How to Use forEach() with Key Value Pairs

The forEach() method is a built-in function in JavaScript that executes a provided function once for each element in an array. It's a versatile tool for iterating through arrays and performing operations on each element.


JavaScript’s forEach()  function takes a callback as a parameter, and calls that callback for each element of the array. It calls the callback with the value as the first parameter and the array index as the 2nd parameter.

// Prints "0: a, 1: b, 2: c"
['a', 'b', 'c'].forEach(function callback(value, index) {
  console.log(`${index}: ${value}`);
});

forEach() is a method on JavaScript arrays, not objects. To iterate over an object, you must turn it into an array using Object.entries(), Object.keys(), or Object.values(). After that, you can then use forEach() to iterate through the keys, values, or entries:

const obj = {
  name: 'Jean-Luc Picard',
  rank: 'Captain'
};

// Prints "name Jean-Luc Picard" followed by "rank Captain"
Object.keys(obj).forEach(key => {
  console.log(key, obj[key]);
});
const obj = {
  name: 'Jean-Luc Picard',
  rank: 'Captain'
};

// Prints "Jean-Luc Picard" followed by "Captain"
Object.values(obj).forEach(val => {
  console.log(val);
});
const obj = {
  name: 'Jean-Luc Picard',
  rank: 'Captain'
};

// Prints "name Jean-Luc Picard" followed by "rank Captain"
Object.entries(obj).forEach(entry => {
  const [key, value] = entry;
  console.log(key, value);
});

This way, you have understood how to use forEach() with key value pairs

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How to Use forEach() with Key Value Pairs
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