What is full stack development? Back end + front end?


If you are just starting out in the technology industry, you may have heard of the term Full Stack. But what exactly does that mean?

In this article, I will explain what Full Stack Development is, what skills you need to become Full Stack Developer, as well as the issue of salary expectations, added to some tips to get the job.

What is Full Stack Development?

A Full Stack developer is someone who works so hard with the front-end as with the back end from a web application. The front-end is responsible for the visual appearance of the website, while the back-end is responsible for the logic and infrastructure behind the scenes of the site.

Let's take a closer look at the terms front-end and back-end.

Frontend Development (Customer Point of View)

Everything on a web page, from the logo to the search bar, the buttons, the general design and the way the user interacts with the page, was created by a front-end developer. The developers front-end are in charge of the appearance of the website.

Front-end developers should also make sure that the website looks good on all devices (telephones, tablets, and computer screens). This is called Adaptive Web Design.

Back-end development (Server viewpoint)

Back-end development refers to the part of the application that the user does not see. Back-end developers focus on site logic, creating servers and working with databases and APIs (application programming interfaces).

For example, the content and design of a form would be created on the side of the client. But when users send their information, this is processed on the side of the server (back-end).

Skills you need in Full Stack development

Let's take a look at the technologies and tools you will need to learn to become a complete stack developer.

HTML means hypertext markup language. HTML displays page content such as buttons, links, headers, paragraphs, and lists.

CSS stands for cascading style sheets. CSS is responsible for the style of its website, including colours, designs and animations.

The software company of adaptive web design of sparkout It will teach you the basics of CSS, adaptive design and accessibility. The adaptive design It is essential to create websites that look good on all devices.

Accessibility is the practice of making sure everyone can easily use their websites. We do not want to create websites that cannot be used by those who use assistive technologies as screen readers.


Use JavaScript with HTML and CSS to create dynamic and interactive web pages and mobile applications. JavaScript examples include animations, countdown clocks, drop-down mobile menus, and display / hide information when a user clicks on a page item.

CSS frameworks, libraries and preprocessors

These tools were created to help accelerate the development process. Instead of writing all the custom CSS, you can use the catalogue of a CSS class frame on your web pages.

There is no need to learn them all, but here is a list of some options:

  • Tailwind CSS
  • Bootstrap
  • Bulma
  • Materialise
  • Semantic UI

CSS preprocessors like Sass and Less allow you to add logic and functionality to your CSS. These tools make your CSS clean and easy to use.

JavaScript libraries and frames

These frames and libraries allow you to save time and do more with less code.

Here are some popular options:

  • React
  • Angle
  • Vue

It is not necessary to learn them all. You simply need to investigate what technology is used in your area and start learning it well.

Here are some suggested learning resources.


It is important for a Full Stack developer to know how to work with databases. A database in a web application is a place to store and organize your project data.

There are many types of databases to learn, but here are some popular options.

  • SQL
  • MySQL
  • PostgreSQL
  • MongoDB

Programming Languages for Back-end
Languages you can use for back-end development include Java, Python, Node and PHP. You don't need to learn all of these languages, but focus on one to get started.

Here are some suggested learning resources.

There are also many technologies for front-end and back-end development. Here are some popular ones.

  • MEAN stack (MongoDB, Express, Angular and Node)
  • MERN stack (MongoDB, Express, React and Node)
  • NodeJS
  • LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP)

There are actually more back-end languages to choose from, but I suggest you research the most widely used languages in your area.

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Test and debugging skills

As you develop your application, there will be errors in the code that need to be corrected. Debugging is the act of identifying and correcting those bugs.

The test (better known as Testing) is another important ability to learn. Writing tests for your code is one way to make sure it is doing what it is supposed to do.

Version control

Version control is a way to track and manage changes to the project code. Git is a popular software that you can use to track your code.

If you spoil many things in your code, you can use Git to return to a previous version of this instead of rewriting everything manually.

Learning Git also allows you to collaborate with others on a team and make changes to the same code base from different locations.

I would suggest starting to learn git and use a service like GitHub to host your personal projects.


The most important skill for any developer is knowing how to solve problems. Companies and clients are looking for you to provide solutions.

It is important to learn how to tackle a problem, divide it into smaller, more manageable parts, and fix the problem in these web applications.

Should I pursue full stack development as a goal?

If you're just starting out and can't determine if Full Stack development is for you, just don't worry about it so early in your learning.

I would suggest focusing on learning the three main languages of the web, which are HTML, CSS and JavaScript. As you progress on your journey, then you can decide which path is appropriate for you.

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