REST is a style of software architecture for distributed hypermedia systems such as the World Wide Web. It has increased in popularity relative to RPC architectures such as SOAP due to the intrinsic de-coupling of client from server that comes from having a uniform interface between heterogeneous systems.
Wilford  Pagac

Wilford Pagac


What is REST API? An Overview | Liquid Web

What is REST?

The REST acronym is defined as a “REpresentational State Transfer” and is designed to take advantage of existing HTTP protocols when used for Web APIs. It is very flexible in that it is not tied to resources or methods and has the ability to handle different calls and data formats. Because REST API is not constrained to an XML format like SOAP, it can return multiple other formats depending on what is needed. If a service adheres to this style, it is considered a “RESTful” application. REST allows components to access and manage functions within another application.

REST was initially defined in a dissertation by Roy Fielding’s twenty years ago. He proposed these standards as an alternative to SOAP (The Simple Object Access Protocol is a simple standard for accessing objects and exchanging structured messages within a distributed computing environment). REST (or RESTful) defines the general rules used to regulate the interactions between web apps utilizing the HTTP protocol for CRUD (create, retrieve, update, delete) operations.

What is an API?

An API (or Application Programming Interface) provides a method of interaction between two systems.

What is a RESTful API?

A RESTful API (or application program interface) uses HTTP requests to GET, PUT, POST, and DELETE data following the REST standards. This allows two pieces of software to communicate with each other. In essence, REST API is a set of remote calls using standard methods to return data in a specific format.

The systems that interact in this manner can be very different. Each app may use a unique programming language, operating system, database, etc. So, how do we create a system that can easily communicate and understand other apps?? This is where the Rest API is used as an interaction system.

When using a RESTful API, we should determine in advance what resources we want to expose to the outside world. Typically, the RESTful API service is implemented, keeping the following ideas in mind:

  • Format: There should be no restrictions on the data exchange format
  • Implementation: REST is based entirely on HTTP
  • Service Definition: Because REST is very flexible, API can be modified to ensure the application understands the request/response format.
  • The RESTful API focuses on resources and how efficiently you perform operations with it using HTTP.

The features of the REST API design style state:

  • Each entity must have a unique identifier.
  • Standard methods should be used to read and modify data.
  • It should provide support for different types of resources.
  • The interactions should be stateless.

For REST to fit this model, we must adhere to the following rules:

  • Client-Server Architecture: The interface is separate from the server-side data repository. This affords flexibility and the development of components independently of each other.
  • Detachment: The client connections are not stored on the server between requests.
  • Cacheability: It must be explicitly stated whether the client can store responses.
  • Multi-level: The API should work whether it interacts directly with a server or through an additional layer, like a load balancer.

#tutorials #api #application #application programming interface #crud #http #json #programming #protocols #representational state transfer #rest #rest api #rest api graphql #rest api json #rest api xml #restful #soap #xml #yaml

What is REST API? An Overview | Liquid Web
Adonis  Kerluke

Adonis Kerluke


RESTful API Design Driven Approach

In this tutorial I will show you the fundamentals of designing a RESTful API specification by applying REST principles and best practices, then you’ll be ready to try my online tutorial: How to design a REST API with API Designer?

If you already know what is meant by API in the context of RESTful web services, you can skip to the next section. If not, read on.

Level-Set on API

The abbreviation API stands for Application Programming Interface this in itself, does not help us understand what it is, however in the context of web services, it can refer to one of two things:

  1. The RESTful API specification is written using a modeling language such as Open API specification or RAML (RESTful API Modeling Language) that defines a contract for how software components can interact with a service.
  2. The implementation of a web service or microservice whose contract is designed by REST principles that describe how other services must interact with it.

In this post, I will use the first understanding of this term. Even though both are correct, the most technically relevant for this post is the first: an API is a contract for how software applications talk to each other.

Level-Set on REST

The acronym REST stands for REpresentational State Transfer. It is an architectural style used to represent the transmission of data from one application component to another. In the context of web services, we are talking about the representation of resources (i.e. data) transferred over HTTP by calling a URI that represents the data and via an HTTP method that represents the action to perform against the given data.

What Is RESTful API design?

RESTful API design is the activity of describing the behavior of a web service in terms of its data structures and the actions you allow other application components to perform on its data by the principles of REST. Those principles are covered later in this blog.

Why Design a RESTful API?

Imagine that you are an Architect (the kind the design building) and you set out to build an office block without a blueprint. You turn up on the first day with a truck full of bricks and some cement. What are the chances that you’ll be successful and build a structure that conforms to code and more importantly, doesn’t fall? It’s about zero. Without a blueprint the chance of failure is high.

The same approach applies to web service development. You need a blueprint, or more appropriately, an API specification. This is necessary to evaluate the API design and solicit feedback before even starting to build the implementation.

In addition to providing a specification for the web service’s development, an API contract serves to document its expected behavior, data types, and security requirements.

You should now be satisfied that API design is necessary for a RESTful web service, and should start to wonder how is the best approach to actually designing an API specification.

API Design Tooling

The tooling chosen by an API designer has substantial influence over the designer’s productivity. Highly productive tools such as the Anypoint API Designer from MuleSoft is perfect for designing APIs with OAS (swagger) or RAML.

#integration #api #rest #rest api #restful #api design #raml #rest api design

RESTful API Design Driven Approach

REST API In Laravel Example

Hello Friends,

Today I will give you information about REST API, REST API is an application program interface that uses HTTP requests to GET, PUT, POST and DELETE data.

In this tutorial I am going to perform CRUD operation using REST API and you can learn how to create REST API with authentication using passport in laravel 6/7 application. here we will get data from API.

REST API In Laravel Example

#rest api in laravel example #php #rest api #crud operation using rest api #rest api with passport #laravel rest api crud

REST API In Laravel Example
Ahebwe  Oscar

Ahebwe Oscar


Permissions in Django Rest Framework

This article looks at how permissions work in Django REST Framework (DRF).


By the end of this article, you should be able to explain:

  1. How DRF permissions work
  2. The similarities and differences between has_permission and has_object_permission
  3. When to use has_permission and has_object_permission

DRF Permissions

In DRF, permissions, along with authentication and throttling, are used to grant or deny access for different classes of users to different parts of an API.

Authentication and authorization work hand in hand. Authentication is always executed before authorization.

While authentication is the process of checking a user’s identity (the user the request came from, the token that it was signed with), authorization is a process of checking if the request user has the necessary permissions for executing the request (are they a super user, are they the creators of the object).

The authorization process in DRF is covered by permissions.

#permissions in django rest framework #django rest framework #permissions #rest #rest framework #django

Permissions in Django Rest Framework

What is Rest and Restful API? Understand the Concept

In this tutorial, we gonna learn what is rest and restful API.


#rest #restful

What is Rest and Restful API? Understand the Concept
Cyril  Parisian

Cyril Parisian


How to Consume WCF REST Service in C#

In this blog post, you will learn how to consume the WCF REST service in the C#  ASP.Net web application. Previously I have explained how to create WCF REST Service in C#  and Exception Handling in WCF using Fault Contract . You can follow the below steps to calling WCF rest service:-

#how to #wcf rest service #calling wcf rest service c# #consume wcf rest service c# json #consume wcf rest service c# xml

How to Consume WCF REST Service in C#
Ahebwe  Oscar

Ahebwe Oscar


REST Implementation Of Django Authentication System for Python


REST implementation of Django authentication system. djoser library provides a set of Django Rest Framework views to handle basic actions such as registration, login, logout, password reset and account activation. It works with custom user model.

Instead of reusing Django code (e.g. PasswordResetForm), we reimplemented few things to fit better into Single Page App architecture.

Developed by SUNSCRAPERS with passion & patience.


To be able to run djoser you have to meet following requirements:

  • Python (3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9)
  • Django (2.2, 3.1)
  • Django REST Framework 3.11.1

If you need to support other versions, please use djoser<2.


Simply install using pip:

$ pip install djoser

And continue with the steps described at configuration guide.

#django #authentication #rest implementation of django authentication system for python #rest #django authentication system for python #rest implementation

REST Implementation Of Django Authentication System for Python
Salis  Ajingi

Salis Ajingi


REST API & RESTful Web Services Explained | Web Services Tutorial

In this tutorial we will learn REST API and RESTful web services.

What is REST API? REST stands for Representational State Transfer and API stands for Application Programming Interface.

Representational - the resource (image, page, video, profile) is represented by the web server to the client in any format like HTML, Image, JSON, XML etc.

State - the state of the application (web site) on a client’s computer changes as the client clicks from one link to the next. Ask the client clicks on the link, they request additional resources, and the application “state” changes.

Transfer - the transfer of resources from the web server to the client in a “representational” state which can be read by the client or implemented in the application program by the programmer. The transfer may also refer to the application state transfer as the client browses a web site.

API - application programming interface provides useful methods/functions which a programmer can implement into his own application in a chosen programming language like PHP. The API makes it easy for programmers to implement. It’s important to note that the response we get when sending REST API request will usually be in JSON, XML or other format which makes it easy to implement in the code and it’s not meant to be read immediately by a human being.

Download this video’s files here:…


#rest #restful #web-service

REST API & RESTful Web Services Explained | Web Services Tutorial

How to build a RESTful API — A Deep Dive into REST APIs

The goal of this article is to show off elements of the web architecture that are fundamental pieces of REST architecture.

REST is not just a guide of best practices and semantics for building APIs, but rather a** hybrid style architecture, principles, and constraints!** 💁


To better understand how REST works, you need to understand some fundamental REST-related web architecture principles, which are:

  • Resources and Representations
  • Addressing of resources (addressability)
  • Uniform Interface
  • Stateless
  • Hyperlink for navigation between resources (Hypermedia)

Resources and Representations

Whenever we make a request to a server, it is made through a Uniform Resource Locator, which is a URL for a thing, e.g., a product, a photo, or a homepage. In REST terms, that “thing” is known as a resource.

When the browser requests to obtain a resource, the server sends a document as a response, which may vary according to what was requested, which may be an HTML document, binaries containing the requested image, or plain text in JSON format.

Regardless of the type of document returned, we name this document asa representation of the resource.👈❕

In summary, the customer never sees the resource directly, but rather a representation of it, which is identified by a URL, and a resource can contain multiple representations.


Everything on the web is “addressable” which means that everything should have a reference to it. Every resource must have its URL, which is used to access only one of its representations. Each different representation of a resource must provide its URL.

The addressing principle simply says that each resource must have its own URL. If something is important to your application, must have a unique name, and a unique URL.

Despite common misconceptions, REST is not about how to either build or design API routes, but it is so important to understand how to design API routes. At the end of this article, I have linked a sample RESTful API project that to show off in practical everything related in this article, plus route design considerations.

#rest-api #api #rest #deep-learning

How to build a RESTful API — A Deep Dive into REST APIs

An API-First Approach For Designing Restful APIs | Hacker Noon

I’ve been working with Restful APIs for some time now and one thing that I love to do is to talk about APIs.

So, today I will show you how to build an API using the API-First approach and Design First with OpenAPI Specification.

First thing first, if you don’t know what’s an API-First approach means, it would be nice you stop reading this and check the blog post that I wrote to the Farfetchs blog where I explain everything that you need to know to start an API using API-First.

Preparing the ground

Before you get your hands dirty, let’s prepare the ground and understand the use case that will be developed.


If you desire to reproduce the examples that will be shown here, you will need some of those items below.

  • NodeJS
  • OpenAPI Specification
  • Text Editor (I’ll use VSCode)
  • Command Line

Use Case

To keep easy to understand, let’s use the Todo List App, it is a very common concept beyond the software development community.

#api #rest-api #openai #api-first-development #api-design #apis #restful-apis #restful-api

An API-First Approach For Designing Restful APIs | Hacker Noon
Chaz  Homenick

Chaz Homenick


Why You Should Consider Low-Code Approach to Building a REST API

APIs have been around for decades – they allow different systems to talk to each other in a seamless, fast fashion – yet it’s been during the past decade that this technology has become a significant force.

So then why all the interest in APIs? We all know the usual stories – Uber, Airbnb, Apple Pay… the list goes on, and the reasons are plentiful. Today the question is, how? Perhaps you are looking to differentiate your business or want a first-mover advantage.  How can you execute quickly and at low cost/risk to try new market offerings?

An API provides several benefits to an organisation, but without a dedicated team of trained developers, it might seem like an implausible option. Developers are expensive, and it can take months to develop an API from the ground up. If you don’t fancy outsourcing or have the capability in house to build internal APIs, a low-code platform might just be the answer.

Before You Begin: Plan long-term, start small.

For a small one-page application, this might only be a day or two of talking with stakeholders and designing business logic. The purpose of this first step is to ensure that the API will cover all use cases and provides stakeholders with what they need. Refactoring an entire coding design due to missing business logic is not only frustrating for the development team but adds high cost and time to the API project.

During the planning and design stage, remember that running an API requires more infrastructure than just resources to execute endpoint logic. You need a database to store the data, an email system to send messages, storage for files, and security to handle authorisation and authentication. These services can be farmed out to cloud providers to expedite the API build process (e.g. AWS provides all these infrastructure components, but Microsoft Azure is an optional cloud provider with SendGrid as the email application.)

**Planning considerations: **An API “speaks” in JSON or XML, so the output provided to client applications should be decided. Should you choose to later create endpoints for public developer consumption, you could offer both for ease-of-use and fostering more adoption. Ensuring the API follows OpenAPI standards will encourage more adoption and attract more developers.

#api #rest-api #api-development #restful-api #low-code-platform #low-code #build-a-rest-api #low-code-approach

Why You Should Consider Low-Code Approach to Building a REST API
Pedro Rogério

Pedro Rogério


Developing a RESTful API using Fastify

You who are tired of seeing examples of REST API in Node using Express will be very interested in this boilerplate that I ended up developing using Traefik, Docker, Docker Compose, Fastify, JWT and Mongodb.

Happy coding!

#fastify #rest #restful #api

Developing a RESTful API using Fastify
Mélanie  Faria

Mélanie Faria



Neste vídeo vou explicar de forma bem objetiva a definição de REST e RESTful nas APIs e também analisar na pratica os pilares do Modelo de Maturidade de Richardson que tornam uma API RESTful.

#rest #api #restful


Best Practice Guide For Rest API Security

What is the Rest API?

RESTful programming provides stateless and a uniform interface, Rest API is HTTP-based URLs that hide the back-end infrastructure from the user. Rest APIs provide the back end for modern web and mobile applications.

Why is API security important?

Rest APIs are the most important layer in the back-end infrastructure for most modern applications. Cybercriminals are increasingly targeting APIs. Ensuring web API security is the most important and crucial. Let’s see what you can do to ensure REST API security.

Common Security Vulnerabilities & Mistakes and Best Practices to Secure REST APIs

Always Use HTTPS

API security start with Http Connection. All requests from clients to your API should be encrypted (HTTPS). Unfortunately, many client HTTP do not enable HTTPS/secure connections by default it’s necessary to enforce that from the server. When Clients who attempt to connect via HTTP should forcefully be redirected to secure HTTPS connections.

You can get a free certificate with Let’s Encrypt. SSL provides security from basic API vulnerabilities with almost minimal effort

Distributed Denial of Service Attacks (DDoS)

A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) is a targeted cyber attack on a web site or device where a malicious attacker flood of traffic is sent from single or multiple sources. the main purpose of DDos is to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its genuine users by temporarily or disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet. if we are not using appropriate security practice or tools then it makes RESTful API into a non-functional situation.

####### How to Prevent or Stop DDoS Attacks

API DoS attacks are more common these days. Rest APIs utilizations also increasing day-by-day. The organization’s dependency is increasing day-by-day because of business needed a unified platform. An attacker can use multiple ways for the DDoS attack so as developer or security engineer you need to implement long-term solution not a temporary

Rate Limit

Attackers can make so many repeated calls on the APIs. it can make resources unavailable to its genuine users. A rate limit is the number of API calls an app or user can make within a given period. When this limit is exceeded, block API access temporarily and return the 429 (too many requests) HTTP error code.

#restapi #rest api #rest api security #best practice #rest api developer guide #security

Best Practice Guide For Rest API Security
Most Sara

Most Sara


What the difference between REST API and RESTful API?

The short answer is that REST stands for Representational State Transfer. It’s an architectural pattern for creating web services. A RESTful service is one that implements that pattern.

The long answer starts with “sort of” and “it depends” and continues with more complete definitions.

Defining REST

Let’s start by defining what REST is and is not. For some, REST means a server that exchanges JSON documents with a client over HTTP. Not only is that not a complete definition, but it’s also not always true. The REST specification doesn’t require HTTP or JSON. (The spec doesn’t mention JSON or XML at all.)

The Origins of REST

Roy Fielding introduced the REST architectural pattern in a dissertation he wrote in 2000. The paper defines a means for clients and servers to exchange application data. A key feature is that the client doesn’t need to know anything about the application in advance. The link is to chapter five of his paper. While the entire dissertation describes the hows and whys of REST, that chapter defines the architectural pattern.

Fielding doesn’t mandate specific requirements. Instead, he defines REST regarding constraints and architectural elements.

REST’s Architectural Constraints

Here is a summary of the constraints.

  • Client-server – REST applications have a server that manages application data and state. The server communicates with a client that handles the user interactions. A clear separation of concerns divides the two components. This means you can update and improve them in independent tracks.
  • Stateless – servers don’t maintain any client state. Clients manage their application state. Their requests to servers contain all the information required to process them.
  • Cacheable – servers must mark their responses as cacheable or not. So, infrastructures and clients can cache them when possible to improve performance. They can dispose of non-cacheable Information, so no client uses stale data.
  • Uniform interface – this constraint is REST’s most well known feature or rule, depending on who you ask. Fielding says “The central feature that distinguishes the REST architectural style from other network-based styles is its emphasis on a uniform interface between components.” REST services provide data as resources, with a consistent namespace. We’ll cover this in detail below.
  • Layered system – components in the system cannot “see” beyond their layer. So, you can easily add load-balancers and proxies to improve security or performance.

A RESTful service is more than a web server that exchanges JSON, or any other, documents. These constraints work together to create a very specific type of application.

Applying the Constraints

First, the client-server, layered systems and stateless constraints combine to form an application with solid boundaries and clear separations between concerns. Data moves from the server to the client upon request. The client displays or manipulates it. If the state changes, the client sends it back to the server for storage. Fielding specifically contrasts REST with architectures that use distributed objects to hide data from other components. In REST, the client and server share knowledge about data and state. The architecture doesn’t conceal data, it only hides implementations.

The cacheable and uniform state constraints go one step further. Application data is available to clients in a clear and consistent interface and cached when possible.

So, that’s the technical definition of REST. What does it look like in the real world?

RPC Over HTTP vs. RESTful

Often when someone says that a service “isn’t REST,” they’re looking at the URIs or how the service uses HTTP verbs. They’re referring to REST’s presentation of data as a uniform set of resources.

This distinction is sometimes framed as a difference between remote procedures calls (RPC) and REST. Imagine a web service for listing, adding, and removing, items from an e-commerce inventory.

In one version, there’s a single URL that we query with HTTP GETs or POSTs.  You interact with the service by POSTing a document, setting the contents to reflect what you want to do.

Add new items with a POST with a NewItem:

POST /inventory HTTP/1.1
    "NewItem": {
          "name": "new item",
          "price": "9.99",
          "id": "1001"

Query for items with a POST and an ItemRequest:

POST /inventory HTTP/1.1
    "ItemRequest": {
          "id": "1001"

Some implementations accept a request for a new item with a get, too.

POST /inventory?id=1001 HTTP/1.1

We also change or delete items with a POST and an ItemDelete or ItemUpdate.

POST /inventory HTTP/1.1
    "ItemDelete": {
          "id": "1001"

This isn’t REST. We’re not exchanging the state of resources. We’re calling a function with arguments that happen to be in a JSON document or URL arguments.

A RESTful service has a URI for each item in the inventory.

So, adding a new item would look like the example above.

POST /item HTTP/1.1
    "Item": {
          "name": "new item",
          "price": "9.99",
          "id": "1001"

But the similarities end there. Retrieving an item is always a GET:

GET /item/1001 HTTP/1.1   

Deleting is a DELETE:

DELETE /item/1001 HTTP/1.1  

Modifying an item is a PUT:

POST /inventory HTTP/1.1
    "Item": {
          "name": "new item",
          "price": "7.99",
          "id": "1001"

The difference is important. In REST, operations that use distinct HTTP actions. These verbs correspond directly to the activity on the data. GET, POST, PUT, DELETE and PATCH all have specific contracts. Most well-designed REST APIs also return specific HTTP codes, depending on the result of the request.

The critical point is that the URIs operate on the data, not on remote methods.

But there’s another reason why the resource model is essential.

REST vs RESTful and the Richardson Maturity Model

When you model your URIs after resources and use HTTP verbs you make your API predictable. Once developers know how you defined your resources, they can almost predict what the API looks like. Here again, the emphasis is on understanding the data, not the operations.

But even if you can’t make the API entirely predictable, you can document any REST service with hypertext. So, each item returned in the inventory app would contain links for deleting, modifying, or setting the inventory level of the resource. Fielding says that before a service is RESTful, it must provide hypertext media as part of the API.

Many sites don’t meet this requirement but are still called REST. Fact is, many sites break the rules in one way or another. So many that Leonard Richardson created a model breaks down REST into levels of compliance

We’ve already covered the source levels:

  • 0 – exporting an API over HTTP with methods called with arguments
  • 1 – Exporting resources instead of methods
  • 2 – Proper use of HTTP verbs
  • 3 – Exporting hypertext with objects that make all or part of the API discoverable.

Richardson’s model is his own, and it doesn’t map directly into Fielding’s spec. Since Fielding requires level three, he would say that most apps aren’t REST anyway.

The point is many services that we colloquially refer to as REST, technically aren’t.

REST vs RESTful: Does It Matter?

So, does the REST vs. RESTful comparison matter? Probably not. How well your architecture complies with an arbitrary standard isn’t as important with how well it suits your needs and can grow with your business.

The REST architectural pattern has many advantages. Fielding designed it for the web and, 18 years later, most of the constraints he had in mind are still with us. In 2000 we didn’t have Android or the iPhone. IE5 had 50% of the browser market share. It’s biggest rival was Firefox. But Fielding recognized what online applications needed and how web clients would evolve from HTML display engines into complete applications. The tools we use today have grown to suit REST, not the other way around.

Thank you for reading. Hope this tutorial will help you!

#REST API #RESTful API #Developer #Programming #WebProgramming

What the difference between REST API and RESTful API?