I.time_ms('query_time_in_ms') do     # prefer milliseconds?
  post = Post.find(1)

Note: For your app's safety, the agent is meant to isolate your app from any problems our service might suffer. If it is unable to connect to the service, it will discard data after reaching a low memory threshold.

Want to track an event (like an application deploy, or downtime)? You can capture events that are instantaneous, or events that happen over a period of time.

I.notice('Jeffy deployed rev ef3d6a') # instantaneous event
I.notice('Testing socket buffer increase', 3.days.ago, 20.minutes) # an event with a duration


Streaming data is better with a little historical context. Instrumental lets you backfill data, allowing you to see deep into your project's past.

When backfilling, you may send tens of thousands of metrics per second, and the command buffer may start discarding data it isn't able to send fast enough. We provide a synchronous mode that will ensure every stat makes it to Instrumental before continuing on to the next.

Warning: You should only enable synchronous mode for backfilling data as any issues with the Instrumental service issues will cause this code to halt until it can reconnect.

I.synchronous = true # every command sends immediately
User.find_each do |user|
  I.increment('signups', 1, user.created_at)


Aggregation collects more data on your system before sending it to Instrumental. This reduces the total amount of data being sent, at the cost of a small amount of additional latency. You can control this feature with the frequency parameter:

I ='PROJECT_API_TOKEN', :frequency => 15) # send data every 15 seconds
I.frequency = 6 # send batches of data every 6 seconds

The agent may send data more frequently if you are sending a large number of different metrics. Values between 3 and 15 are generally reasonable. If you want to disable this behavior and send every metric as fast as possible, set frequency to zero or nil. Note that a frequency of zero will still use a seperate thread for performance - it is NOT the same as synchronous mode.

Server Metrics

Want server stats like load, memory, etc.? Check out InstrumentalD.

Agent Control

Need to quickly disable the agent? set :enabled to false on initialization and you don't need to change any application code.

Capistrano Integration

Add require "instrumental/capistrano" to your capistrano configuration and your deploys will be tracked by Instrumental. Add the API token for the project you want to track to by setting the following Capistrano var:

set :instrumental_key, "MY_API_KEY"

The following configuration will be added:

before "deploy", "instrumental:util:deploy_start"
after  "deploy", "instrumental:util:deploy_end"
before "deploy:migrations", "instrumental:util:deploy_start"
after  "deploy:migrations", "instrumental:util:deploy_end"
after  "instrumental:util:deploy_end", "instrumental:record_deploy_notice"

The default message sent is "USER deployed COMMIT_HASH". If you need to customize it, set a capistrano variable named deploy_message to the value you'd prefer.

Tracking metrics in Resque jobs (and Resque-like scenarios)

If you plan on tracking metrics in Resque jobs, you will need to explicitly cleanup after the agent when the jobs are finished. You can accomplish this by adding after_perform and on_failure hooks to your Resque jobs. See the Resque hooks documentation for more information.

You're required to do this because Resque calls exit! when a worker has finished processing, which bypasses Ruby's at_exit hooks. The Instrumental Agent installs an at_exit hook to flush any pending metrics to the servers, but this hook is bypassed by the exit! call; any other code you rely that uses exit! should call I.cleanup to ensure any pending metrics are correctly sent to the server before exiting the process.

Automated Metric Collection

v2.x+ of the Instrumental Agent introduced automated metric collection for your application by way of the Metrician gem. You can read more about the metrics it collects in the Instrumental documentation.

Upgrading from 1.x

If you are upgrading from the pre-2.x version of instrumental and do not want automated metric collection, you can disable it by setting the following in your agent setup:

  :enabled => Rails.env.production?,
  :metrician => false

Upgrading from 2.x

Agent version 3.x drops support for some older rubies, but should otherwise be a drop-in replacement. If you wish to enable Aggregation, enable the agent with the frequency option set to the number of seconds you would like to wait between flushes. For example:

  :enabled => Rails.env.production?,
  :frequency => 15

Troubleshooting & Help

We are here to help. Email us at

Release Process

  1. Pull latest master
  2. Merge feature branch(es) into master
  3. script/test
  4. Increment version in:
  • lib/instrumental/version.rb
  1. Update
  2. Commit "Release vX.Y.Z"
  3. Push to GitHub
  4. Release packages: rake release
  5. Update documentation on

Version Policy

This library follows Semantic Versioning 2.0.0.

Author:  Instrumental
Source code:
License: MIT license

#ruby #rails 

Instrumental: Ruby Agent for instrumental Application Monitoring
Brook  Legros

Brook Legros


TinyTDS: FreeTDS Bindings for Ruby using DB-Library

TinyTDS - Simple and fast FreeTDS bindings for Ruby using DB-Library.

  • TravisCI - TravisCI
  • Build Status - Appveyor
  • Gem Version - Gem Version
  • Gitter chat - Community

About TinyTDS

The TinyTDS gem is meant to serve the extremely common use-case of connecting, querying and iterating over results to Microsoft SQL Server or Sybase databases from Ruby using the FreeTDS's DB-Library API.

TinyTDS offers automatic casting to Ruby primitives along with proper encoding support. It converts all SQL Server datatypes to native Ruby primitives while supporting :utc or :local time zones for time-like types. To date it is the only Ruby client library that allows client encoding options, defaulting to UTF-8, while connecting to SQL Server. It also properly encodes all string and binary data. The motivation for TinyTDS is to become the de-facto low level connection mode for the SQL Server Adapter for ActiveRecord.

The API is simple and consists of these classes:

  • TinyTds::Client - Your connection to the database.
  • TinyTds::Result - Returned from issuing an #execute on the connection. It includes Enumerable.
  • TinyTds::Error - A wrapper for all FreeTDS exceptions.


Installing with rubygems should just work. TinyTDS is currently tested on Ruby version 2.0.0 and upward.

$ gem install tiny_tds

If you use Windows, we pre-compile TinyTDS with static versions of FreeTDS and supporting libraries. If you're using RubyInstaller the binary gem will require that devkit is installed and in your path to operate properly.

On all other platforms, we will find these dependencies. It is recommended that you install the latest FreeTDS via your method of choice. For example, here is how to install FreeTDS on Ubuntu. You might also need the build-essential and possibly the libc6-dev packages.

$ apt-get install wget
$ apt-get install build-essential
$ apt-get install libc6-dev

$ wget
$ tar -xzf freetds-1.1.24.tar.gz
$ cd freetds-1.1.24
$ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --with-tdsver=7.3
$ make
$ make install

Please read the MiniPortile and/or Windows sections at the end of this file for advanced configuration options past the following:

  Use the freetds library placed under DIR.

Getting Started

Optionally, Microsoft has done a great job writing some articles on how to get started with SQL Server and Ruby using TinyTDS. Please checkout one of the following posts that match your platform.

FreeTDS Compatibility & Configuration

TinyTDS is developed against FreeTDS 0.95, 0.99, and 1.0 current. Our default and recommended is 1.0. We also test with SQL Server 2008, 2014, and Azure. However, usage of TinyTDS with SQL Server 2000 or 2005 should be just fine. Below are a few QA style notes about installing FreeTDS.

NOTE: Windows users of our pre-compiled native gems need not worry about installing FreeTDS and its dependencies.

Do I need to install FreeTDS? Yes! Somehow, someway, you are going to need FreeTDS for TinyTDS to compile against.

OK, I am installing FreeTDS, how do I configure it? Contrary to what most people think, you do not need to specially configure FreeTDS in any way for client libraries like TinyTDS to use it. About the only requirement is that you compile it with libiconv for proper encoding support. FreeTDS must also be compiled with OpenSSL (or the like) to use it with Azure. See the "Using TinyTDS with Azure" section below for more info.

Do I need to configure --with-tdsver equal to anything? Most likely! Technically you should not have to. This is only a default for clients/configs that do not specify what TDS version they want to use. We are currently having issues with passing down a TDS version with the login bit. Till we get that fixed, if you are not using a freetds.conf or a TDSVER environment variable, then make sure to use 7.1.

But I want to use TDS version 7.2 for SQL Server 2005 and up! TinyTDS uses TDS version 7.1 (previously named 8.0) and fully supports all the data types supported by FreeTDS, this includes varchar(max) and nvarchar(max). Technically compiling and using TDS version 7.2 with FreeTDS is not supported. But this does not mean those data types will not work. I know, it's confusing If you want to learn more, read this thread.

I want to configure FreeTDS using --enable-msdblib and/or --enable-sybase-compat so it works for my database. Cool? It's a waste of time and totally moot! Client libraries like TinyTDS define their own C structure names where they diverge from Sybase to SQL Server. Technically we use the MSDBLIB structures which does not mean we only work with that database vs Sybase. These configs are just a low level default for C libraries that do not define what they want. So I repeat, you do not NEED to use any of these, nor will they hurt anything since we control what C structure names we use internally!

Data Types

Our goal is to support every SQL Server data type and covert it to a logical Ruby object. When dates or times are returned, they are instantiated to either :utc or :local time depending on the query options. Only [datetimeoffset] types are excluded. All strings are associated the to the connection's encoding and all binary data types are associated to Ruby's ASCII-8BIT/BINARY encoding.

Below is a list of the data types we support when using the 7.3 TDS protocol version. Using a lower protocol version will result in these types being returned as strings.

  • [date]
  • [datetime2]
  • [datetimeoffset]
  • [time]

TinyTds::Client Usage

Connect to a database.

client = username: 'sa', password: 'secret', host: ''

Creating a new client takes a hash of options. For valid iconv encoding options, see the output of iconv -l. Only a few have been tested and highly recommended to leave blank for the UTF-8 default.

  • :username - The database server user.
  • :password - The user password.
  • :dataserver - Can be the name for your data server as defined in freetds.conf. Raw hostname or hostname:port will work here too. FreeTDS says that named instance like 'localhost\SQLEXPRESS' work too, but I highly suggest that you use the :host and :port options below. Google how to find your host port if you are using named instances or go here.
  • :host - Used if :dataserver blank. Can be an host name or IP.
  • :port - Defaults to 1433. Only used if :host is used.
  • :database - The default database to use.
  • :appname - Short string seen in SQL Servers process/activity window.
  • :tds_version - TDS version. Defaults to "7.3".
  • :login_timeout - Seconds to wait for login. Default to 60 seconds.
  • :timeout - Seconds to wait for a response to a SQL command. Default 5 seconds. Prior to 1.0rc5, FreeTDS was unable to set the timeout on a per-client basis, permitting only a global timeout value. This means that if you're using an older version, the timeout values for all clients will be overwritten each time you instantiate a new TinyTds::Client object. If you are using 1.0rc5 or later, all clients will have an independent timeout setting as you'd expect. Timeouts caused by network failure will raise a timeout error 1 second after the configured timeout limit is hit (see #481 for details).
  • :encoding - Any valid iconv value like CP1251 or ISO-8859-1. Default UTF-8.
  • :azure - Pass true to signal that you are connecting to azure.
  • :contained - Pass true to signal that you are connecting with a contained database user.
  • :use_utf16 - Instead of using UCS-2 for database wide character encoding use UTF-16. Newer Windows versions use this encoding instead of UCS-2. Default true.
  • :message_handler - Pass in a call-able object such as a Proc or a method to receive info messages from the database. It should have a single parameter, which will be a TinyTds::Error object representing the message. For example:
opts = ... # host, username, password, etc
opts[:message_handler] = { |m| puts m.message }
client = opts
# => Changed database context to 'master'.
# => Changed language setting to us_english.
client.execute("print 'hello world!'").do
# => hello world!

Use the #active? method to determine if a connection is good. The implementation of this method may change but it should always guarantee that a connection is good. Current it checks for either a closed or dead connection.

client.dead?    # => false
client.closed?  # => false  # => true
client.execute("SQL TO A DEAD SERVER")
client.dead?    # => true
client.closed?  # => false  # => false
client.closed?  # => true  # => false

Escape strings.

client.escape("How's It Going'") # => "How''s It Going''"

Send a SQL string to the database and return a TinyTds::Result object.

result = client.execute("SELECT * FROM [datatypes]")

TinyTds::Result Usage

A result object is returned by the client's execute command. It is important that you either return the data from the query, most likely with the #each method, or that you cancel the results before asking the client to execute another SQL batch. Failing to do so will yield an error.

Calling #each on the result will lazily load each row from the database.

result.each do |row|
  # By default each row is a hash.
  # The keys are the fields, as you'd expect.
  # The values are pre-built Ruby primitives mapped from their corresponding types.

A result object has a #fields accessor. It can be called before the result rows are iterated over. Even if no rows are returned, #fields will still return the column names you expected. Any SQL that does not return columned data will always return an empty array for #fields. It is important to remember that if you access the #fields before iterating over the results, the columns will always follow the default query option's :symbolize_keys setting at the client's level and will ignore the query options passed to each.

result = client.execute("USE [tinytdstest]")
result.fields # => []

result = client.execute("SELECT [id] FROM [datatypes]")
result.fields # => ["id"]
result = client.execute("SELECT [id] FROM [datatypes]")
result.each(:symbolize_keys => true)
result.fields # => [:id]

You can cancel a result object's data from being loading by the server.

result = client.execute("SELECT * FROM [super_big_table]")

You can use results cancelation in conjunction with results lazy loading, no problem.

result = client.execute("SELECT * FROM [super_big_table]")
result.each_with_index do |row, i|
  break if row > 10

If the SQL executed by the client returns affected rows, you can easily find out how many.

result.affected_rows # => 24

This pattern is so common for UPDATE and DELETE statements that the #do method cancels any need for loading the result data and returns the #affected_rows.

result = client.execute("DELETE FROM [datatypes]") # => 72

Likewise for INSERT statements, the #insert method cancels any need for loading the result data and executes a SCOPE_IDENTITY() for the primary key.

result = client.execute("INSERT INTO [datatypes] ([xml]) VALUES ('<html><br/></html>')")
result.insert # => 420

The result object can handle multiple result sets form batched SQL or stored procedures. It is critical to remember that when calling each with a block for the first time will return each "row" of each result set. Calling each a second time with a block will yield each "set".

sql = ["SELECT TOP (1) [id] FROM [datatypes]",
       "SELECT TOP (2) [bigint] FROM [datatypes] WHERE [bigint] IS NOT NULL"].join(' ')

set1, set2 = client.execute(sql).each
set1 # => [{"id"=>11}]
set2 # => [{"bigint"=>-9223372036854775807}, {"bigint"=>9223372036854775806}]

result = client.execute(sql)

result.each do |rowset|
  # First time data loading, yields each row from each set.
  # 1st: {"id"=>11}
  # 2nd: {"bigint"=>-9223372036854775807}
  # 3rd: {"bigint"=>9223372036854775806}

result.each do |rowset|
  # Second time over (if columns cached), yields each set.
  # 1st: [{"id"=>11}]
  # 2nd: [{"bigint"=>-9223372036854775807}, {"bigint"=>9223372036854775806}]

Use the #sqlsent? and #canceled? query methods on the client to determine if an active SQL batch still needs to be processed and or if data results were canceled from the last result object. These values reset to true and false respectively for the client at the start of each #execute and new result object. Or if all rows are processed normally, #sqlsent? will return false. To demonstrate, lets assume we have 100 rows in the result object.

client.sqlsent?   # = false
client.canceled?  # = false

result = client.execute("SELECT * FROM [super_big_table]")

client.sqlsent?   # = true
client.canceled?  # = false

result.each do |row|
  # Assume we break after 20 rows with 80 still pending.
  break if row["id"] > 20

client.sqlsent?   # = true
client.canceled?  # = false


client.sqlsent?   # = false
client.canceled?  # = true

It is possible to get the return code after executing a stored procedure from either the result or client object.

client.return_code  # => nil

result = client.execute("EXEC tinytds_TestReturnCodes")
result.return_code  # => 420
client.return_code  # => 420

Query Options

Every TinyTds::Result object can pass query options to the #each method. The defaults are defined and configurable by setting options in the TinyTds::Client.default_query_options hash. The default values are:

  • :as => :hash - Object for each row yielded. Can be set to :array.
  • :symbolize_keys => false - Row hash keys. Defaults to shared/frozen string keys.
  • :cache_rows => true - Successive calls to #each returns the cached rows.
  • :timezone => :local - Local to the Ruby client or :utc for UTC.
  • :empty_sets => true - Include empty results set in queries that return multiple result sets.

Each result gets a copy of the default options you specify at the client level and can be overridden by passing an options hash to the #each method. For example

result.each(:as => :array, :cache_rows => false) do |row|
  # Each row is now an array of values ordered by #fields.
  # Rows are yielded and forgotten about, freeing memory.

Besides the standard query options, the result object can take one additional option. Using :first => true will only load the first row of data and cancel all remaining results.

result = client.execute("SELECT * FROM [super_big_table]")
result.each(:first => true) # => [{'id' => 24}]

Row Caching

By default row caching is turned on because the SQL Server adapter for ActiveRecord would not work without it. I hope to find some time to create some performance patches for ActiveRecord that would allow it to take advantages of lazily created yielded rows from result objects. Currently only TinyTDS and the Mysql2 gem allow such a performance gain.

Encoding Error Handling

TinyTDS takes an opinionated stance on how we handle encoding errors. First, we treat errors differently on reads vs. writes. Our opinion is that if you are reading bad data due to your client's encoding option, you would rather just find ? marks in your strings vs being blocked with exceptions. This is how things wold work via ODBC or SMS. On the other hand, writes will raise an exception. In this case we raise the SYBEICONVO/2402 error message which has a description of Error converting characters into server's character set. Some character(s) could not be converted.. Even though the severity of this message is only a 4 and TinyTDS will automatically strip/ignore unknown characters, we feel you should know that you are inserting bad encodings. In this way, a transaction can be rolled back, etc. Remember, any database write that has bad characters due to the client encoding will still be written to the database, but it is up to you rollback said write if needed. Most ORMs like ActiveRecord handle this scenario just fine.

Timeout Error Handling

TinyTDS will raise a TinyTDS::Error when a timeout is reached based on the options supplied to the client. Depending on the reason for the timeout, the connection could be dead or alive. When db processing is the cause for the timeout, the connection should still be usable after the error is raised. When network failure is the cause of the timeout, the connection will be dead. If you attempt to execute another command batch on a dead connection you will see a DBPROCESS is dead or not enabled error. Therefore, it is recommended to check for a dead? connection before trying to execute another command batch.


The TinyTDS gem uses binstub wrappers which mirror compiled FreeTDS Utilities binaries. These native executables are usually installed at the system level when installing FreeTDS. However, when using MiniPortile to install TinyTDS as we do with Windows binaries, these binstubs will find and prefer local gem exe directory executables. These are the following binstubs we wrap.

  • tsql - Used to test connections and debug compile time settings.
  • defncopy - Used to dump schema structures.

Using TinyTDS With Rails & The ActiveRecord SQL Server adapter.

TinyTDS is the default connection mode for the SQL Server adapter in versions 3.1 or higher. The SQL Server adapter can be found using the links below.

Using TinyTDS with Azure

TinyTDS is fully tested with the Azure platform. You must set the azure: true connection option when connecting. This is needed to specify the default database name in the login packet since Azure has no notion of USE [database]. FreeTDS must be compiled with OpenSSL too.

IMPORTANT: Do not use for the username connection option! You must use the shorter username@server instead!

Also, please read the Azure SQL Database General Guidelines and Limitations MSDN article to understand the differences. Specifically, the connection constraints section!

Connection Settings

A DBLIB connection does not have the same default SET options for a standard SMS SQL Server connection. Hence, we recommend the following options post establishing your connection.

SQL Server


SET TEXTSIZE 2147483647



SET TEXTSIZE 2147483647

Thread Safety

TinyTDS must be used with a connection pool for thread safety. If you use ActiveRecord or the Sequel gem this is done for you. However, if you are using TinyTDS on your own, we recommend using the ConnectionPool gem when using threads:

Please read our thread_test.rb file for details on how we test its usage.

Emoji Support 😍

This is possible using FreeTDS version 0.95 or higher. You must use the use_utf16 login option or add the following config to your freetds.conf in either the global section or a specfic dataserver. If you are on Windows, the default location for your conf file will be in C:\Sites.

  use utf-16 = true

The default is true and since FreeTDS v1.0 would do this as well.

Compiling Gems for Windows

For the convenience of Windows users, TinyTDS ships pre-compiled gems for supported versions of Ruby on Windows. In order to generate these gems, rake-compiler-dock is used. This project provides several Docker images with rvm, cross-compilers and a number of different target versions of Ruby.

Run the following rake task to compile the gems for Windows. This will check the availability of Docker (and boot2docker on Windows or OS-X) and will give some advice for download and installation. When docker is running, it will download the docker image (once-only) and start the build:

$ rake gem:windows

The compiled gems will exist in ./pkg directory.

Development & Testing

First, clone the repo using the command line or your Git GUI of choice.

$ git clone

After that, the quickest way to get setup for development is to use Docker. Assuming you have downloaded docker for your platform, you can use docker-compose to run the necessary containers for testing.

$ docker-compose up -d

This will download our SQL Server for Linux Docker image based from microsoft/mssql-server-linux/. Our image already has the [tinytdstest] DB and tinytds users created. This will also download a toxiproxy Docker image which we can use to simulate network failures for tests. Basically, it does the following.

$ docker network create main-network
$ docker pull metaskills/mssql-server-linux-tinytds
$ docker run -p 1433:1433 -d --name sqlserver --network main-network metaskills/mssql-server-linux-tinytds
$ docker pull shopify/toxiproxy
$ docker run -p 8474:8474 -p 1234:1234 -d --name toxiproxy --network main-network shopify/toxiproxy

If you are using your own database. Make sure to run these SQL commands as SA to get the test database and user installed.

CREATE DATABASE [tinytdstest];
USE [tinytdstest];
CREATE USER [tinytds] FOR LOGIN [tinytds];
EXEC sp_addrolemember N'db_owner', N'tinytds';

From here you can build and run tests against an installed version of FreeTDS.

$ bundle install
$ bundle exec rake

Examples us using enviornment variables to customize the test task.

$ rake TINYTDS_UNIT_DATASERVER=mydbserver TINYTDS_SCHEMA=sqlserver_2008
$ rake TINYTDS_SCHEMA=sqlserver_azure

Docker Builds

If you use a multi stage Docker build to assemble your gems in one phase and then copy your app and gems into another, lighter, container without build tools you will need to make sure you tell the OS how to find dependencies for TinyTDS.

After you have built and installed FreeTDS it will normally place library files in /usr/local/lib. When TinyTDS builds native extensions, it already knows to look here but if you copy your app to a new container that link will be broken.

Set the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib:${LD_LIBRARY_PATH} and run ldconfig. If you run ldd you should not see any broken links. Make sure you also copied in the library dependencies from your build container with a command like COPY --from=builder /usr/local/lib /usr/local/lib.

Help & Support

About Me

My name is Ken Collins and I currently maintain the SQL Server adapter for ActiveRecord and wrote this library as my first cut into learning Ruby C extensions. Hopefully it will help promote the power of Ruby and the Rails framework to those that have not yet discovered it. My blog is and I can be found on twitter as @metaskills. Enjoy!

Special Thanks


TinyTDS is Copyright (c) 2010-2015 Ken Collins, and Will Bond (Veracross LLC) It is distributed under the MIT license. Windows binaries contain pre-compiled versions of FreeTDS which is licensed under the GNU LGPL license at

Author: rails-sqlserver
Source code:

#ruby   #ruby-on-rails 

TinyTDS: FreeTDS Bindings for Ruby using DB-Library

Impressionist: Rails Plugin That Tracks Impressions and Page Views



A lightweight plugin that logs impressions per action or manually per model

What does this thing do?

Logs an impression... and I use that term loosely. It can log page impressions (technically action impressions), but it is not limited to that. You can log impressions multiple times per request. And you can also attach it to a model. The goal of this project is to provide customizable stats that are immediately accessible in your application as opposed to using Google Analytics and pulling data using their API. You can attach custom messages to impressions. No reporting yet.. this thingy just creates the data.

What about bots?

They are ignored. 1200 known bots have been added to the ignore list as of February 1, 2011. Impressionist uses this list:


Add it to your Gemfile

#rails 6
gem 'impressionist'

#rails 5 or lower
gem 'impressionist', '~>1.6.1'

Install with Bundler

bundle install

Generate the impressions table migration

rails g impressionist

Run the migration

rake db:migrate

The following fields are provided in the migration:

t.string   "impressionable_type"  # model type: Widget
t.integer  "impressionable_id"    # model instance ID:
t.integer  "user_id"              # automatically logs
t.string   "controller_name"      # logs the controller name
t.string   "action_name"          # logs the action_name
t.string   "view_name"            # TODO: log individual views (as well as partials and nested partials)
t.string   "request_hash"         # unique ID per request, in case you want to log multiple impressions and group them
t.string   "session_hash"         # logs the rails session
t.string   "ip_address"           # request.remote_ip
t.text     "params"               # request.params, except action name, controller name and resource id
t.string   "referrer"             # request.referer
t.string   "message"              # custom message you can add
t.datetime "created_at"           # I am not sure what this is.... Any clue?
t.datetime "updated_at"           # never seen this one before either....  Your guess is as good as mine?? ;-)


Log all actions in a controller

 WidgetsController < ApplicationController

Specify actions you want logged in a controller

 WidgetsController < ApplicationController
   impressionist :actions=>[:show,:index]

Make your models impressionable. This allows you to attach impressions to an AR model instance. Impressionist will automatically log the Model name (based on action_name) and the id (based on params[:id]), but in order to get the count of impressions (example: @widget.impression_count), you will need to make your model impressionable

 class Widget < ActiveRecord::Base

Log an impression per model instance in your controller. Note that it is not necessary to specify "impressionist" (usage #1) in the top of you controller if you are using this method. If you add "impressionist" to the top of your controller and also use this method in your action, it will result in 2 impressions being logged (but associated with one request_hash). If you're using friendly_id be sure to log impressionist this way, as params[:id] will return a string(url slug) while impressionable_id is a Integer column in database. Also note that you have to take step #3 for the Widget model for this to work.

 def show
   @widget = Widget.find
   impressionist(@widget, "message...") # 2nd argument is optional

Get unique impression count from a model. This groups impressions by request_hash, so if you logged multiple impressions per request, it will only count them one time. This unique impression count will not filter out unique users, only unique requests

 @widget.impressionist_count(:start_date=>"2011-01-01")  #specify start date only, end date = now

Get the unique impression count from a model filtered by IP address. This in turn will give you impressions with unique request_hash, since rows with the same request_hash will have the same IP address.


Get the unique impression count from a model filtered by params. This in turn will give you impressions with unique params.

 @widget.impressionist_count(:filter => :params)

Get the unique impression count from a model filtered by session hash. Same as #6 regarding request hash. This may be more desirable than filtering by IP address depending on your situation, since filtering by IP may ignore visitors that use the same IP. The downside to this filtering is that a user could clear session data in their browser and skew the results.


Get total impression count. This may return more than 1 impression per http request, depending on how you are logging impressions


Get impression count by message. This only counts impressions of the given message.

@widget.impressionist_count(:message=>"pageview", :filter=>:all)

Logging impressions for authenticated users happens automatically. If you have a current_user helper or use @current_user in your before_filter (or before_action in Rails >= 5.0) to set your authenticated user, will be written to the user_id field in the impressions table.

Adding a counter cache

Impressionist makes it easy to add a counter_cache column to your model. The most basic configuration looks like:

is_impressionable :counter_cache => true

This will automatically increment the impressions_count column in the included model. Note: You'll need to add that column to your model. If you'd like specific a different column name, you can:

is_impressionable :counter_cache => true, :column_name => :my_column_name

If you'd like to include only unique impressions in your count:

# default will be filtered by ip_address
is_impressionable :counter_cache => true, :column_name => :my_column_name, :unique => true

If you'd like to specify what sort of unique impression you'd like to save? Fear not, Any option you pass to unique, impressionist_count will use it as its filter to update_counters based on that unique option.

# options are any column in the impressions' table.
is_impressionable :counter_cache => true, :column_name => :my_column_name, :unique => :request_hash
is_impressionable :counter_cache => true, :column_name => :my_column_name, :unique => :all

Adding column to model

It is as simple as this:

t.integer :my_column_name, :default => 0

If you want to use the typical Rails 4 migration generator, you can:

rails g migration AddImpressionsCountToBook impressions_count:int

What if I only want to record unique impressions?

Maybe you only care about unique impressions and would like to avoid unnecessary database records. You can specify conditions for recording impressions in your controller:

# only record impression if the request has a unique combination of type, id, and session
impressionist :unique => [:impressionable_type, :impressionable_id, :session_hash]

# only record impression if the request has a unique combination of controller, action, and session
impressionist :unique => [:controller_name, :action_name, :session_hash]

# only record impression if session is unique
impressionist :unique => [:session_hash]

# only record impression if param is unique
impressionist :unique => [:params]

Or you can use the impressionist method directly:

impressionist(impressionable, "some message", :unique => [:session_hash])

Are you using Mongoid?

Execute this command on your terminal/console:

rails g impressionist --orm mongoid

This command create a file impression.rb on config/initializer folder. Add config.orm = :mongoid to this file:

# Use this hook to configure impressionist parameters
Impressionist.setup do |config|
  # Define ORM. Could be :active_record (default), :mongo_mapper or :mongoid
  # config.orm = :active_record
  config.orm = :mongoid

Contributing to impressionist

  • Check out the latest master to make sure the feature hasn't been implemented or the bug hasn't been fixed yet
  • Check out the issue tracker to make sure someone already hasn't requested it and/or contributed it
  • Fork the project
  • Start a feature/bugfix branch
  • Commit and push until you are happy with your contribution
  • Make sure to add rpsec tests for it. Patches or features without tests will be ignored. Also, try to write better tests than I do ;-)
  • If adding engine controller or view functionality, use HAML and Inherited Resources.
  • All testing is done inside a small Rails app (test_app). You will find specs within this app.

Want to run the tests? Ok mummy

  • bundle install
  • rails g impressionist
  • rake db:migrate && rake db:test:prepare
  • Run rake or rspec spec inside test_app dir
  • nothing else.
  • :wq



Copyright (c) 2011 John McAliley. See LICENSE.txt for further details.

Author: charlotte-ruby
Source code:
License: MIT license

#ruby #ruby-on-rails 

Impressionist: Rails Plugin That Tracks Impressions and Page Views
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Thinking-sphinx: Sphinx/Manticore Plugin for ActiveRecord/Rails

Thinking Sphinx

Thinking Sphinx is a library for connecting ActiveRecord to the Sphinx full-text search tool, and integrates closely with Rails (but also works with other Ruby web frameworks). The current release is v5.4.0.


Please refer to the changelog and release notes for any changes you need to make when upgrading. The release notes in particular are quite good at covering breaking changes and more details for new features.

The documentation also has more details on what’s involved for upgrading from v4 to v5, v3 to v4, and v1/v2 to v3.


It’s a gem, so install it like you would any other gem. You will also need to specify the mysql2 gem if you’re using MRI, or jdbc-mysql if you’re using JRuby:

gem 'mysql2',          '~> 0.4',    :platform => :ruby
gem 'jdbc-mysql',      '~> 5.1.35', :platform => :jruby
gem 'thinking-sphinx', '~> 5.4'

The MySQL gems mentioned are required for connecting to Sphinx, so please include it even when you’re using PostgreSQL for your database.

You’ll also need to install Sphinx – this is covered in the extended documentation.


Begin by reading the quick-start guide, and beyond that, the documentation should serve you pretty well.


The current release of Thinking Sphinx works with the following versions of its dependencies:

LibraryMinimumTested Against
Rubyv2.4v2.4, v2.5, v2.6, v2.7, v3.0
Sphinxv2.2.11v2.2.11, v3.3.1
Manticorev2.8v3.5, v4.0

It might work with older versions of Ruby, but it’s highly recommended to update to a supported release.

It should also work with JRuby, but the test environment for that in CI has been unreliable, hence that’s not actively tested against at the moment.

Sphinx or Manticore

If you’re using Sphinx, v2.2.11 is recommended even though it’s quite old, as it works well with PostgreSQL databases (but if you’re using MySQL – or real-time indices – then v3.3.1 should also be fine).

If you’re opting for Manticore instead, v2.8 or newer works, but v3 or newer is recommended as that’s what is actively tested against.

Rails and ActiveRecord

Currently Thinking Sphinx is built to support Rails/ActiveRecord 4.2 or newer. If you’re using Sinatra and ActiveRecord instead of Rails, that’s fine – just make sure you add the :require => 'thinking_sphinx/sinatra' option when listing thinking-sphinx in your Gemfile.

If you want ActiveRecord 3.2-4.1 support, then refer to the 4.x releases of Thinking Sphinx. Or, for ActiveRecord 3.1 support, then refer to the 3.0.x releases. Anything older than that, then you’re stuck with Thinking Sphinx v2.x (for Rails/ActiveRecord 3.0) or v1.x (Rails 2.3). Please note that these older versions are no longer actively supported.


You’ll need either the standard Ruby (v2.4 or newer) or JRuby (9.1 or newer).

Database Versions

MySQL 5.x and Postgres 8.4 or better are supported.


Please note that this project has a Contributor Code of Conduct. By participating in this project you agree to abide by its terms.

To contribute, clone this repository and have a good look through the specs – you’ll notice the distinction between acceptance tests that actually use Sphinx and go through the full stack, and unit tests (everything else) which use liberal test doubles to ensure they’re only testing the behaviour of the class in question. I’ve found this leads to far better code design.

All development is done on the develop branch; please base any pull requests off of that branch. Please write the tests and then the code to get them passing, and send through a pull request.

In order to run the tests, you’ll need to create a database named thinking_sphinx:

# Either fire up a MySQL console:
mysql -u root
# OR a PostgreSQL console:
# In that console, create the database:
CREATE DATABASE thinking_sphinx;


You can then run the unit tests with rake spec:unit, the acceptance tests with rake spec:acceptance, or all of the tests with just rake. To run these with PostgreSQL, you’ll need to set the DATABASE environment variable accordingly:

DATABASE=postgresql rake

Author: Pat
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#ruby #rails #search 

Thinking-sphinx: Sphinx/Manticore Plugin for ActiveRecord/Rails
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Distance_of_time_in_words: Better Distance Of Time in Words for Rails


The dotiw library that adds distance_of_time_in_words to any Ruby project, or overrides the default implementation in Rails with more accurate output.

Do you crave accuracy down to the second? So do I. That's why I made this gem.


Add to your Gemfile.

gem 'dotiw'

Run bundle install.

Pure Ruby

require 'dotiw'

include DOTIW::Methods


require 'dotiw'

include ActionView::Helpers::DateHelper
include ActionView::Helpers::TextHelper
include ActionView::Helpers::NumberHelper


Take this for a totally kick-ass example:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.year + 2.months + 3.weeks + 4.days + 5.hours + 6.minutes + 7.seconds, true)
=> "1 year, 2 months, 3 weeks, 4 days, 5 hours, 6 minutes, and 7 seconds"

Also if one of the measurement is zero it will not output it:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.year + 2.months + 5.hours + 6.minutes + 7.seconds, true)
=> "1 year, 2 months, 4 days, 6 minutes, and 7 seconds"

Better than "about 1 year", am I right? Of course I am.

"But Ryan!", you say, "What happens if the time is only in seconds but because of the default the seconds aren't shown? Won't it be blank?" "No!" I triumphantly reply:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.second, false)
=> "1 second"

It also supports numeric arguments like the original Rails version:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(0, 150)
=> "2 minutes and 30 seconds"

as an alternative to:

`>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 2.5.minutes)
=> "2 minutes and 30 seconds"

This is useful if you're just interested in "stringifying" the length of time. Alternatively, you can use the #distance_of_time helper as described below.

The third argument for this method is whether or not to include seconds. By default this is false (because in Rails' distance_of_time_in_words it is), you can turn it on though by passing true as the third argument:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.year + 1.second, true)
=> "1 year, and 1 second"

Yes this could just be merged into the options hash but I'm leaving it here to ensure "backwards-compatibility", because that's just an insanely radical thing to do. \m/

Alternatively this can be included in the options hash as include_seconds: true removing this argument altogether.

The last argument is an optional options hash that can be used to manipulate behavior and (which uses to_sentence).

Don't like having to pass in all the time? Then use time_ago_in_words or distance_of_time_in_words_to_now which also will rock your world:

>> time_ago_in_words( + 3.days + 1.second)
=> "3 days, and 1 second"

>> distance_of_time_in_words_to_now( + 3.days + 1.second)
=> "3 days, and 1 second"

Oh, and did I mention it supports I18n? Oh yeah. Rock on!



You can pass in a locale and it'll output it in whatever language you want (provided you have translations, otherwise it'll default to your app's default locale (the config.i18n.default_locale you have set in /config/application.rb):

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.minute, false, locale: :es)
=> "1 minuto"

This will also be passed to to_sentence.


Specify this if you want it to use the old distance_of_time_in_words. The value can be anything except nil or false.


As described above this option is the equivalent to the third argument whether to include seconds.


Specifies the maximum output unit which will accumulate all the surplus. Say you set it to seconds and your time difference is of 2 minutes then the output would be 120 seconds.

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 2.hours + 70.seconds, true, accumulate_on: :minutes)
=> "121 minutes and 10 seconds"


Only want a specific measurement of time? No problem!

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + 1.minute, false, only: :minutes)
=> "1 minute"

You only want some? No problem too!

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + + 1.minute, false, only: [:minutes, :hours])
=> "1 hour and 1 minute"


Don't want a measurement of time? No problem!

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + 1.minute, false, except: :minutes)
=> "1 hour"

Culling a whole group of measurements of time:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + + 1.minute, false, except: [:minutes, :hours])
=> "1 day"


For times when Rails distance_of_time_in_words is not precise enough and DOTIW is too precise. For instance, if you only want to know the highest time part (measure) that elapsed between two dates.

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + 1.minute + 1.second, true, highest_measure_only: true)
=> "1 hour"

Notice how minutes and seconds were removed from the output. Another example:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.minute + 1.second, true, highest_measure_only: true)
=> "1 minute"

Minutes are the highest measure, so seconds were discarded from the output.


When you want variable precision from DOTIW:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + 1.minute + 1.second, true, highest_measures: 2)
=> "1 hour and 1 minute"


This is an option for to_sentence, defaults to ', '.

Using something other than a comma:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + 1.minute + 1.second, true, words_connector: ' - ')
=> "1 hour - 1 minute, and 1 second"


This is an option for to_sentence, defaults to ' and '.

Using something other than 'and':

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + 1.minute, true, two_words_connector: ' plus ')
=> "1 hour plus 1 minute"


This is an option for to_sentence, defaults to ', and '.

Using something other than ', and':

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 1.hour + 1.minute + 1.second, true, last_word_connector: ', finally ')
=> "1 hour, 1 minute, finally 1 second"


If you have simply a number of seconds you can get the "stringified" version of this by using distance_of_time:

>> distance_of_time(300)
=> "5 minutes"


Don't like any format you're given? That's cool too! Here, have an indifferent hash version:

>> distance_of_time_in_words_hash(, + 1.year + 2.months + 3.weeks + 4.days + 5.hours + 6.minutes + 7.seconds)
=> { days: 4, weeks: 3, seconds: 7, minutes: 6, years: 1, hours: 5, months: 2 }

Indifferent means that you can access all keys by their String or Symbol version.


This method is only available with Rails ActionView.

If you want to calculate a distance of time in percent, use distance_of_time_in_percent. The first argument is the beginning time, the second argument the "current" time and the third argument is the end time.

>> distance_of_time_in_percent("04-12-2009".to_time, "29-01-2010".to_time, "04-12-2010".to_time)
=> '15%'

This method takes the same options as number_with_precision.

>> distance_of_time_in_percent("04-12-2009".to_time, "29-01-2010".to_time, "04-12-2010".to_time, precision: 1)
=> '15.3%'


Pressed for space? Try compact: true.

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 2.year + + 1.second, compact: true)
=> "2y1d"

Pairs well with words_connector, last_word_connector, and two_words_connector if you can spare just a little more room:

>> distance_of_time_in_words(, + 5.years + + 23.seconds, words_connector: " ", last_word_connector: " ", two_words_connector: " ", compact: true)
=> "5y 1d 23s"


  • chendo - for talking through it with me and drawing on the whiteboard
  • Derander - correct Spanish translations
  • DBA - commits leading up to the 0.7 release
  • Sija - rails 4 support, v2.0 release
  • dblock - Ruby w/o Rails support

Author: Radar
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#ruby #time #rails 

Distance_of_time_in_words: Better Distance Of Time in Words for Rails
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Stealth: an Open Source Ruby Framework for Text and Voice Chatbots

Stealth is a Ruby framework for creating text and voice chatbots. It's design is inspired by Ruby on Rails's philosophy of convention over configuration. It has an MVC architecture with the slight caveat that views are aptly named replies


  • Deploy anywhere, it's just a Rack app
  • Variants allow you to use a single codebase on multiple messaging platforms
  • Structured, universal reply format
  • Sessions utilize a state-machine concept and are Redis backed
  • Highly scalable. Incoming webhooks are processed via a Sidekiq queue
  • Built-in best practices: catch-alls (error handling), hello flows, goodbye flows

Getting Started

Getting started with Stealth is simple:

> gem install stealth
> stealth new <bot>

Service Integrations

Stealth is extensible. All service integrations are split out into separate Ruby Gems. Things like analytics and natural language processing (NLP) can be added in as gems as well.

Currently, there are gems for:



Natural Language Processing



You can find our full docs here. If something is not clear in the docs, please file an issue! We consider all shortcomings in the docs as bugs.


Stealth is versioned using Semantic Versioning, but it's more like the Linux Kernel. Major version releases are just as arbitrary as minor version releases. We strive to never break anything with any version change. Patches are still issues as the "third dot" in the version string.

Author: Hellostealth
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#ruby #bot #rails #naturallanguageprocessing 

Stealth: an Open Source Ruby Framework for Text and Voice Chatbots
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Botstack: Rapid Chatbot Development with Ruby on Rails


This is a base project for creating FB Chatbots. It has a state machine and User Management and allows you to add functionality with modules.


Put all your logic into lib/bot. We've already prepared everything for you to kickstart your project.

@msg_meta holds @request_type holds the type of the request. Could be one of the following:

  • DELIVERY (maybe will be removed in the future, to disruptive)
  • TEXT
  • IMAGE -> @msg_meta has the url to the image
  • LOCATION-> @msg_meta has the long / lat
  • AUDIO -> @msg_meta has the url to the mp3 file
  • ATTACHMENT_UNKNOWN -> @msg_meta has the url to the ATTACHMENT_UNKNOWN (mostly http links fucked up with fb outbound link system)

@current_user hold infos of your current user (last seen, state machine, user id ...)

botstack grafik-x

Reply Module

This function will reply a message back to the user who sent one. you can use Spintax and Emojs.

 def reply_message(msg, options={})

 def example()
  reply_message "make {:pizza:|:sushi:|:lemon:} great again!"

This function will send an image back to the user who sent a message to your bot.

 def reply_image(img_url)

This function will render HTML and send an image back to the user who sent a message to your bot.

 def reply_html(html)

This function will render a bubble and send it to the user.

 def reply_bubble

This function will return a string along with a set of button options specified in an array.

 def reply_quick_buttons(msg, options=%W(Yes No))

This function will return a string containing the message a user sent to your bot.

 def get_message

Emoji Module

Most of the time you will not need the Emoji Module because it is already integrated into the reply module.

This function will return the UTF-8 representation of the given Emoji Name

 def get_emoji(name)

This function will send a reply message with the UTF-8 representation of the given Emoji Name

 def reply_emoji(name)

This function will be always used with the reply_message function of the repy module. It will search for emoji names surrounded with : and replaces them with the UTF-8 representation of the given [Emoji Name]

 def compute_emojis(content)

This function is the opposite of the function above.

 def parse_emojis(content)

Web Search Module

With the web search module you can transport websites to messengers. Just add two methods to your bot logic. One for handling search requests and one for handling user input on the search results.

    url: "",
    form_name: 'search',
    result_css_selector: '.result > a',
    image_css_selector: 'img',
    button_text: 'more infos'

    url: "",
    result_css_selector: ".result"

State Machine Module

This Module will help you with guiding users through different states of your bot.

Example usage of the State Machine Module:

class BotLogic < BaseBotLogic

    def self.bot_logic
        state_action 0, :greeting
        state_action 1, :turorial
        state_action 2, :bye

    def self.greeting
        reply_message "greeting"

    def self.turorial
        reply_message "turorial"

    def self.bye
        reply_message "bye"



clone the repo copy config/settings.yml to settings.local.yml and enter your api keys use ngrok or another vpn to tunnel your connection run the following commands

bundle install
rails s

set the webhook to https://tunnel_url/bot and use your token (default: github)


  • Fork it!
  • Create your feature branch: git checkout -b my-new-feature
  • Commit your changes: git commit -am 'Useful information about your new features'
  • Push to the branch: git push origin my-new-feature
  • Submit a pull request on the Development branch :D

gems used

Author: Davidmann4
Source Code: 

#ruby #bot #stack #rails 

Botstack: Rapid Chatbot Development with Ruby on Rails
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


A Super Efficient Amazon SQS Thread Based Message Processor for Ruby


Shoryuken sho-ryu-ken is a super-efficient Amazon SQS thread-based message processor.


Ruby 2.4 or greater.


Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'shoryuken'

If you are using AWS SDK version 3, please also add this line:

gem 'aws-sdk-sqs'

The extra gem aws-sdk-sqs is required in order to keep Shoryuken compatible with AWS SDK version 2 and 3.

And then execute:

$ bundle


Check the Getting Started page.

More Information

For more information check the wiki page.


Mike Perham, creator of Sidekiq, and everybody who contributed to it. Shoryuken wouldn't exist as it is without those contributions.


  1. Fork it ( )
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create a new Pull Request


To run all unit specs against the latest dependency vesions, execute

bundle exec rake spec

To run all Rails-related specs against all supported versions of Rails, execute

bundle exec appraisal rake spec:rails

To run integration specs, start a mock SQS server on localhost:5000. One such option is cjlarose/moto-sqs-server. Then execute

bundle exec rake spec:integration

Key features

I'm looking for Shoryuken maintainers, are you interested on helping to maintain Shoryuken? Join our Slack

Author: ruby-shoryuken
Source Code: 
License: View license

#ruby #rails #amazon 

A Super Efficient Amazon SQS Thread Based Message Processor for Ruby
Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger


Factory_bot_rails: Factory Bot ♥ Rails


factory_bot is a fixtures replacement with a straightforward definition syntax, support for multiple build strategies (saved instances, unsaved instances, attribute hashes, and stubbed objects), and support for multiple factories for the same class (user, admin_user, and so on), including factory inheritance.


factory_bot_rails provides Rails integration for factory_bot.

Supported Rails versions are listed in Appraisals. Supported Ruby versions are listed in .travis.yml.




$ gem install factory_bot_rails


Add factory_bot_rails to your Gemfile in both the test and development groups:

group :development, :test do
  gem 'factory_bot_rails'

You may want to configure your test suite to include factory_bot methods; see configuration.

Automatic Factory Definition Loading

By default, factory_bot_rails will automatically load factories defined in the following locations, relative to the root of the Rails project:


You can configure by adding the following to config/application.rb or the appropriate environment configuration in config/environments:

config.factory_bot.definition_file_paths = ["custom/factories"]

This will cause factory_bot_rails to automatically load factories in custom/factories.rb and custom/factories/*.rb.

It is possible to use this setting to share factories from a gem:

  require 'factory_bot_rails'
rescue LoadError

class MyEngine < ::Rails::Engine
  config.factory_bot.definition_file_paths +=
    [File.expand_path('../factories', __FILE__)] if defined?(FactoryBotRails)

You can also disable automatic factory definition loading entirely by using an empty array:

config.factory_bot.definition_file_paths = []


Including factory_bot_rails in the development group of your Gemfile will cause Rails to generate factories instead of fixtures. If you want to disable this feature, you can either move factory_bot_rails out of the development group of your Gemfile, or add the following configuration:

config.generators do |g|
  g.factory_bot false

If fixture replacement is enabled and you already have a test/factories.rb file (or spec/factories.rb if using rspec_rails), generated factories will be inserted at the top of the existing file. Otherwise, factories will be generated in the test/factories directory (spec/factories if using rspec_rails), in a file matching the name of the table (e.g. test/factories/users.rb).

To generate factories in a different directory, you can use the following configuration:

config.generators do |g|
  g.factory_bot dir: 'custom/dir/for/factories'

Note that factory_bot_rails will not automatically load files in custom locations unless you add them to config.factory_bot.definition_file_paths as well.

The suffix option allows you to customize the name of the generated file with a suffix:

config.generators do |g|
  g.factory_bot suffix: "factory"

This will generate test/factories/users_factory.rb instead of test/factories/users.rb.

For even more customization, use the filename_proc option:

config.generators do |g|
  g.factory_bot filename_proc: ->(table_name) { "prefix_#{table_name}_suffix" }

To override the default factory template, define your own template in lib/templates/factory_bot/model/factories.erb. This template will have access to any methods available in FactoryBot::Generators::ModelGenerator. Note that factory_bot_rails will only use this custom template if you are generating each factory in a separate file; it will have no effect if you are generating all of your factories in test/factories.rb or spec/factories.rb.

Transitioning from factory_girl_rails?

Check out the guide.


Please see

factory_bot_rails was originally written by Joe Ferris and is maintained by thoughtbot. Many improvements and bugfixes were contributed by the open source community.

About thoughtbot

factory_bot_rails is maintained and funded by thoughtbot, inc. The names and logos for thoughtbot are trademarks of thoughtbot, inc.

We are passionate about open source software. See our other projects. We are available for hire.

Author: thoughtbot
Source Code: 
License: MIT license

#ruby #bot #rails 

Factory_bot_rails: Factory Bot ♥ Rails