A proxy server is a server that acts as an intermediary between a client and a server. It receives requests from clients and forwards them to the appropriate servers. Proxy servers can be used for a variety of purposes, including:

  • Caching: Proxy servers can cache frequently accessed resources, such as web pages and images. This can improve performance and reduce bandwidth usage.
  • Filtering: Proxy servers can be used to filter traffic and block access to certain websites or services. This is often used in schools and businesses to prevent users from accessing inappropriate content.
  • Anonymity: Proxy servers can be used to hide the client's IP address from the server. This can be used for privacy or to bypass geo-restrictions.

Reverse Proxy

A reverse proxy server is a server that sits in front of one or more web servers and intercepts requests from clients. It then forwards the requests to the appropriate web servers and returns the responses to the clients. Reverse proxy servers can be used for a variety of purposes, including:

  • Load balancing: Reverse proxy servers can be used to distribute traffic across multiple web servers. This can improve performance and reliability.
  • Security: Reverse proxy servers can be used to hide the web servers from the public internet. This can improve security by making it more difficult for attackers to find and attack the web servers.
  • SSL/TLS termination: Reverse proxy servers can be used to terminate SSL/TLS connections. This can free up resources on the web servers and improve performance.

This tutorial provides a comprehensive guide to proxy and reverse proxy servers, explaining the key differences between the two and how they can be used to improve network performance, security, and reliability. It also includes real-world examples of how proxy and reverse proxy servers are used by companies and websites around the world.

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Understanding Proxy vs Reverse Proxy: Real-World Examples
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