Fast and Memory Friendly Access to Large JSON Files

This package provides fast and memory friendly access to large JSON files.

Command line tool

The command line tool djq allows to query a JSON file using a simple query language. The query language is based on RFC 9535 - JSONPath query expressions query language.

This tool, originally created to access backups of large firebase realtime databases, is comparable to jq, but it is optimized for large JSON files and queries that return only a small portion of the original JSON. E.g., for a file of 5GB, it takes about 20 seconds to create the index file on a modern laptop. Subsequent queries can be very fast, typically in the order of 1 second. Processing such a file with jq, takes far longer and might run out of memory. The query language is different from jq and less powerful, but it is sufficient for many use cases. Currently, it doesn't have the same nice colouring and formatting as jq, but by piping the output to jq the same result can be achieved.


pub global activate json_file


djq [options] <query> <file>

By default the tool will create an index file and store it alongside the JSON file. The index file is used to speed up queries. The index file is created only if it does not exist. The index file is updated if the JSON file is newer than the index file. The option --no-index can be used to disable the index file.

Usage in dart code

Accessing a JSON file as regular dart object

This package provides an extension method readAsJsonSync on the dart:io File class to read a JSON file as a regular dart object. This method will not read the whole file into memory, but will only read the necessary parts of the file. This is useful for large JSON files that do not fit into memory and when only a small part of the JSON is required in the code.

import 'package:json_file/json_file.dart';

void main() {
  final json = File('example.json').readAsJsonSync();

Scanning a large JSON file

When needing to process the entire JSON file, one can use the RandomAccessJsonFile class. It will return the JSON nodes in the order they appear in the file. A node is a combination of a path and either a scalar value or an object or array start marker. The node can be read using the readSync method. The method will return null when the end of the file is reached.

import 'package:json_file/json_file.dart';

void main() {
  final file = RandomAccessJsonFile(File('example.json').openSync());

  var node = f.readSync();
  while (node != null) {
    // process node
    node = f.readSync();

Use this package as an executable

Install it

You can install the package from the command line:

dart pub global activate json_file

Use it

The package has the following executables:

$ djq

Use this package as a library

Depend on it

Run this command:

With Dart:

 $ dart pub add json_file

With Flutter:

 $ flutter pub add json_file

This will add a line like this to your package's pubspec.yaml (and run an implicit dart pub get):

  json_file: ^0.1.0

Alternatively, your editor might support dart pub get or flutter pub get. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

import 'package:json_file/json_file.dart'; 

Download details:

Author: appsup-dart


#dart #json #flutter 

Fast and Memory Friendly Access to Large JSON Files
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