Django-Organizations: A Django App for Multi-User Accounts

django-organizations

SummaryGroups and multi-user account management
AuthorBen Lopatin (http://benlopatin.com)
StatusDocumentation Status PyPI Package latest release PyPI Wheel Supported versions Supported implementations

Separate individual user identity from accounts, subscriptions, etc.. Django Organizations adds user-managed, multi-user groups to your Django project. Use Django Organizations whether your site needs organizations that function like social groups or multi-user account objects to provide account and subscription functionality beyond the individual user.

  • Works with your existing user model, whether django.contrib.auth or a custom model. No additional user or authentication functionality required.
  • Users can be belong to and own more than one organization (account, group)
  • Invitation and registration functionality works out of the box for many situations and can be extended as need to fit specific requirements.
  • Start with the base models or use your own for greater customization.

Documentation is on Read the Docs

Project goals

django-organizations should be backend agnostic:

  1. Authentication agnostic
  2. Registration agnostic
  3. Invitation agnostic
  4. User messaging agnostic

Etc.

Development & Contributing

The basic functionality should not need much extending. Current dev priorities for me and contributors should include:

  • Improving the tests and test coverage (ideally moving them back out of the main module and executable using the setup.py file)
  • Improving the backends and backends concept so that additional invitation and registration backends can be used
  • Documentation
  • Ensuring all application text is translatable

Please use the project's issues tracker to report bugs, doc updates, or other requests/suggestions.

Targets & testing

The codebase is targeted and tested against:

  • Django 3.2.x against Python 3.8, 3.9, 3.10
  • Django 4.1.x against Python 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11
  • Django 4.2.x against Python 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12

To run the tests against all target environments, install tox and then execute the command:

tox

Fast testing

Testing each change on all the environments takes some time, you may want to test faster and avoid slowing down development by using pytest against your current environment:

pip install .[tests]
pytest

Supply the -x option for failfast mode:

pytest -x

Submitting

These submission guidelines will make it more likely your submissions will be reviewed and make it into the project:

  • Ensure they match the project goals and are sufficiently generalized
  • Please try to follow Django coding style. The code base style isn't all up to par, but I'd like it to move in that direction
  • Also please try to include good commit log messages.
  • Pull requests should include an amount of code and commits that are reasonable to review, are logically grouped, and based off clean feature branches.

Code contributions are expected to pass in all target environments, and pull requests should be made from branches with passing builds on GitHub Actions.

Installing

First add the application to your Python path. The easiest way is to use pip:

pip install django-organizations

Check the Release History tab on the PyPI package page for pre-release versions. These can be downloaded by specifying the version.

By default you will need to install django-extensions or comparable libraries if you plan on adding Django Organizations as an installed app to your Django project. See below on configuring.

Configuring

The simplest way to get started using Django Organizations is to install the app and use the "concrete" models.

Make sure you have django.contrib.auth installed, and add the organizations application to your INSTALLED_APPS list:

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    ...
    'django.contrib.auth',
    'organizations',
)

 

Then update your project URLs config. You should hook in the main application URL conf as well as your chosen invitation backend URLs:

from organizations.backends import invitation_backend

urlpatterns = [
    ...
    url(r'^accounts/', include('organizations.urls')),
    url(r'^invitations/', include(invitation_backend().get_urls())),
]

 

This is the simplest way of using the library, but it's far from the only or even the best way. See the Cooking with Django Organizations section of the docs full explanation of the use cases and how to configure them.

Auto slug field

The standard way of using Django Organizations is to use it as an installed app in your Django project. Django Organizations will need to use an auto slug field which are not included. By default it will try to import these from django-extensions, but you can configure your own in settings. The default:

ORGS_SLUGFIELD = 'django_extensions.db.fields.AutoSlugField'

 

Alternative:

ORGS_SLUGFIELD = 'autoslug.fields.AutoSlugField'

 

Registration & invitation backends

You can specify a different invitation backend in your project settings, and the invitation_backend function will provide the URLs defined by that backend:

INVITATION_BACKEND = 'myapp.backends.MyInvitationBackend'

 

Usage Overview

For most use cases it should be sufficient to include the app views directly using the default URL conf file. You can customize their functionality or access controls by extending the base views.

There are three models:

  • Organization The group object. This is what you would associate your own app's functionality with, e.g. subscriptions, repositories, projects, etc.
  • OrganizationUser A custom through model for the ManyToMany relationship between the Organization model and the User model. It stores additional information about the user specific to the organization and provides a convenient link for organization ownership.
  • OrganizationOwner The user with rights over the life and death of the organization. This is a one to one relationship with the OrganizationUser model. This allows User objects to own multiple organizations and makes it easy to enforce ownership from within the organization's membership.

The underlying organizations API is simple:

>>> from organizations.utils import create_organization
>>> chris = User.objects.get(username="chris")
>>> soundgarden = create_organization(chris, "Soundgarden", org_user_defaults={'is_admin': True})
>>> soundgarden.is_member(chris)
True
>>> soundgarden.is_admin(chris)
True
>>> soundgarden.owner.organization_user
<OrganizationUser: Chris Cornell>
>>> soundgarden.owner.organization_user.user
>>> <User: chris>
>>> audioslave = create_organization(chris, "Audioslave")
>>> tom = User.objects.get(username="tom")
>>> audioslave.add_user(tom, is_admin=True)
<OrganizationUser: Tom Morello>

 

Custom models

Django-organizations can act as a base library (not installed in your project) and used to create unique organization model sets using custom tables. See the Cooking with Django Organizations section in the documentation for advice on proceeding.

License

Anyone is free to use or modify this software under the terms of the BSD license.

Sponsors

Muster is building precision advocacy software to impact policy through grassroots action.


Download details:

Author: bennylope
Source: https://github.com/bennylope/django-organizations

License:  BSD-2-Clause license

#django #python 

Django-Organizations: A Django App for Multi-User Accounts
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