Have you heard of a password brute-force attack? A brute-force attack is when attackers try to hack into a single account by guessing its password.
Let’s say an attacker is trying to hack the account of the user “Vickie”. The attacker will first generate a password list to use. She can either use a dictionary of common passwords she found online, or a list of likely passwords generated based on her knowledge of the user. Then, the attacker uses a script to rapidly fire off login attempts to the service. She tries to log into the service with the username “Vickie” and different passwords until she finds the correct one.

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Using Hydra to Spray User Passwords
8.15 GEEK