A number is called a **harshad number** (or **niven number**) is an integer that is divisible by the sum of its digits. i.e. **A number MN is divisible by (M+N)**.

For example, consider following example of number 40.

Given number is : 40Sum of digits : 4 + 0 = 4

Is 40 divisible by 4? Yes. So 40 is harshad number.

A number which is a harshad number in every number base is called anall-harshad number, or anall-Niven number. There are only four all-harshad numbers: 1, 2, 4, and 6.

To find if a given number is harshad or not –

- Calculate the sum of each digit present in number.
- Divide the number with sum of digits. If number is divisible with remainder zero, the number i harshad number; else not.

Main.java

public class Main

{

public static void main(String[] args) {

System.out.println("20 is harshad number " + isHarshadNumber(20));

System.out.println("12 is harshad number " + isHarshadNumber(12));

System.out.println("42 is harshad number " + isHarshadNumber(42));

System.out.println("13 is harshad number " + isHarshadNumber(13));

System.out.println("19 is harshad number " + isHarshadNumber(19));

System.out.println("25 is harshad number " + isHarshadNumber(25));

}

static boolean isHarshadNumber(int numberToCheck)

{

int temp = numberToCheck;

int sumOfDigits = 0;

while (temp > 0) {

long rem = temp % 10;

sumOfDigits += rem;

temp = temp / 10;

}

return numberToCheck % sumOfDigits == 0 ? true : false;

}

}

Program output.

Console

20 is harshad number true

12 is harshad number true

42 is harshad number true

13 is harshad number false

19 is harshad number false

25 is harshad number false

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