In this video we will learn how to extract images/frames from videos.
If you need extra images for you neural network, or maybe you just want the images for GIFs, wallpapers etc.

Extract images from video in Python

OpenCV comes with many powerful video editing functions. In current scenario, techniques such as image scanning, face recognition can be accomplished using OpenCV.

Image Analysis is a very common field in the area of Computer Vision. It is the extraction of meaningful information from videos or images. OpenCv library can be used to perform multiple operations on videos.

Modules Needed:

import cv2
import os

Function Used :

    VideoCapture(File_path) : Read the video(.mp4 format)

    read() : Read data depending upon the type of object that calls

    imwrite(filename, img[, params]) : Saves an image to a specified file.

Below is the implementation:

# Importing all necessary libraries 
import cv2 
import os 

# Read the video from specified path 
cam = cv2.VideoCapture("C:\\Users\\Admin\\PycharmProjects\\project_1\\openCV.mp4") 

	# creating a folder named data 
	if not os.path.exists('data'): 

# if not created then raise error 
except OSError: 
	print ('Error: Creating directory of data') 

# frame 
currentframe = 0

	# reading from frame 
	ret,frame = 

	if ret: 
		# if video is still left continue creating images 
		name = './data/frame' + str(currentframe) + '.jpg'
		print ('Creating...' + name) 

		# writing the extracted images 
		cv2.imwrite(name, frame) 

		# increasing counter so that it will 
		# show how many frames are created 
		currentframe += 1

# Release all space and windows once done 


All the extracted images will be saved in a folder named “data” on the system.

Convert Video to Images (Frames) & Images (Frames) to Video using OpenCV (Python)

This post has 2 different part to generate frames from Video and from multiple images we can generate video in any format.

Video to Image (Frames) conversion

This will require to install CV2 library. If you have not installed it, just install using the following command.

>>> pip install opencv-python #For python 2.x
>>> pip3 install opencv-python #For python 3.x
>>> conda install opencv-python #If you directly install in anaconda with all dependencies.

Code :

import cv2
vidcap = cv2.VideoCapture('video.mp4')
def getFrame(sec):
    hasFrames,image =
    if hasFrames:
        cv2.imwrite("image"+str(count)+".jpg", image)     # save frame as JPG file
    return hasFrames
sec = 0
frameRate = 0.5 #//it will capture image in each 0.5 second
success = getFrame(sec)
while success:
    count = count + 1
    sec = sec + frameRate
    sec = round(sec, 2)
    success = getFrame(sec)

Explanation :

In cv2.VideoCapture(‘video.mp4’), we just have to mention the video name with it’s extension. Here my video name is “video.mp4”. You can set frame rate which is widely known as fps (frames per second). Here I set 0.5 so it will capture a frame at every 0.5 seconds, means 2 frames (images) for each second.

It will save images with name as image1.jpg, image2.jpg and so on.

Images (Frames) to Video


import cv2
import numpy as np
import os
from os.path import isfile, joinpathIn= './images/testing/'
pathOut = 'video.avi'
fps = 0.5frame_array = []
files = [f for f in os.listdir(pathIn) if isfile(join(pathIn, f))]#for sorting the file names properly
files.sort(key = lambda x: x[5:-4])
files.sort()frame_array = []
files = [f for f in os.listdir(pathIn) if isfile(join(pathIn, f))]#for sorting the file names properly
files.sort(key = lambda x: x[5:-4])for i in range(len(files)):
    filename=pathIn + files[i]
    #reading each files
    img = cv2.imread(filename)
    height, width, layers = img.shape
    size = (width,height)
    #inserting the frames into an image array
    frame_array.append(img)out = cv2.VideoWriter(pathOut,cv2.VideoWriter_fourcc(*'DIVX'), fps, size)for i in range(len(frame_array)):
    # writing to a image array


Using this code we can generate video from Images (Frames). We have to add pathIn (path of the folder which contains all the images). I set framerate with 0.5 so it will take 2 images for 1 second.)

It will generate output video in any format. (eg.: .avi, .mp4, etc.)

!!! Please take care that all images are in sequence like image1.jpg, image2.jpg and so on.

#python #opencv #web-development #image

Convert Video to Images in Python
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