Selenium is an automation testing tool; it is primarily used to test websites and web applications; it is an open-source tool. With the help of Selenium, test cases can run directly in web browsers, just like a person operating the web browsers. It supports many web browsers such as Opera, Safari, Chrome, Firefox, IE, etc. There are several different sub tools to support different automation test approaches. In this article, we will learn about selenium tool suite, its components and features. So let’s start!!!
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Selenium has gone through a tremendous evolution since its introduction and that’s the reason today it is the most popular and powerful automation testing tool. The newly released Selenium 4 is creating a lot of buzz and the complete testing community is looking forward to exploring its updated features.
Before we dive into Selenium 4, let’s have a brief introduction to its previous versions. Selenium 1 was declared as the free open source automation testing framework in the year 2004 consisting of selenium IDE, RC, and web driver. Whereas, the Selenium 2 released in 2011 consisted of the IDE, Web driver, and Grid. The RC server was merged with the web driver, as the web driver facilitated easy automation scripting for the browsers. Selenium 3 was officially released in 2016. One of the most noticeable changes in selenium 3 was the replacement of the selenium core with the web driver-backed option, the introduction of the gecko driver, and W3C web driver integration.
With the aim of executing much seamless, accurate and faster test automation, Selenium 4 was released on 24th April 2019. So let’s unleash all the major features of selenium 4 which sets it apart from the earlier versions delivering better test automation. There are a lot of exciting features in Selenium 4 across the complete suite i.e. Selenium IDE, Webdriver and Grid. In Selenium 4 though the Webdriver captures the spotlight, we will cover the updated features of selenium IDE and selenium grid. So first of all let’s define the different user groups for the Selenium suite.
Selenium is a suite of tools that caters to the various requirements of the project such as:
Let us explore the features of Selenium 4 across the different Selenium Tools.
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While you are automating your test cases with Selenium automation, here is how to start implementing Selenium getAttribute() method to get the best results.
Testing a web page can be a gargantuan task, considering all the elements and variables that come together to make a page work. Selenium automation is a great way to overcome these challenges and automate everything you would manually do. For example, Selenium makes it so much easier to take a screenshot using Python instead of doing it manually every time you come across a website issue.
Similarly, there are multiple scenarios while writing automation test cases when we need to verify a specific attribute on the web page. To ease our execution, the method to
getAttribute() in Selenium comes to the rescue. In this blog, we will understand what an attribute is and how we can handle web elements’ attributes using the Selenium
Let’s get to it, shall we?
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Selenium is one of the most—if not the most—popular names for browser automation tools. And even though you can use…
Selenium is one of the most—if not the most—popular names for browser automation tools. And even though you can use its automation power for any purpose you like, most people use this tool to test web applications.
We’ve published many posts about Selenium. Today, we add another one to the list by teaching how to upload and download files to websites using the tool.
We’ll start with a brief definition of Selenium, covering the three main versions in which you can find it. Then, we get to the main part of the post, where we’ll cover how you can upload and download files using Selenium, in that order.
Before wrapping up, we share some final considerations, including an alternative to using Selenium for this kind of task.
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Selenium automates web testing of by controlling browsers based on your test scripts. Learn what is Selenium? Why is Selenium testing important? How Selenium works? What are Selenium Components? How to start Selenium testing?
What Is Selenium?
Using Selenium testing tool, testers are able to deliver test cycles faster by automating repeated test cases. When integrated with CI/CD pipeline, Selenium testing tool can also help with a sturdy, bug-free release deployment pipeline.
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You’d hardly find a website these days without alerts and pop-ups! The alert boxes warn you whenever you perform a wrong action or to enter details to access a website. These alert boxes stop you from performing any other browser functions till the alert is resolved. This is why it becomes important that you handle them in your Selenium test automation scripts.
In this WebDriverIO tutorial on alert handling in Selenium, I’ll show you how to handle alerts and pop-ups as well as overlay modal in WebDriverIO. I will also cover the different types of alerts you will face during automation and what are the key points you need to follow for alert handling in Selenium using WebDriverIO.
It is important to note that you can’t identify alerts using devtools or by XPath. Also, since they can’t be handled as a window, this is why it gets a bit tricky to handle them, but don’t worry, you’d find more about this in the latter section of this WebDriverIo tutorial.
There are three types of alerts that you’d need to handle in WebDriverIO.
The alert pop up or alert() method displays an alert box with just a message and ‘OK’ button. This alert used to inform the user about some information. There is only one button ‘OK’ displayed with the text of information. Here, the user has only one option to press the OK button. Below is the example of alert pop up.
The confirmation alert is the second type of alert with a message, where it gives the user the option to press OK or Cancel. Here is the example of a confirmation alert.
The prompt pop up is the last alert where this used to let the user give input for the website. Here, the user can give input and press the OK button or press Cancel to avoid giving input. Below is the example of the prompt pop up.
< div > tag by giving special CSS code. This modal can go off by clicking somewhere other than the modal.
This modal is built using the client-side framework e.g bootstrap, ReactJS. A developer can be used to display some information, pop up, and form. There is no special
Here is an example of Overlay Modal:
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We all know that manual testing of applications takes a lot of time, effort, and resources too. Moreover, it is not possible to quickly test applications at any random time without having any manual intervention. Automation is used to reduce manual testing as much as possible.
We already have many tools available in the market, with Selenium and UFT being some of them. So, in this article, we will see a complete comparison between the HP UFT and Selenium. So let’s start with Selenium vs UFT.
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Welcome to DataFlair Selenium Tutorial series. In this article, we are going to learn step by step process of Selenium IDE installation.
Selenium IDE is an add-on in Firefox that is being developed to allow testers and developers to record their test scripts. As they follow the workflow that needs to test, and at a later point of time, they play it to save their time of regression testing.
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Selenium is one of the most prominent choices when people need a test automation tool. Well, strictly speaking, Selenium is…
Selenium is one of the most prominent choices when people need a test automation tool. Well, strictly speaking, Selenium is a browser automation tool. But more often than not, people end up using the automation power of Selenium to perform complex end-to-end testing. When doing such tests, you often need to use wait commands. This post is all about a particular wait feature in Selenium, Selenium ExpectedConditions.
We’ll structure the post into two main parts. The first one is about fundamentals. We’ll start with a brief overview of Selenium. After that, we’ll explain what waits are and why they’re so important. Finally, we’ll offer a brief introduction to ExpectedConditions in Selenium, including an example.
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Selenium is by far the most used web automation testing tools. Selenium testing can help you test on major browsers, Operating systems, and even on mobile devices.
But there is a challenge. You have to load so many browsers on your local machine. If you have a windows machine, you cannot test on Safari browsers.
To overcome this challenge you have to test on the platform having different browser environments running multiple test cases concurrently, in parallel, and reducing the overall time.
Here what Selenium Grid comes which allow you to run the test in different browser/versions, simultaneously.
Let us get a deep study on it!!
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In this selenium tutorial you will learn end to end about selenium course. So in this selenium training video we have covered the concepts right from beginning so that you can start your learning with zero knowledge on selenium.
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Localization automation testing is essential for your product to gain good standing globally. Read on to learn how to do localization testing using Selenium WebDriver.
Automation testing is vital to the entire process of delivering a successful web product. The challenge associated with testing a web site or web app grows exponentially if it’s built for a global audience (particularly non-English audience). Automation tests have to be performed to ensure that the product features (including the content) cater to specific locales. That’s why localization testing using Selenium WebDriver has become increasingly relevant when a plethora of software products are being built for the world!
We’re sure you’ve come across scenarios where some content or portion of the website did not render correctly in a specific location. This is a common dilemma that most Selenium test automation engineers often come across, and it is extremely likely that incorrectly formatted strings are a part of the resource files. As a part of localization testing using Selenium WebDriver, we need to verify if the website (or app) looks and functions the same after localization automation testing is applied.
That is precisely what this blog aims to deliver. By the end of this blog, you would be comfortable performing localization testing using Selenium WebDriver as we touch upon the critical aspects of localization, including how to perform localization automation testing.
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While performing automation testing in Selenium, your test code or test script could result in erroneous results if it is interacting with a web element that is not yet loaded in the Document Object Model (DOM). Or if it is on another iFrame, tab, or window which is not in focus, or any such scenarios. These types of unexpected erroneous outcomes are known as Selenium focus issues.
Selenium can only control a browser when its window is in focus. How do you ensure that the Selenium test code interacts with web elements when they are in focus? You can use workarounds like the addition of minimal delay (in seconds) to ensure that the element on which the testing is performed has loaded. Still, that solution is not foolproof as any change in web page design could make the test inefficient.
This article will cover what the common Selenium focus issues are and how to solve these issues, with examples.
Before we get started, let’s look at some of the prerequisites required for the development. You need to have Python and Selenium installed on your machine. You can download Python installation files for Windows from here. To install Selenium, you should execute pip install selenium on your terminal. PyCharm IDE (Community Edition) is used for implementation, and you can download it from here. Next, you should download the WebDriver of the browser on which testing is performed; mentioned below are the locations from where you can download WebDriver for browsers like Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, etc.
For in-depth information about Python’s usage with the Selenium framework for automated cross-browser testing, please refer to this blog on our website . Now that the setup is ready let’s look at some of the ways to fix Selenium focus issues.
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Selenium has gained immense popularity as the most preferred automation testing tool. It is being used widely for testing web applications as it supports a plethora of programming languages, operating systems, and browsers. Additionally, the implementation of Selenium test automation is relatively easy, allowing easy integration with other frameworks.
As you already know, there are various components of Selenium, including Selenium IDE, Selenium RC, Selenium Grid, and Selenium WebDriver. And Selenium WebDriver is the most crucial component of Selenium Tool’s Suite. But do you know what a RemoteWebDriver is, and how is it different from WebDriver?
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